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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 26, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North fowoi Daily Newspaper for CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 1M The newspaper that makes all North I o wans neighbors AMocltted Frew UM Unitod International Full Wiret MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 16 Wl Paper Conslsti ol Two SectionsSection On No If East Berlin border hostility worsens Gretchen discovers 3rd Reich German girl learns facts By ROWLAND EVANS JR New York Herald Tribune News Service FRANKFURT AM MAIN This is about the girl behind the counter at the tourist of fice Age 22 born in Frankfurt spent the war at a remote vil lage 60 miles from here beau tiful blonde and blueeyed saw Hitler once I was 5 then He came to our city I can only a little But I remember all the teachers inmy school went to the street and cheered for him They are still teaching yes at the same school After the war when Gretchen came back to Frankfurt with her mother there was more school more arithmetic sci ence literature and some his tory The history was what was interesting We studied much history she said But not much about Hitler I know well German history through Hindenburg We did not have much German his tory after Hitler went to see Hindenburg I dont know why Hitler went to see Hindenburg many times but the crucial oc casion was Jan 30 1933 when Hindenburg made him chan cellor and he began his rise to world power and infamy Why didnt they teach Gret chen about Hitler I dont know I really dont she said We never talked about him We hardly talk about him today Sometimes they put things on the television telling about those times but my fa ther says nothing only turns off the television Gretchen took a trip to Amer ica not long ago with her moth er She went to a movie in New York and during the movie they happened to show a documen tary of one of the Hitler concen tration camps Her face was contorted with surprise pain as she told what she had seen She asked Are these things true Did it really happen When she left the movie that day in New York she said I could not eat for several hours It was hor rible Thomas Braden the Califor nia publisher was sitting with Gretchen and me sipping tea in the tourist office He reached into his suitcase and pulled out Shirers remarkable history The Rise and Pall of the Third Reich and flipped to the part about the concentration camps the medical experiments and the other atrocities of the Hitler period Instead of being repelled Gretchen was alive with curios ity She skimmed the pages not with the avidity of a sensation seeker but with the wideeyed innocence of inexpressable sur prise The she asked V Did he Shirer see these things Did he really watch this with his own eyes No we explained but he got his information from people who had seen it with their own eyes from the cold print of of ficial records and from the physical evidence that still was there for any one who wished to take the trouble to visit Bel sen and Buchenwald and Ausch witz Would you read this book if I gave it to you Braden asked Oh yes she said It would please me very much I prom ise you I will read the book if you will only let me have it When we left the tourist of fice Gretchen was lost in the book about Hitler We bought the paper and read about the latest killings along the Wall that divides East and West Ber lin Gretchen will learn about Hitler if she reads Shirers book It is well that she does She should understand the con neclion between Hitler and the Wall between the Eastern Eu ropcan hatred of the German and the Warsaw Pact mancuv en now going on in East Ger many US calls on armed guards BERLIN iff US troops Thursday moved across the border into East Berlin for the second straight day to reassert the right of Americans to move unimpeded The East German police closed the Friedrichstrasse crossing but reopened it when calm was restored US tanks provided a backdrop for the convoy across the dividing line but were with drawn later A formal protest is being sent to Moscow US diplomats said The situation flared up and died down in less than an hour The Friedrichstrasse crossing known as Checkpoint Charlies to GIs went back tonormal and was again open to raffic by nonGermans It is he only crossing between East and West Berlin that is left for he use of Americans and other breigners The days main incident at the checkpoint began when an American driving a blue sedan with U S Army license plates drove up unescorted seeking ad mittance to East Berlin The Dale Simon Mason City salesman is killed Phatotax PLEASE COME BACK left behind are the same r expressions tell the story faces of loved ones friends with the 134th Ordnance Co New York National Guard egardless of what war what crisis These who left for active duty at Ft Dix NJ This photo was taken as of the departure of husbands and boy the 23truck convoy pulled out Nobel lit prize to