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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 21, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper for VPL in MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Preu IMM uunution Full Wire MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 21 1W2 HOME EDITION a Paper Consists of Two SectionsSection No 144 A CITIZEN TWO YEARS LATER Remember Alan Stevens a Korean orphan who was pictured left on his first day of school in 1960 behind the protective arm of his adoptive father James G Stev ens Rochester N Y Alan became an American citizen Tuesday and the development of selfconfi dence sometimes too much of it his parents say is apparent in the right photo Ships are called in WASHINGTON ships of the big USblock ade fleet steamed toward home ports or headed out for routine patrols Wednesday their monthlong vigil over arms shipments into Cuba ended They had composed one of the largest naval concentrations since the Korean armada of carriers cruisers destroyers attack supporting tank ers and supply vessels The Navy also announced that the check on ships carrying the Soviet bombers from Cuba as announced by President j Kennedy would be made by patrol the antisubmarine ered special mission to New Del warfare forces in the Atlantic The spokesman said the planes hi Wednesday tosurvey Indias WASHINGTON Kennedy is sending a high pow Confusion on date of holiday Last change was in 41 By JUN1US GRIFFIN Associated Press Staff Writer Anyone searching for one more Blessing to count this Thanksgiv ing Day might consider the ab sence of confusion which has at tended the date of the observance through the years Thanksgiving was observed by Americans as a day of feasting worshiping andfamily reunions on dates from January to Decem ber before becoming an annual fourth Thursday in November ob servance Popular tradition assigns the origin of the observance to the Pilgrims harvest in Plymouth Mass in 1621 In 1789 President George Washington proclaimed the last Thursday of November as a day of general thanksgiving Since then presidents have pro claimed Thanksgiving observ ances using dates in eight of the 12 months Washington allowed five years to lapse before he issued a second proclamation for a day of thanks giving Two other presidents fol lowed his example Andrew Jackson refrained for the sake of separation of church and state Zachary Taylor left the matter up to the judgment of state governors February was the month Wash ington chose for his third proc lamation in 1795 April was singled out for Thanksgiving Day by President John Adams in 1799 by Madison in 1815 and by Lincoln in 1862 Adams chose May 9 in 1798 4 In 1812 President Madison picked the third Thursday in Au gust for the holiday September had a Thanksgiving Day pro claimed by Madison to fall on the second Thursday of the month in 1813 Madison designated Jan 12 as Thanksgiving Day in 1814 and said the holiday should be a time of public humiliation and fasting and prayer in appreciation of the abundant fruits of the season and other blessings A woman editor Sarah Josepha Hale waged a forceful 25year campaign that finally caused Thanksgiving to become a regu lar recurring holiday Sarah as editor of Godeys Ladys Magazine wrote in 1827 We have too few holidays Thanksgiving like the Fourth of July should be a national festival observed by ail our people as an exponent of our Republican insti tutions President Lincoln proclaimed an August Thanksgiving in 1863 but came back three months later with another one in the month in which the holiday generally has been observed since President Franklin D Roosevelt experimented by choosing the nexttothe last Thursday in No vember for the holiday But Con gress decided in 1941 that Thanks giving should be celebrated on the fourth Thursday and its been that way since would photograph the ships This checking the spokesman military needs in the conflict with said will probably cover a period of about 30 days Red China and recommend a US Moscow radio said the Soviet government had canceled the assistance program state of combat readiness it ordered for its armed forces Oct North towa Partly cloudy and colder through Thursday Lows Wednesday night 2733 Highs Thursday 3742 Iowa Partly cloudy and colder through Thursday Lows Wed nesday night 3035 Highs Thursday 30s extreme north to the 40s south Further out look Partly cloudy with little temperature change Friday Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average 3 to 5 degrees above normal Thursday through next Monday Normal highs are from near 40 in the north to the upper 40s irTthe south Normal lows are from the mid 20s in the north to the upper 20s in the south It will be cooler Thursday and Fri day followed by a warming trend Precipitation will aver age about 10 of an inch occur ring near the end of the pe riod Minnesota Variable cloudiness colder Highs Thursday near 40 GlobeGazette Weather up to 8 am Wednesday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Precipitation Sunrise Sunset Data YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 55 32 34 Trace 32 