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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 27, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North lowaV Daily Newspaper Edited for HM MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 100 The newspaper that makes all North I o wans neighbors AuociauoPre United Internationa IUI Uw Wim MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 27 1961 CopyThl Paper ConsUU at Two On No If Saturn rocket roars aloft First flight is successful Route 40 and its problem Race issue is renewed By RICHARD SPONG GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau The philoso phy of nonviolence as explain ed by Vice President William Stuart Nelson of Howard Uni versity who teaches a graduate level course in the subject at the universitys School of Re ligion demands that the dem onstrator press for what he be lieves is right without hatred or desire for retribution doing no violence to the person who is doing him wrong It requires that he be pre pared to suffer for his efforts Howard is predominately a Negro institution The goal of nonviolence says Nelson who visited India three times and knew Mahatma Gan dhi is to call attention to the wrong and change the point of view of the wrongdoer rather AOK for worlds biggest bird CAPE CANAVERAL Fla AP Saturn the known rocket IRVIN SCARBECK Scarbeck is convicted as a betrayer WASHINGTON AP Former US diplomat Irvin C Scarbeck i was convicted Friday of revealing American Embassy secrets to Polish Communist agents The federal court jury of 11 men and one woman returned the ver dict only half an hour after start ing its third day of deliberations than force him to submit to the will of the wronged The jury found the 41yearold Scarbeck guilty on the first three It may be that nonviolence counts of the fourcount indict will be the ultimate answer to the problem posed the US State Department by proprietors of restaurants and cafes on US Highway 40 ment It found him innocent on the fourth cbunt which concerned the physical removal of a classi fied document from a public of fice namely the American Em US 40 is the chief route linkbassy in Warsaw Poland ing New York City and Washing ton DC As such it is frequent ly traveled by diplomats from emergent African nations It has been the source of onefifth of the incidents of racial dis crimination against these digni taries this year At least nine Scarbeck a stocky bespectacled man betrayed no emotion as he stood erect to face the jury and hear the verdict The jury deliberated hours since receiving the case Wednes day morning The trial took 3V2 worlds scored largest an un qualified success on its first flight test Friday and gave new impetus to the U S drive to land astronauts on the moon in this decade It was a tremendous demonstra tion by a rocket which prelaunch calculations had given only 30 per cent chance of complete success With its massive eightengine power plant generating 13 million pounds of thrust the Saturn thun dered away from Cape Canaveral at am CST spewing a tre mendous tail of fire and sending an unearthly roar rolling across the test center With almost unbelievable pre cision the eight engines pushed the 162foot rocket which is larger than the Statue of Liberty ap proximately the 95 miles high to the edge of space Then the rock et plunged back to the Atlantic Ocean and sank as planned more than 200 miles southeast of the launch pad The National Aeronautics and Space Administration reported the j entire flight covered about eight minutes and the spent booster im pacted within 10 kilometers or about 6 miles of its intended landing point Only the first stage was tested Friday Two dummy upper stages were filled with water for ballast The historic flight although brief signaled Americas inten tion to race Russia to the moon a pledge made earlier this yea by President Kennedy The Saturn is three times mbr powerful than any previous rocke launched by the United States an tops the estimated one millio pound thrust of the Soviet spac weeks ani for the last two have been reported since Febweeks the jury nad been locked ruary all on the Maryland stretch of the route although Delaware has not been without Photofax PERFUME WAS are part of the 84 St Louis junior high school pupils treated after a 12yearold playfully dabbed his schoolmates with a liquid solution he believed to be perfume Sub sequent examination established that the perfume was carbolic acid School officials said the boy had found the acid in a perfume bottle at home incident in the past The 48 miles of Route 40 in Maryland have been described not entirely fairly as a highr e documents he was accused up fo prevent its being influencec by news reports of the rial In a signed statement for FB agents Scarbeck admitted giving the information to the Poles He said he deliberately distorted the way slum of gaudy neon lighted motels taverns drive ins roadside stands and res taurants Actually it is not dif ficult to find firstclass restau orally passing on Scarbeck was pictured in testi mony as having been blackmailec by the agents when they caugh