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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 7, 1961, Mason City, Iowa Worth Iowas Daily Newspaper Edittd for the CITY GLOBE VOL 100 The newspaper i Aisoclited Uaiwd frits tuternaHonaJ Full ETTE that makes all North I o wans MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER 7 1961 n elg h b o r s 7c a Copy Thls Paper Consists ot Four SecdonsSeeHon No 51 U S transport hit in Katanga air war ELISABETHVILLE Katanga the Congo jet fight ers Thursday struck at Katangan ammunition dumps sixmiles out side Elisabethville and explosions rocked the heart of the capital Katangans launched another at tack against the UN headquar ters just outside of the city at Two hours of hell s at Pearl daybreak after a tropical thun derstorm brought firing to a halt during the night The US Embassy in Leopold vilie said an American Air Force Giobemaster was fired on over Elisabethville and the US air lift was suspended while com manders in Leopoldville and Washington consulted on security arrangements for the American planes American sources said the small arms firing came from the ii ii Imbecilic plan worked By RICHARD SPONG GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau WASHINGTONIt took about an hour and 50 minutes for Ja pan to inflict upon the United States its most crushing defeat of arms The air attack on Pearl Har bor impregnable Pearl Harbor began a few seconds before or after on the morning of Dec 7 1941 At all Japa nese planes over Oahu rendez voused and returned to their carriers The battleship Arizona was totally lost Severely damaged were the Oklahoma Nevada California and West Virginia all battlewagons The Pennsyl vania Tennessee and Maryland were damaged but later repair ed So were the cruisers Helena Honolulu and Raleigh Severely damaged were three destroyers one target shipand one minelayer Damaged but quickly repaired were one sea plane tender one repair vessel and one drydock The Navy lost SO planes the Army Air Corps 97 The battle force of the Pa cific Fleet was wrecked beyond any possibility of offensive ac tion within a year More somberly important were the casualties Navy 2117 officers and men killed 960 missing 876 wounded Army 226 officers and men killed 396 wounded Some 70 civilians were killed The Japs lost 9 fighter planes and 20 bombers Samuel Eliot Morison dis tinguished historian calls the attackjm Pearl Harbor part of the boldest scheme of conquest in modern times not excepting Hitlers Advance planning by the Japanese went back fully a year but the decisionto strike was made only 33 days before the attack The Japanese fleet was irrevocably committed to the action only 24 hours before anything happened The Japanese used 1478 land based aircraft 537 carrierbased planes 169 surface craft and 64 submarines to open the war in all Pacific areas Speed dif ferentials of up to 240 knots had to be accounted for in the over all coordination The objective appears to have been not a decisive victory that would win the war but an ini tial position of advantage Mori son who calls the strategy al most imbecile asserts that Japan had to eliminate the men ace of the US Pacific Fleet on the left flank of her south wardmoving forces of con quest Pearl Harbor has been the object of countless investiga tions but the blame has never really been fixed The joint con gressional investigation of 1945 46 exonerated President Roose velt and members of his Cab inet The ultimate responsibil ity for the attack and its re sults the majority report stated rather myopically rests upon Japan A twoman minority report charged FDR and his princi pal advisers with failure to perform the responsibilities in dispensably necessary for the defense of Pearl Harbor Both reports charged errors in judg ment lo Rear Adm Kimmel and Maj Gen Short command ing at Pearl on Dec 7 It was indeed as President Roosevelt called it a day of infamy but it also was a day of astonishing blindness North Iowa Increasing cloudi ness Thursday night with lows in the upper teens Mostly cloudy with light snow and a little warmer Friday highs in low 30s official residence of Katanga President Moise Tshombe while the Giobemaster was coming in to land at Elisabethville Airport Several bullets hit the fuselage but no serious damage was caused Tshombes villa is on lone of the approaches to the air port The Giobemaster was one of six heavy trapsports carrying re inforcements and supplies to UN forces in the Katanga capital The report from Leopoldville said the United Statesagreed to the airlift on condition that the trans ports would be given full protec tive cover Ethiopian Sabre Jets escorted the first Globemasters Wednesday The US State Department an nounced Wednesday night that it was offering the UN 21 more fourengine transports Foreign Minister Evariste Kim ba clapped USConsul Lewis Hoffacker 38 under house arrest lowan aboard WASHING TO N UPI An lowan was one of the crewmen the Air Force C124 hit by ja gunfire in the Congo the Defense Department said The lowan was 2nd Lt Dennis Messerschmitt son of Mr and Mrs Everett Increasing cloudiness with snow likely northwest Thursday night and over most of state Friday Lows Thurs day night near 20 A little warmer Friday highs in the 30s Further outlook Snow ending from west to east and turning colder Saturday Minnesota Partly cloudy light that US planes made snow continued cold Highs the UN raids Wednesday on Ka Messerschmitt navigators on data 37 15 Friday GlobeGazette weather up to 8 a m Thursday Maximum Minimum Fatal accident at Parkersburg ALLISON Howard Edward tanga air bases i at Kolwezi and Jadotville