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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 13, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for Horn MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 102 The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Associated Press and United Press International Full Lease Wires MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 13 1962 i0c a Paper Consists of Two HOME EDITION in Money bills still ost in ongress JL I The real issue on prayers Debated for 175 years By LOUIS CASSELS United Press International Does the Constitution forbu agencies of government to ex press or encourage belief in God That is the real issue in the national controversy stirred u by the Supreme Courts recen ruling on prayer in publi schools To some Americans the First Amendment means that govern ment must maintain an absolute neutrality in religious matters That it may not even favor be lief in God over unbelief Others feel that this is an ex treme interpretation which goes far beyond the intention of the founding fathers At the root of the controversy are 1G words whoe ambiguity is attested by the fact that they have meant different things to different people for nearly 175 years The First Amendment says Congress shall makeno law respecting an establishmentof religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof At the time of its adoption nine of the 13 states had estab lished churches Some legislators voted for the amendment in the belief that it would prevent the new federal government from interfering with these state es tablishments of religion Others had precisely the opposite in tent Thomas Jefferson in a private letter construed the amendment as erecting a wall of separation between church and state Many then as now took it to mean what James Madison said in his first draft ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Business climate improved WASHINGTON H Ladd Plumley president of the US Chamber of Commerce said he believes the climate between President Kennedy and the business community has improved faces new grounding WASHINGTON Maj Donald K Deke Slay ton 39 barred by heart trouble from exploring space alone faces possible grounding by the Air Force too A spokesman said the Air Force is reviewing whether the veteran test pilot should be permitted to keep flying jet planes Iowa 3rd best on roads DES MOINES Iowa reduced its traffic deaths by 25 per cent during the first four months of the year and moved up to third place in the nation in percentage decrease according to National Safety Council reports the leading states are Nevada with a 45 per cent reduction and Wyoming with a 31 per cent decrease Red troops still in India NEW DELHI spokesman said the Indian borderland post virtually encircled by about 400 Red Chinese soldiers in lofty Galwan Valley would fire if the Chinese advance any closer There has been no armed clash since the Chinese force suddenly ap peared in the remote threemile high valley and ap proached the post from east west and south Procedural dispute unsettled Foreign aid plan OKd FROM OUR WIKK SEKVICKS WASHINGTON Hopes were dampened Friday for ending a fivemonth HouseSenate dis pute that has blocked enact ment of a single money bill by Congress this year The rival appropriations com mittees of the House and Sen ate apparently failed to make any headway at a meeting aimed at reaching a truce in their dispute over procedure for handling joint conference ses MISS USA AND COURT Macel Wilson Honolulu Hawaii center who selected as Miss USA at the Miss Universe Beauty Pageant in Long Beach Fla is surrounded by the four runnersup They are left to right Janet Havland Las Vegas Nevada 1U i V priN sions Publicly participants saidj some progress was made but there was no evidence of it One1 of the conferees confided vately We arc just about back where we were Hopes had been raised earlier by a proposed compromise j worked out with the intercesj sion of Vice President Lyndon i FiveDay Iowa Temperatures will average near normal Saturday through next Wed nesday with only minor dail Photofax Gail White Chattanooga Tenn Miss USA Diana Zabicki Middletown Connecticut Marilyn Tindall Hollywood Miss Wilson said she left Hawaii meas uring 3523V35r but that mainland food has in creased her to 362435Vi Russia free to test Abombs MOSCOW The Soviet Union served official notice that it feels free to conduct another series of nuclear tests The statement recalled what it said were hundreds of experimental blasts in the West and claimed each one serves to perfect existing weap ons and create new ones New break in stalemate WASHINGTON Berlin settlement talks be tween the United States and Russia seem to be grind ing to a standstill and EastWest negotiations on dis armament similarly appear on the verge of stalemate Secretary of State Dean Rusk discussed both issues Thursday with Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin but the talk failed to yield any progress on either problem The civil rights of none shall be abridged on account of reli gious beliefs or worship nor shall any national religion be established The idea that the First