Nevertheless some 87500 mo torists travel the route daily Some of these inevitably are the kind no innkeeper would wel come But the signs We re serve the right to refuse service to anyone are patently aimed at Negroes Pedro Sanjuan deputy chief of protocol in the State Depart1 ment has been leading the efj forts of US State and Labor departments and the State of Maryland to win around pro prietors of restaurants and cafes on the route by moral suasion Maryland Gov J Mil lard Tawes on Oct 18 an nounced that he had received a pledge of full cooperation from a committee of owners What this could mean is a paradoxical situation in which African diplomats could be served along Route 40 while American Negroes could not These latter have been denied service for decades Defects in Marylands state constitution are such that one county from the Eastern Shore a seat of racial discrimination could empt itself from any public ac commodation measure adopted by the legislature thereby caus ing it to be ruled unconstitu tional Feeding Negroes owners say would offend white diners par ticularly Southern truck drivers Many owners insist that they would abandon the color line if all others did the same Meanwhile the Congress of Racial Equality CORE threat ens a Freedom Ride if complete segregation within a reasonable time is not pledged Teams from Eastern cities would sit in restaurants until police asked them to leave North Iowa Mostly cloudy warmer through Saturday Lows Friday night lower 40s Scattered light rain Saturday highs 55 to 62 Iowa Cloudy through Saturday light rain likely Lows Friday night in low 40s east to about 50 west Highs Saturday 50s east to 60s in west Further outlook Partly cloudy mild Sunday scattered showers east Minnesota Partly cloudy mild Highs Saturday near 65 Fiveday Iowa Temperatures wil average 2 to 5 degrees above normal Friday night through next Wednesday Warm through Sunday cooler e a rl y in the week then warmer again by Wednesday Normal highs are in the 50s and normal lows in the 30s Precipitation will aver age 10 to 25 of an inch in showers mostly during the first half of the period GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Friday Maximum 54 Minimum 41 Sunrise Sunset N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Russ prove responsibility WASHINGTON The United States said the Soviet Unions movement of tanks into East Berlin is a belated admission of Soviet responsibility for that sector of the divided German city But State Department officials said they do not know whether the presence of Soviet military power close to the EastWest Berlin sector border would ease the situa tion or make it more dangerous Saturn success broadcast NEW YORK Radio Liberty privatelyfi nanced American broadcasting organization said its transmitters in West Germany were speedily pre paring a full report of the US Saturn success for beaming into Russia Two freighters collide SAN FRANCISCO Two ocean freighters burst into flames after colliding north of here in heavy fog The stricken vessels the Hoegh Cape of Nor way and the Waitemata of New Zealand churned into San Francisco Bay under their own power but still aflame Nikita raps Albania MOSCOW Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev said that Albania split with the rest of the Com munist camp because it hopes for aid from the West Obviously they expect in this manner to clear the ground for winning the right to receive handouts from the imperialists he told the 22nd Commu nist party congress Daylight time to end CHICAGO Many Americans will fall heir to 60 minutes of time this weekend when clocks get their traditional autumn backpushing Daylight time ends throughout the nation and everybody will be back on standard time where they were last spring when the clocks were advanced an hour Some areas re mained on standard time all summer and others returned to standard time a month ago infant sought SIOUX CITY AP A baby sitter who disappeared with 2monthold baby has been trace Neb police sai to Fremont Friday Officers said a truck driver tol them he gave a ride Thursday t a woman and baby matching th description of Mrs Margaret Me Keown 37 and the baby of Mrs Ruby Willelt 17 The truck driver said a midge was with the woman and baby po lice said Officers said Mrs Me Keown was known to iave beer friends with Gene Overbeck 35 o Sioux City who is 4 feet 2 inche tall Mrs McKeown disappeared with he baby last Monday afternoon She had been left in charge o VIrs Willetts three children while Mrs Willett looked for a job A child stealing charge has beer iled against Mrs McKeown Mrs Willett did not report her baby Jacqueline Marie missing until 9 am Tuesday She saic McKeown had assured her the iaby was all right and that Mrs McKeown would return the child Detectivj Bernard Brown saic Irs McKeown loves children and uthorities do not feel any harm vill come to the baby But its letting to a point he added where we have to find them Mrs Willetts husband is in jail t Yankton SD on a bad check harge police said She has a ourth child living with her moth r in Yankton Mrs McKeown police said