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Mason City Globe Gazette: Saturday, December 16, 1961 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 16, 1961, Mason City, Iowa                                North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home CrrvG VOL 100 Associated United Press Internationa FuU newspaper that mokes all North lowans HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER neighbors 7e Paper Consist of Two US cheered by U N vote on Red China UNITED NATIONS NY AP prestige in the United Na tions soared Saturday with the stunning defeat of a Sovietled at tempt to seat Communist China in place of Chiang Kaisheks Chi nese Nationalists UN rift widens Solution still not qt hand By PHIL NEWSOM UPI Foreign News Analyst Like a stone dropped into a pond the wideningripples from the United Nations Katanga ven ture have produced discords among allies and aroused seri ous doubts about the wisdom of the decision which sent UN troops into theCongo province in the first place Contributing to both was a sense of frustration arising from the fact that after 17 months and a succession of crises the Congo conflict appeared no near er a solution Other factors also contributed One was the obvious hostility to the UN forces among both the black and white populations of Elisabethville capital of Ka tanga and center of UN oper ations Another was the suspicion that the United NationswasaK to force a politicalde cision on Katanga thus exceed ing its mission A third was sympathy foi M o i s e Tshombe secessionisl president of Katanga who has been among thermore railitantly antiCommunist leaders in black Africa Contributing further to the doubts werereports that UN forces wereproving themselves just as triggerhappy as Afri cans and that until their arrival Elisebethville had been about the most peaceful place in the Congo Tshombe proclaimed the inde of Katanga on July n 1960 11 days after the Congo received its independence from Belgium On the following day answering a plea from Congo President Joseph Kasavubu and Premier Patrice Lumumba the UN Security Council authorized the sending of troops to the Congo to reestablish peace and unity This established the pattern for subsequent events in which the UN sought to establish a strong central government in Leopoldville while at the same time dealing with other seces sionist movements in Kasai and Oriental provinces What Tshombe had that the others did not were the strong financial resources which nor mally supplied the Congo with half its tax resources This came from uranium cop per tin and gold with which Katanga abounds and which is dominated by the powerful Bel gian mining company Union Miniere Despite the violence swirling around it the company last year was able to turn in a profit of nearly and should do as well this year Tax incomefrom Union Min iere largely has financed Tshombes army paid for his Belgian French and other mer cenaries and purchased his weapons Acting UN Secretary Gen eral Thant recently charged the company even had built some of Tshombes armored cars for him Despite the companys denial there have been charges that a giant company lobby operates in Tshombes favor and might be at least partially responsible for the coolness with which both Britain and France have viewed the UN Katanga operation Whatever the cause it has created friction among Britain France and the United States which enthusiastically has sup ported the UN in the past 4 The General Assemblys 4831 rebuff of Peipings bid was hailed as a victory for the United State which finally met the 10yearok China issue headon in a test o strength with the Soviet Union The fact that only 36 nalion voted for Red China surprisec many delegates It was obviously less than anticipated by th United States which had sough to block the Communists with iL proposal making China seating an important question requir ing a twothirds vote for adop tion The Reds actually fell more than a dozen votes short of even a simple majority Twenty coun tries abstained from voting US Ambassador Adlai E Stev enson declared the result had re inforced Nationalist Chinas long disputed right to hold its seat in the United Nations Stevenson said he was gratified by the outcome of the first showdown on the seating question since the Communists took iver the China mainland in 1949 But Soviet Deputy ForeignMin ister Valerian AZorin said the vote showed many nations felt the China problem should be solved immediately and radically We are convinced Zorin said that many who were com pelled to vote against or abstain on this Soviet resolution wil vote in favor at the next session Delegates predicted however hat the Communists would have to wait a long time to see Peiping get the China seat They pointec out that the thumping 6134 vote or the decision requiring two thirds approval of any change in be seating had set a preceden hat would be difficult to over turn Britain votedwith the Unite States on the twothirdsquestion butswungwith Russia on the pro posal to seat Red China Franc stayed with the United State throughout the balloting DenmarV and Iceland three Scandinavian countries tha have relations with Peiping votec to seat the Communists Fifteen nations from Asia and Africa also voted for Red China Voting with the United States were most of the countries o Western Europe So did all the LatinAmerican nations ex cept Cuba Chiang pleased by UN ballot TAIPEI UPI President Chiang KaiShek is highly gratified by the General As sembly vote which will keep Red China out of the United Na tions for at least one more year Sources close to the Chinese Nationalist leader said he anc a group