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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 20, 1962, Mason City, Iowa Daily Newspaper for fcw ITYGlOBE HOME EDITION The newspaper that makes all North I VOL 102 Wd UaiUd iBttnutttoea rvS LCIM MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 20 owans neighbors UOp Paper Conslita of Two No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO I3WH pm SMB WOI im WTAO Qvlncy D30 yM Tbun WSUI Caw Cltjr IHO Kit And it all started with a wasp nest WHAT I SAW the other day in a giant paper mill at Fort Frances Ontario came pretty close to being a miracle so far as I am concerned In an amazingly short time I saw logs converted into an endless roll of flawless newsprint paper It added to the interest for me to know that the particular con signment of Minnesota On tario M Q paper I saw in the making was to be sent to the Cedar Rapids Iowa Ga zette The next time I see it therell be printing on it Interestingly enough and I should have mentioned this in my last the Cana dian operations of the Minnesota and Ontario Paper Co bear the name Ontario and Minnesota or O and M Its permis sible however Im assured to call them the Canadian division of Mando In my last visit with you I took you back to the origins of p a p e rmaking in Babylonia Persia Egypt and China There may be some significance in the historical fact that papermak ing is just about the same age as bur Christian religion In that historical approach I made mention of the fact that that dynamic insect known as the wasp played an important role inthe conversion of paper making from a 4abori ous process involving hand la bor into a machine product Early in the eighteenth cen tury a Frenchman namebRene de Reaumur paid close attention to a wasp as it worked First it rubbed tiny wood fibers loose from a dry post Then it mixed those fibers with secretionsfrom its body As the mixture dried it formed a thin paperlike material from which the wasp built its nest If a wasp can make paper from wood teas on e d the French scientist why not man That was the start of the process which unfolded before my eyes at Fort Frances the other day Of course it didnt develop fullflowered over night There was a century or so of experimentation with a dozen failures for every success It wasnt until many dec ades after that r inquisitive Frenchman had left the earthly scene that a German named Kellar patented the first prac tical method of imitating the work This was accomp lished with a woodgrinding ma chine in which sticks were f o rce d against a grindstone water was Ten years before our Civil War a process for breaking down wood into fibers by chem ical action was developed by a couple of Englishmen Hugh Burgess and Charles Watt Wood was cut into chips and cooked in a caustic soda solution until the fibers separated Thoi ageold problem was solved Paper could be made Turn to Pago 2 PloaM Photofax KENNEDY MOBBED BY BATHERS President Kennedy went for a swim in the ocean behind the home of actor Peter Lawford his brotherinlaw in Santa Monica Calif and was almost mobbed by hundreds of bathers They followed him into the wa ter fully clothed The president was goodnatured about it and shook hands with as many as he could but the secret service almost panicked Bill Beebe Los Angeles Times photographer who made this pic ture went into the water fully clothed too N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Third Russian ATest UPPSALA continued its new series of nuclear tests in the Soviet Arctic with an atmospheric explosion of 12megaton force capable of wiping out a large city Swedish scientists said The nuclear test was the third in the current series in the Novaya Zemlya area Savannah on maiden voyage ABOARD NUCLEAR SHIP 22000ton worlds first known atomic powered merchant ship shoved off on a maiden voyage which signals the opening of a new era in commercial passenger and cargo hauling on the high seas The 2iXjday voyage is from historic Yorktown Va to Savannah Ga Estes creditors vote to sell v group of Billie Sol Estes creditors have voted to sell the bankrupt farm tycoons assets to San Antonio businessman Morris D Jaffe Jaffe was reported to be offering million The estate is subject todebts totaling million Huntsville dispute continues HUNTSVILLE Ala Work on million worth of vital space projects remained at a stand still despite a federal court order banning picketing by 150 members of an electricians union Federal space agency officials said that virtually all of the electricians failed to show up Hobo Day at Uritt to attract 15000 guests and tourists were arriving in Britt Monday for the 62nd annual Hobo Day which will start with a parade Tuesday at am Preparations are under way for the 20 huge kettles of Mulli gan stew a longtime feature of the nationally known event A large committee is working on the vegetables and meat which will be cooked over open fires many hours before being served to allcomers following the pa radeand annual election of the queen and king This small North Iowa town is expecting an influx of about 15000 persons for the annual event Principal characters in the election will be Scoopshovei Scotty 89 Harry King David Bettison of Nebraska Lord Open Road James of Every where USA and James Big Town Gorman of St Louis all candidates for the king Boxcar Betty Link reigning queen has promised to get here if her health permits Iowas beauty queens Vicki Ross Britt Miss North Iowa Miss Joleen Wolf Des Moines Miss Iowa candidate for America and Miss Regina P r u s h Marshalltown Mis Iowa in the Miss Universe con test will be among the host esses Featured in the parade will be theSAC Band from Offutt AFB Omaha and bands from several nearby high schools FROM PULP TO paper industry took a giant stride forwarda century or so ago when an Englishman developed a process and mechanism for converting watery wood pulpv into shining white in amazingly short time His name was Henry Fourdrinier and the massive machine pictured here bears his name