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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 24, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North lowaV Daily Newspaper Edited Hw VOL 100 MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The newspaper that makes all North lowant neighbors MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 24 1941 Copyjvrhii Piptr ConsUU rf Two No II Aiioclated Prcu and United Press International Full Wires Big Red Ablast raising outcries How JFK views the world e An era full of tension By DAVID WISE New York Herald Tribune News Service Increasingly in his public statements Presi dent Kennedy has revealed to the American public his per sonal mood in a time of great national crisis In no one speech has the President said everything that is on his mind But taken to gether Kennedys recent ad dresses and press conferences provide a fairly clear picture of how he sees the world from the lonely burdensome vantage point of the presidency It is a grim and detached assessment of the times and it can be summarized about like this Kennedy does not believe there will be a war over Berlin But mankind may yet destroy itself The American people are liv ing in the most dangerous time in history Atomic weapons are spread ing and Americans are destined to live in tension peril and un certainty for the rest of their lives For some months since the Berlin crisis began boiling in the weeks after his Vienna meeting with Soviet Premier Kennedy has been saying these things in private to friends advisers visitors and influential citizens But increasingly in recent weeks he has begun to say them in public In Berlin the President fore sees a long crisis ahead But he feels that Khrushchev is now convinced that the United States would go to warif the Soviet Union chokes off Allied access to West Berlin Consequently he does not believe that Khrush chev will take this ultimate step President Kennedy predicted long years of crisis and turmoil as far back as his inaugural address Jan 20 but at the same time the administration nur tured high hopes when it took office of achieving a radical improvement in relations with the Soviet Union A nuclear test ban treaty was thought to be possible In part this was due to the normal optimism of a new team taking over at the White House In part it was based on private inform atioo such as the impressions brought back from a visit to Moscow last Novem ber by Walt W Rostow an as sistant to President Kennedy for national security affairs And in part it was based on such concrete gestures as the Soviet release of the two im prisoned RB47 airmen Vienna was an eyeopener for the President Khrushchev was intransigent on every outstand ing EastWest issue except pos sibly on Laos The President and his advisers came away from Vienna knowing that they faced a new Berlin crisis that the hopedfor reapproachment with the Russians was not to be and that it would be only a matter of time before both sides resumed nuclear testing And so the postVienna mood of the President has emerged with increasing clarity We move for the first time In our history through an age in which two opposing powers have the capacity to destroy each other and while we do not intend to sec the Free World give up we shall make every effort to prevent the world from being blown up Those arc the words of Presi dent Kennedy in October 1961 after nearly nine months in of fice and nine months of almost crises But U S to bear brunt Heavy fallout in Russia WASHINGTON UP The Soviet Union is getting a back fire of radioactive fallout from its mammoth nuclear explosion US Weather Bureau scientists reported They said the fallout was carried on winds blowing south to southeast overthe USSR Since it was likely the bomb was fired high in the atmos phere Robert List chief of the bureaus radioactivity proj ect said only a small fraction of the fallout would sift down immediately that the greater portion of it would be sucked into the stratosphere and would come down perhaps next spring But considering the size of the blast said List the amount of radioactive debris blowing over Soviet farms villages arid towns would be appreciable US scientists said however that in the long run the United States will get most of the fallout Nobel priiewin ning chemist Dr Harold C Urey said the fallout will be unpleasant but not at all N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES New British Asub LONDON Lord of the Admiralty Charles OrrEwing announced that Britain has ordered a second nuclear submarine to be built Britains first nuclear submarine HMS Dreadnought was launched 12 months ago and will go into service next year Kantaga pact ratified LEOPOLDVILLE Congo United Nations headquarters has ratified the Katanga ceasefire and Katanga president Moise Tshombe has been in formed of the terms His reaction still is unknown New S American violence MEXICO CITY New violence and antigovern ment activity flared throughout areas of Latin America Bolivia Peru Ecuador and the Dominican Republic were scenes of unrest Chou leaves in haste MOSCOW The abrupt departure of Chinese Communist premier Chou EnLai from the 22nd Com munist party congress gave sharp emphasis to the SovietChinese differences over Albania U S accused in slaying HAVANA Cuba officially accused the