Yugoslav STOCKHOLM Sweden wt The 1961 Nobel Prize for litera ure was awarded Thursday to the Yugoslav novelist and pre war diplomat Ivo Andric 69 The prize worth is the irst Nobel award ever to go to Yugoslavia Andric was nominated for the rize last year and was elimi nated only in the last round Andrics greatest work is an listorical Miss The Travnik Chronicle and The Bridge on the Drina It and most of his work are about his native Bosnia and its people The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters said in its citation hat Andric was given the prize or the epic force with which ic has depicted themes and hu man destinies from the history of his country The academy has 18 mem ers The chair of the late UN SecretaryGeneral Dag Ham marskjold one of its most prom nent members and the winner f the 1961 Nobel Peace Prize s still empty Andric served in the Yugoslav diplomatic corps from the 1920s until World War II His last dip lomatic mission was as Yugo slav minister to Berlin and he returned home only a few hours before the first Nazi bombs fell on Belgrade Andric is the fourth person to be given a Nobel Prize this year FAIR North Iowa Fair and warmer Thursday niglit lows in the 30s Partly cloudy windy and 60s Iowa Fair and warmer Thurs day night lows in the Partly cloudy windy 30s and warmer Friday highs upper 60s east Further to lower outlook Orders clampdown in face of deficit WASHINGTON Kennedy Thursday called for warmer Friday highs in the caution and economies in gov ernment spending to balance the budget next year Kennedy in a statement to Kennedy is faced with a pros pective federal deficit of near ly billion The White House did not say how big a tuck Kennedy will take in expenditures But press secretary Pierre Salinger said his Cabinet said it will be nee1 this would be reflected in the essary to postpone or limit in1 midyear budget review which 70s westjcrease in a number of governwill be made public Sunday Partly IVO ANDRIC On the inside Editorials Pagt 4 Soeiefy News 1910 lorth Iowa Ntws 12 iports 15U Markets 18 Mason City Ntws 1819 omits20 liar Lake Transit ScheJule cloudy and mild Saturday Minnesota Fair Thursday night not so cold except in extreme northeast lows 28 35 northeast 3238 west and south Variable cloudiness and warmer Friday highs 50 ex treme northeast to upper 60s southwest and extreme west GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Wednesday Maximum 55 Minimum 28 At 8 a m 32 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 33 ment programs which othernight wise would be desirable Kennedy urged agency heads He also said the government i to cut down all spending corn payroll must be held to the minjmitments not absolutely nec iniuni necessary to get jobsessaryto the national interest done I at this time SAME DATE1960487 Blick Flat In Means traffic Death 51 N ews m a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES kidnap threat ENCINO Calif Police protection was given Kay Gable widow of the late actor Clark Gable following a report of a plot to kidnap her 7month old son John Clark Gable To probe Dogs death UNITED NATIONS The General Assembly by a 970 vote has authorized an international in vestigation of the death of Dag Hammarskjold A promise to S Viet Nam WASHINGTON President Kennedy promised that the United States will help South Viet Nam protect itself against Communist Assassins His pledgewas contained in a letter to President Ngo Dinh Diem on the sixth anniversary of South Viet Nams independence Insect beware NEW BRUNSWICK NJ Science may be on the of conquering the housefly and other in sects Scientists at Olin Mathieson Chemical Corp said they have developed a new chemical that makes insects sterile which could be the turning point in the fight against houseflies mosquitoes and other insects School board remains defiant TWIN LAKES embattled Twin Lakes school board again has defied a state order to get rid of the ancient McGuffey readers maintaining it has the right under an old Wisconsin law to pick its own textbooks The board said it stands on the principle of home rule as opposed to state dictator ship Mason Cityan charged in liquor sale Donald L Lee 31 1417 Hamp shire NE was bound over to He also said he believed the government could function ef ficiently with fewer employes than Congress voted funds for The White House declined to say whether this tneant a re duction in the present federal force or a freeze on govern ment jobs The President emphasized the need for a slowdown in antire cession spending programmed earlier this year for specific antirecession purposes saying the recuperative force of prii vate enterprise has reversed the downward trend in income and employment and brought about steady and strong recovery Kennedy made these other points In view of prospective gains in the economy he still plans to submit a balanced budget for fiscal 1963 to the Congress in January barring extraordinary and unforseen defense require ments CRASH KILLS 14 TOKYO landslide bur