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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 12, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper VOL CITY GLOBE newspaper that mokes all North loworis MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMSIR 12 1942 HOME EDITION neighbors 10c at Two One Mans Opinion A Radie Commentary By W EARL HALL GtobeGoxetto Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO WOI Aet it 45 m Communism sticks to its stated goals YEARS that was in Z Manuilsky in speaking at the Lenin School of Political War fare in Moscow said this War to the hilt between communism and capitalism is inevitable Today of course we are not strong enough to at tack Our time will come in 20 or 30 years To win we shall need to employ the element of surprise The Bourgeois will have to be put to sleep So we shall begin by launch ing the most spectacular peace movement on record Ther will be electrifying overture and unheard of concessions The capitalistic countries stu pid and decadent will rejoic to cooperate in their own de struction They will leap a another chance to be friends As soon as their guard i down we shall smash them with our clenched fists Nothing has happened in the intervening three decades t suggest that this statement o the Communist goal and th Communist strategy has been altered It still stands as the unalterable creed Substantially the same thing had been said many time previously by Lenin Stalin am others But the preciseness with which thegoal ant the methods for arriving at i were set forth in this Manuil sky speech left a deep impres sion on many who before then had been disposed to fesolvi doubts in favor of Russian communism I know for example of a young man he was young then not so young was prompted by the jar from this Communist candor to dedi cate his career to a branch o the public service which woulc enable him to thwart the Kremlins designs in a number of key points around the earth That still is his foremost ambi tion in life I have reasons to believe too that the revealing light beamec upon this threat from Moscow speeded the day in which the youth of America are taught about communism as a part oi their learning process in schools and colleges Incidentally one of the mosl effective teaching tools in this program has been a textbook Democracy vs Communism written by Doctor Kenneth Colegrove who after a dis tinguished career as student and teacher at the university level was drafted as editorin chief of the Institute of Fiscal and Political Education under whose auspices his book has been1 published and distributed In an effective balancing off of beliefs and practices as be tween democracy and comniu nism Doctor Colegrove alerts young minds to the essential fallacy of the ideology promul gated by Karl Marx and adapt ed to Russias special uses The Stalin declaration to the effect that the Communist Party cannot share leadership with other parties is counter acted by this quotation from Harvards renowned A Law rence Lowell The existence of a party of opposition is a bul wark against tyranny Lincoln spoke with malice toward none with charity for all Lenin said As long as capitalism and socialism exist we cannot live in peace Jef ferson said All men are created equal Pravda organ of communism holds that the idea of equality is not an un shakable truth In language understandable to youth Colegrove spells out the essential differences be tween democracy and commu nism in both its overall con cepts and in its specific prac tices as they affect the indi vidual Communism as an ideal and communism as a reality are about as widely dissimilar Turn N 2 PIMM one Ne 2M ATTACKED BY SHARK A Coast Guard helicopter pilot bends over Le Koy of San Rafael Calif in a shark Phototax attack off the Farallon Islands 26 miles west of San Francisco The helicopter Iowa Fair through Tuesday slightly warmer Lows Mon day night 25 to 32 Highs Tues day near 60 northeast to 60s southwest Further outlook Partly cloudy a little colder Wednesday Minnesota Mostly fair through Tuesday Cooler east Monday night lows 22 to 32 Highs Tuesday 40 to 48 northeast 48 to 58 west and south owe fiveday forecast Temper atures mil average6 to 10 degrees abovenormal in Iowa for the five days Tuesday through Saturday It will con tinue rather mild with no de cided daytoday temperature changes Minimum readings normally are the lower 20s along Iowas northern bor der to about 30 in the south ern part of the state Highs normally are in the 140sNo rainfall of consequence is likely during the rest of the week GlobeGazette Weather Data ip to 8 am Monday Maximum 52 Minimum 32 At 8 am 32 Sunrise Sunset TEAR AGO Maximum 66 Minimum 37 Farmer from Missouri seeks NFO presidency BETHANY Mo Woodward year old Bethany armer announced Monday he rill be a candidate for president f the National Fanners Organ zation at its national convention next month in Des Moines Oren Lee Staksy of Rea Mp as been president since the NFO fas founded in 1955 The NFO rith headqAiarters in Corning owa claims members in 1 Mid est states Woodward a former national FO staff member said hewould eek realistic contracts through collective bargaining that would remote quantity and quality of arm products at fair prices to reducers and consumers Calendar change is council topic By BENNET M BOLTON VATICAN CITY of a perpetual calendar with a fixed date for Easter was urged Monday at the Roman Catholic Ecumeni cal Council A spokesman said speakers in the closed council meeting de clared such a world calendar could be specially significant for both religious and civil life if done in conjunction with other churches especially those in the East question of calendar re using calendar proposals advanced in United Na tioris up in the dis cussion of reforms in liturgy or public worship Several prelates here have said calendar reform in that it would require agreement from other churches could serve the cause ofChristian unity Easter according to me Roman calendar used in the West comes on the first Sunday after the first ull moon occurring on or after March 21 the start of spring This means Easter falls between March 22 and Aprfl 25 Proced ure for