United States of killing a Cuban worker at Guantanamo Naval Base and demanded that American officers be delivered to Cuban authorities for trial for the crime US officials have reported that the mans body was found inside the base a few days ago and that an investigation was being made Berlin guards back down BERLIN East Berlin border guards backed down when three Americans defied a new Com munist restriction on civilian travel through the Berlin wall The driver of a car said that when an East German policeman stopped him I told him I was not going to show him my papers There was a brief argument and then I was allowed to pass Photolax I GOTTA GO Kermit Schroeder of Wisconsins 32nd Division keeps an anxious eye on his topkick while his sweetheart Cynthia King kisses him on the check just prior to the divisions trip from Milwaukee to Ft Lewis Wash Both the soldier and his sweetheart are from Milwaukee A wave of disgust generated A says West UNITED NATIONS NY AP diplomats Tuesday assailed the latest gigantic nuclear bomb explosion by the Soviet Union a senseless but hope for any urgeni UN appeal to Moscow appeared o have vanished Sponsors of a proposed appea y countries close to the Soviei testing grounds were reported to riave given up the idea of seekini priority for their resolution aimec directly at a 50megaton ex plosion A concentrated Sovietbloc drive lack of any general suppor the eightnation group to withdraw the request for priority Denmark toldthe UN Politica Committee the resolution still stands Government leaders scientists and newspapers especially in Western Europe and Japan ex pressed shock and horror at the 30to50 megaton blast set off in the arctic Monday Indias Primi Minister Nehru said he wa deeply pained and shocked Thet Russian people themselve were unaware of the blast not re ported either by the Soviet gov ernment or press In Italy tens of thousands o high school and university stu dents marched out of classes and paraded through streets in a doz en cities in protest against the Soviet blast British pacifist and philosopher Earl Bertrand Russell 89 led a banthebomb delegation to the Soviet Embassy in London to de liver a protest letter and said aft erward We had a nice inter view but in the end it was too much for the Soviet charge daffaires Russell said the Russians told him there would be no fallout from the blast But British De fense Minister Harold Watkinson said the British government is taking steps to make substitutes for fresh milk which might be contaminated from the Soviet blast West Europes newspapers were almost unanimousin their con demnation of the explosion as an act of terrorism without any sci sntific justification Japanese were alarmed by a warning from experts there that highly radioactive rain and dust from the blast would reach iheir shores around Friday The Tokyo government called a conference of scientists to decide whether the expected levels of ra diationwould be harmful to hu mans The experts sought ways of coping with water and vegeta ble contamination Western observers said the ex plosion of the big bomb could have been due to an attempt by the Russians to speed their cur rent atomic test series to head off an avalanche of adverse world opinion According to this view the Kremlin thus could accept the inevitable protests from abroad without having to bear the additional burden of further outcries against planned Russian nuclear experiments On the inside Editorials 4 Society News 19 Clear Lake News 10 Sports 1314 North Iowa News 15 Latest Markets U Mason City News 1617 Comics H Farm Newt 19 OPENING NIGHT of Labor Arthur Goldberg meets New York Metropolitan Opera stars back stage after1 seasons premiere per formance He holds hands with Leon tyne Price who sang the female lead in Photdfax The Girl of the Golden West and Richard Tucker who sang the male lead It was personal intervention last summer by Goldberg that savedthe Met season after labor union difficulties threatened cancellation Smash into police cars In hurry to get married Polaris a worry to Russ Underwater tests pushed WASHINGTON Soviet underwater nuclear test indicates the Soviet Union is making a ma jor effort to counter the mounting force of US Polaris submarines The report by the US Atomic Energy Commission that a rela tively lowpowered nuclear explo sion was set off under water south of the arctic island of No vaya Zemlya was overshadowed by the rest of the AEC announce ment That was that the USSR also had detonated in the atmosphere overthe Novaya area a nuclear device of very high yield possi bly as much as 50 megatons but more probably on the order of 30 megatons About the same time the Soviet defense minister issued a state ment that the problem of de stroying rockets in flight has been solved successfully The ambig uous phrasing of Marshal Rodion Y Malinovsky left in doubt his exact meaning But there could be little doubt about the significance of the two other Soviet experiments ROCK ISLAND 111 UPI young Iowa couple who said they were eloping led authorities on a highspeed chase for about 50 miles be fore their car crashed into two police cars blocking a bridge here early Tuesday The youth Phillip Traman 19 rural Burlington was charged with reckless driving resisting arrest and disturb ing the peace The girl Kathleen Johnson 16 Danville Iowa was