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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 16, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper far Horn I MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The n e W s D a o e r that all Kl u i HOME EDITION VOL wlrM newspaper that mokes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY NOVEMBER U doc ef Two ecttoe OM Confi nue air surveys espite Castro threat It barely qualifies as nation Liechtenstein is unique By LOYAL GOULD VADUZ Liechtenstein AP Theres no railroad station in this capital of the principality of Liech tenstein International trains pass through the country but dont stop Liechtenstein has no daily newspapers no airports no cus toms officials no army With 17125 residents Liechten stein is a cozy country that has survived the wars and turmoil that have swept Europe for cen turies Things are going topsyturvj most everywhere else says farmer Frederick Ospelt but we hope to go on living pretty much as we have in the past without too much worry about the outside world The have not developed tourist attractions Youre welcome to come here said farmer Gunther Vo geli but we dont go out of our way to get you here Liechtenstein lies in the center of Europe Covering 62 square miles it stretches 17 miles north to south and about 7 miles BACKGROUND east to west its widest point The Aus trian princes of L i ec Mens stein bought bankrupt noblemen and founded the state in 1713 The Swiss supply border guards diplomatic representation abroad and use of their currency From the Austrians come the lions share of the legal system plus rich pastries and meat dishes swimming in cream sauces Most of their Germanspeaking Swiss neighbors are Protestants but the Liechtensteiners like the Austrians are largely Roman Catholics Our heads are with the Swiss but our hearts with the Austri ans says Mrs Joseph Rhein berger 80 a farmers wife Every village is a picture of cleanliness on the outside but an atmosphere of relaxed Austrian comfort inside The ruling monarch is Franz Joseph II A shy retiring man of 56 the prince lives in a castle atop a hill on the outskirts of Va duz He owns the castleand the surrounding acre or so of land plus vineyards His rights are limited Liechten steins 15member Parliament which his grandfather set up in 1921 sees to that Aside from opening and closing Parliament signing measures approved by Parliament and okaying the law makers choice of prime minister he grants amnesties and bestows titles on deserving subjects The prince controls a large of the wine industry which produces red and white va duzer Little of it is left to send abroad after Leichtenstein con sumers buy a bot tle The income the prince derives from industrial and farm holdings in Western Europe is substantial but not enough to let him live ex travagantly Liechtensteins specialty is the registration of foreign companies whose directors need not reside In this country of reasonable tax es SAME DATElHl5oS CHRISTIAN HERTER New trade post goes to Herter WASHINGTON Kennedy has selected Christian A Herter a secretary of state in the Eisenhower administration to command US negotiations aimed at slashing foreign trade barriers In choosing him Thursday Ken nedy said the 67yearold Republi can will be directly responsible for preparing the proposed ob jectives and strategies for negoti ations and for directing those ne gotiations while they are in proc ess Thus the Parisborn Herter will have the key role in directing the historic trade expansion measure enacted by the last act Kennedy called a vital new weapon for the cause of freedom The trade act authorizes 50 per cent cuts in most tariffs and elim ination of those that are chiefly involved in trade between the United States and the European Common Market France West Germany Italy Belgium Luxem burg and the Herter a former congressman and governor of Massachusetts who served as secretary of state from 1959 until former President Dwight D Eisenhower left office will report directly to the Presi dent The title of the will pay up to a year is special representative for trade negotiations of the United States Herter whose home is Millis Mass has been serving as chair man of the Committee on Foreign Affairs Personnel under sponsor ship of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace WASHINGTON said Friday the Cuban crisis may be approaching a peak of extreme danger In any case they are now convinced that a climactic period opening in the next few days should bring developments of the utmost importance They gave that assessment after making clear that the United States will use force if necessary to protect its reconnaissance planes flying over Cuba in the face of a new threat by Fidel Cas tro to shoot them down Soviet envoy expected back with plan for arms check The force was not specified but US fighter planes would be al most sure to meet any direct chal lenge by the MIG fighters the So viet Union has based in