of his chief aides sal up late Friday to wait for the outcome of the vote Observers here said the un expectedly heavy vote 48 to 36 which defeated Russias motion for the admission of Red China gave Nationalist officials nev confidence The margin of vic tory was four Votes greater than last yearthe firsttime it has increased since 1952 Taken into custody for oil well dealing ST LOUIS Prehn Springfield 111 former chair man of the Illinois Athletic Com mission surrendered in East St Louis on a federal grand jury indictment returned against him last week The indictment remained suppressed presuma bly because someone else named in it has not been taken into custody It was said to involve alleged violation of Securities and Exchange Commission reg ulations in sale of oil well in terests in Illinois shopping days left 53000 JUKI CHRISTMAS CHEER FUND COAL S30000I PREVIOUSLY REPORTED Additional for employees ot United Home Bank and Trust Co jfj on Theodore Bohn juij LadlesAuxiliary NALC No 201 SiW1 Friendly Neighbors Club Avery Township Goodcll 5 oo AUc Min Helllands Grill Coudell n oo Virginia Sue Clark BeiaSigma Phi 5i5 VFW Auxiliary No ToJ SOU Mrs H C Bailey 1 oo The Rt Msgr Arthur J Brecn Holy Family Parish 1000 From a generous friend JOW Gleaner Sunday School Class of Plymouth noo North Iowa Writers Club 200 Zora M Merten Garner 500 Ioua Stale Policemens Assn Unit No 18 loiH Mrs Fred W Krueger 00 Chaufauqua Club 300 R W Brandstad Forest Cily 300 gives JFK its greatest reception THE DAYS jUOO TOTAL TO DATE il101 I STILL NEEDED St59358 GIVING DAYS LEFT Generosity typical of GheerFund MONG the contri butions to the Christmas Cheer Fund Saturday was the usiia generous gift o the Rt R e v Msgr Arthur J of Holy Family Parish As usua the monsignor hadsomethingito say about the subject of giving I believe the practice of giv ing at Christmas time should extend beyond externals and reach to ourselves otherwise we will receive only externals he said Gift giving at Christ mas time makes little sense if its purpose is simply to fill our homes with more things We cannot give Christ things on the anniversary of his birth but the things we give such as our dollars to the Cheer Fund we must give lovingly and thoughtfully as symbols of love m our love for one another as His loving children May the Good Lord bless your interest and enthusiasm A suggestion This is to suggest that in dividuals and organizations planning Christmas baskets get in touch with Family Serv ice Inc which administers the Christmas Cheer Fund for clearance of names This will protect against both duplica tions and omissions Persons knowing of families needing help should also get in touch with Family Service which has its office on the sixth floor of the First National Bank Building ror such spiritual work which brings such joy at Christmas to so many of our fellows will be seen from the list above that the employes of the Jnited Home Bank and Trust Co added to their contribu ion This makes a total of ror this generous group We as readers of Hie best paper in the Midwest think the Cheer Fund a very fine thing and we wish for it the best vrote Lucile Factor secretary of the North Iowa Writers Club With only six giving days left md more than half of the Cheer Tund still to be raised we are hopeful that many more gener ous donors wilt join this proces sion to make Christmas a happy one for deserving individuals and families Bring or send your gift to the GlobeGazette office Send it to CHRISTMAS CHEER Care GlobeGazette Mason City Iowa A LUCKY GUY SPRINGFIELD Tenn UPI Dougherty 25 pleaded guilty to bigamy Friday and ex plained Nice girls are hard o find I was lucky enough to ind two No sign of Red hostility Heavy guard along route FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES CARACAS Venezuela Pres ident Kennedy warmed by the greatest reception ever accord ed a visitor in Venezuelas his tory called Saturday for the Americas to eliminate tyranny of whatever source or breed from Cape Horn to the Arctic Circle Kennedy waved and smiled from his bubbletop limousine to an estimated 300000 Vene zuelans who stood along the 27 mile expressway from the air port to the city andmassed in downtown Caracas streets The opening of the Presidents South American trip was a tri umph There were no signs of hostil ity and at the outset at least indications there would be any repetition of the incident in 1958 when Vice President Rich ard Nixon was stoned and spa upon in this same city The government had stationed 35000 troopsand police along the routes taken by the Presi dent and greenclad Mtj six feet apart in the Catia sec tion where Nixon was a ttacket and in El Silencio where a large number of Communists live in Caracas shortly Rafter lOvam and then flew by helicopter from the cap ital with President Romulo Be tancourt to the villageof La Morita where he delivered the major address of his visit at the dedication of a new agrarian housing project Cuban Premier Fidel Castro was not mentioned by name by Kennedy but the President ob viously was striking at him in Ms call for freedom from dic tatorship through the hemi sphere In his speech at La Morita Kennedy said the nations of the Americas henceforth will be more than good will be partners Kennedy said Venezuelas own overthrow of a repressive dicta of Marco Perez Jimenez three years a striking example of the hem spheres new alliance for prog One of the first goals of the new interAmericanism must be he elimination of all such tyr anny of whatever source or jreed until this is a hemisphere of democratic and independent nations Kennedy said the United States would help Venezuela in ts agrarian reform