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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 1, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the GLOBE HOME EDITION The newspaper VOL 102 Associated Press and United Press International Full Lease Wires that makes all North I owans MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY OCTOBER 1 neighbors I0c a Paper Consists of Two Oat No 2M Negro enrolled after campus rioting One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO 1300 pm Sun WOI Ames 610 am Tues WTAD Qulncy 930 pm Thurs WSUI Iowa City HO pm Sat Facing up to the facts of blindness IN MY 12 YEARS ON THE Iowa State Board of Educa tion now its called Board of I think I developed a somewhat more than average interest in our deaf and our blind Many years ago the two state schools maintained for them were added to the three state institutions of higherlearn ing along with the sanitorium for the tubercular For no explainable reason found myself giving more time and attention to these two schools than some of my col leagues This was particularly true with respect to the school for the deaf I remember how surprised I was when it dawned on me that perhaps the most difficult task in the whole range of education is giving a lan guage to the youngster born without hearing the congenital ly deaf Its going toofar in the direc tion of simplification to say that more of a human beings education comes to him through his ears than through his eyes That however is roughly true Whats happened inthe case of Helen Keller impresses me as being one of the topmost achievements in the annals of education Its a ing less On two or three occasions in the past 20 years I have made this problem of educating the deaf a subject for one of my commentaries I recall the hor nets nest I once stirred up by insisting that our deaf children should in so far as its human ly possible be educated to live in the hearing world lip reading and speaking rather than signing with their hands This idea isnt popular with some adult deaf Thanks to a friend who spends uncounted hours typing books in braille for the sightless I re cently came into possession of a truly excellent book called Blindness Its sub 1 i 11 e c What it is what it does and how to live with it Its author is the Rev Thomas J Carroll founder and director of St Pauls Rehabilitation Center for the Blind in Boston As I proceeded into the 382 page volume off the Little Brown the idea kept coming to me Heres my chance to do for the blind what I have tried to do for the deaf And thats a way of announcing to you that blindness is going to be your you stay with me in this commentary On the jacket of the book Its made clear that Father Carroll isnt primarily interested in the medical aspects of blindness or about preventing it He is bent on telling what it does to people when it has par ticularly to those who once had sight The work differs from most other treatises in this field in that the author employs most of his words reminding the blinded individual that he can do no less than the sighted in trying to live a fruitful life His sympathy for the stricken and their families is assumed not stated on every other page The book is divided into four sections No 1 analyzes the losses which handicap the sight less No 2 points to substitutes for has been re habilitation approach No 3 deals with special problems of various groups No 4 describes organized work for the blind There is nothing of the Polly anna approach in the Boston priests book He deals candid ly with the costs of blindness in psychological security basic fkills facility of communica Turn to 2 ARRESTED Army Maj Gen Edwin Walker was arrested Monday on charges of rebellion insurrection and seditious conspiracy for his role in the Mississippi rioting Walker who headed the Armys force that put down the Little Rock Ark race riots attempted to lead a group of students against a force of US marshals in a wild night of disorder at Ox ford Miss N ews in a utshell 2 slain in night of hate Army units in control OXFORD Miss AP The University of Mississippi enrolled James H Meredith a Negro as a student Monday His presence on campus had sparked nightlong rioting in which two persons died The 29yearold Air Force vet eran thus became the first Negro knowingly admitted to Ole Miss in 114 years It was not until am CST 11 hours after he rioting Brig Gen Charles Billingslea com mander of federal troops in Mis issippi was able to say I now declare this area secure Massed federal power using bayonets and tear the enrollment upon a bitter and stub born state whose Gov Ross Bar nett had sworn to go to jail rath FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES A tragedy DES MOINES Gov Norman Erbe called the rioting and demonstra tions