Cuba Antiaircraft missile fire presum ably would require a decision by the President whether to attack missile bases and put them out of action Castro warned in a note to the United Nations that any US war planes which violate pur air space would risk destruction by Cuban antiaircraft Presumably N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Russ revisionists criticized TOKYO Communist China stepped up its hot war with India and its cold war with the Soviet Un ion Peking radio broadcasts monitored here said fierce fighting has resumed on a large scale along the SinoIndian border while other broadcasts ac cused Russian modern revisionists of being scared stiff of the United States and of backing down be fore the US policy of strength in the Cuban crisis Holding of protested BERLIN The TJ S Army protested to the Soviet high command in Germany the abduction at gunpoint of three American soldiers who wandered into East Germany by mistake The soldiers were re leased after Tielng interrogated for tifturs v Misprinted stamps on safe WASHINGTON The government has begun selling a special 1million batch of deliberate mis prints of a Dag Hammarskjold commemorative stamp to cut the rug from under holders of 400 unin tentional misprints The 400 had the yellow section of the 4cent stamp printed upside down 75 missing sailors hunted HAMILTON Bermuda Rescue planes and ships searched the stormy Atlantic for 18 missing crewmen who abandoned the Greek freighter Captain George as flames ate their way toward a cargo of ex plosives Coast Guardmessages said seven members of the 25man crew were picked up by freighters standing by in the gale but the other 18 were tossed into the 45foot high waves when their lifeboat cap sized Mars probe is monitored England British scientists at Jodrell Bank picked up signals from the Soviet Mars probe which is about 3 million miles from the earth Iowa slayer gets term of 60 years MAQUOKETA LWDonald L Kinyon 27yearold former con vict was sentenced to 60 years in prison Friday for slaying a farmer who befriended him after a parole Kinyon told District Judge Matthew Westrate before sen tence was pronounced I am not guilty The Maquoketa man was con victed by a jury two weeks ago Friday in the death of Thomas Vincent Batey 68 who was fa tally beaten in the milk shed on his farm near fore last July 2 he referred to antiaircraft mis siles recently installed in Cuba by the Soviet Union Officials said that USSoviet negotiations could still lead to a peaceful settlement Those negotiations conducted in part by President Kennedy and Premier Khrushchev personally are concerned with removal of Soviet jet bombers from Cuba and with Khrushchevs unfulfilled promise to arrange for verifica tion of the withdrawal of offensive weapons from the Caribbean is land Soviet First Deputy Premier Anastas I Mikoyan has been in Havana negotiating with Castro for two weeks He was expected tot leave for home Friday flying by way of New York so he could meet US Ambassador Adlai E Stevenson and other US negoti ators Officials here say they have no real idea what Mikoyan accom plished with Castro toward fulfill ment of Khrushchevs promises to get all offensive weapons out ol Cuba undea UN verification system Castros belligerent assertion could have either of two purposes as officials here understood them He could be striking a strong pub lic pose to cover up concessions to Mikoyan on the international inspection issue Or he could be intent onforcing a fight with the United States Kennedy has announced tha aerial surveillance and the nava arms blockade will be until other means of verification are provided The Defense Department said last month after the Cubans fired on a US plane that the United States had a mandate from the Organization of American States to keep the Communist military threat in Cuba under constant sur veillance It said it intended to do so and that if the Cubans at tacked American aircraft the United States would take coun ter action No attacks oa US reconnais sance planes over Cuba have been officially reported since a U2 pi loted by Maj Rudolf Anderson Jr disappeared on Oct 27 The Cubans later returned Andersons body to the United States and published pictures of the wreck age of the U2 Some experts be lieve Anderson was shot down by a Sovietbuilt antiaircraft missile w MAYORMayor Charlotte Whitton Ottawa Canada who used her fists and feet in an argument with Controller Paul Tardif startled controllers at a meeting by brandishing a gun Controller Tardif jumped from his seat in alarm The panic was needless turned out to be a cap gun and the mayor told the controller later 1 wouldn t waste a threecent cap on you Give your fair share THi COMMUNITY CHEST BERLIN ESCAPE FOILED West Berliners wait in shaft at entrance to tunnel under the Communistbuilt wall a few moments after learning Red po lice had discovered plot to bring refu gees to freedom Shots wereheard aft er a West German who was to guide refugees through