Its called a fourdrinier How it operates is explained in the Earl Hall commentary which starts in the first column of this page Berlin tension mounts Crowds continue u n rest ROM OUR WIRE SERVICES crowd of jeering West Berliners Monday hurled lundreds of stones at a Soviet HIS carrying Russian soldiers o the Soviet war memorial in West Berlin in a new protest against the Red shooting of a young East German refugee About 500 demonstrators defy ng stepped up security precau tions by West Berlin police way laid the bus and attacked it with tones minutes after it passed afely through the US Check wint Charlie on the EastWest Berlin border The new violence broke out as he East German Communists claimed they shot down a West ern military aircraft when it lew over East German territory in a deliberate provocation In Bonn however West Ger man defense ministry denied that the plane had been shot down It said the Communist report was an exaggerated ac count of an aerial border inci dent which took place last Sat urday when a West German navy plane was shot at by Com munist interceptors but escapee to the West The announcement however coincided with increased tensior in West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt Monday ordered police to crack down on rioters with the necessary vigor after wild demonstrations brought attacks on Americans as well as Soviets East and West Berlin police also were involved in the me lees Brandt appealed for calm in a radio speech Thousands of angry West Ber liners marched shouted and threw stones at Soviets Ameri cans the wall East German border guards and their own police Sunday Huge slingshots were used to hurl tear gas grenades from the Communist side The rioting was to protest shooting by East Berlin border guards of a young refugee try ing to escape Friday He was left to die slowly on the East side of the wall while American troops and West police watched from the other side Maj Gen Albert Watson the US commandant disclosed the Soviet command had refused an invitation to discuss the in creased tension with American British and French command ants at US headquarters Wat son had offered to lift a ban on the Soviet commandant visiting the US sector Young West Berliners best available estimates put theii number at about into the early morning hours Drug legislation stiffener approved WASHINGTON UPI The Senate Judiciary committee Monday unanimously approver legislation designed to make sure that the drugs American buy will be safe and effective The 15member committee re considering a bill written before baby deforming thalidomide swept Europe voted to give President Kennedy practically everything he asked in the way of stiffer drug legislation an administration aide said If ap provedby congress the com mittees bill would subject drUX manufacturers to the tightest federal regulation imposed on any industry On f fie inside Editorials Page 4 Comics 6 Society News9101112 Sports 1314 North Iowa News 15 Latest Markets 16 Mason CityNews 1617 Clear Lake News 18 SAME BATE M1 3W WASHINGTON UPI The Defense Department Monday or dered development of a new pace booster rocket believed to be twice as powerful as those SMALLPOX VICTIMlThis is James William Orr 14year old Canadian smallpox victim now confined in a Toronto hospital Orr who arrived at New Yorks Idlewild Airport over a week ago from Brazil became ill enroute to Canada The diagnosis of the highly contagious disease set off a mass vaccination search by the US public health service for all persons with whom the boy may have been in con tact There has not been a reported smallpox case in this country since 1947 JFK RETURNS WASHINGTON Kennedy flew back to Washing ton Monday from his Wester weekend of speechmaking an relaxations Orders development of a new intermediate booster rocket used by Russia to orbit its cos monauts The department said it would be able to carry out a wide range of manned and unmanned The Weather North Iowa Partly cloudy and cooler Monday night lows in upper 50s Generally fair Tuesday highs 8085 owa Partly cloudy and cooler Monday night scattered thun derstorms south lows upper 50s northwest to lower 70s southeast Generally f ai r Tuesday cooler southeast highs lower 80s northwest to near 90 southeast Further outlook Fair with moderate temperatures Wednesday f FiveDay towa Temperatures will average near norm a Monday night through Satur day Normal highs are from near 80 degrees in the north east to the middle 80s in the southwest Normal lows ar from the upper 50s in the ex treme north to the lower 60 in the south It will be coole at the beginning of the period turning warmer by the middle of the week than cooler again by Saturday Rainfall will av erage 50 of an inch or lessin north to 50 to one inch in thunderstorms early in the period and again toward the weekend M o s t 1 y fair con tinued pleasant High Tues day in 80s GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 90 Minimum 64 Sunrise Sunset 709 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 56 GlobeGazette weather data u to 8 am Sunday Maximum 79 Minimum 57 pace missions during this dec de The booster is called Titan III lartinMarietta Corp was amed as prime contractor for he workhorse launch vehicle Development work is expected o cost million and bil on One of the major uses of the itan III will beto orbit the Air orce DynaSoar a manned pace craft A winged craft de igned to land on earth bases in de same manner as an air slane the DynaSoar is Expected o fly in the mid 1960s The Pentagon said the Titan II with a first stageproducing more than two million pounds of thrust would be able to hurl payloads of 5000 to 25000 pounds into space The booster Russia has been using is believed to have about one million pounds thrust The argest payload the Russians have claimed to have orbited is 14000 pounds Titan III would be larger than anything in service today but smaller than the huge Saturn now under development Tha Saturn is to be used in forth coming attempts to land men and