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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 19, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas y Ncwspapci Edited for CITY GLOBE VOL 102 The newspaper Aswclled end United loUnntionil Full UIM HOME EDITION t ha t m a k e s a M No r t h MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 19 I o wans neighbors Paper CoasIiU ofThree among g victims Homestead Act notes birthday It opened the West By RICHARD SPONG GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau WASHINGTONFederal home steading policy was born in con tioversy and remained controver Kial for almost three quarters of a century k All public land m the original slates and then eventual subdivi sions belonged to the slates and was not subject to Washingtons contiol But as additional areas were acquired the new land not already privately owned became pait of the federal public domain By 1835 sales of federal lands had extinguished the national debt Though pressure mounted for measures to encourage rapid settlement of the West through free distribution of land more than a quarter century elapsed before the first federal Home stead Act was signed into law May 20 1862 by Abraham Lin coln President James Buchanan had vetoed a homestead bill two years previously partly on grounds of unconstitutionally Two conditions made passage of the Homestead Actpossible Eastern Republicans gave up their earlier opposition to the measure in order to cement relations with their political fellows m the West They combined the issues of free farms with anti slavery expan sion And when the Southern states seceded the way was cleared for occupation of the wilderness areas and the creation of additional states beyond the frontiers of the original 13 states But it didnt workout exactly as the authors of the Homestead Act had expected Almost all the fertile land with substantial rain fall already was in private hands The good Jand that remained was far from the crowded cities and the hope that labor surpluses would be drained off and wage rates in the East would rise was not fulfilled The original acreage allotments were too 160 and even evperienced farmers failed to make the land produc tive Up to 1890 only one in three homesteaders had managed to re main on his land for the five years needed to get a deed from the government Squatters acting as agents for wealthy persons desiring large acreages made a neat profit on their land without ever having become actual homesteaders and Jand speculation was widespread Moreover land was still being granted jn huge blocks to favored interests By 1900 fewer than 600000 farmers had gained tttJe to only 80 million acres but rail road companies alone had re ceived 183 million acres North Iowa Partly cloudy and slightly cooler Saturday night Lows Saturday in lower 60s Partly cloudy with little tern perature change Sunday high in middle 80s Iowa Partly cloudy continued warm Satuiday night and Sunday Lows Saturday 50 to 55 northwest to 70 southeast Highs Sunday generally m the middle 80s The outlook for Monday Partly cloudy little temperature change Globe Gazette vWeather Data up o 8 a m Saturday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 82 56 64 130 4 46 54 43 Answer 11 fire calls Mason City firemen answered 11 calls resulting from the storm including two attic fires caused by lightning The fires neither major were at the D P Howard Home 1034 2nd NW and the George Gordon home 2220 Taft SW Most of the other calls were for electrical wires down or sparking Police logged more than lozen calls concerning wires or tree branches downed The total of fire and police alls wenfe from two different torm strikes the first shortly fter 4pm and the other after 0 30 p m The first three fire alls all were recorded at 4 10 m The sheriffs office reported amage at three farms as a esult of Friday nights storm The farms were in area about iree miles east of Clear Lake V deputy sheriff said the path f the storm damage indicates lat a small tornado may have ut the area At Henry Encksons farm a machine shed had been des royed A cattle shed had been lown from its foundation and nto the yard at Orville Millers arm A garage and brooder ouse were heavily damaged at nother farm whose occupant not known Strong winds rain lash much of Iowa Harold G Eden 32 Crystal Lake farmer was one of four lowans killed by lightning in Fridays storms J Eden was operating a tractor and disk on the Wilbur Crone farm two miles southeast of Woden when lightning struck him at 3 30 p m Friday The bolt struck him in the head and came out at the knee according to medical reports lie was thrown from the tractor and the disk passed over his body Born Oct 31 1929 at Woden he was the son of George and Crystal Lake School and was a 4 Hc was marned afc Nasnua June 5j 1960 to Darlene Brown of Crys tal Lake They had farmed near Titonka and Crystal Lake Surviving are his wife a daughter Michelle May 10 months his mother Mrs Jen me Eden Woden two brothers Calvm and Glenn both of Wo den three sisters Nettie Wo den Dolores and Mrs Curtis Delia Post both of Mmne apohs f Funeral services will beMon