the 70yard tunnel was apparently waylaid on the Commu nist side It was feared a large number of refugees waiting in a house near the tunnel exit were captured FiveDay Iowa Temperatures will average two to four de grees below normal in Iowa for the five daysSaturday through Wednesday It will be cold through most of the pe riod but somewhat warmer near the end Normal highs range from near 40 degrees in northern Iowa to t h e upper 40s in the south Lows normal ly vary from the low 20s in the north to near 30 in the south Precipitation will av erage about one quarter of an inch in western Iowa to one half inch in the east occur ring mostly about the week end or the first of the week North Iowa Cloudy and colder through Saturday Snow flur ries Friday night lows in mid 20s Highs Saturday in the 30s owa Cloudy through Saturday Colder Friday night lows in the 20s Highs Saturday in the 30s Further outlook Mostly cloudy and continued cold Sun day light rain or snow mov ing into west and south Minnesota Light rain and snow continued cold Highs Satur day in 30s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Friday Maximum 60 Minimum 35 Sunrise Sunset 449 YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 31 CAPE CANAVERAL UPI Americas mighty Saturn super rocket the key to this nations plans for conquering the moon roared 104 miles into space Fri day and scored its third straight success The 540ton rocket also dumped 95tons of water into a space as a bonus experiment to punctuate the dramatic perform ance 3rd Saturn is success Rain and snow still on menu Cold damp weather covered Iowa Friday with no promise of a change for the weekend Moisture ladoned air from the south and cold air from the north pushed into the state Thursday setting off showers Lamoni received 144 inches of rain Ottumwa 115 and other places in southern Iowa reported more than threequarters of an of moisture Snow flurries were likely for parts of Iowa Friday night On the inside Editorials Page 4 Comics 5 Mason City News e7 Latest Markets 7 Sports eia Society News 13 Clear Lake News14 North Iowa News 14 N equals r fp ne fl fi fc I In a thunderous span of ZA minutes the 162foot rocket vaulted from a launching pad and became the largest and heaviest object ever to fly into space There is no indication the So viet Union has built a rocket of this size At the end of its flight the Saturn was deliberately blowa up to release 95 tons of water it carried as ballast in its dum my upper stages The water formed a massive white ice cloud thatcould be seen from the ground The cloud flared for about a second or so and then went out like a light The Saturn js a model known as Cl it is destined to carry threeman teanis of US astro nauts into space in another two or three years The giant rockets eight en gines roared into action at Pm GST The gigantic space machine more than half again as long as the Atlas rocket that has boosted US astronauts into orbit laid down a thick blanket of flame and smoke as it rose agonizingly slowly at first from its launching pad It took 10 seconds to climb only 300 feet Then faster and faster it rose until is disap peared into the blue 2ix min utes later The upper stages of the rocket still are under development Hove beings from space visited earth LOS ANGELES of the best scientific minds in the country were stumped when a slender darkhaired young man chalked on the blackboard this equation n equals r fp ne fl fi fc 1 The speaker was Dr Carl Sa gan 28 assistant professor of astronomy at Harvard University His audience consisted of sev eral hundred members of the American Rocket Society gath ered for his Juncheon address Thursday The equation was his way of ex pressing the mathematical prob ability that intelligent beings from outer space have visited earth Sagan explained that in his equation n stands for the num ber of advanced technical civiliza tions in the universe possessing the capability of intersteller com munication r is the mean rate of star formation averaged over the life time of the gataxy fp is the fraction of stars with planetary systems nc is the mean number of planets in each system with en vironments favorable for the or igin of life fl is the fraction of such plan els OP which life docs develop fi is the fraction of such in habited planets on which intelli gent life with manipulative abili ties arises during the lifetime of the local sun fc is the fraction of planets populated by intelligent beings on which an advanced technical civi lization arises And 1 is the lifetime of this technical civilization Sagan said information in his formula is based on current esti mates by astronomers In making calculations he assigned each symbol an arbitrary numerical value As expressed in numbers Dr Sagan said the formula means that at least a million of the 100 billion stars in our Milky Way galaxy have planets which have developed civilizations capable of travel between the stars
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