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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 24, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for VOL 102 The Press and Uolled Press International FulJ Lease CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION newspaper that makes all North I o wans neighbors MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 24 1962 No invasion now UOc paper of Two Solons accept war threat WASHINGTON AP Con gressional leaders grimly accept ed Wednesday the prospect that full scale military action may be needed to back President Ken nedys move aimed at wiping out the Cuban missile threat to the Western Hemisphere Without exception party leaders scheduled to confer with Kennedy Wednesday on the crisis made it clear they recognized the risk of US wins respect Latins Decision is appreciated By WILLIAM L RYAN MEXICO CITY The Unit ed States appears to have elec trified Latin America and to have leaped overnight to a position of real leadership in the Western Hemisphere with its bold show down challenge to the Soviet Union Latin American sources attend ing the hemisphere finance minis ters conference here say that the initial shock has worn off and that Latin leaders are taking a new and appreciative look at Wash ington If the United States wins its gamble to halt the Soviet weapons buildup in Cuba these sources say it will be in a better position than ever before itoipush ahead with the Alliance for Prog ress program to lead ihe hemi sphere toward political social and economic stability The extreme leftis not expected to take all this lying Commu n is ts and their Cas troist allies in Latin America can be relied upon to do all in their power to threaten gov ernments and leaders with noisy demonstrations and various forms of violence But something new has been Infused into the Latin American scene with the development of the greatest world crisis since the end of World War II The overwhelming vote of the Organization of American States in support of President Kennedys decisions is a token of the change Latin Americans point out that President Kennedys action will not necessarily make people of the hemisphere love the United States But they say that if the Kennedy decision is made to stick it will create respect for the United States of a sort which was not there before In private Latin Americans of the educated class concede that their countries look for strong leadership It is they say part of the heritage of the caudillo the strong chief who commands respect rather than affection In private they will concede too that they may say one thing while meaning another In the last two years at hemisphere conferences LatinAmerican lead ers have stubbornly opposed strong action against Cuba offer ing the explanation that pressures upon them left them no other choice There is a hint in all this that if the strong leadership had been present the United States would have insisted stubbornly upon having its way and eventu ally would have won it President Kennedys action against the Cuban buildup was taken without prior public bless ings from the governments of Latin America Yet even govern ments which had followed the soft approach to Castro readily fell in behind Washington On f he inside Editorials Page 4 Clear Lake News 56 North Iowa News 10 Society News 12131415 Sports 1718 Latest Markets 20 Mason City News 2021 Comics 22 n nuclear war is great They are willing to take it Some of them expect a prelim inary showdown with the Soviet Union in the shipping lanes al most momentarily Others believe that if the Presidents demand for dismantling of Soviet controlled missile bases in Cuba is flouted massive military actionto take them over might come later The unanimous viewpoint that the crisis is heading toward a climax was sustained by a state ment of Secretary of the Treasury Douglas Dillon Dillon told a meeting of Latin American finance ministers in Mexico City Tuesday that if offen sive preparations on the island are not halted immediately further action will be fully justified Sen Hubert H Humphrey of Minnesota deputy Democratic Senate leader told reporters that come what may the United States is not going to tolerate what they have in missiles already or any expansion of them Humphrey said that in White House meetings he had attended there had been no time limit set on Kennedys demand for removal of the bases Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana said Soviet Premier Khrushchev and Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro should no longer have any doubts that the United States is ready to protect Western Hemisphere secu rity Strong sentiment for an imme diate invasion of Cuba was ex pressed during a meeting of the congressional leaders with Ken nedy on Monday a House mem ber who reported But the decision had been made before we were called he added He said howeveri sat in on the meeting that there still is a possibility of an armed invasion of Cuba if the arms quarantine isnot effective The Weather North Iowa Clearing with heavy frost Wednesday night lows in the 20s