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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 27, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspapei Edited for th MASON CITY GLOBE HOME EDITION TT L The newspaper that makes II North low VOL 102 Associated Prtsi and United Press International Full MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY OCTOBER 27 1962 a n s neighbor s UOc Paper Consists ol Two SectionsSection No 28 Red blue lines on the map McMahon fixed Indian border By MICHAEL T MALLOY NEW DELHI A British diplomat met with Tibetan and Chinese representa tives in the early 1900s to fix the boundaries of Tibet with China and Britishruled India The names of the Tibetan and Chinese would mean nothing to the world today The name of the British dip lomat has become news again because of the IndianChinese undeclared border war He was Sir Henry McMahon The disputed northeastern boundary line between Tibet and India is known as the McMahon Line The boundary was drawn after the Simla convention in 1914 It begins at the juncture of Tibet India and Bhutan 10000 feet up in the Himlayas and meanders for 500 miles through the mountains to the juncture of India Burma and Tibet India says it is the legal border Communist China says it is not The boundary was drawn up by McMahon at the joint con ference with a representative of the Dalai Lama of Tibet and a representative from the then Central Chinese government All three initialed it but China later refused to ratify it Now Communist China has launched an offensive to re claim 32000 square miles south of the line which it main tains has been illegally cupied for years by India McMahons original drawing followed the watershed north of the Brahmaputra River in red and blue lines on two pink maps The Chinese insisted the tracings should follow the foot of the mountains of which the McMahon line is the crest Beginning with Dr Sun Yat Sen founder of the Chinese republic the Chinese have claimed that the Mishmi Aka Abor and other tribes in the region all accepted Tibetan authority and that Britain never exercised real administration oc until The until then because it was hoped the Chinese would first ratify The Indians claim the tribes Chinese never before in history tried to enter the Northeast T1 oiwvv waLiiimg LI CUU r Agency tinucs over Iowa Saturday Indias region extreme northeastern Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday Warmer southeast Saturday night Cooler Sunday Low Saturday night 30 north to 40 south High Sunday in the 50s north to 60s south Outlook f o r Monday Partly cloudy and near normal temperatures GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Saturday Maximum 48 Minimum 24 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 54 Minimum 31 Bombing or invasion of Cuba studied WASHINGTON Ken nedy adminstration appeared Sat urday to be preparing the ground for possible bombing or invasion of Cuba unless it starts disman tling its Russianmade missiles and their bases soon A White House statement indi cated time may be short before the United States makes a deci sion on how far to go in neutraliz ing the missile threat It said Friday that aerial recon naissance had shown that as late as Thursday Russian technicians were rushing work on launch bases for 1200mile mobile mis siles and 2500mile intermediate range rockets Theactivity at these sites ap parently is directed at achieving a full operational capability as soon as possible the White House said There is no evidence to date indicating that there is any inten tion to dismantle or discontinue work on these missile sites On the contrary the Soviets are rap idly continuing their construction of missile support and launch fa cilities The Navy apparently had the blockade situation well in hand and President Kennedy and Soviet Premier Khrushchev agreed sep arately to avoid an immediate showdown at sea while diplomatic efforts are made to find a peace solution If a strike comes it appeared Khrushchev makes proposition to US ou pull rockets from Turkey and well do likewise in Cuba Soviet leader says hell keep his ships off route to Cuba i 11 a an itvc juuieb a appeared Peiping has noted that the likely that jet planes from US inCarriers and land bases would T maps lead the attack bv Wttng with Indians say bombs and guided missiles at the sss a e Britain delayed its acceptance Cuban missile sites and air bases Because of unimpeded and con stant aerial reconnaissance with the finest of cameras the US in the area paid tribute to the fommand knows Just where every rajahs conquered by the British launcher for more than 30 ballistic in 1838 and point out that the missilesj can be tribes had individual treaties smashed with the British before 1900 India also says the tribes in the area have no ethnic relation with the Tibetans and that the fQJ ese never before in history llcllU 111 IUWO Slow warming A slow trend con The Simia conference started in 1913 The plan was to divide Tibet into an inner Tibet ad jacent to China and an outer Tibet adjacent to India Communist Chinese Premier Chou EnLai maintains that the McMahon Line cannot be ac cepted because no true Chinese representative was present He said the line was an example of British aggressive designs Temperatures Saturday morn ing varied from 24 at Spencer and Mason City to 41 at Council Bluffs As the flow of warm air continues high temperatures