at the University of Mississippi against the enrollment of a Negro a tragedy to the United States and to the world Drake University stu dents demonstrated at the Capitol protesting the treatment of the Ne gro student Photofax BURNED OUT CARS DEBRIS LITTER LYCEUM GROUNDS AT MISSISSIPPI U er than submit Gov Barnett indirectly gave up physical resistance Sunday in a public statement to his citizens President Kennedy broadcast a nationwide appeal for public or der Still aroused the students said gun firing outsiders into wild disorder even as President Kennedy made his plea Armed federal marshals or regular Meredith into the Lyceum the aged administration building of Ole Miss about am federal line The truck too stopped running at a crucial moment Slowly the bayonets forced the rioters back dispersing them fi nally into the woods and the dor mitories of the 640acre campus The actual act of registering is done with all stu dents at Ole performed by Registrar Robert Ellis who did it under threat of coutemp from the 5th US Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans At the five gates of the Univer sity some students strode of campus suitcases swinging a their sides Whether they wer Tear gas disperses wild mobs Troops occupy downtown Barnett lauded LONDON Colin Jor dan leader of Britains Nazi movement cabled his congratulations to Mississippi Gov Ross Bar nett Congratula tions on your stand for the racial survival of the white man said Jor dans cable Court WASHINGTON President Kennedy took time out from the crisis at the University of Mis sissippi to attend the opening of the new term of the Supreme Court as Kennedys appointee Ar thur J Goldberg took Because of the Sabbath Uni versity officials had refused to complete admission Sunday when Meredith first arrived on the Ole Miss campus He had stayed in a dormitory overnight The hills and woods of the Ole Miss campus didnt look Monday as they did when Meredith ar rived When Meredith went to be registered incredible litter logged the campus mlks of more than a half dozen surnecl out cars and trucks the glittering shards of soft drink bot les expended gas shells bricks and stones Two had died 20 had been in ured 150 had been arrested Be sides seven burned out cars and quitting college was undeter mined Other students walked aimless ly around the campus the drive for education dissipated m the tension of trouble They didnt talk much They just walked and they the remnants of a night of tragedy Merediths registration was a strange and eerie sight The Confederate an cient banner of the South which football fans of the school wave at their football heroes on Satur at half staff in front f the Lyceum Federal marshals a bit the vorse for wear after the night of shambles surrounded the old Dor c building The only witnesses to an historic education event in this FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES OXFORD Miss Federal roops occupied the courthouse square in downtown Oxford Monday using tear gas to dis perse angry groups of youths Rifle shots were fired over their heads The troops riottrained mili tary police cleared the square of civilians after cursing am screaming groups of men hurled s bottles bricks military vehicles moving through the downtown area to ward the campus at the Univer sity of Mississippi one mile to the west Negro troops in particular vcre the objects of the crowds vrath The demonstrators were in several groups All together hey totaled several hundred The military police hurled at east two tear gas grenades to disperse the crowd from the square Then a ring of bayonet carrying soldiers blocked all routes into the square vThc trouble which Jiad been building tipTfor hdifrs as tensions mounted here flared into the open when a unit of soldiers in cluding a large percentage of Negroes marched through the square Youths carrying sixpack car tons of emply soft drink bottles began tossing the bottles at the soldiers Several struck their targets The angry crowds hurled epi thets and insults at the soldiers who then marched and counter marched around the square until reinforcements arrived Nearly all business establish ments around the large square in the heart of thisDeep South town closed and locked their doors Troops set up a skirmish line between downtown Oxford and the campus area and began moving in batttle position along the line clearing it of anyone vho seemed to be a trouble maker Troops in squadsized groups moved outward from the skir mish line clearing a wide area Three soldiers jumped the hedga at the First Presbyterian Church and skirted across the lawn in the familiar stopped crouch of a soldier in an enemy town Before the order to fire the teargas was given an Army rucks 20 other vehicles had been aadly damaged the oath as associate jus The