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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 26, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper for Homt LOBE VOL 102 The newspaper that make HOME EDITION s all North l Press and Pm Fui us Wire MASQN OCTOBER o wa ns neighbors 10c Paper ol Two No 222 Ship chartered by Russia searched Cuba may be linked to Berlin More serious phase ahead By JOHN M HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON AP Soviet Premier Khrushchev may have ordered construction of missile bases in Cuba as part of a Krem 1m plot to put President Kennedy under a surprise threat of nuclear war in an attempt to force US concessions on Berlin This possible strategic purpose for the sudden and unexplained installation of Soviet nuclear mis siles 90 miles from the United States is being given serious con sideration in official quarters here It is one of the reasons why authorities are sticking grimly to their conviction that while the first phase of the Cuban crisis has been passed on the naval blockade front a second and po tentially far more serious phase is yet to come As to the nature of the second phase there are two possibilities in speculation One is that LMCKGROUND lin and may go through with his main plan in spite of the disclosure of the Cuban missile buildup The other is that the US government is de termined that the missiles must be removed from Cuba and the bases demolished The frantic diplomatic search for a peaceful way out of the crisis centered at the Uliited Na tions is so far little more than a lull in the diplomatic storm which broke over the world Mon day night A defense spokesman reports that Soviet missilemen and mili tary whom there are an estimated 5000 on the Caribbean still work ing at top speed to complete the bases and get whatever missiles are available to them in place The naval blockade force which President Kennedy set in motion Monday has proved an effective barrier to the introduction of more missiles into he island but the US action has not evidently put a halt to the Soviet activities already under way there The question of why the Soviet government set but on such a radicalnew course in its cold war strategy carrying a clear increase in the danger of nuclear war is a source of intense study among experts and policy makers for it may give clues to future Soviet behavior One point on which authorities seem agreed is that the thrust of Soviet nuclear striking power into the Western Hemisphere must represent a basic Soviet policy decision made much ear lier this year The indication is that the decision called for a switch to a much more aggres sive strategy with much greater reliance on military power to serve Moscows expansionist pur poses in the world Perhaps Khrushchev and his ad visers had decided that their peaceful coexistence efforts to penetrate Southern Asia Africa and Latin America by economic means were t o slow and too cost ly The projection of this analysis is that the Soviet government was compelled by frustration and im patience and perhaps by political discontent within the Soviet bloc to achieve some spectacular vic tories in the cold war by a more reckless brandishing of nuclear weapons than ever before If that was the policy theUS reaction upon discovery of the in stallations in Cuba seems to have given the Kremlin strategists a reason for pause and reassess ment Whether it has also per suaded them that they are in se rious danger of setting off a nu clear war no one here knows PROCASTRO RIOTS RIO DE JANEIRO lice firing teargas guns twice broke up demonstrations of pro Castro antiAmerican demon itrators here Friday VALERIAN ZORIN Forest Citys Thorson is dead at 83 FOREST CITY Thorwald Thorson 83 one of the origina faculty members of Waldor College and a member of a pioneer family here died Thurs day night An architect for 40 years his firm is wellknown for its work on school buildings anc churches One of the dormitor ies at the Waldorf campus is named Thorson Hall Funeral services willbe Mon day at 2 pm at the Immanue Lutheran Church the Rev Owen Gangstead officiating The Wai dorf College faculty will attend in a body and a number of offi cials of the American Lutheran Church will attend in abody The family has set up a me rnorial fund which will be used to func at the college Survivors include his wife two sons Oswald Waterloo also an architect and Phillip Washington D C an official o the International Monetary Fund two brothers Ole Eai Claire Wis and Theodore St Olaf Iowa The Olson Funeral Home is in charge of arrangements JFK at desk 1217 hours every day WASHINGTON these days of crisis President Kennedy s putting in 12 and 17 hour days at his desk A telephone is never more than a step or two away Even while he lounges in his rocker chatting with visitors a elephone dangles from the coffee able near his hand The grave challenges of Cuba are taking up about 90 per cent of his time But those about him say the President is making his decisions coolly and calmly While the executive mansion and its staff is geared for crisis it isnt quite on a wartune basis Tourists still parade through the White House But now they have to check their purses and packages outside Pickets are still permitted to patrol in front of the mansion and they seldom miss a day Banners of banthebomb groups are the ones most in evidence No unusual increase in security has been ordered The same num ber of secretservice agents are still guarding the President and his family However the White House police have been getting some overtime and a few metro politan police are usually sta tioned outside the fence The crisis has brought fate din ners sleeping in hotels and on cots and night shifts for some of the Presidents aides In the basement of the execu tive wing the situation the nerve center through which filters secret information from all around the manned 