by making oans available to build rural lomes and advancing credits to inance crops Venezuelans told American correspondents the turnout was he most massive ever accorded a visitor Veteran reporters agreed that the security laid on y thegovernment was tighter han ever arranged for Presi dent Eisenhower on his numer ous trips abroad In the 11 cars following the Presidents auto in the motor cade all but the one carrying Mrs Kennedy and Mrs Betan court were filled with security officers armed with tommy and pistols Earlier this week there had been scattered bombings and antiAmerican demonstrations On the inside Editorials Page 4 Church News47 Mason City News 89 Society News 10 Sports 1314 The Surveyor 17 Comics ig Business News 2223 Clear Lake News 24 North 24 Z RicoGpyer U N advances in Katanga V owa Light snow and warmer through Saturday night Sun day cloudy with snow likely west and central and rain or snow extreme east Low Sat urday 15 north to 20s south High Sunday 20s to lower 30s southeast Outlook for Monday Mostly cloudy and colder with snow ending cast North Iowa Cloudy with occa sional light snow and warmer through Saturday night Light snow continuing Sunday pos sibly mixed at times with freezing rain Low Saturday 1522 Locally a bit warmer Sunday highs in 20s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Saturday Maximum 12 Minimum 12 Light snow for most of Iowa Temperatures were consider bly higher over Iowa Saturday as light snow and slcct started n the west and began moving astward The Weather Bureau said the now will spread across t h e tate during the day and will ontinue Saturday night South rn border counties may gel ome freezing drizzle Snow is forecast for northeast owa and rain or snow for the outheast part of the State Sun day SAME 585 Young Trujilloin Paris Fled with million SANTO DOMINGO Dominican Republic L Tru lillo Jr skipped the country with 430 million the government says Checks and certificates drawn against Canadian banks made out to and endorsed by the son of the slain dictator were found on a yacht he used to sail into exile The documents reportedly were issued by several private enterprises among them the reserve bank The Dominican government has started action to freeze the funds and try to recover the money Young Trujillo who headed the armed forces for a time after his fatherwas assassinated May 30 is now in Paris He traveled aboard the yacht Angelita only as far as the French island of Guadeloupe The vessel returned here and was con fiscated N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Ask ban on church potlucks MINNEAPOLIS A ban onpotluck suppers at Minneapolis churches is being asked as part of a con certed drive by the Health Department against in fectious hepatitis viruscalled disease of the liver The order came as the number of hepatitis cases this year reached 538 as compared to an average of less than 100 in past years Eichmann sentence endorsed LONDON European newspapers agreed gen erally with the death sentence imposed on Adolf Eichmann but some argued it might be wise to tem per it with mercy The West Berlin newspapers Dei Tag and Morgenpost said the sentence passed by an Israeli court was completely justified Rusk visits Franco MADRID Secretary of State Dean Rusk ar rived in Spain to give Generalissimo Francisco Franco a personal briefing on the Paris NATO meet ing and talk about Spains role in Western defenses Thant refuses ceasefire UNITED Acting SecretaryGeneral U Thant was still holding out against a ceasefire in Katanga until the United Nations has won all its ob jectives in fighting there Vive la Jackie1 CARACAS Venezuela Jacqueline Kennedy is turning out to be one of her husbands greatest assets m Latin America as she was in France last summer In San Juan Puerto Rico and again on her arrival here she was the recipient of exhuberant acclama tion from the crowds Government in flight from capital ELISABETHVILLE Katanga he Congo AP troops drove into the heart of this capital Saturday and were reported to have seized two Katangan strong points in heavy fighting The roar of mortarshelling and machine gun fire echoed through the nearly deserted city The government of this seces sionist province was said to have retreated to Kipushi 30 miles to the south or to Kolwezi 150 miles to the northwest Telephones were not answered at President Moise Tshombes residence Brussels Radio said Tshombe was heading for Kipushi On the second day of an allout attack the 6000man UN army was reported to have captured the Lido Hotel a strongppint on the western side of the city near Tshombes residence The hotel commands one of two main roads leading south from the capital The second strongpoint to fall was the railroad tunnel command ing the main road into the city From the eastern suburbs site of Irish and Swedish UN force headquarters A heavy battle between Katart gans and the Swedish and Irish attackers had raged around the railroad tunnel throughout the night Up to Friday the Katengan troopshad held the tunnel andits approaches The engagement was marked by a barrage of mortar shells and the clatter of machinegun fire Many mortar bombs fell in the streets and near the post office Katangan troops manned mor tar positions around the Leopold II Hotel which was rapidly be coming a front line in the heart of the city The hotel is only 30 yards JFrom the post office which was deserted Dispatches from Leopoldville said the UN forces also launched a major attack on the main Ka tangan military base Camp Mas sart The Katangan troops appeared demoralized though many were still fighting desperately   

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