day at 2 p m at the Crystal Lake Methodist Church pre ceded by a prayer service at the family home The Rev Wai ter Phelps will officiate Boughton Funeral Home Britt is in charge Military rites will be conducted in the Evergreen Cemetery by the American Le gion Posts of Crystal Lake and Woden Also killed by lightning were Charles Phillips 42 near Iowa City Edward Drees 32 near Manning and Herman Greiser 27 near Tiffin Phillips and Drees were struck while driving tractors Greiser was felled by a light ning bolt while walking along a road Tornadoes were reported near Clarmda west of Ames and near Council Bluffs However they either were unconfirmed or did not touch the ground High winds flattened a 139 foot radio tower at Fort Dodge and winds were unofficially clocked at 75 miles an hour at Belmond The thunderstorms that danced across Iowa generally were brief but they were often intense despite their short dur ation Sioux City had 1 33 inch es of rain in a 90 minute period The mam storm center passed out of Iowa late Friday leav ing the state with a forecast for mostly partly cloudy skies cooler temperatures and wide spread but light thundershow ers through Saturday Mason City received a total of of1130 inches of rain as well as I some hail veteran of the Korean War Winds sever power and phone lines Utility imemen were happy to see the sun shining Saturday The Interstate Power Co reported its repair crews working steadily from the time the first storm struck at 2 30 p m Friday until 3 30 a m Saturday The second storm at 4 p m kept he men busy until past 10 oclock general manager Leslie G Haw kins reported Just as the crews were preparing to go home the ihird storm struck at 10 30 p m The Northwestern Tele phone linemen also Ixsganrepair work at 2 30 and worked until dark Friday They were out again Saturday morning at dawn and most of the cable repair work was done by 8 oclock Some 35 or 40 long distance cir cuits were reported out across he northern part of Iowa most if the breaks caused by lightning Calling branches and trees also ook their toll both m Mason City and in ruratx areas f Lightning hit the chimney atop he Northwestern Bell building during the first storm and knocked ff chunks of bricks It shook the auilding to such an extent that workers at first thought a wall lad been toppled on an addition being buil on the east side At least three Interstate Power ransformers were burned out by ightning in Mason City and most esidential street lighting out luring the night More than a dozen high voltage lines in the Mason City district also breached either by lightning or ailing trees Such damage cattered over a wide area CARPENTER DURING Electiodes ate head of As Photofax penters wave patterns were taken to be compared with recordings aen o e compare w h ecordrngs tronaut Scott Carpenter during pre to be made following his orbital flight space flight physical checkup at Cape scheduled for next Tuesday Canaveral Friday Recordings of Car Hotto faces another trial in fraud case NASHVILLE Tenn AP Teamsters Union President James R Hoffa was indicted by a federal court jury here Friday on charges of violating the TaftHart ley Law and collecting some million illegally The count indictment which involved payment through an auto ransport firm incorporated in Nashville was revealed in Wash ington by Atty Gen Robert Ken nedy The attorney general along with his brother PresidentKen nedy then a senator participated in an investigation of the firm by the McClellan committee looking into improper labor practices Hoffa who pleaded innocen earlier Friday to a charge of as sault pressed by a union aide de chned to discuss the new indict ment with newsmen But a team ster official in Chicago said Hoffa shed no tears when informed o it Hoffa who flew to Chicago fo two scheduled talks after hi Washington Vorth Iowa On f he Inside Clear Lake News Page 3 Editorials 4 The Surveyor5 Church Features 47 City News 89 Sports 1172 Society News 1415 Comics 16 Business News 1718 North Iowa News 20 feiTik Re IV35J J4 w j vsi f f Raising Homestead Act of 1916 granted 640 acres in a region where from 50 to 100 acres of pasture was needed to sustain one cow and 10000 acres were barely enough for successful ranching Finally the Taylor Grazing Act of 1934 took nearly all remaining pasture land of the Far West from potential homesteading and allowed its use for raising cattle onlyunder government lease According to the US Bureau of Land Management the public domain at itsfc broadest extent consisted of threefourths of the continental United States and Alas ka a total of 18 billion acres The bureau asserts proudly How it the land was acquired is the core of our history How it was disposed of is the heart of democracy But realistically a good bit of it came into the hands of men of wealth instead of the intended beneficiaries tfeXi iSfreS rfSftsjfS sari IriHSs sent Harold court appearance Gibbons executiv vice president of the Teamsters as a substitute at a scheduler Chicago press conference If it the indictment is any thing like other indictments against labor leaders in this coun try Gibbons told newsmen the essence of it is