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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 25, 1962, Mason City, Iowa I North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for tfw MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE t t The newspaper that makes all North lowons neighbors VOL 102 HOME EDITION prttt OniUd Piesi iBtemaHowl Full wirea MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 25 W2 UOc a 1hli Paper et M fl Russ ships spy on atomic tests Churches and tax matters i Businesses springing up By LOUIS CASSELS United Press International Should churches pay taxes That question is under grow ing scrutiny in America both by churches and by the courts Church property is now im mune for real estate taxes in all 50 states and the Distric of Columbia The income de rived from churchowned busi ness enterprises also is exemp from both federal and state taxation Some Americans are opposec to any form of tax exemption for religious organizations Thej argue that it is a form of gov ernment subsidy which violate the constitutional principle o separation of church and state Others contend that the Con stituhon itself confers tax im m unity on churches They pom out that the First Amendmen prohibits any interference wit the free exercise of religion and they assert that if the gov ernment had the power to ta religious organizations it wou be in a position to control even them Last the U S Supreme1 Court refused to review a state courts unanimous ruling that property tax exemptions for churches are constitutional The high court held 6 to 1 that no substantial federal question was presented by the case This ruling may settle for a while the legal de bate over tax evemptions for land and buildings which are actually used as places of wor ship But there are other areas of controversy which were not covered by this case For example if a church hap pens to own profitmaking busi ness enterprise such as a printing plant a department store a winery or an apartment house the income be subject to the same 52 per cent tax which the federal govern ment would levy on a private corporation engaged in the same business Under present law and policy the Internal Revenue Service makes no attempt to assess m come taxes against any busi ness enterprise owned by a church however remote its activities may be from religious worship As a result churches have been going into competitive profitmaking business on a growing scale There are churchowned hotels bakeries warehouses radio stations of fice buildings parking lots printing firms and similar busi nesses in many parts of the country One t elri p ti n g opportunity which many churches have been unable to resist is the socalled sale and leaseback deal A business firm sells its physical property to a religious body then leases it back and continues operations as before The tax exemption which results from technical church ownership of the venture enables both the church and the private operator to profit substantially from such a transaction Some Protestants are deeply troubled about what they regarc as abuses of the tax exemptions granted to churches The Rev Dr Eugene Carson Blake stated clerk of the United Presbyterian Church has as serted publicly on several oc casions recently that churches should pay regular corporate tax rates on income from busi ness unrelated to the religiou purpose of the church Dr Blake also believes churches s h o u 1 d voluntarily make payments in lieu of taxe to help their communities pro vide the police and fire protec tion and other services paid fo by local properly taxes LT ROBERT FABRICIUS Osage flier missing after jet collision continued Fri day for Marine Lt Robert F Fabricius 25 son of Mr and Mrs Martin G Fabricius Osage His F80 Crusader jet fighter crashed in the Pacific Ocean A spokesman for the Marines said Fabricius plane collided with one flown bv Marine Lt George F Keys HI 25 Magnolia Ark The planes were atr 22000 feet altitude Wednesday night on a training flight IslandHawaii south of Oahu Keys1 his right stabilizer sheared awaywas able to make it back toKaneohe Air Station He was not injured Lt Fabricius was graduated from Iowa State University Ames before entering Officer Candidate School at Quantico Va Collecting data on explosions Electronic devices used WASHINGTON De fense Department said Friday that three Russian ships are within a few miles of the Pacific nuclear tests area obviously on a large scale military intelligence collec tion mission The Defense Department said the ships are heavily equipped to monitor U S activities in prog ress and have been actively en gaged m obtaining what informa tion is possible on our tests The largest of the three ships is the modern 3600ton research ship Shokalskiy which the Penta gon said is extensively equipped with instruments The ship also has a pad for launching meteorological rockets which by Soviet statement can reach the ionosphere to analyze the effects of nuclear explosion in the upper atmosphere The department said the big research ship also has obtained radiochemical analysisof debris from explosions which would pro vide information on bomb design yield and other data of significant military implications The time and approximate loca tion of explosions also can be esti mated with other equipment and optical and acoustical devices can provide still more informa tion 5 or 7 mcry fee nexf spaceman m He was commissioned