26 SAME Safety Department Figures Black Flag Traffic Death tm Fait 24 Great gains by Red China NEW DELHI India m Sweeping toward a ceasefire deadline set by their own high command Red Chinas troops scored spectacular gains Wednesday in twin drives from the Himalayas toward the flat open country of North Assam The deadline was midnight Peking time 11 am Iowa time That was pm by watches ofthe Indians whose lead ership viewed suspiciously and in effect rejected Pekings one sided decision to break off the shooting for a general withdrawal There was no immediate word as to whether Chinese guns were truly silenced or whether battered Indian combat units accepted the respite i Chinese troops pouring across the conquered Se Pass sector of the Himalayas have brokcn through Indian defenses south of Bomdila and are plunging to ward the Asbam plains he said The peril to the Assam city o Tezpur a tea and rice center 60 air miles southeast of Bomdila forced its evacuation The Indian army corps head quarters based in a hazardous spot there on the north bank o the sacred Brahmaputra River pulled back to an undiscloset new site and 660 Westerners British and American men women and thousands of Indians in flight At the eastern end of the front the Chinese pushed about 65 miles farther down the Luhit River Valley toward the Brah maputra This was a drive which linked with that from Bomdila could form a pincer on the plains Indian Prime Minister Nehru had in effect rejected Peking1 terms The Defense spokesman re fused to say what would be the Indian army reaction to the Red Chinese declaration of a cease fire He left the impression at his daily briefing that the In dians would continue shooting at invaders He said India still insists upon a return to the positions both FLY THE FLAG Jan 1 Feb 12 Feb 22 ON New Years Day Lincolns Birthday Washingtons Birthday Memorial Day May 30 Flag Day June 14 Independence Day July 4 Labor Day Sept 3 Citizenship Day Sept 17 Columbus Day Oct 12 Veterans Day Nov 11 Thanksgiving Day Nov 22 Every patriotic occasion TWAINS KIN DIES SAN DIEGO Calif Clemens Samossoud 88 the last ofMark Twains four children died Tuesday of heart trouble MAHOH UMt M INDIA m Photofnx SITUATION IN INDIA This is the situation on Indias northeast frontier The McMahon Line is the original border Underlined are Tezpur jnain city of Assam threatened by advancing Chinese Reds who broke through defense lines south of Bomdila Ihe anve is carrying the invaders toward the plains of Assam The Chinese also advanced about 65 miles in the Luhit River valley sides held before the Chinese launched their latest attacks last Sept 8 The Chinese state ment would bar Indian troops from returning to some border areas the Chinese have cap tured even though the Chinese withdrew from those areas Initial appraisals of the Chi nese offer indicated the Chinese appeared willing to withdraw from a large sector of India northeast frontier district where they stand poised at the gate way to the fertile and populous Assam plains but were not giv ing up any important ground in Ladakh far to the west Peking seemed fu ture give up its gains in the northeast in return for strategically valuable La dakh across which they have put a road connecting Tibet and the western Chinese province of Sinkiang On the Editorials Page Clear Lake News Mason City News Latest Markets Sports Society News Comics North Iowa News PAKISTANIS PROTEST RAWALPINDI Pakistan Thousands of Pakistanis radcd Wednesday to protest supply ot US arms to 67 7 10 12 13 pa the India Hail negotiations in Cuban dispute Mission heading to India Blockade is over The group left Washington by air at noon Wednesday In spite of a sudden Chinese ceasefire move US officials ex pect Prime Minister Nehru to re quest massive US aid to modern ize his armed forces and raise permanently the level of his mil itary strength The surprise maneuver by the Chinese Reds however threw an element of uncertainty into the situation As Kennedy told a news conference Tuesday night Wash ington is waiting for Nehrus own assessment of the move as a guide to further US action He said there is no present in dication that US troops will be sent to India Kennedy said he was sending a team headed by Assistant Secre tary of State W Averell Harri man to New Delhi in order to better assess Indian needs Other members of the survey of Defense Paul H Nitze who heads international security af fairs in the Defense Department Gen Paul D Adams chief of the US Strike Command which spe cializes in moving fully equipped troop units by air over long dis tances Carl Kaysen deputy as sistant to Kennedy Roger Hills man State Department intelli gence chief and James P Grant deputy assistant secretary of state for South Asia and the Middle East In the ChineseIndian border war which began a month ago the United States has already sup plied more than million worth of small arms communications equipment and other materiel to the Indian forces 23 because of the Cuban crisis The order also said Soviet sub marines should return to their normal stations N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Reasons behind