establishingthe Easter holiday was fixed by theCouncil of Nicaeain 325 Orthodox churches say Easter must always fall after the Jewish assover Therefore the date for Saster in Eastern countries does not always coincide with Easter n the West M6ther wife lost political contest in Iowa STORY CITY Sonja Egenes says being a wife and mother cost me quite a few voles even among the Republicans in her loss in the 5th District con gressional race last week MrsEgenes was soundly beat en by Democratic Rep Neal Smith of Altoona Mrs Egenes who lives here vith her husband and small son ost every county in the district ncluding Story County which had not voted Democratic since 1934 She said Sunday she probably ost votes from women who said why doesnt she stay home and ake care cf her child SAME Teacher dies in North Iowa mishap FOREST CITY A Richfield Minn school teacher Mrs Es ther Nord Harris 71 was killed in a twocar crashon Highway 69 10 miles north of Forest City Sunday at pm Sheriff Maurice Monson said it was possible a front tire on ler car had blown out Her car swerved off the right side of the road then slid broadside across he highway It was struck Broadside by a car driven by Mrs Hayden Parks 43 Urban dale The Harris car was spun around by the impact and went nto a ditch Mrs Harris was hrown out and the car rolled over her She had been attend ng the wedding of a nephew at Huxley She is survived by a son in San Francisco Passengers in the Parks car were the drivers husband em ployed by John Deere in Des Moines and Dr and Mrs Eu gene Grandon Cedar Rapids They were reluming from the fcotball game at Minneapolis Mrs Parks and Dr and Mrs Brandon were treated at he forest City hospital and re eased Parks was not injured Accidents on me road in the on the job claimed 10 lives in Iowa over the weekend Seven of the deaths resulted rrom traffic accidents Two died n a threecar crash early Sun day in Davenport and police said two of the drivers may have been drag racing OKINAWA LOSS NAHA Okinawa Conservative parly which ad vocates close lies with the United Slates lostTivc seals but retained its majority in the 27 member Ryukyuan assembly election returns showed Mon day Indi a gets Soviet weapons FKOM OUR WIRE SERVICES NEW DELHI DPI Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru said Monday he has asked the United States to supply planes for In dias border war with Commu nist China Nehru also said he had re ceived firm assurances recently from Moscow that Soviet super sonic MIG 21 fighters would be delivered on schedule and that Russia would fullfill its prom ise to establish a MIG factory in India Both announcements seemed certain to create an uproar in Peiping Communist Chinese of ficials already have denounced American small arms aid to India and have been feuding with the Soviet Union over the conduct of the cold war Nehru spoke to a group o visiting American and other foreign newsmen There were no immediate de Smoking booklet goes to high schools NEW YORK UPI The American Cancer Society Mon day began distribution of a questionandanswer booklet warn ing high school students against the dangers of cigaret smok ing The fact that cigaret smoking causes lung cancer has been proved beyond a reasonable doubt the society said in the first of the 12page booklets 50 answers to questions most frequently asked by teenagers An initial run of 100000 copies is being sent to high schools for classroom use according to the society High school students have the greatest concern and in volvement with questions of whether they should take up smoking the booklet declares points made in the series of answers The lung cancer death rate among smokers is 10 times that of nonsmokers no cigaret is completely free of tar and nico tine smokers may get lung or mouth cancers even if they do not inhale the odds against being cured of lung cancer are 20tol pipe and cigar smokers run little risk of getting lung cancer but even they are four times as likely to develop cancer of the mouth or larynx than are nonsmokers heart disease and ulcers may also result from smoking The booklet also delves into biological social psycholog ical and economic aspects of smoking as well It admits that if everybody stopped smoking it would have a severe effect on our economy since Americans spend over billion a year on tobacco products It notes that many teenagers startsmoking as a form of protest against par ental or school authority The main reason for not smoking the society said is that youngsters who do smoke establish an addictive habit which will be injurious all their lives For teenage smokers reading the booklet about the only question without a note of doom in the reply is the oftenheard Q Will smoking stunt your growth A There is no clearcut evidence on this point Government to start new study of smoking WASHINGTON UPI A governmentsponsored study on the effects that smoking has on health will begin with an extensive review of all scientific literature on the subject The select group of 10 sci entists and doctors also will scrutinize material written on possible contributing factors such as air pollution in dustrial exposure radiation and alcohol An announcement of the course to be followed by the Surgeon Generals Advisory Committtee on Smoking and Health was made Sunday by the US Public Health Serv ice Surgeon General Luther L Terry said that because of the complexity of the study it would be six to eight months before it is completed Terry said he ex pected the final report to be the most comprehensive ever to be produced on the subject of smoking and health The committee met in Washington on Friday and held one meeting that day and another on Saturday Both were conducted in strict secrecy Terry explained that the sessions were closed to as sure the group complete free dom He also said that while the federal government was sponsoring the study it would not interfere with the com mittees work and would help only when asked The White Ho u s e reemphasized this point Sundays brief announce ment on he committees course of action was the first official report on the panels progress Invitation to neighbors for safe protection SAVANNAH BEACH Ga UPI resort town of 1200 