in 1958 He took preflight training at the Naval Air Station at Pensacola la and primary flight Draining at Saufley Field Pensacola On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society News 67 Mason City News 49 Latest Markets 9 North Iowa News 10 Sports 1112 CubGazette 15 Comics 16 Clear Lake News17 GRAND TURK ISLANDBahamas Spaceman Scott Carpenter and American scientists sought Friday to determine if his control system trou bles on three trips around the earth will prevent the United States from skipping ahead in manned space flight What the 37yearold astronaut tells them will have much to do with whether Project Mercury officials decide to bypass at least one more threeorbit flight and send the next astronaut five six or seven times around This would precede a 17orbit flight that would keep an American in space for 24 hours Carpenter a handsome muscleman made the countrys second threeorbit flight Thursday in his Aurora7 space cap sule following closely the trail that astronaut John H Glenn Jr took last Feb 20 but fighting considerable more problems than Glenn i i Carpenters four hour 56 minute space trip ended Vice President Lyndon B Johnson cliffhahger gripping threequarters of an hour in with Carpenter was suddenly lost after most critical time the plunge from space into the through the 3000degree re entry barrier i3v The nation waited and prayed by its sets radios and search planes scrambled aloft to join recovery hunting with mounting concern for the Navy lieutenant comv mander who was cool performer m space Carpenter chipper and srnil ing after seven hours of sleep said Friday his around the earth a snap and apologized for wor rying everyone at theend Carpenter said he a bit worried himself for a while dur ing reentry into the at mosphere but said the flight went off very He said no oneknew where Photofax A WET RESCUE AND A BIG covery operations in the Atlantic The STRETCH Ar paramedic dark spacecraft floats nearby In bottom suit top photo wavesjtttairescue plane photo Carpenter stretches tiis leg heridesalife that pf that plucked him r i i re from the sea as astronaut Astronaut tired or confused SAME The two smaller ships are con verted trawlers which have elec tronic equipment designed to sup plement information received by the big research ship three ships are within 10J to 15 miles of the western edge of the test area a Pentagon spokesman said This would mean that they are between 300 and 400 miles west of Christmas Island the main test point US sets off two more blasts WASHINGTON Wl A nuclear device in the Pacific and anothes at the Nevada testing ground were exploded Fridaythe Atomic Energy Commission announced Both were of low yield having the blast equivalent of less than 20000 tons of TNT The Pacific area device was dropped from an airplane The Nevada blast was set off under ground Farm bill readied iirin iowa Considerable cloudi ness with scattered showers and thunderstorms through Satur day Lows Fnday night 5562 Highs Saturday 7480 owa Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and thunrfprstnrms through Satur day Locally heavy thunder storms likely south Friday night Lows Friday night 55 north east to 6065 southwest Highs Saturday 70s northeast to 80s southwest Further outlook partly cloudy with scattered showers and thunderstorms Sun day Minnesota Partly cloudy show ers Highs Saturday around 75 GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 a m Friday Senate vetoes dairy curb WASHINGTON W The Senate refused 7013 Friday to tack a new milk and dairy prodvicts conliol and support program into its pending farm bill Moving toward final action on the controversial measure it defeated an effort by Sens William Proxnnirc DWis and Hubert H Humphrey D Minn to include a new dairy program They proposed an increase of 62 cents a hundredweight in the present milk supports of S3 11 for dairy producers who hold production to last years levels Sen Allen J Ellender D La floor manager for the bill opposed the dairy calling it another temporary move which would be costly to CAPE CANAVERAL Fla tf Scott Carpenter may have been in more danger during his triple flight around the earth than even he realized The communications team that tracked Carpenter on three orbit around the earth indi cated Friday that he may have become dangerously tired even confused on the last time around This startling inform a t i o n came to light in a postflight de briefing by radio hookup among all 17 stations on the Project Mercury worldwide net work It could help explain why the Aurora 7 capsule reentered the atmosphere at such a shallow angle at the end of its orbital journey Thursday that it over shot the planned landing area by some 250 miles The tracking station at Kauai I was and I didnt either Lt Col John astro naut spokesman said there were reasons to believe1 as sumptions oftrouble with the spacecrafts stabilization and controls system were wrong Carpenter himself said he def initelythought he was on prop er course when he reentered asked whether the 200mile overshot of thelanding area was more of a mystery now than it had been Thursday whenut was blamed on the sta bilization controls system said I wouldhate to see your leads say that but yes K A Navy P2V patrol plane was the first to catch the faint bleat of a homing signal on the Au rora7 frequency lock on to it and follow it to a spot in the Atlantic about 250 miles beyond the planned capsule