Amendment forbids the govern ment to acknowledge God or to encourage religious faith would have been profoundly shocking to many of the founding fathers Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story writing in 1833 said that at the lime the Constitution was written The general if not the universal sentiment was that Christianity ought to receive en couragement from the stale so far as it was not incompatible with private rights of con science and the freedom of wor ship Throughout its history the United States has in fact given official encouragement to reli gious belief in many ways It has for example granted lax exemptions to churches and per mitted individuals to deduct re ligious contributions from their income taxes It has provided chaplains for the Armed Forces and both houses of Congress It has proclaimed trust in God on its currency in its pledge of al legiance in its national anthem and in such national holidays as Thanksgiving Day It is small wonder that many Americans who have grown up amidst these traditions are shocked when it is suggested that the Constitution forbids the government to profess or en courage belief in God Thai however is what the Supreme Court has seemed to say not only in the player rulj ing but in a number of other decisions of recent years The prayer ruling has not been greeted with universal dis approval among religious Amer icans Most Jews and many Protestants share the courts staled belief that true religion it more likely to flourish in America without any orm of government support B Johnson The proposal called or joint meetings of the com mittees to be held on neutral grounds and the chairmanship of these sessions to be divided between the two committees It reported that senators refusal to yield their traditiona position of presiding at the joint sessions caused a breakdown in the talks The committees which have exchanged heated charges of obstructionism agreed how ever lo make another stab Monday at an agreement As the battle pushed on past the start of the new fiscal year last July i government agencies had to resort lo limited emergency financing to keep going On Thursday the House voted to allow President Kennedy to aid Communist countries if he sees a chance to pry them from Kremlin domination changes Normal highs are in FROM OUR WIKE SERVICES the upper 80s and normal lowsl ow in the 60s Rainfall will averdefendants v age 50 to 75 of an inch inrn T TH i I The men who pleaded guilty icharges that the mortgages were are Coleman McSpadden Lub1 fraudulent scattered showers and Pleadcc Tex and Ruel W Alex a 29court federal indictlander and Harold E Orr both derstorms mostly in the first half of the period North Iowa Considerable cloudi ness showers and occasional thunderstorms through Satur day Locally heavy showers Fri day night lows in 60s Highs Saturday upper 70s lo lower 80s Iowa Considerable cloudiness oc casional showers and thunder storms through Saturday Lo cally heavy thunderstorms like ly west and central Friday night lows in 60s Highs Satur day in 80s Further Partly cloudy Sunday cooler south showers ending in south east counts of the indictment Estes pleading innocent to all 29 counts looked shocked Friday to of Amarillo Tex They pleaded After giving the President this Minnesofa shmvers in south and SAME lona SafetyDepartment Figures While Flag Means No Traffic Deztb in Past 24 Hours guilty for Superior Manufactur ing Co as well as themselves di The three men pleaded guil ty to two counts of mail fraud two counts of interstate trans portation of fraudulent docu ments and one coimt of con McSpadden Alexander andJspjacy uS Dist Judge R E Orr are officials of Superiorjxhomason could sentence them Manufacturing which made maximum prison terms of 45 tilizer tanks which Estes sold to hundreds of farmers on chat tel mortgages The government On the inside years each The entire 29count indictment contained 16 counts of mail fraud 12 counts of interstate transportation of fraud u 1 e n t documents and one of conspir acy Judge Thomason continued Es Latest Markets 9 Sports 1112 Comics 17 North Iowa News 20 major victory the House went on to pass a bill authorizing him to spend for mili tary aid and economic assist ance this year The roll vote was 250 to 164 west cooler near 80 Highs Saturday GlobeGazette Weather Data up call o 8 am Friday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Precipitation Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 84 58 62 01 85 60 Rail union ends 3year wage dispute CHICAGO tentative agreement was announced Friday by the Switchmens Union o North America ISUNA and the Western Railroads of the nation ending a threeyearold wage dis pute In a joint statement SUN A representing lfi000 yardmenanc the Western Railroads said the agreement would not be effectivcday President Kennedys nomina until ratification by union mcmJtion of Edward J McManus anc bership and by the individualiwilliam C Hanson as federa railroads which are involved in judges in Iowa McManus a Democrat is a foi mer Iowa lieutenant govcrno Kcokuk Hanson is a Repub tiated this agreement believe that c jud t Jef it represents a fair disposition ofL these