equipment on the moon Tank dedicated at Lake Mills park Hometown honors to Colby r f k f f LAKE MILLS A hometown boy who has gained high di tinctidn in two mili tary and industry received homage Sunday afternoon frofr those who had known him in the days when he left here for Wes Point Brig Gen Joseph Colby wai he featured speaker at the ormal dedication in Arlington Park of a World War II M4A3 Sherman tank of which he was the principal designer On retirement from the Army iiree years ago Gen Colby joined the research center of he Rockwell Manufacturing Co of Pittsburgh He had been in strumental in obtaining the tank which has been a point of inter est in the park since its arrival last December Gen Colby is the son of Dr and Mrs J E Colby Lake Mills and a brother of Eli anc John Colby He returned to his home in Lake Mills Sunday to accept the dedication of the tank A bronze plaque attached to the tank reads Medium M4A3 tank Sher to the memory of the veterans of American Wars in honor of Brig Gen Jo seph M Colby Gen Colby spent his Army career in design and conduct o tank warfare This tank was procured by Gen Colby through contacts with the ordnance de partment The Rockwell Foun dation a subsidiary of the Rock well Manufacturing Company of which Gen Colby is now vice president volunteered to pay the shipment charges to send the tank to Lake Mills Gen Colby during the dedica tion said despite the time he has spent in many states of the union and in many foreign lands he has tried to visit Lake Mills at least once a year He said he grew up with the intent of becoming a farmer But re calling the depression that be gan in the early 20s he said Corn at 19 cents a bushel caused me to leave the farm orn at 19 cents a bushel made me a general officer of the US Army and a vice president of the Rockwell Manufacturing Company Gen Colby was graduated rom Lake Mills High School in 1922 and from the US Military Academy West Point NY in 1929 He said he was impressed by the fact that freedom under hc American political concept jermitted him to move freely rom one economic activity into another and to mingle easily among the different social groups of our near classless so ciety That I could move from the farm to the position of leader ship in with diplo matic assignments and then to a position of responsibility in industry that I could move a small town to large cities American or foreign and IB accepted without question an happen only in America As I visit with leaders of American activity in Washing ton New York Cleveland Chi cago Detroit he went on I ind the bulk of the men who are social eco nomic and industrial leaders are men who came from mea ger beginnings and usually from rarms and small towns Gen Colby cijed Meredith Willson Mason City in the en ertainment field Frederick R Kappel Albert Lea who started lis career digging telephone post holes and is now chairman of board of President Hoover who spent his childhood in West Branch The Marx Communist theme has as its objective the reduc tion of everybody to common man The dream however is positive in that it gives the man born of common heritage the opportunity fo greatness Colby said the M4 tank has carried American youngsters and their allies in our crusade for victory in every theater oJ the world They landed with Patton at Casa Blanca they were the bulwark of the strength of Montgomery at El Alamein They carried the American and British forces across Sicily and up the length of Italy Some of hese same tanks were trans orted back to England where hey crossed the English Chan nel to Normandy These tanks spearheaded tfacArthurs drive across the Pacific as they carried our youngsters ashore at Guadal canal Tarawa Okinawa Guam and the Philippines They were poised to enter Japan as that nation capitulated Gen Colby said the tanks which were given through lend lease to our allies symbolized American generosity as well as American determination to live in a free world This tank was the last medi um tank M4A3 on ordnance property records in the continen tal United States The request from Gordon Aasgaard Lake Mills editor to obtain this im portant memento of recent mili tary history was very timely Gen Colby said In conclusion Gen Colby said I have found it difficult to speak today If silence is ever golden it must be here beside his great instrument of victory and the men who stake their ives on their weapons for the preservation of the American dream We allpay tribute to all veterans living and dead as ve dedicate this tank Preceding the dedication was a band concert in the park Wai er Moe was vocal soloist Gen Colby received from the city of Lake Mills a new 50star flag which was used in the flag raising ceremonies OttoChose Post of the American Legion furnished a uniformed color guard All arrangements for the seat ng and platform activities were in charge of the Lake Mills Jay cees headed by Pat Collins Gen Colby was presented by W Earl Hall editor of the Ma on City GlobeGazette a long ime friend of the general FREEDOM SYMBOL This picture was taken in Arlington Park Lake Mills Sunday afternoon following a program in which the M4A3 Sherman tank in the background was formally dedicatedas a freedom symbol by its principal designer Brig Gen Joseph M Colby of the Rockwell Mfg Co PittsburghA native of Lake Mills he was honored by his former neighbors as perhaps the greatest name in the history of tank weaponry Dr Larson of the Lions Club presided Earl Hall of Mason City introduced the guest of honor a 50star flag was presented by Chaplain Irwin Thoe of OttoChosa Legion Post Mayor Truman Helgason conducted the tank dedication ritual In this picture Gen Colby is shown be tween Helgason left and Thoe right On the platform during tho ceremony he was flanked by his yearold mother and by his wife In the audience were two brothers and a Waterloo sister along with numerous other relatives Following the program in the park there was a reception in the Eli Colby home
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