Federal District Court Thurs day by U S Commissioner Thomas Jolas on a charge that he sold liquor without payinD the federal tax required of liqIed a onecoach passenger tram uor retailers Thursday killing at least 14 Lee was arrested Wedncsdaypcrsons and injuring 34 others evening at the HiFi Tap which Jin Oita Prefecture southern he operates at 116 N Federal I Japan police reported by men of the federal Alcohol Tax Divisions office at Omaha The federal men were accom panied by Mason City police officers One of the federal officers purchased a serving of whisky according to the report and then two other federal tax agents and two city police offi cers entered In the search which followed about a quarter pint of whisky was found and seized in addition to the liquor purchased officers said No decision has been madcj as to whether state or city ac tion will be taken The evidence obtained by federal officers is not necessarily available for state prosecution In addition while the City Council may withdraw the taverns beer li cense Lee must be presumed innocent of the federal violation until convicted Lee was released on his own recognizance Clinton Comanche polluting river DES MOINES Wl S t a t e liealth officials charged the City of Clinton Thursday with failure to actdn recommendations made seven years ago to halt pollution of the Mississippi River The town of Comanche south of Clinton also was cited in a re port by Slate Health Department engineers with polluting the riv er Dale E Simon 31 Mason City salesman for Frozen Foods Inc iwas found injured about am Thursday in a waterfilled drainage ditcha few feet from where his car slammed into a bridge abut ment east of Fort Dodge Simon who lived at 668 19th SE died a short time after reach ing a hospital at Fort Dodge Two Fort Dodge men found Simon partly submerged in aboul two feet of water in a ditch un derneath a bridge on US 20 about 7 miles east of Fort Dodge Au thorities said he had evidently been thrown from the car by the impact of the crash Simon had registered late Wed nesday at a Fort Dodge Motel Authorities said that apparently he had lain helpless for a consid erable length of time because his car was covered with frost Surviving are his wife Betty and three small children Sharon Ricky and Edward He was pre ceded in death by his parents within the past few months He was a member of Trinity Lu theran Church Funeral arrangements are in complete The MajorErickson Funeral Home is in charge Firemen late Thursday morning answered a call to 1320 Pennsylvania SE and ven tilated a house where consid erable smoke had been caused by a shorted cord to a coffee maker Part of the official re port read Owner Frank Hesse Occupant Hesse Officer in Charge of fire Frank Hesse Officer Getting Data Frank Hesse East German police refused to admit him unless he identified limself and he declined to do that It was plain the unidentified American had been sent up to the border as a further test of the rights American authorities claim for movement about the city When the driver came back three U S Army jeeps carry ing American Military Police men joined him for another try The East German police stood aside to let this military group and the sedan go by After convoying the sedan into East Berlin the military police men withdrew and the sedan cruised around alone in the Com munistcontrolled sector East German police stopped the car but the US Military Police came alongside again and brought the car safely back American tanks at the border were revving up their motors meanwhile Then the East Germans backed upby a show of 50 or more of their Vopos peoples po lice prepared to erect a heavy chain across the frontier We are closing the border until this nonsense stops an officer of the East German police said The sedan placed itself be tween the returning jeeps and the convoy came back into West Berlin After the incident the bor der crossing point was closed by the East Berlin police The East Berlin police brought up to the crossing point two armored personnel carriers with helmeted East German police A company of police also was marched up to the frontier and took up positions on the eastern side of the frontier In the hour preceding the new show of force the US Army brought up six jeeploads military i of steelhelm eted military pp FiVeman Hesses wife called JHce armed with M14 automatic in the smoke report nfles and weannS bulletproof v ests US BUSES AT BERLIN Car of theUS military police leads two American sightseeing buses into West Berlin at the Friedrichstrasse border crossing point after East Ger man police demanded passengers show identification papers at East Berlin checkpoint US Army officers decided AP Photofax to turn the buses back to West spare Women passengers undue harass ment In foreground is one of Ameri can Patton tanks positioned at crossing point earlier in day to enforce right of US occupation forces to move freely in the dividedcity
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