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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 26, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for tfw CITY GLOBE VOL 102 The newspaper Associated Press and United Press International Full Lease Wires that makes all North lowans MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 1962 neighbors 10c Paper Consists of Two SectionsSection One HOME EDITION No Goal of Attests Hike efficiency Negro job and dollar pressure Unions get master plan ByRICHARD SPONG GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau The odds are about 93 to 7 against the Negro in employment Out of every hundred seven achieve professional or execu tive status The other 93 must content themselves with menial or barely skilled jobs As a rule Negroes are last hired first fired Chronic un employment holds the Negro down Unemployment among Negroes ranges up to twice as great as unemployment among whites Negroes so far have been ef fectiyely barred from craft unions by the apprenticeship system This despite the fact that the American Federation of Labor which embraces most of the craft unions has been on record for raceequality since 1890 No matter what the at titude at the of many unions have simply frozen Negrpes out by denying them apprenticeship Now the AFLCIO leadership is reported to have prepared a master plan presented at an executive council meeting in Washington this week It de mands complete application the nqndiscriimnatory principle from unionsat the feternationa level down to Jhe flocaMevel at the local levelcertainly will be eased by the pressure on employers of the President Committee on Equal Employ ment Opportunity which in the pastyear has had considerable success in getting employers to agree to full racial equality on government contract work Moreover locals themselves are WASHINGTON Thursday checked preliminary data from the first to last in the new US nuclear test series to see if it yielded significant information on improving the efficiency of American atomic weapons The new series got under way Wednesday over remote Christ mas Island in the Pacific with he explosion of a research and development device rather than a finished atomic weapon A simi ar device likely will be used for he second in a few the United States pursues one of the major goals of the hew test series greater weapons efficiency Reaction in the wake of the opening blast was as expected In Congress Democratic and Re publican leaders said there had been no alternative but to test again in the atmosphere the So viet Union loosed a vehement at tack on the United States and from other nations there was a mixed chorus of denunciation and approval There also were official pro tests from Japan where strong police forces guarded the US embassy in Tokyo and Ameri can consulate posts in other cities against violent banthe bomb demonstrators Western observers in Mos cow said it was possible that a socalled spontaneous demon stration against the US tests might be staged at the Ameri can embassy in the Soviet Capi tal The Soviet denunciation were mingled with threats and at tempts to blame Washington for failure of efforts to work out a nuclear test ban treaty The official Soviet news agency Tass said President Kennedys offer to call off the tests if the Soviets signed a cheatproof treaty proved to be the biggest lie of all the false assurances ever made by anyone in the west The no reference o the series of Russian nuclear tests last fall in violation of the voluntary mdratorium honored for three years by the United States and Britain WiNcrm fn fnJr TTIII3U UIT DES MOINES UPI Gov cepted by the hitherto tightly restricted New York local of the International Brotherhood of Electricians 200 are to be Negroes according to the locals business manager Strong pressure is vice president of the AFLCIO Randolph also is president of the Negro American Labor Council And for all his man agerial mien and Biblical eloquence Randolph is a bat tler Negroes themselves are using their strongest weapon their buying dollar to open up new jobs to their race Organized boycotts like the one against a supermarket in Augusta Ga has been engendering violence have been widely re ported Much less has been known until recently ofunor ganized boycotts throughout the nation Now the Center for Research In Marketing Inc has com pleted a study which involves interviews with hundreds of Negroes The Center found that Negro consumers had a sur prisingly widespread knowledge of the image each store projects in relation to its Negro customers Where segregation or discrimination is found Negroes buy Negrooperated neighborhood stores Significantly the survey was made for six major companies serving Negroes and whites alike National advertisers in the Negro press have shown a simi lar awareness Most of them use Negro models in their lay outs Major beer whisky cig arette drug soft drink and cosmetic merchants appear to feel that the extra cost of tailoring these ads to the Negro consumer is more than war ranted A few figures from the Cen ters study supply the reason Negroes compose 23 per cent of the consumers of Chicagos metropolitan area 29 per cent of Clevelands and 26 per cent i of Philadelphias Willson to be a member of the governor party at the Seattle Worlds Fair on Iowa Day May 2 However Erbe admitted it looks doubtful whether Willson will be able to attend because of his busy The writer and pro e of Mason City Photofax WED AT 80 Former Gov Hugh L White 80 and Max ine Banister 39 former in surance secretary were mar ried in their newlypurchased home in Jackson Miss White a widower served as governor in 193640 and 1952 1956 At Iowa Falls Wouldbe graduate is killed IOWA FALLSAn Ellsworth Junior College student scheduled to be graduated next month was fatally injured in a onecar crash southeast of here The victim was Stephen W Harris 19 Iowa Falls son of Mr