Both the US govern ment and the UN command de nied that American planes were involved but Hoffacker stayed at home Thursday Another consul said diplomats in the city had tried to arrange a ceasefire Wednesday night but nobody seems to want it He said the consuls would try again The Katangans launched a Ellinger 51 Cedar Falls was counterattack Thursday against a killed instantly at amrailway tunnel outside Elisabeth Thursday when the car he wasiville captured by the UN driving struck a bridge abutWednesday night But a ment on Highway 14 a mile and a half north of Parkersburg EHinger who was driving south was alone in the car The HE 1961 Christ mas Cheer Fund is off to an ex cellent start Generous i n d i viduals and or g a n i z a t io ns came forth with gifts totaling for the first days report This is a most heartening begin ning It leaves 3270854 to reach the goal As usual the WaTanYe Club spokesman said mopping up operations were still in progress Thursday morning UN forces fook control linger formerly lived It was the first highway fa tality in Butler County this year COSTLY DROUGHT LAKELAND Fla Itf A rec ordshattering drought has cost in the past six months And Florida Citrus Mutual s ai d Thursday that no relief is in Slght highway to the suburbs by seiz ing an underpass Other fighting was reported around a roadblock leading from the city to the main airport There was no report that UN troops had moved into Elisabeth side the city seemed to come from the small arms of Katangan I police and troops shooting at any UN planes that flew over in a Portland mttie garage damaged this truck containing 48000 eggs Firemen accustomed to having to break windows to extinguish flames nonetheless found that their axes worked just as good against egg shells Total loss including worth of the omelets 500 250 Significant jobles rop IBlil CHEEK FUND GOAL Apollo Mason City Assn of Medi cal Assistants Jusla Club Fertile CronltiDcxter Auxiliary Wa Tan Ye Club H Kbcc Two old friends A friend Koiia Council of Social Agencies Tim and Klin Mildred Waggoner Mascia Club Lori and Tim Fredericks burg Iowa From Moreen Ann and Jo Marie Club Rarb and Sue Friendly Uirlhdaj Club Northeast Prayer G r o u p First Methodist Church Ilelpalot Club GlobeGazette LPL 01 JOUO 3IW SOOB 101 noii 500 Hi Id IDO 2 Oil 3UU iflflO in Kennedy in plea to labor sness Plugs his trade plan FIRST DAYS TOTAL STILL NEEDED GIVING DAYS LEFT Good made by Cheer Fund teu MIAMI BEACH Fla AP President Kennedy told organized labor Thursday it must back the effort to build up Americas for eign trade or face the loss of jobs In an address delivered at a convention of the of whose members have been less than enthusiastic about some phases of his proposals for freer world stated his view bluntly In short are confronted with a very basic decision Are we going to export our goods and crops or are we going to export our capital and our job opportuni ties Arc we going to be the free worlds greatest merchant trader merely its temporary wealth iest banker the way he put it Labor elements directly affected by rising imports have been pre senting arguments in congression al hearings for even stiffer bar riers against the incoming flow in contrast to the administration plan for wider discretion to nego tiate reciprocal concessions In almost direct response Ken nedy took the stand that buying must rise along with sales and as scried that as our exports in crease along with our imports ccts throughout the year It will also be noted that the I ncil of Social Agencies made of the professionals in the citys social work program also made a generous gift H Ebec always in the first days list again made his usual generous contribution Apollo is a sistent early donor Contributions are often sent with a note of encouragement and another point he stated his case this way If we cannot ob tain new bargaining power to open up overseas markets our export WEDDING BELLS FOR IOWAN Singer Williams and French dancer Claudine Longet will marry sometime this month Williams flew to France recently to help Miss Longet settle visa difficulties so she can live in the United States Williams native of Wall Lake Iowa is 30 She is 20 Williams a bachelor met Miss Longet in Paris two years ago and they re sumed their friendship whenClaudine went to work at a Las Vegas Nev resort She appeared on one of nis national television shows earlier this year industries will Ameri labor will lose jobs If Ameri busincssmen cannot compete can labor will lose jobs If Ameri can businessmen cannot compete I from here for the growing pur chasing power of the European Common Market many more will build their plants over American labor will lose jobs Industry and management he best wishes May this small contribution make many said have a responsibility to in iappy days for those unfortucrease efficiency and thus stabil nate children wrote Mrs Muize or reduce costs and prices But riel Barnd treasurer of thelabor also must help keep Amer Mascia Club in sending the conica competitive tribution from that organizationj To that end he said labor Among the donors to the demonstrate its responsibil cause arc organizations and in helping to keep overall dividuals in other communities wage movements in line with in as will he noted in the list above creases in productivity 3ne such donor year after year Kennedy look note of reports is the Justa Club at Fertile Thisthat as he pul it Ihc iahor contribution which came in Nomovement was falling on dark vembcr was one of the first days I dont believe that and 1 It will also be noted that the GlobeGazette and its top execu tives are among the initial do nors