24 hours a day by presidential as sistants On the inside Editorials Page 4 Comics 5 Mason City News47 CubGazette Sports Clear Lake News 10 Society News 13 North Iowa News 14 Talks on crss opened 3 meetings with Thant UNITED NATIONS NY AP Acting SecretaryGeneral U Thant met with representatives o the United States Friday in an ef fort to set up negotiations to end the Cuban crisis He scheduled meetings later in the day with So viet and Cuban diplomats Two topranking members of the permanent US delegation to the United Nations Ambassador Francis TR Plimpton anc Charles W Yost met with Than in the absence of Chief Delegat Adlai E Stevenson who had rushed to Washington for consul tations In Washington Stevenson con ferred with President Kennedy an attended a meeting of the 12 member executive committee o the National Security Council a the White House Thant had proposed a cooling off period of two or three weeks for negotiations during which the United States would suspend its blockade and the Soviet Union would halt arms shipments to Cuba Kennedys reply read by Stev enson to the Security Counci Thursday avoided any mention o suspension of the blockade Bu White House sources made plain that the quarantine would continue for the time being They said the US government still insists on the removal of nuclearcapable missiles from Cuba Khrushchev accepted Thant appeal but his agreement to hal arms shipments to Cuba was con ditional on US suspension of the blockade The Security Council agreed Thursday night to suspend debate indefinitely on the explosive issue pending the talks During a stormy session Stevenson and So viet Deputy Foreign Minister Va lerian A Zorin accused each other of lying and trickery At one point Stevenson chal lenged Zorin to give an immedi ate answer whether the Soviet Union had put medium and inter mediate range missiles in Cuba When Zorin October president of the council told him he would lave to wait until the proper time for his reply Stevenson retorted I am ready to wait until hell freezes over The exchange arose from Zor ins complaint that Kennedy did not inform Soviet Foreign Minis er Andrei A Gromyko in their aiks in Washington last week that the United States had proofof offensive Soviet weapons in Cuba Ill tell you why your foreign minister was not informed Stev enson retorted his voice shaking with anger Because we were as sembling the evidence We wanted to see how far a Soviet official would go in perfidy Later stung by a jibe of Zorins that the United States had toned down its position on Cuba because t lacked proof Stevenson asked for the floor We have the proof and will show it to you he said And let me say something else These weapons must be taken out of Tuba Stevenson then displayed aerial photographs of what he said were four missile bases and one jet airfield built by the Soviet Union n Cuba Zorin craned his neck for limpse at the pictures Then he ooked fixedly away while the arge crowd in the council cham ber stared at the exhibits SAME 529 Department Figures Meini to 24 Hnrt N S J p If SMMLVPT INTERCEPTED CUBABOUND SHIP Boarding The older Fiveday Temperature through Wednesday will averag two to four degrees above ho mal in northwest Iowa and nea normal elsewhere with onl minor day to day changes Nor mal highs are the middle 50s i the north to around 60 south Normal lows are from the lo 30s to the low 40sNo precip tation consequence is ex pected North Iowa Partly cloudy an war m e r through Saturday Lows Friday night in the 30s Highs Saturday in the 50s Iowa Clear to partly cloudj and warmer Saturday Lows Friday night 30s northeast to the 40s southwest Highs Sat urday 50s northeast to the 60s southwest Further outlook Partly cloudy and continuec mild Sunday Minnesota Mostly fair not so cold Highs Saturday in 60s GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 am Friday Maximum 33 Minimum is Sunrise Sunset Snow cold pour over the Northeast By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Midwintry snow and cold poured double trouble on sections of the Northeast Friday Snow reached a depth of 8 nches in Ghent near Akron Ohio 5 inches in Twinsburg and 2 to 4 inches in some of Cleveland suburbs US 21 the main route between Cleveland and Akron became locked at am with between 2000 and 3000 vehicles on the Snow removal equipmen was trapped in the snarl Five ractortrailers jackknifed in a 25milelong traffic tieup Severa schools closed With winter almost two months away on the calendar snow in Michigan measured U inches in Cassopolis 8 in Van Buren anc Paw and 4 in Allegan Up to 6 inches of snow accu nulated in mountain sectors o evinsylvania New York City had its first snowfall of the eighth ime on record that snow fell in pctober there 9 One of coldest outbreaks of polar air ever seen in Octo the way the Weather Bureau described it shattered many long standing temperature records east of the Mississippi River The autumn freeze reached down to the middle of Gulf Coast tates STORE GUTTED MONTICELLO UPI Fire jutted a clothing store in down own Monticello Thursday night The blaze apparently began in pile of mens trousers at the car of Stuhlers Clothing and hoe Store Nation on war footing Red Chinese push deeper into India NEW DELHI India nese Communist troops have driv en deeper into India at both ends of the northeastern frontier an Indiana spokesman said Friday Almost a week after the Chinese launched their offensive into India there is still no sign of the Indian army being able to check Commu nist advances The fighting is re ported bitter and casualties heavy but no statistics have been re leased TheRed Chinese are said h be taking no prisoners A Defense Ministry spokesman reported a Chinese division o N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Berlin traffic slowed East German Communist guards re sorted to harassing tactics that seriously delayed West German traffic