anything bu the truth If convicted Hoffa could be sen tenced to up to one year in prison and fined on each of the two counts At Orlando Fla federal court advisement a petition by Hoffas lawyers to dismiss a federal mail fraud indictment based on a land development dea involving alleged misuse of half a million dollars of teamster un ion funds Indicted with Hoffa at Nashville was Commercial Carriers Inc a Detroit auto transport form chargedvyith setting up the Ten nessee firm Test Fleet Corp and throwing lucrative Cadillac auto hauling business its way At the time Commercial Carriers had a labor contract with the Teamsters Union The indictment charges Hoffa and the late Owen Brennan for mer Teamsters vice president re ceived from Commer cial Carriers through Test Fleet the stock of which had been trans m tU 1 HIC the board Training was done on an automobile inner tube pulled behind the boat Newspaper strike enters sixth week MINNEAPOLIS UPI The strike at the Minneapolis Star and Tribune newspapers is into its sixth week with little hope for a quick settlement Five unions are striking against the newspapers Joining the walk out Friday was the Pressmens Union More mediation sessions will be held Tuesday MEDICAL TREATMENT NEW tfELHr India Wi US Ambassador John Kenneth Galbrailh left Saturday by plane to undergo medical treat ment in Boston for an abdom inal ailment ferred by Commercial Carriers to Mrs Hoffa and Mrs Brennan un der their maiden names C1I1V4 tlU I tUC The assault case against Hoffa troops in Thailand by Samuel Baron the 59yearold standing feud of SAME Black 205 DeU M Hoars Safely Department m war games Rains hit Thailand BANGKOK Thailand AP Monsoondrenched US Marines prepared Saturday tovjoin Thai aimy units jn military maneuvers near Thailands tense border with Communistmenaced Laos Torrential rains lashed the rice paddies where the bulk of the 1800 man Marine battle group in northeast Thailand is camped only 30 miles from the Mekong River border with Laos The Marines plowed through deep mud Satur day morning to clean up their im pressive array of shooting iron Gen Paul D Harkins overall commander of the US force in Thailand flew to northeast Laos to inspect the situation which Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev warned might explode into a shooting match like the Ko rean War Harkins also head of the IKS Military Assistance Command in Smith Viet Nam declared that the American forces in Thailand are under holdfire orders But he warned that danger stilllurks from proCommunist forces in Laos whose r e c e n t offensive brought American troops rushing to Thailand to discourage any fur ther Communist advances Lt Gen James L Richardson and U S Ambassador Kenneth T Young accompanied Harkins on the flight to Udon 350 miles north east of Bangkok They arranged to drive to the town of Nong Han where the Marines are camped Communist radio claimed royal Laotian troops at tacked and drove proCom munistPathet Labrebels from an area near the royal capital of Luang Prabang earlier this week But reports from Laos indicated a lull in military activity as at tention focused on diplomatic maneuvers that the United States hopes will bring about a neutral Laos and end the need for US Prince Souvanna Phouma National Warehouse Division was headed home from Europe Satur set for trial June 19 Hoffas reday to trv once agam to form a quest for a jury trial was granted government which government of Boun Oumand Phoumi Nosavan had balked joining a coalition under Souvan na contending he is too weak to prevent proCommunists from leading Laos into the Red camp But after recent Pathet Lao gams they asked Souvanna to return for another try The Communists meanwhile mounted a torrent of no overt the US mili tary buildup Thailand Red China accused the United States of trying to engulf the whole of Southeast Asia in a lo cal Korea type of war and de clared it could not ignore the dts patch of U S troops to Thailand N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Strong quake in Mexico pf A stronff earthquake shook City at 9 Saturday causing large buildings vw to swayTt was the second heavy shock to hit Mexico in eight days Allchannel TV bill OKd WASHINGTON The Senate Commerce com mittee approved a bill that would force television manufacturers to equip all sets to receive 82chan nels j The bill which already has passed the House Avould empower the federal communications commis sion to require that all sets be equipped to receive the 0 ultra high frequency channels as well as the more popular 12 very high frequency channels Armed Forces Day noted WASHINGTON U S servicemen stationed throughout the world paused Saturday as the nation celebrated Armed Forces Day Debre denies plot PARIS Former Premier Michel Debre said he had nothing to do with a 1959 attempt to kill ex Oen Raoul Salan on trial for treason as leader of the terrorist Secret Army Organization Testify ing as a witness Debre also said all Frenchmen had a certain amount of bitterness over the loss of Al geria but they had to bow to the inevitable march of history and accept it as fact
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