and Mrs William J Harris the driver of a car that slammed off of a Hardin County road 3 miles east and one mile south of here shortly after midnight Three of Harris classmates were injured in the crash but none was in serious condition Hospitalized at Ellsworth Hos pital here were Julianne Kelly 19 Suzanne Cain 18 and Stephen Priske 18 all of EI dora Authorities said the car skidded 687 feet off the gravel road jumped al6foot driveway arid tlammed into a utility poleT Harris was fronvthe car and suffered skull frVctures and a punctured GOOD SHOW DETROIT ff The Detroit Zoo is accepting congratulations on a new birth a rhinoceros named Harvey Weighing 75 pounds Harvey was the fifth rhinoceros in US zoo history to be born in captivity SAME Satellite in orbit USBritish space effort successful satellite a product of the United States and Great Britain soared intp orbit Thursday to explore the ionosphere and cosmic ra diation Officials of the two nations jointly announced the satellite was in successful orbit after tracking instruments at Cape North Iowa Generally f a i r Thursday night lows in 50s Partly cloudy locally cooler with chance of scattered showers Friday highs in 80s Iowa Generally fair Thursday night lows in 50s Partly cloudy Friday highs in 80s Further change Saturday Minnesota Partly cloudy showers High Friday 6575 Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 am Thursday Maximum 86 Minimum 51 a twohour path around the globe British Prims Minister Harold Macmillan visiting in this coiin try was expected to give i name to the satellite later A ThorDelta rocket blasted off from the Cape at pm CST and performed perfectly in racking up its eighth straight satellite launching success The satellite was aimed at an orbit 200 to 600 miles above the earth U S and British scientist worked closely for more than two years to devise Thursdays complex payload which during the development stage was known by the code name S51 Americas National Aeronau lies and Space Administration provided the booster rocket de signed and built the satellite structure and installed power and radio tracking equipment Four British universities fash ioned the six scientific expert ments Earlier Thursday the U S fired a NikeCajun rocket ai Wallops Island Va in an ion osphere probe The instruments were built and supplied by Jap anese universities Guard cutback i Erbe wants a hearing DES MOINES Na ional Guard Bureau ordered the towa National Guard Thursday to eliminate one entire battle group Gov Norrnan Erbe and Iowa Adj Gen Junior Miller said they would refuse to comply with the order The Iowa segment of the Iowa Nebraska 34th Infantry Division ontains three battle groups each with more than 800 men The three battle groups in Iowa are The 1st Battle Group 168th In antry with headquarters at Coun cil Bluffs It is commanded by Ed Reynolds of Villisca and has 889 officers and men The 1st Battle Group 133rd In antry headquartered at Water oo It is commanded by Lt Col lobert Gramrath of Fairfield and ias 993 officers and men The 2nd Battle Group 133rd In antry headquartered at Sioux City It is commanded by Col 1 Tinker of Sioux City and ias 829 officers and men The governor immediately sent a telegram to the governors of all states asking that they take no action on requested National uard reorganization until Presi dent Kennedy and the adjutant enerals of each state have had a chance to meet during their conference in New York next week Erbe had planned to lead a del egation of governors to Washing on soon to discuss with the Pres ident a proposed reorganization of the National Guard and Army Re erve The Defense Department had announced earlier four Na tional Guard units including the Army Reservedl 103rd in Tiwat Ayould be reorganized Erbesaid that the National Council of State Governments which had been trying to arrange a meeting between the governors and Kennedy has thus far been purposely unsuc cessful Erbe said he does not plan to abide by the order of the National iuard Bureau until this thing is clarified and I get sentiment from other states The order to eliminate one bat tle group was sent to both Erbe and Miller from Washington It did not specify which battle group was to be disbanded Miller said each of the three battle groups contains seven units a headquarters company a ombat support company and five rifle companies He estimated the annual payroll of each of the battle groups amounts to about Elimination of one of the battle groups Miller said also will cost the state about in salaries paid to 21 fulltime technicians employed by each group He also said the proposal might involve the closing of from seven to nine National Guard armories depending on which battle group would be eliminated The elimination of the battle group headquartered at Council Bluffs would affect the towns of Glemvood Shenandoah Clarinda Villisca Red Oak Corning anc Atlantic Disbanding of the group head quartered at Sioux City would af fect the towns of Sioux City Le Mars Sheldon Cherokee Idj Grove Mapleton Denison Audu bon and Storm Lake The Waterloo group would in volve the towns of Waterloo Ce dar Falls Oelwein Dubuque Ma son City Charles City and Hamp ton Miller said the proposal would not affect southeast Iowa which has no National Guard infantry units The 34th Infantry Division is composed of about 9000 officers and men About 6400 of them are lowans Bulletin NEW YORK federal grand jury Thursday indicted US Steel Corp Bethlehem Steel Co and two other sVeel companies on charges of con spiring to fix prices on rig bids The indictment said the bids were for sales of forg ings to the Army Navy elec trical companies and other pur chasers Bullseye Ranger ams into moon MOON GETS ITS SECOND VISITOR indicates how U S spacecraft Ranger 4 crashlanded on the hidden side of the moon opposite the face or Photofax front side of the moon It was there that the Soviet capsule Lunik II landed