in the extreme west should be near 70 Saturday The mercury should reach thelow 60s in the east The forecast calls for slightly cooler air in the western coun ties Sunday but temperatures are expected to remain near normal Chinese must pull back Nehru replies MOSCOW Nehru of India told Premier Khrushchev Saturday he would agree to negotiate a border settle ment with the Chinese but only on condition that the Communists withdraw behind the breakthrough line of Sept 8 The Indian Embassy said the message was sent uncoded and apparently had been addressed also to other governments The message the embassy indi cated accused the Red Chinese of aggression against India It said tle aggression began on a large scale Sept 8 after a dispute last ing four or five years In his telegram Nehru said he was prepared for honorable ne gotiations W6t insisted that the Red Chinese Avithdraw not from present line as they have proposed but back of the older line from which their presenl attack had been launched The message was described as about three pages long The message was described by an embassy spokesmanas a gen eral outline of the Indian position regarding the frontier dispute which in recent days has devel oped into heavy fighting involving thousands of troops on both sides Saturdays report suggested the Red Chinese have hauled heavy artillery across the Himalayas and were bringing it into action against Indian forces The Indians have fallen back repeatedly in the past week surrendering a num ber of posts Casualties have been described as heavy but precise numbers have not been stated V If Soviet Premier Khrushchev told President Kennedy Saturday he is ready to withdraw of fensive weapons from Cuba if the Unit ed States will pull its rockets out of Turkey In his message as broadcast by Moscow radio he aserted that all weap ons now stationed in Cuba are under direct Soviet military control He proposed that U Thant acting secretarygeneral of the United Na tions act as agent in negotiating an agreement and that the United Nations itself act to guarantee compliance by sending inspectors to Cuba and Turkey But he added any such agreement should be concluded in two or three weeks The Soviet premier also suggested a declaration before the United Nations CubaTurkey deal difficult for US FIGURES IN CUSTODY bert Ma outside a courtroom in San Bernardino Calif after a cus tody hearing concerning his daughter MiMi Ma 13 At left is May Liu Ma wifeof the girls great grand father former Chinese warlord Gen Ma Hungkwei 70 Gen Ma who now WASHINGTON UPI sias CubaTurkey base deal while superficially attractive a a straight swap appeared de signed to1 strike at the heart o the NATO defense concept on which the United States its allies depend to deter gression There was no immediate offi cial comment here on Premier to anc ag Photofax raises race horses on a nearby ranch and the girls parents are contesting for Mi Mi Mas custody She told the court she wants to remain with her great grandfather who loves me and I love him The court set another hearing for Dec 14 Nikita Khrushchevs offer pull his longrange missile out of Cuba if the United States removes 1700mile Jupiter rock ets from Turkey The administration obviously had to handle Khrushchevs sug gestion with view of the extreme complex care in military On the inside Editorials Page 4 The Surveyor5 Religious Features 67 Mason City News 89 Society News10 Sports News 1112 Comics15 Business News1718 North Iowa News20 US planes in regular photo flights to Cuba WASHINGTON UPI Low flying photo reconna i s s a n c e planes are making continuous runs over Cuba to maintain US surveillance of the Soviet mis sile buildup on the island The Defense Department has displayed clear and detailed pictures of missile bases It said some of the pictures were made from planes flying at less than 2500 feet The pictures were considered by experts to have been made by regular optical aerial cam eras in very high speed low flying reconnaissance planes The flights also are being car ried out to prove to Cubans how easily their air space can be penetrated NO 1 TEENAGER DALLAS UPI Brown eyed brownhaired Darla Banks 16 Fresno Calif Friday was crowned Miss TeenAge Ameri ca LAKE impromptu22 Lake Mills and Connie Per drag race was blamed by slatelkins 14 Northwood deaths of two young lowans late Friday SAME DATE 1W1532 and diplomatic considerations North lowans die in Lake Mil Is drag race highway patrolmen for the North Killed were Bobert Eschricb The two were riding with on a county blacktop road about 4Vi miles south of here when ic lost control of the car on a o w vuv vvn wi VCIL VJII David Johnson 22 Lake Mills curve and crashed into a ditch Authorities said Johnson was drag racing with two other cars N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Financier to return NEW YORK Financier Edward Gilbert who fled to Brazil when shortages of nearly million turned up in his firm will return from Brazil to the United States Monday to face federal and state charges Lawyer Arnold Bauman said the former president of E L Bruce Co Inc will end his self imposed exile in a country from which he could not be extradited No help from Africans WASHINGTON Most African governments with airfields that could be used as stopovers for Soviet flights to Cuba have indicated they would deny Russia permission to use them if asked The countries were reported to be