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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 23, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for MASONClTY HOME EDITION The newspaper that makes all North Ibwans neighbors VOL 1W Associated Press and United Press International Full Wires MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 23 10c a Paper Constsli ol Two No 11 Showdown nears in Cuba blockade plow through Atlantic toward USfleet First Editorial support to JFK The line is drawn By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nations newspapers Tues day editorially stood firm behind President Kennedys decision to quarantine arms shipments to Cu ba with many of them appealing for strong public backing The editorials used such words as perilous cancer of com munism Communist aggres sion peace threat to describe the Soviet arming of Cuba The same editorials used such words as courageous direct security interest assumed grave responsibility in herited courage of the people in describing Kennedys decision to order the blockade Following are excerpts from typical editorials Philadelphia nquirer We be lieve the President acted with wis dom with courage andwith rea son in laying the facts bare for all to see Chicago Daily News Support of the President must be unre served and bipartisan The line is drawn and no one can foresee all the consequences We are facing a test of our will and our disci pline test be at No 1 question Will Soviets attempt to run blockade FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON The United States and Russia riearcd a po tentially hot showdown in the cold warTuesday as Commu nist cargo ships plowed through Atlantic toward a US fleet blockading offensive arms ship ments to Cuba The test of purpose and strength could come by Wednes day A Defense Department spokesman said the US forces were expected to encounter the first Soviet bloc ships within 24 to 48 hours Officials said they knew where the approaching Communist ships were and the Navy is keep ing a watchful eye on them New York Times Strongly REINFORCEMENTS Battle ready U S Marines helmeted and wearing armored vests await transportation at the Naval Air Station at Guantanamo Bay after their arrival to reinforce troops at the big Cuban base Civilian personnel and dependents have been evacuated as the garrison was increased during the tense Cuban situation They said ho direct contact had been made with any of the ves sels as yet US vessels already were pa trolling the Atlantic in the great est crisis since Korea and pos sibly since World War II Their orders Hail 11 o p if vessels which try to avoid in spection Ships of any nist and nonCommunist alike will be stopped by US Navy ships if they are bound for Cuba A Defense Department spokes man made it quite clear that force will be the nationality of a it an nations rall behind US A L L An act or war Luba says of US blockade and consistently as we have advo cated restraint in handling the Cuban problem we feel that the President under the newly dis covered circumstances of Soviet arms buildup in Cuba could not have done much less than he now has done it is a matter of the most direct security inter est of the United States that the USSR be dissuaded from pur suing this risky game in this hemisphere before it is too late New York Herald Tribune The people of the United States must and will unite behind the President in the course which So viet aggression hasTnade inevita ble Americans can trust that reason will prevail in Moscow Cleveland Plain Dealer The future may be filled with per il But at least we going to take action to reduce the peril instead of sitting supinely while Soviet Russia calls all the tunes It is to Mr Kennedys credit that he investigated carefully and thor oughly before he acted and that he took the action he did because there was no other way to re move the cancer of communism from a hemisphere which wants no part of communism St Louis GlobeDemocrat The entire nation will support Mr Kennedy in this decision The hazards are evident and not mini mized by the President The tragedy of United States foreign policy is that Mr Kennedy wait ed so perilously long before acting against the baldly obvious threat Red Castro posed Los Angeles Times President Kennedy has made the proper re ply to the arrogant challenge of the Soviet only pos sible in ordering a naval blockade to stop any fur ther buildup of armaments His further warning to the Kremlin is not just words but is backed by the will of the nation HAVANA the US blockade of Cuba is an act of war Havana broadcasts said Tuesday all Cuban military forces numbering hundreds of thousands have been mobilized Prime Minister Fidel Castro will address the nation later and will make important declarations lions Mario GarciaInchaustegui one announcement said President Kennedys statement the SecurityCouncil to consider that Soviet ballistic missiles aretne us blockade stationed in Cuba was ridiculedi Havana radio said the order for by a television commentator LuismobiHzaUon came from Castro On the inside Editorials Page 4 Comics 6 Society News 1011 Sports1314 