on the 110mile superhighway linking Berlin to the West JFK postpones Brazil trip WASHINGTON President Kennedy has de cided to postpone his planned trip to Brazil next month because of the Cuban crisis Rebel underground at Oxford OXFORD Miss A student group calling itself the rebel underground vowed to resist by every effective means brotherhood by bayonet at the University of Mississippi In handbills circulated throughout the campus the group said it was serv ing notice to the forces of integration that we have only begun to fight De Gaulle renews warning PARIS President Charles de Gaulle renewed his warning to the French nation that he will quit office at once unless it gives him a sweeping yes in Sundays constitutional referendum on his plan to have his successor elected by direct popular vote 10000 men Thursday attacked the town of Jang four or five miles east of the important monastery town Towang which cap tured Wednesday Jang is on the jeep track from Towang to the plains of Assam in eastern India Authoritative sources said twi battalions of Indian troops will trj to make la stand where the jee track crosses the 13946fobthigi pass 14 miles east of TowangBu his is expected to be little more than a twoor threeday delaying action rather than a strong nough defense to halt the onrush ing Red Chinese On the western front in adakh the defense ministry sak he Communists were hurled back n an attack on Poeet a few miles from Chushul where India las its only airfield near the battlefront The fall of Chushul would be a severe blow to Indias thin supply lines in Ladakh As the attacks widened it ap reared the Chinese were trying to capture all the 32500 square miles they claim in the northeast bordering Tibet It is believed hey already have captured most of the more than 12000 square miles of territory they claim in Ladakh Prime Minister Nehrus officials moved swiftly to put India on a war footing They called on all In dians to surrender to the govern ment their jewelry and hoarded old to help pay for the country var effort The government also announced new issue of defense bonds and hinted at sterner economic meas ures if the public did not cooper ate in keeping prices down and end hoarding SINKIANG AFG Changchenmo R KASHMIR PAKISTAN CHINA Allohobod INDIA Nogpui EAST PAKISTAN CALCUTTA BURMA RED CHINESE ADVANCE IN INDIA Towang 1 and Asfila rMap locates places where Chinese driving down Luhit Rivdr Valley 3 Communist troops are advancing in In They have attacked for the first time in niA Jdian spokesman said jn New the Changchenmo River Valley 4 on Delhi Friday The Reds have captured the northwest Allowed passage to Cuba US plans new action ROM OUR WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON The U S Navy blockade force for t h e irst time Friday boarded and earched a Cubabound a Sovietchartered ut allowed it to proceed after determining the cargo contained no prohibited war goods Boarding parties from two of them the Jo eph P Kennedy Jr spent icarly three hours combing hrough the Lebanese freighter Marucla which is urider Soviet rohtract tocarry cargo from Russia to Havana The Marucla a 7268tonUS nade Liberty ship cooperated m the search operations a n d readily permitted the inspection eam to come aboard The cargo included trucks and chemicals The incident the second in volving ships carrying Soviet cargo to Cuba in two days came as U N Ambassador Adlai Stevenson unexpectedly c o n ferred at the White House with President Kennedy a n d other top officials directing U S Cuban policy The State Department mean while made clear that further action of an unspecified nature is being considered to deal with the continuing Soviet missile buildup m Cuba Department press offi cer Lincoln White stressed in a statement to reporters that con struction of medium and inter mediate missile facilities in Cuba still is going on In Friday mornings high seas interception the two destroyers halted the Marucla about 180 miles northeast of Nassau in the Bahamas They had tailed it throughout the night with orders to go aboard at dawn The boarding party sent a ra diomessage which said No prohibited materials aboard All papers in order Have obtained copy of manifest The Marucla was registered under the Lebanese flag and ap parently owned in London But it was chartered by the Soviets or the voyage to Cuba from he Russian Baltic port of Riga Latvia The Lebanese embassy had no immediate comment on the ncident Its flag has been in volved in a relatively minor way with the Cuban trade A recentUS Maritime Adminis ration report lists Lebanon 10th among free world flags involved n the trade with the Cubans This was the second ship al owed to pass through the block ade which has ringed Cuba since ast Tuesday Thursday a So viet tanker was permitted to iroceed without even an inspec tion of its cargo But Friday the destroyers were given orders to go aboard he Marcula and search and in pect it Boats were put off from he destroyer shortly after 5 am CST The Marucla imme tiately lowered a Jacobs lad der so the inspection party could board According to the Defense De partment the freighters cargo consisted of 12 trucks lashed on deck The holds contained such troducts as sulphur paper rolls and truck parts The Defense Department an nounced Thursday that at least a dozen Soviet vessels had turned back presumably because they might have been carrying offen ive materials This apparently left about 13 lomniunist cargotype ships still n course toward Red Cuba Sec etary of Defense Robert S Mc lara had said just after Presi ent Kennedy ordered the block de into effect that an estimated 25 Communist vessels were mov ng toward Cuba Most of the ships the Navy is nterested in have turned round one government official aid It indicated that among the ozen Red ships diverted from Cuba was one identified by in
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