in September 1959 Russ launch 2nd satellite n 3 days rMOSGOW Un i o n announced Thursday the launching of its fourth Sputnik in six weeks Tass news agency said the new satellite dubbed Cosmo 4 went into its planned orbit around the earth and took 906 minutes to make its first circuit The news agency said Cosmos 4 like the other satellites of the Cosmos series launched on March 16 April 6 and April 24 was packed with instruments for the purpose of investigating radiation and other conditions in space Cosmos 3 was sent off on its orbit Tuesday the day the United States launched th e Ranger 4 rocket which hit the moon Thurs day The announcement said a radio transmitter was sending signals on a frequency of 19995 mega cycles and showed that equipment on the satellite was functioning normally DICK CLARK WEDS PHILADELPHIA UPI Dick Clark the 32yearold mas ter of ceremonies of televisions American Bandstand was married Wednesday to his for mer secretary Loretta Martin 25 Clark was divorced from his first wife last Nov 21 N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES No summit parley now WASHINGTON Secretary of State Dean Rusk said he does not believe tinier e will be a summit conference in theimmediate f hewould not of one before the end of this Family is viciim of killer NASSVILLE Tenn City officials said five members of a Nashville family were shot to death and their house was set afire in an effort to cover up the slayings The bodies of Mr and Mrs Dewey B York their two children and his mother were found in the York home Liz has bump on nose ROME Actress Elizabeth Taylor rested in the seclusion of her luxurious villa recovering from a bruise on her nose which the doctor who treated her said would not have worried a normal person She received the bruise when a car in which she was rid ing stopped suddenly at an intersection Secret satellite fired POINT ARGUELLQ Calif The Air Force launched a mystery satellite from this West Coast missile base before dawn Officials declined to give any details beyond the fact that the satellite em ployed a Blue Scout booster combination Macmillan arrives for talks PALM BEACH Fla President Kennedy his Easter holiday drawing to a close prepared for his weekend meeting with British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan who arrived in New York Wednesday PARENTS and Mrs Leon Sommers wearing hospital masks and gowns against the possible spread of in fection keep their hopeful vigil at the bedside of their daughter Gwen 7 a burn victim The child suffered third degree burns from her forehead to her knees March 28 when her clothing Pholofas caught fire as she reached toward a cabinet over a gas range in her home The parents see their daughter only briefly She is kept under a shelter of sheets and blankets as a protection against infection arid drafts which are very painful for burn victims Its first contact by US Scientists hail feat GOLDSTONE Calif United States scored a major ad rance in space Thursday when he crippled spacecraft Ranger 4 rashlanded on the far side of he moon It was this countrys first suc ess in seven attempts to land a piece of hardware on the moon and virtually duplicated the feat if Russias Lunik II which hit the moon Sept 14 1959 A space official called the feat another of the long strides in pace made in the past year James E Webb head of the National Aeronautics and Space idministration told newsmen Ranger 4 was much more com ilex than anything the Soviets have attempted Dr William Pickering director if NASAs jet propulsion labora ory which built Ranger 4 said that despite thefailure of a key electronic system in the space craft the fact that it hit the moon gives us confidence we can send instruments to the moon with the accuracy needed He said another Ranger Vtb talce closeup televisionpictures ofthe moonssurface wili be launched byjthe endof the year Ranger 4 zipped behind the inobn at am CST and the scientists tracking it calculated that it impacted on ihe far side two minutes later Although there was no way of seeing the actual impact scien ists said Ranger 4s trajectory before passing behind the moon assured that it would land in the predicted area The 780pound vehicle launched rom Cape Canaveral Fla Mon day made the 321486mile jour ney to the moon in 64 hours It passed the sunlit left half of he moon at an altitude of about 900 miles aimed at a spot one iourth of the way around on the back side Scientists calculated its speed at impact at 5963 miles an hour Electronic failures kept Ranger 4 from completing most of its mis sions It carried several scientific instruments including a television camera to take closeup pictures of the moons surface But a timer designed to operate these devices went haywire shortly after launch Scientists at the jet propulsion aboratory where Ranger 4 was built tracked its faint radio bea con at the Goldstone tracking sta tion on the Mojave Desert 50 miles north of Barstow Calif In a building at the base of the antenna observers watching a closedcircuit television screen saw the crosshairs of a simulated gun sight slowly approach the left side of the moon The crosshairs indicated Ran ger 4s position as it streaked through space The sevenfootIong vehicle itself was of course too small to be detected visually Then the crosshairs of the gun sight touched the edge of the moon The impact area is on part of the moon never seen from the earth The moon always keeps the same side toward this planet So the only way to look at the back side is to go there The area was photographed in 1959 by a Russian Lunik Tele vision shots relayed to earth showed the area to be a rough upland devoid of the great Hat on the moons front side On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society News 111213 Sports Clear Lake Nows 17 Latest Markets 18 Mason City News 1817 Comics 20 North Iowa News 22
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