move LONDON Chinese fears of largescale West ern arms intervention may have prompted Pekings surprise offer to cease fire in India It also was be lieved here that the Soviet Union exerted powerful pressure which China apparently dared not ignore al together but government sources were still mystified at the full implications of Chinas sudden dramatic move N V newspapers upheld WASHINGTON An agreement by 10 New York newspapers to shut down if any of them are threatened with an unauthorized grievance strike has been upheld unanimously by the National Labor Re lations Board Favors study of Walker OXFORD Miss A prominent Baltimore psy chiatrist testified he felt a full psychiatric study of former Maj Gen Edwin Walker would be highly ad visable Dr Manfred S Guttmacher was the first witness in the second day of a hearing involving the exwar heros mental competency stemming from his actions in the recent racial rioting on the University of Mississippi campus Cubans fire on plane HAVANA Cuban antiaircraft batteries fired on a low flying plane over a Havana suburb in ap parent accord with Prime Minister Castros warning against continued U S surveillance of Cuba The plane presumed by eyewitnesses to be a U S Navy Neptune patrol plane returned the fire briefly and f 11 the plane flew off without apparent damage PILGRIMS SEEK SHEL P 1 y m o u t h Congregational Church in Des Moines will have its an nual procession of Pilgrims and Indians at thanksgiving Day worship New this year is the fallout shelter sign at the church entrance a reminder of the Photofax penis of modern pilgrims In a preholi day pose Dr James W Lenhart right greets two ofhis parishioners Harvey Brown and Mrs Charles E Parr The subject of Dr Lenharts holiday service sermon will be Our Shelter From the Stormy Blast Big role by UN offices UNITED NATIONS NY Ub Delegates Wednesday hailed con cessions by the United States and he Soviet Union on two main riction points over Cuba as a big step out of the crisis Diplomats predicted that long negotiations lay ahead before a inal settlement is reached But most felt the talks could proceed more smoothly since Premier Khrushchev has promised to pull some 30 jet bombers but of Cuba and President Kennedy countered by ordering the naval arms block ade lifted Many UN members who sup ported the US position on Cuba lave been apprehensive that the blockade might touch off an inci dent that could lead to a shooting Many knotty problems still face US and Soviet negotiating teams who have spent three weeks try ing to resolve the crisis Kennedy stressed in his news conference Tuesday night that there still is no onsile UN in spection to make sure the Soviet Union is living up to its side of the bargain Fidel Castro has agreed to let the bombers be removed from his country but he stressed again his opposition to inspection on Cuban soil and threatened again to shoot down US planes flying over Cuba on reconnaissance missions The Presidents announcement on the latest USSoviet agree ments came a few hours after US and Soviet negotiating teams got together at a working lunch eon given by acting Secretary General U Thant The US side was represented by Ambassador Adlai E Steven son John J McCloy head of Ken nedys committee for coordinating negotiations and Ambassador harles W Yost The Russians were represented oy Deputy Foreign Ministers Vasi y V Kuznetsov and Valerian Zorin and Ambassador Platon D VIorozov Castros giving up the bombers was seen by delegates as a tri umph for Soviet First Deputy Pre mier Anastas I Mikoyan The Kremlin trouble shooter has spent nearly three weeks in Havana pre sumably trying to persuade the Cuban leaderto go along with Khruschevs pledge to get all of fensive weapons out of Cuba un der UN surveillance Yet with the manner of a man reporting the worst is over Ken nedy said real progress has been a complete settlement could open the door to solution of other eastwest issues Philosophically he added In this week of Thanksgiving there is much for which we can be grateful as we look back to where we stood only four weeks unity of this hemisphere the sup port of our allies and the calm determination of the American people These qualities may be tested many more times in this decade but we have increased reason to be confident that those qualities will continue to serve the cause of freedom with distinction in the years to come On the main question of the day Kennedy said important parts of his understanding with Khrushchev on Cuba have not been carried out Castro has not allowed the United Nations to con firm the removal of all offensive weapons he said and no real safeguards have been established against the return of such weap ons to Cuba Consequently if the Western Hemisphere is to continue to be protected against offensive weap ons this government has no choice but to pursue its own means of checking on military ac tivities in Cuba Kennedy assert ed He would not say directly whether the United States would refuse to give a formal pledge against invading Cuba without UN inspection but hinted this was the case
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