landing area And there was Carpenter Maximum Minimum am 74 51 58 the government Ellender said government pur chases and distribution of milk butter cheese and other dairy surpluses last year cost mil lion He argued that the new pro posal offered little relief He told the Senate he plans ad ditional hearings in the near fu ture in hopes of passing realis tic legislation next year but he also expressed hope that the dairy industry would undertake to work out a solution itself In atfloorbattle Thursday El lender nailed into the bill strong new control programs over pro duction and marketing of wheat and of corn and other livestock feed grains This overturned de cisionsby the Agriculture com mittee to continue instead present stopgap programs on wheat and livestock feed grains Retained in the bill is a new wheat control program which would end the present minimum national allotment of 55 million acres and substitute a new mini mum of 1 billion bushels The similar tougher controls over corn grain sorghums and most barley were approved by a 4637 vote All the favorable voles came from Democrats with 29 Re publicans and 8 Democrats op posed Both the wheat and feed grain programs would have to be adopted by votes of twothirds of the growers in referenda to be come effective RAIL TALKS DELAYED CHICAGO UPI The na tions railroads and five oper ating unions at a seeming im passe over proposed work rules changes Friday agreed to post pone until next week their scheduled meeting to icnew ne gotiations under the guidance of federal mediators Hawaii said that when it in structed Carpenter to get ready to fire his braking rockets on the approach to California he started doing something else We had the impression that he was very confused about what was going on but it was very difficult to assess whether he was confused or preoccu pied the station said The Woomera Australia sta tion agreed that we also feel the astronaut was actingsome what tired during the last From the Bermuda post came a suggestion that oxygen pres sure in Carpenters craft may have been low patiently waiting on a raft be side his bobbing capsule and waving a greeting to his res cuers During the next three hours Carpenter waited m the raft while helicopters raced to him from the faroff recovery car rier Intrepid Two Air Force rescue team members para chuted into the water to make N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Heavy damage by tornado Photofax POLICE BATTLE BANK lice officer was killed a guard injured Boston police officers hug the floor and and the robber wounded and captured walls of the Kenmore Square branch of In this picture police are firing at sus the National Shawmut Bank in gun pect down the corridor Photo copy battle with bank robber More than 50 right 1962 Boston shots were fired in battle in which po ENVOY RESIGNS WASHINGTON dent Kennedy Friday accepted with regret the resignation of Grant Stockdale as U S am bassador to Ireland effective lJuly 6 State police and high way crews searched for bodies among shattered buildings in this Naugutuck Valley community hit by a killer tornado that decapitated one man and in jured scores It leveled 45 homes damaged 150 more and left some 600 persons homeless British jets in Thailand BANGKOK Thailand Six Royal Air Force Hunter jet fighters roared in to help American forces bolster Thailands defenses against communism New Zealand and Australian military forces are due shortly Flow of refugees halted HONG KONG The mass flight of refugees across the Red Chinese border into Hong Kong has stopped abruptly It appeared that Communist Chi nese authorities had taken positive action to choke off an exodus which had poured 60000 refugees into teeming Hong Kong since May 1 costs rise again WASHINGTON Living costs rose twotenths of one per cent in setting a record for the third straight month The government reported con sumer prices have risen seventenths of one per cent so far in 1962 equaling the total rise recorded dur ing the entire 12 months of 1961 certain Carpenter was all right and a halfdozen planes circled overhead At 238 pm almost eight hours after his 645 am blastoff from Cape Canav helicopter pulled Car penter aboard and took him to the carrier While he relaxed aboard the Intrepid a relieved President Kennedy congratulated him by telephone and Carpenter re plied by apologizing for not having aimed a little bit bet ter on reentry When he arriyedat this Ba hamian Island tracking about midnight Carpenter looked happy and relaxed and showed few signs of the ordeals of his busy 22hour day a Where do I go from here he asked astronaut spokesman Lt Col John A Powers after he stepped from a twoengine plane which delivered him back ashore Glenn was the first to em brace Carpenter Earlier the first American to orbit the earth had told newsmen that the anxiety of the 40 minutes before Carpenter wasfound af fected those closest to the Mer cury project at Cape Canaveral I dont think there was any one at Cape Canaveral who did not have some doubts I know I did But it has turned out to be a wonderful plenn Then he went off for an informal discussion with Car penter about the flight before 48 hours of medical and engi neering debriefing began Friday morning for Carpenter Inside the small tracking sta tion hospital Carpenter told Powers that he had some tense moments too when he sus jpected there was trouble as
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