is art Indian and a former mental atient Shes described as weigh rockets The success of Americas first heavyweight rocket will give added emphasis to this nations goal of placing a threeman Apol lo spaceship on the moon hope fully by 1967 Nine more Saturn research shots are scheduled By 1964 the operational twostage configura tion is slated to be ready to hoist the manned Apollo craft into earth orbit By 1966 an advanced tlree to fourmillion pound thrust Saturn should be geared to whirl Apollo and its threeman crew into lunar orbit Manned landings on the moon will be accomplished with the 12 to 20millionpoundthrust Nova rocket whose development de pends greatly on the Saturn pro gram There were very few who ex pected such overwhelming suc cess Friday Dr Kurt Debus head of NASAs launch operations and top man in the launch control cenj ter Friday said before the shot that he would consider 60 seconds of flight time 100 per cent sue cess with anything above that 150 per cent Richard B Canright a Saturn project official told newsmen in a prelaunch briefing that thi rocket had a 30 per cent chance of complete success with a 70 to 16 stones tall Mason Cityans can get some idea on the enormous siie of the Saturn rocket by compar ing it in size to the Brick and Tile Building The 460ton giant is 16 stories tall or twice the height of the B T Build ing 80 per cent chance of achieving principal objectives which were gnition of the eightengine cluster and liftoff of the 462ton vehicle NASA reported the four in Doard engines burned Friday for 109 seconds The four outboard engines which are movable to lelp control flight burned for 115 seconds Both figures were within wo seconds of the intended time The 460ton rocket hit with n seven miles of its planned arget Bart Slattery of the federal pace agencys information iffice said scientists consid red the flight a success after he rocket had been airborne or about one minute At that the Saturn successfully assed the point where aero ynamic stresses and the hances of failure are the reatest When the rocket continued on s course Slattery said All air ng 102 pounds wearing a long hel1 broke loose in lhe block ght blue coat white anklets house He said scientists and rown shoes and a ribbon in her technicians who had been sol emnly quiet to that point leaped from their chairs and began talking noisely and congratulatj ing each other Among the distinguished vis itors in the blockhouse were space scientist Wernher Von Braun and retired Army Geni John B Medaris who oncej headed the agency that gave the Saturn program its start early in the space age Mighty Saturn takes off 162feet tall 460tons SAME DATE1W4I7 On the inside Editorials Pigt 4 CubCaztttc 5 Mason City Ntws y 47 Uttst Marktts 7 Sports MO North Ntws Comics 15 Transit Schedule 16 MARGARET McKEOWN US has 72000 agents says Russ MOSCOW AP The chief of the Soviet security police says the United States has 72000 agents around the world and the Soviet Union and the Socialist countries are the main targets Alexander Shelepin the secur ty chief told the 22nd Soviet Communist party congress Thurs day the US Central Intelligence Agency spends billion a year and has 40000 agents He assert ed the US State Department has TV Guidt Pulfout Section an additional 32000 Diefenbacker gets big Japan welcome TOKYO un Prime Minister iJohn Diefenbaker of Canada irode through the streets oi Tokyo in a decorated horse drawn carriage Friday or an audience with Japanese Emper er Hirohito The Canadian lead er delighted his airport welcom ers by delivering one sentence of his short arrival address in Japanese I have arrived in Japan and I bring greetings from the people of Canada Ke said in halting Japanese For Japan it was an almost un precedented gesture by a for eign dignitary FALLOUT IN JAPAN TOKYO fall out from the Oct 23 Soviet superbomb explosion began reaching Japan late Thursday the Central Meteorological Ob servatory announced Russ tanks at border point BERLIN AP A score or setting the stage for a toughening more of Soviet tanks moved into position in East Berlin overnight ONLY THE NEWSPAPER fills the sports fans yearning for facts and figures Every thing from box scores to fish ing regulations are there in black and while for the fans delight of the Soviet position on Western rights in the city A few hours later Premier Khrushchev served notice the So viet Union has no intention of guaran teeing indefinitely the Western powers access to the city He told a Moscow audience the West is threatening war to back up its position here He insisted however that the Soviet Union has no designs on West Berlin And Friday with US tanks standing by Army jeeps moved into East Berlin escorting a small gray American car It was the third straight day for the Army to send troops across the border The main issue in Berlin at the moment was the right of the United States and its allies to civilian officials into East Jerlin without identifying them to he satisfaction of the East Berlin police US Ambassador Llewellyn Thompson filed a protest on this
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