Generally fair and continued cool Thursday highs in the 40s Iowa Clearing and cold with heavy frost most of state Wedissued by the Russians Further Generally fair and cool Friday up to 8 am Wednesday Maximum 45 Minimum 21 Sunrise Sunset 517 mafce no rash decisions on immit crisis AP Photofax HEADS TASK Adm Alfred Ward is in charge of a special US naval task force which has been created to screen shipping lanes to Cuba Ward is commander of the Sec ond Fleet FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES MOSCOW Soviet Premier Khrushchev called Wednesday meetm to help settle the Cuban blockade crisis to P1 event growing into a nuclear war Soviet Tass news agency quoted him as Bluish philosopher and pacifist Lord as Thant asked to intervene UNITED NATIONS N Y uei Britain and Venezuela Wed nesday threw their support behind the U S military quaranUne of Cuba as Acting U N SecretaryGeneral U Thant weighed a intervene in A committee representing 45 countries from all parts of the world called on Thant this morning and requested him to seek a standsUl pending a negotiated settlement He was reported to have told the group he But he also was quoted as saying that if the United States jrov ernment carries out its planned program of then consider the appeal Ambassador Zenon Rossides of Cyprus chairman of the group said Thant indicated he might address the 11nation Se curity Council later in the day The small countries were called into another session to hear the committee report and to consid er a possible resolution for the council Inside the council chamber Venezuelan Ambassador Carlos SosaRodriguez declared the So viet weapons in Cuba wereno longer defensive but w e re a threat to the entire hemisphere He demanded that the council take action to halt the shipment of offensive weapons and to dis mantle the missile bases al ready built British Delegate Sir Patrick Dean accused the Soviet Union of calculated double dealing and declared this is bound to cast doubt on any statements curity Council to act at once before the Soviets swallow up the world piecemeal Stevenson charged that the flow of Soviet missiles and other offensive weapons into Cuba is a grave threat to the Western Hemisphere and the peace of the world Soviet Deputy Foreign Minis ter Valerian Zorin countered that the US blockade is a reck less act which brings the world to the brink of nuclear war He branded as false US charges theSovie and continued cool Thursday sma11 nation as a sign highs 40s northwest to near 50 the United States might not southeast Further get the support it hopes for if continued it takes its case to the 109na tion General Assembly Many Union has based offensive mis siles in Cuba STORM U S EMBASSY Sign car rying demonstrators gather outside the US embassy in to protest ac tions against Cuba Signs bear legends Hands Off Cuba and Stop The Ag gression Soviet police increased their Photofax normal guard outside the embassy and dispersed the first batch of demon strators most of whom were described as high school and grade school stu dents Wont allow i Castro says bloodshed will result HAVANA AP Asserting he the weapons to repulse any nations which strongly oppose u iu n K j o i TT aggression Prime Minister Fidel both Cuba and the Soviet UmonL 0 Cuba Minnesota Partly cloudy show ers Highs Thursday in 40s uastro GlobeGazette Weather Data a blockade is too drastic a Cubas move lision between the United States and the Soviet Union US Delegate Adla enson urged the 11nation N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES German measles virus isolated CAMBRIDGE Mass An important break through in the fight to control German measles a disease which often severely damages unborn chil dren was reported by the Harvard School of Pub lic Health and the Walter Reed Army Institute of Re search Their research teams working independently have succeeded in isolating the virus known to cause German measles Find no loot in house WEYMOUTH officials conceded failure after almost literally taking apart an ranch home in an search for most of million stolen Aug 14 in the Plymouth Mass mail robbery Thomas R Richards 37 a World War II Navy veteran who bought the home in December 1958 was missing Khrushchev lauds U S singer MOSCOW Nikita Khrushchev appeared to be leaving the door open for a flexible policy on the Cuban blockade crisis Khrushchev took time out to hear American opera star Jerome Hines at the Bolshoi Theater and after the performance Khrush chev and first deputy premier Anastas Mikoyan drank toasts to Hines and his wife Argentina offers naval force WASHINGTON Argentina is the first Latin American nation to offer the U S its services in carrying out the Cuban blockade while others are expected to follow Argentina said its naval forces are at the disposal of the U S arms buildup act of piracy Our arms are defensive Cas TIC i AJI lro declared as he defied a US US Delegate Ad ai E Stevproposal for the United N u icon llrCTnrl IKo to send in an inspection team to investigate President Kennedys charge that Soviet missile bases are planted in Cuba Anyone trying to carry out an arms