residents has converted five abandoned coast artillery batteries into fallout shelters and now claims to be the most nuclearsafe community in the nation We have space for 3000 to 5000 people Mayor James A Brown said We in vite the neighbors and anyone in this vicinity to head for Savannah Beach in event of emergency Adenauer skeptical of Red vows BONN Germany AP West German Chancellor Konrad Aden auer voiced great skepticism Mon day about reports that the Soviets are removing their missiles from Cuba Speaking to reporters on the eve of Washington conferences with President Kennedy he de clared the Cuban crisis is far from over and inquires How does anyone know the rockets are gone He said 40 to M missiles had been aken to the island and add ed that as far as he is concerned no clear evidence has been pre sented that they are being re moved Soviet ships have been photo graphed leaving Cuba with long covered tubes on deck but that proves nothing Adenauer main tained He said he can not believe the Soviets would secretly trans port missiles and nuclear war heads to Cuba and then quietly remove them again Adenauer called it dangerous to let he Soviets depict themselves as great peace lovers just because Soviet Premier Khrushchev said he would pull the rockets out of Cuba He said the Kremlin wants to keep Cuba intact as a Commu nist country and that it is this Red Cuba in the center of the Americas that is the great dan ger to world peace Adenauer said the Cuba crisis was a drastic lesson for those Washington circles who have been believing that one could negotiate The chancellor had een repeatedly reported as earing the Kennedy administra ion was underestimating the danger and aims of world com munism tails on what type or how many planes India wants from the United States So far the border war in the Himalaya Mountains has been limited to ground action but it would be likely to take to the air if one side or the other finds itself driven too far back Yesterday Nehru warned that such teeming population centers as Calcutta Bombay and New Delhi must prepare for the pos sibility that they might be bombed by the Chinese New Delhi Mayor Huruddirt Ahmend announced hat air raid precaution committees would be formed shortly Officials were reported considering 1100 shel ters for the capital Nehru said India did not have any plans to ask that an Ameri can military assistance group establish a training and techni cal unit in India As to V K Krishna Menon who was eased out of the job of defense minister and then out of the cabinet altogether Nehru said it was doubtful he would return to his former Unit ed Nations job but I am not dead sure Nehru had been scheduled to talk o the newsmen for five minutes but he spent an hour with them Hostilities between Indian and Communist Chinese troops are picking up again around Walong in their undeclared border war An Indian spokesman said Monday there were three weekend clashes m that area just west of the Bur ma border The spokesman saidfive Indian soldiers were wounded The Indians also had a brush with a Red Chinese patrol near Jang at the west end of Indias North East Frontier Agency he said but otherwise a lull contin ued Concerning the weekend fight ing the spokesman said a Red Chinese partyof unspecified size approached an Indian position near Walong on Saturday night and opened fire He called this a probing action from which the Red Chinese withdrew Since the initial Communist hrusts into Indianclaimed terri tory at 13 points in the offensive launched Oct 20 there has been i lull of almost three weeks Both sides have been moving up reinforcements Split on issues Protest ABC Hiss appearance on Nixon show NEW YORK televised appearance of Alger Hiss on a program entitled The Political Obituary of Richard M Nixon vas met Sunday night by a flood of phoned and telegraphed pro esls cancellation of the program by several stations and picketing of network studios One Midwestern station carry ng the program received a bomb nreat but it proved to be a fake Pickets appeared outside stu dis of the American Broadcast ng Co in New York and Lot Angeles Reds to battle in LONDON British ex perts on Communist affairs be lieve that differences between the Soviet Union and Red China are moving toward a major crisis The Communist camp shaken by the Soviet setback in the Cuba crisis and Red Chinas border attacks on India has given every indication of grow ing confusion Premier Nikita S Khrushchev has been busy trying to solidify the front of European Commu nists except Albania to strengthen Moscows hand with Peiping He apparently is determined to define the ideological battle lines before Nov 19 when the powerful Centra Committee of the Communist parly convenes in Moscow Ostensibly called to deal with Russias economic which many have become ap parent in recent top Communist conclave is ex pected to turn to the more cru cial recent political develop ments internationally and with in the Red alignment Khrushchev already has corn milled himself o a continua tion of his policy of socalled peaceful coexistence with the West He has broadened this concept by specifically introducing the Cuban compromise as an im portant factor in international dealings By doing so he has in the view of Soviet affairs experts openly challenged Red China whose action against India has underlined anew her tough no compromise line Qualified experts believe the conflict between Moscow and Peiping in effect is increasingly Pointing to a Uttle for the leadershlp of the Communist camp Peiping in scarcely veiled at Jacks m the past few days has left uttle doubt that she con siders Khrushchev a revisionist and therefore unsuited to lead Albany which often voices Peip ings views even labeled Khru shchev a traitor earlier last week But he astute Soviet leader appears all set to take up the challenge Already he has set his propa ganda machine at work to his stepdown in the Cuban con flict as a great feat of diplo macy and peace The experts hold there is no known major single personality m the Kremlin who on present indications could be considered as a dangerous opponent of the Soviet leader
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