troublesome problems the of the nominalioll The ioin ommuniouc was iscnciccl a lons in about the appointments Presiden Two judges for Iowa confirmed WASHINGTON Sen ate confirmed by voice vote Fri this dispute The committees that sued by president and J E Wolfe chief bargainer for the nations rail roads and chairman of the Car riers Conference Committee for the western railroads lowans before settling on Hanso and McManus McManus will serve as U District Court judge for norther Iowa Hanson will serve as a ro The railroads and unions said ing US District Court judge Photofax LOCKED DOOR POLICY SaskatchewanLiberal party opposition leader Ross Thatcher gives the door of the Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly a hefty kick as he tries to get in Premier Lloyd had locked the Liberals out during a sizzling debate on the strike by doctors over the governments compulsory medical care plan f issues relating to wages were con tained in the tentative agreement But they would not reveal the terms It was reported that the union had planned at first lo reveal the terms of the agreement but changed its mind when it was learned that reports of the pact In Telstar tiff McManus replaces Henry Graven of Greene whoretired last August Hanson will serve in a newlycreated post A Ihird fed cral judge was authorized for Iowa by the 19fl Congress HEATWAVE HOME iff A Sahara heat believed lo be erroneous wcrejwavc flowing across the Meditcr being leaked rancan sent temperatures soar The agreement applies only lo ing to 114 degrees Fahrenheit 20 western railroads Jin western Sicily Thursday f ROM OUR WIRE SERVICES NEW YORK can Telslar scientists unruffled by FrenchBritish oncupsman ship in space Friday planned to relay the first true trans atlantic telephone conversations via the tiny orbiting sphere Eugene McXcely president of the American Telephone and Telegraph Co is scheduled to chat with Jacques Marettc French minister of post and telecommunications A Britisli official also will con verse with the Andover Maine station The feasibility of the calls was proved Thursday night when the Britons siill simmer ing over a French first in send ing television to Ihe United States broke into technical tests on the 24th orbit and made tele phone contact with men at Andover Their Gallic counterparts drew abreast on the next orbit when they also reached An dover by telephone American officials cooperated tolerantly in bolh experiments The transatlantic callers said how do you do and do you hear me to each other match ing in oratorical power the his toric first scntenco uttered over the telephone in 1876 At that time Alexander Graham Bell bellowed a command along Ihe wires lo an assistant in the next room Mr Watson come here I need yovj Editorials Page 4 Society News 67 ws 7 News 89 tes bond and the bond each of the other three men Estes will appear laler before a bankruptcy court At Washington meanwhile Sen John L McClellan DArk de manded a drastic shakeup of farm aid procedures after hearing tes timony that Oklahoma officials failed to reveal soon enough their knowledge of Estes cotton deals He charged that the evidence showed a breakdown in function ing of the Agriculture Depart ments vast nationwide farm aid program which relies heavily on state and county committees of farmers to run it under supervi sion from Washington The Senate Investigations sub committee McClellan heads is checking into why the department Clearly no one in authority has taken a firm grasp com mented the Daily Express The Daily Mail w h i c h Thursday accused the French Texan s activities of Gallic oneupsmanship called the whole dispute childish supreme moment when continents communicate j through a space satellite is down m ob Rut Qne marred by an infantile disI pule between Britain and Prance the Mail said It said some of the argu ments could be reduced to You transmitted a blonde instead of a test pattern delayed cracking down on Esles for a year after a congressman had offered it evidence of the Two Agriculture Department of ficials testified they agreed with McClellan that the Oklahoma State Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Committee had The French newspapers Fig aro and Combat carried vig orous rejections of the British charge that France had brok en an agreement by televising Yves Moniand and Michele Arnaud singing on tape They quoted French communications officials as stating that the French tape was in the framework of tech nical tests considered in ad vance was not properly speak ing a program with a sponsor or original shots sent live and was aired by American net work officials without consult ing the French Nevertheless the European Broadcasting union issued a statement from its headquar ters in Geneva agreeing with Britain that France had con travened an international agreement of them acknowledged that he had seen as early as May 31 J901 three of Estes cotton acreage allotment transfer deals with Ok lahoma farmers which alerted him that something was wrong with the deals Only the ONLY THE NEWSPAPER clears the con fusion from thn days tt puts things into focus you oritntal
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