inspection in Cuba had better come ready for combat the bearde revolutionary leader told the nation in a 90minute tele vision address Castro scoffed at Kennedys warning in his speech Monday that the flow of Soviet arms to Cuba was a menace to the West ern Hemisphere He ridiculed the Organization of American States for its solid sup port of the US quarantine of Cuba He called the organizations interAmerican defense pact a scrap of paper only valid for those following in the flock of im perialism Castro emphasized he would tolerate no outside interference on the question of arming Cuba and implied it was the United States that had forced him to arm We will acquire the arms we feel like acquiring Castro said and we dont have to give an accounting to the imperialists Cuba has the right to arm itself and defend itself and we have had to do so What would have oc curred if we had not been armed at the time of Giron Beach This was a reference to the in vasion at the Bay of Pigs by a force of USbacked Cuban exiles in April 1961 Cubans in the streets seemed more quiet than usual They watched as more troops and weapons appeared in Havana Sol diers barricaded the avenue next to the Armed Forces Ministry INBOUND TO CUBA The Defense Department in Washington released these photos which they say are Soviet ships inbound to Cuba carrying jet of course we shall have to make use of the means of defense against the aggressor we have no other way out The Soviet premier said Moscow will not let itself be provoked by the unjustif ied actions of the United States He referredto Washingtons decision to halt all further shipments of offensive arms to Cuba and its demand that present nuclearcapable missile bases there be dismantled We will do everything which depends on us to prevent the launching of a war Khrushchev said We would think a meeting on the highest level to be useful Khrushchev said Theu S government must show restraint and must halt the realization of its piratelike threats which may have the most serious conse quences While Khrushchevs mes sage was being flashed across the world Russian ships bound for Cuba con tinued on course towards a waiting U S Navy task force armed with stopor sink orders Tass said Khuishchev told Russell Understanding the complicat d heart of the situation caused y the pirate activities of the American government we can ot accept them in any form Soviet leader said if J S government grossly dis regards and violates tho mter lalional laws then the extreme y acute situation may get out of control and this may grow into a world war with all its sad consequences for the peoples of all countries Tass said that is why efforts are now demanded not only on the part of the Soviet Union the socialist countries and Cuba but also by all states all the peoples and all classes in order to prevent a war catastrophe The Soviet premier said as ong as rocket nuclear weapons lave not been used there is a wssibility to avert war Once he Americans have launched aggression Tass quoted Khrush chev as saying a meeting of the lighest level will become im possible and useless Two hours after the quarantine formally went into operation in the high seas a Pentagon spokes man said he had no evidence that any of the Russian ships had turned back or altered course AH signs pointed to a show down within hours between Ameri can warships and some of the 25 Russian vessels headed for Cuba on scattered courses There Avere reports the Navy would deliber ately single out a vessel carrying arms for the showdown between the United States and Russia The quarantine went into effect at 8 am CST There always was the possibil ity that the Soviet ships could change course at the last minute But there was every indication they would not Soviet officials here and in Moscow were taking a tough line In addition to halting arms shipments by ships US officials stressed that steps would be taken to prevent Russia from bypassing the embargo by ship ping nuclear warheads to Cuba by plane Intelligence officials presume that such warheads already are in Cuba although they have no photographic proof of the kind which disclosed existence of 1 000mile missile bases on the is land But officials stressed that the medium and intermediate range missiles Russia has placed in Cuba would be militarily mean ingless if not equipped with nu clear warheads A few hours before the quaran tine went into effect the Navy broadcast radio warnings to all shipping to stand clear of the area that itcould become dan gerous The Defense Department kept secrecy on the total of Navy ships and planes assigned to the quar antine operation and on the pre cise areas in which they were op erating AH indications pointed to a force of a size and type which seemed more than ample for the job Obviously the prepara tions were for events even more farreaching than stopping mer chantmen at sea which might flare up from this first action v i A i Photofax light bombers in crates The bottom photo purports to show crates contain ing Ilyushin 28 Beagle fuselage crates as a deckload
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