bayonets and the tear gas and the riot sticks brought an uneasy recess in the rioting bu it took nine hours during which US marshals were pinned down in the Lyceum and sniper bullet pinked dust from the red brick of the centuryold structure Halfway to daylight 200 riot trained military police from Memphis Tenn marched on campus to lift the siege of the Lyceum the stately threestory administration building that was here when the Yankees marched in during the Civil War deep South bastian of segregation were these marshals and a few newsmen Meredith and his marshal escorl got lost trying to locate his firs class as a light rain began falling Jmpassioned students yelling constantly shouted Youve got blood on you hands Hows it feel to have blood on your hands Nigger go home The registration came solemnly Registrar Ellis obviously under strain didnt smile as he went through the familiar routine said SAME Iowa Safety Department Black Flag Means Traffla Death tn Past 24 Hours Highpowered rifle fired from a tree grove nearby 20odd holes through the Lyceums front door wound ing one marshal in the thigh Once the students comman deered a bulldozer They roared slowly toward the marshals but it broke down before it could reach effective range Again jthey drove a fire truck at the The Weather Nortb owa Cloudy occasional rain through Tuesday contin1 ued cool Lows Monday night upper 40s Highs Tuesday up per 50s Iowa Cloudy with occasional rain or drizzle through Tues day continued cool Lows Monday night 40s northwest to 50s southeast Highs Tuesday about 60 Further outlook Partly cloudy slightly warm er Wednesday Fiveday Jowa Temperatures will average 2 to 5 degrees below normal Tuesday through Saturday Normal highs are from the upper 60s north to the lower 70ssouth Norm a lows are from the lower 40s north to the upper 40s south It will be cool at the begin ning of the period followed by a slow rising trend Rainfall will average 25 to 50 of an inch in showers near the be ginning and again at the end of the period Sterling Slappey a representative of the news magazine US News and World Report A few minutes after Meredith and his escort circled the Lyceum and returned without finding the proper class building Edward Guthman spokesman for the US Justice Department said Marshals will escort Meredith about the campus as long as nec essary They wont leave him as long as he is in any danger The government built up its strength during the night despite the lull in the disorder An Army spokesman said 4000 regular troops now are in Oxford That was nearly as many hu man beings as live in Oxford it self The towns population is Photofax READY FOR sol campus of Ole Miss at Oxford Miss diers wearing gas masks cruise the following student riots Barnetfsplea JACKSON Miss IP Gov Ross Barnett Monday called for an end to violence in the desegregation of the Universi ty of Mississippi Barnett said in a broadcast that law and order must prevail even though our state has been in vaded by federal forces To those who came to the Oxford area from other states Bar nett said I have said befora and I say again please go home and I say this with great emphasis trucks windshield was shattered by a large rock and a man leaped on a balcony to drop a big timber on a passing truck Tear gas flowed across courthouse square where ad vancing lines of troops had pin ned the rioters and choking clouds of gas seeped into stores Women staggered from stores their eyes gushing tears By midmorning the town as the campus appeared to be under virtual martial law although there was no official proclama tion Truckload after truckload of troops poured into courthouse square Ten Army circled overhead Maj Gen Edwin Walker who Minnesota Clearing and warmer Highs Tuesday in 70s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 amMonday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Precipitation Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 61 52 53 27 45 33 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Sunday Maximum Minimum 69 46 5283 A French newsman Paul Gui hard died amid the fog of tear gas a bullet in his back He was reporting for the London Daily Sketch and Agence France Presse A jukebox repairman George Gunter 23 was shot twice once through ithe head and once through the body He was dead on arrival at a hospital One of the men arrested was Melvin Bruce Decatur Ga a frequent companion of mem bers of the American Nazi party He was sniping at mar shals from a dormitory win Idow with a powerful rifle Photofax PRISONERS MARCHED TO ARMORY Armjj troops escort group of prisoners to the National Troopers were forbidding pictures alpng the street Guard Armory following downtown disturbances Shot was made through window of motel
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