Latest Markets U Mason City News1617 Clear Lake News 18 Farm Features19 North Iowa News had asked for an urgent meeting Gomez Manguemert editor of El Mundo and an adviser to the For eign Ministry accused Kennedy of a whole series of falsehoods about Cuba Asserting that the United States appeared to be ignoring SovieJ guarantees to defend Cuba the commentator said that the block ade measures are not only an act of war but also a provocation for tragic world events Another announcement said Cubas delegate to the United Na An editorial Again Americans l cose ran ks Minneapolis Tribune Mr Kennedy said the cost of free dom is high but that Americans have always paid it They are ready to pay again if necessary Being prepared to pay that cost the American people may gpared the payment be THE MOST HEARTENING thing about the Cuban situation is the closing of ranks which fol lowed upon the Presidents stern quarantine an nouncement T or blockade if you prefer Up until Monday there were disturbing indica tions that foreign policy more specifically Cuba would figure prominently in the November elections But all that has vanished In letting it be known that they are backing the Pfesident in his course of action some from the rival party could not resist the temptation to call it too long deferred Thats understandable Spokesmen for the administration have let it be known that there will be no more campaign speeches by the President or the Vice President in the time between now and Nov 6 Thats commendable The future is filled with imponderables None can say what the Kremlin against which our action is directed will do We cant even predict with cer tainty the reaction of our OAS allies There is substantial assurance however from the indisputable fact that in every past instance of bold action in Greece in the Middle East and in Berlin Moscow has backed down With incontrovertible proof of missile bases on our island neighbors countryside we had no other course than to take firm action even though it carry the risk of nuclear war and was put into effect quickly Our combat units rapidly placed themselves on a fighting basis the broadcast added Hundreds of thousands of men were mobilized in the course of a few hours The nation has awakened on a war footing ready to repulse any attack Each weapon is in its place and next to each weapon is a heroic defender of the father and The entire government is eady to die beside the people Over the length and width of e island with more fervor than ver sounds the thunderous roar f millions of voices in the already istoric cry of Fatherland or eath We will conquer Even before the announcement f the mobilization groups of mil tiamen began appearing in Hava avs streets carrying flags Other vise there was no sign of unusual military measures While Kennedy directed part of lis speech directly to the Cuban aeople it was doubtful if many Cubans heard him in Havana dost were on their way home rom work at the time of broad cast The US Information Agency said all its transmitters in the United States were rebroadcasting he speech to Cuba at peak listen ing hours Neutralist diplomatic circles were far from enthusiastic about Kennedys arms quarantine of taba They predicted Premier Khrushchev will react with a new blockade of Berlin and moves in such trouble spots as Laos South Viet Nam and Formosa tfarth Iowa Clear and colder Tuesday night with frost and freezing temperatures lows 2228 Fair and continued cold Wednesday highs 4552 Iowa Clear or clearing and colder Tuesday night with heavy to killing frost lows in the 20s Fair and continued cold Wednesday highs 40s northeast to 50s southwest Further outlook Generally fair and warmer Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy warmer Highs Wednesday in 50s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Tuesday President Kennedys call lor a military quarantine of Cuba received almost unanimous backing Tuesday from the 20nation Organization of American States Only Bolivia withheld support and that was only because its ambassador had not yet received instructions from his govern ment There was every tation that the final vote would be unanimous in favor of the U S stand In advance of a formal vote on a US resolution 14 member states spoke in favor of the US refuses to halt or follow anor der to change course away from Cuba In Moscow the Soviet Union retaliated by canceling all mili tary leaves halting discharges from military service and call ing a meeting of military offi cers of the Communist Warsaw Red answer to NATO In a statement handedto US ambassador FoyKohler the Kremlin charged that the United States had taken a step along he road of unleashing a thermp uclear war It did not say whether Communist ships would ttempt to run the blockade Administration officials said ley could find in the note no Lue to Russias intentions West rn observers in Moscow said ne note while harsh appeared o designate the UN Security Council as thefirst test of the US decision Initial Soviet response was re garded by US officials as a stopgap statement until Premier Khrushchev and his government decide on their policy line Diplomatic