would be very distressed if it were true he asserted of the Cheer Fund is the Veleda Club which is to hold a silent auction for the fund Dec 13 at the home of Mrs M E Aspen son 734 3rd SW This is a fund in which all can participate Gifts large and small are most acceptable You can do your share by bringing or sending your gifts to the GlobeGazette Send it to CHRISTMAS CHEER x Care GlobeGazette Mason City Iowa that AFLCIO leaders were delighted lo have a man in the White House who understood or ganized labors aspirations and achievements Iews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Bridges successor named CONCORD N H Gov Wesley Powell of New Hampshire named Republican AttyGen Maurice J Murphy Jr 34 to succeed the late U S Sen Styles Bridges RNH The governors action was a surprise because many state political leaders had urged him to name Bridges widow or himself Claims Castro got orders WASHINGTON Kremlinordered Cuban Premier Fidel Castro to publicly declare that he al ways was a Communist a Cuban exile leader Dr Jose Miro Cardona said He testified at a Senate hearing on problems of Cuban refugees Red China takes action TOKYO Communist China announced it would send a military delegation to Communist North Viet Aam The move came after a formal statement termed the situation in Viet Nam extremely serious and warned against the Americanbacked buildup of bouth Vietnamese defense forces Budget cuts ior diplomats WASHINGTON U S diplomats are being or dered to clip their own newspapers take more taxis instead of official limousines and make their own airline reservations Ail this is part of a State De partment economy program brought on by budget cuts 300000 Red spies NEW FBI disclosed a new estimate of Communist intelligence activities which indicates the Soviet bloc has 300000 agents trained in intel ligence and espionage activities Outlook markedly better Rate cut to about 6 WASHINGTON un employment rate dropped last month for the first time in a year President Kennedy reported Thursday The rate fell from 63 per cent of the work force where it has remained nearly constant for 11 months to 61 per cent Kennedy told the AFLCIO convention in Miami Fla Labor Department officials planned to give the complete jNovember job picture later Ken nedy announced the unemploy ment rate in his speech The President also said number of persons employed dur ing November set a record for the The October job figures showed 678 million at work The drop oE 500000 in the total employed dur ing November reflects the season al shutdown in farming construc tion and other outdoor jobs But the rise in unemployment was less than seasonal accounting for the lower rate The Sl figure still is consid ered much too high but at least itsa step in the rif officials say ight direction A number of communities al ready have been taken from tho official roster ofareas with ma jor unemployment Current news items suggest that j the December figures wjJJ bo even plcasanter when tallied Theres the seasonal bogey of January and February just ahead period when temporary Christmas jobs have disappeared and much outdoor work is sty mied But the better business climate in general and the evident great er confidence among consumers bolster hopes for a still further advance in the admittedly diffi cult task of licking the basic unemployment Much of the rise in November i employment to a new high for the month of 67349000 of which tho President spoke was due to increasing industrial output ITALIANS FIRE ROCKET CAPE CANAVERAL Fla third group of Italian mis sile troops has launched an American Jupiter rocket on a successful 1500mile flight These troops man Jupiler sites in Italy where two 15missiles squadrons arc deployed SHORTAGE PIQUA Ohio levee at the city water reservoir broke jThursday creating a serious wa ter supply problem for this city of 20000 population The water flowing from the Swift Run Lake reservoir poured into the Great Miami River Safely Department Firurei On the inside Editorials page 4 Society 131415 Sports 17J8 North Iowa News 19 Clear Lake News 23 Latest Markets 26 Mason City News 2627 Comics 28 Transit Schedule 30 shopping days left Nation notes 20th anniversary of Pearl Harbor Another surprise attack possible PEARL HARBOR Hawaii AP this missile and thermonu clear age it would be foolhardy indeed to assume that surprise at lack will never be a possibility This warning was delivered Thursday by Adm John 11 Sides commander of US Pacific Fleet at ceremonies marking the 20th anniversary of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Ceremonies were held on a plat form above the waters along Bat tleship Row Activity throughout the naval base halted momentari ly in memory of that black Sun 7 1941 The ceremony limed to co incide with the exact the first Japan ese planes swooped low over the battleships lining the northeast shores of Ford Island Below the memorial platform for the US Arizona center of Thursdays ceremonies was the de caying bulk of the Arizona and the remains of 1102 crewmen who went down with her The Arizona and her crew arc symbols of those hours when war came to the United States South of the Arizona the old battleship row wns vacant But between the flag flying above the Arizona and one beside Ford Is lands administration building less than a mile 2000 men died on a Sunday morn ing The lessons learned that day are recorded in Wood said Sides in his memorial address The important thing for us here today and for all Anierieans is to pledge anew that our coun try shall always remain strong and shall always be ready to de
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