receptive to a U S request that their airfield not be used as staging or refueling points for Cubabound Soviet aircraft GOP critical of Kennedy WASHINGTON Republican campaign leaders nave suggested President Kennedy was more con cerned with votes on Nov 6 than with Soviet missiles when he announced a blockade on arms shipments to Cuba The Republican Congressional Campaign Com mittee said in a newsletter that the Frontiers kid gloves policy toward Cuba for the past 21 months just did not jibe with the Presidents tough words about Cuba r I pledging Soviet noninterference in the internal affairs of Turkey coupled with a similar U S commitment on Cuba His offer of a swapTurkish rock ets for Cuban made in a message sent both to the U S Presi dent and Thanfc The Soviet leader said he believed it will not be difficult to get Cuba and to agree to permit United Na tions inspection teams on their terri tories to police the dismantling of rock et bases The Soviet leader said agreement on the Cuba controversy would open the way for finding solutions to other East West disputes He mentioned the prob lem of a nuclear test ban but said noth ing about Berlin The letter spoke only about nego tiations between representatives of the Union and the Uriit d States Khrushchev made no mention of a meet ng between himself and Kennedy President Kennedy met with its key strategy advisers in the Cuban crisis to study the new iroposal made Khrushchev White House press secretary Pierre Salinger said we will It was difficult however for diplomatic observers to see how the United States could agre to a straight trade of this kin inlight ofprevious pblicj on the issue The United States has consistently refused to equate the bases in Turkey with those Khrushchev is rush ing to completion in Cuba The U S altitude in rccen days has been Johnson and another passen ger Jerry Nelson 17 also Lake Mills were in fair condition Saturday at an Albert Lea Minn hospital A fifth passenger in the car Kalfa Kuhlman 14 also North wood was treated and released at the hospital The other two drag racers were not apprehended authori ties said Miss Perkins was the daugh ter of Mr and Mrs J A Per kins Northwood Also surviving are two brothers Stanley and Paul both of New Hampton and Robert Wayne Mich a sister Mrs Henry Hanson also of Wayne and a halfbrother Charles Reindl Mason City Funeral arrangements are pending at Conner Funeral Home Northwood Funeral services also are pending for Eschrich son of Mr and Mrs Ruben Esch rich The AndersonMittlstadt Funeral Home Lake Mills has charge of arrangements JFK calls attention to the burglars W I think your attention might well be directed to the burglars rather than to those who have caught the bur glars Thus did President Ken nedy reply to philosopher Bert rand Russell who had been com plaining that a couple of his messages calling for an end to the Cuban crisis had gone un answered from the White House The US Jupilers in Turkey and Italy were placed there under NATO agreement as defensive weapons against the threat of So viet nuclear missiles which Khrushchev has said are zeroec n on members of the NATO alli ance There was no secrecy about NATOs decision to put Jupiters n Turkey and Italy whereas Rus ias Cuban operation was carried ut by stealth and deceit US missiles in Turkey and taly are part of a regional de ense alliance subject to the di of all member nations and could not be used for aggressive purposes The Cuban operation constituted an aggressive Soviet hrust into the heart of the west ern hemisphere which has its own regional alliance against aggres sion The US is understood to have approximately 30 intermediate range ballistic missiles in Turkey This would be approximately one were fourth of the IRBMs that assigned to England Italy and Turkey at a time when no inter continental missile squadrons were yet operational England has 60 Thor IRBMi and has announced plans to dis mantle these bases gradually have no present comment an the Khrushchev letter At the time that Moscow radio wasTannotincing the sending of the letter Kennedy went into a session with the special strategy group of the National Security Council which has been conven ing daily on the Ciiban crisis The premier said the Soviet Union was under just as much threat from American bases in Bulletin WASHI NGTON UPI President Kennedy Saturday rejected Russias proposal to trade Soviet missile bases in Cuba for U S bases in Tur key He demanded that Cuban rocket sites be disman tled under international spectfon m Turkey as the US was from bases in Cuba Turkey is our neighbor Our uards and turkish guards look at each other he said Khrushchev claimed that the veapons which the US found objectionable in Cuba were un der Soviet control and any use of them against the US is excluded he said Khrushchev also said he thought Kennedys order to US ships to avoid for the moment confrontations with Soviet ves sels bound for Cuba was a rea sonable step He said he thought it was a good thing that the President had agreed to talks on the Cuba DOMINICAN Caribbean HONOUR f j NICARAGUA SHIPPING LANES IN BLOCKADE three key passages around Ouba They are the Wind ward Passage Florida Straits and Yucatan Channel The Navy advised ships to use Mona Passage be tween the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico in stead of the Windward Passage j
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