officials i said US Maximum Minimum Sunrise Sunset 58 31 SAME Crash fatal to Nashuan James C Lacour 23 Nashua was killed just be fore noon Tuesday when his car crashed into a bridgeabutment on Iowa 346 a mile east of Nashua Authorities said Lacour was raveling alone at the time of he crash He apparently lost ontroi of the car on the black top as it wound up on the wrong side of the road La cour was thrown out of the car and his body was found partly submerged in the Little Cedar River Lacour was a night driver for the Blickendorfer Transfer Com any Charles City He was re urning home from New Hamp on when the accident occurred Surviving are his wife the former Nancy Nordman three daughters 5 4 and 2 his par ents Mr and Mrs Wilbur La cour Nashua Funeral arrange ments are incomplete at Cheno weth Son Funeral Home CATS CORNERED NEW PROVIDENCE The borough council passed an ordinance Monday requiring cat owners to identify their pets either with a dollar and tag or a tattoo or an indelible ink stamp Cats will be registered and Ii censed yearly position Other LatinAmerican ambas sadors waited their turns to speak But Mexico and Brazil considered most likely to object to the US proposal spoke in favor of it Ambassador Ilmar P e n n a Marinho of Brazil told the extra ordinary OAS meeting that he had received instructions from his government to give full sup port to the resolution presented by the United States delegation He limited his statement to that irief remark On a preliminary procedural matter the OAS voted to put itself on an emergency basis to consider the Cuban question This vote was 18 for with two abstentions The abstentions were by Bo livia and Uruguay whose am bassadors said they had not ye received instructions from their governments But both ex pressed grave concern and soli darity with the interAmerican system Heavy frost in Iowas forecast A heavy frost was forecast for most of Iowa Tuesday night Temperatures generally in the 20sand clear skies were in pros xct as cold northern air swept over the state A light frost was reported in Iowa early Tuesday Crisp autumn weather will continue Wednesday with tem peratures ranging from the 40s north to the 50s in the n the south Decision awaited on rail work rules CHICAGO was a lull Tuesday in the lengthy battle between the nations rail roads and their unions over anti fealherbedding work rules while both sides awaited a decision by the US Circuit Court of Appeals The threeman court Monday heard views on two appeals in the dispute and took under advisement union re quests to stop the railways from putting proposed work rule changes into effect ships and planes which swept into the Caribbean would not actually begin stopping and searching for eign vessels until the President issued a formal order proclaim ingthe blockade later Tuesday But all was in readiness Normally 15 to 20 ships have been in the Communist pipeline carrying military and other sup plies to Cuba During the past few days the United States had moved more than 40 ships and 20000 men into the Caribbean area All US forces were on an alert basis Throughout the world Ameri cas allies began rallying behind ihe USposition The Security Council arranged to meet at once presumably to take up rival demands that it act in the crisis The concrete evidence that Russia has installed offensiva weapons on Cuba came from on thespot witnesses and photo graphs taken by highflying U2 planes The photos rocket launchin clearly showed pads pointed to ward the United States Nearby were trailers rockets that carrying 1000mile could reach deep Photofax CUBA BLOCKADE shows Cuba cir cled in relation to nearby areas where American air and sea forces are moving to enforce blockade or dered by President Kennedy Reinforcements were ordered for the U S naval base at Guantanamp Bay at the southern end of the Redrun nation which at its closest point lies only 90 miles from the U S shores into the heart of America A spokesman said the photos also revealed that pads were be ing constructed for 2200mile m termediate missiles capable of hitting an area stretching from Canada to Peru Some of these missile sites by all indications have become com bat ready within the past week Another factor entering into arms blockade decision was the appearance of Sovietmade IL28 jet planes with a range of about 700 or 800 miles These bombers had been intro duced into Cuba in the past 10 days In other developments A wave of late selling swept prices lower on a stock market made jittery by the Cuban crisis The ticker tape ran late in heavy selling and even defenserelated stocks which had been strong took some battering The President calledfor daily meetings until further notice of the executive committee of tha National Security top policy advisory group Airline flights to Cuba were suspended until further notice The Cuban government notified Pan American Airways and KLM the only lines with Ha vana nights that the airport there was closed GULP SAVONA Italy UPI Vi nicio Armini 35 had to be treat ed for shock Tuesday after drinking soda pop He found a dead lizard in the bottle
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