treat ed for facial injuries and lac erations and released after she was injured in the colli sion with two Rock Island po lice cars Rock Island police said Miss Johnson said they eloped Rock Island authorities said the wild ride began in Des Moines County Iowa They said the couple drove north through Muscatihe pur sued by various county au thorities and police The car ran a road block at West Davenport and con tinued across a Mississippi River bridge over to Rock Is land where two police cars were waiting at the bridge exit Rock Island police said Tra mans car plowed through the two cars demolishing one and heavily damaging the other They said the youths car stopped a block further heavily damaged Police said they found five bullet holes in his car which apparently were picked up somewhere along the wild ride Traman also ran through property belonging to the fed eral government when he crossed an island occupied by the Rock Island Arsenal in the Mississippi River He also will face charges in Iowa police said SViet Nam files formal complaint SAIGON South Viet Nam AP South Viet Nam formally charged Communist North Viet Nam Tuesday with sending regu lar troops into this country to car ry out a campaign of subversion against the proWestern govern ment of President Ngo Dinh Diem Diems government made its charges in a 16page letter to the international commission and asked for an investigation The letter included documents purporting to be diaries picked up in clashes with Communist Viet Cong rebels transcripts of prison er inteiTogation and records of Red agents who supplied North Vietnamese with food guns and ammunition Members of the US factfinding mission led by Gen Maxwell D Taylor were known to feel the documents present a significant and generally accurate report The South Vietnamese afction could be a move to lay a legal basis for any US intervention that might be decided on by Wash1 ington and Saigon to counter spreading Communist attacks Taylor President Kennedys special military adviser has de cided on the broad outlines of the proposals he will make ClOUDY North Partly cloudy to cloudy with scattered showers or thundershowers Tuesday night and Wednesday Locally warmer Tuesday night lows 4045 Highs Wednesday in lower 60s Iowa Increasing cloudiness Tuesday night and Wednesday with scattered showers or thundershowers central and east and intermittent light rain northwest andnorth cen tral Lows Tuesday night in the 40s Highs Wednesday in lower 60s Further outlook Partly cloudy little tempera ture change Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy show ers Highs Wednesday near 60 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Tuesday Maximum 63 Minimum 37 Discoverer rocket fails to orbit VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE Calif Discov erer satellite was hurled aloft Mon day but it failed to go into orbit ivhen the second stage rocket shut off too soon tne Air Force said Aboard the 81foot Discoverer 33 an instrument capsule that scientists had hoped to recover over the Pacific if all went well But the capsule fell burning into the South Pacific with the rest of the 25foot long satellite when he rocket engine did not burn long enough to give the vehicle sufficient velocity to make it into orbit At 8 am Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 43 58 18 ONLY m NEWSPAPER ONLY THE NEWSPAPER is packaged so conveniently that Mom can read the womens news while Dad scans the sports and Little Brother chuckles his way through the comics The big bomb is intended as an offensive weapon to intimidate the West with the prospect of mass destruction But underwater nuclear weap ons and antimissile missiles if indeed the latter have been de veloped by the de signed to repel retaliatory strikes which the United States promises to unleash if the Soviet Union makes war The danger from submarine launched missiles looms large for the USSR At least four atomicpowered Polaris submarines are on station within range of Russian targets Deputy Secretary of Defense Ros well Gilpatric said last Saturday that six such submarines were at sea armed with 96 missiles One or two of them may be enrouta or getting ready to head for sta tions off the northwest European coast Eventually 10 Polaris soats will be assigned to the mis sile watch The underwater test Monday was a trial of an antisubmarine warfare weapon such as the USSR would include in a strike against the Polaris fleet In the antisubmarine nuclear weapon field the Soviet Union ap pears to be substantially behind the US program Atomic depth charges now are part of the US Navy arsenal The first underwater experi ment was made by American atomic weaponeers 15 years ago Navy antisubmarine weapons in clude depth charges for dropping from aircraft as well as ship launched charges The Soviet claim of having solved the problem of destroying rockets in flight was more diffi cult of analysis The first ques tion was the kind of rockets Mali novsky was talking about If there were comparatively shortrange tactical rockets flying at slow speed compared with intercon tinental ballistic missiles the an nouncement might not be star tling The US Army has been testing antimissile rockets against other rockets for some time But if Malinovsky was claiming that the Soviet Union had found a way of destroying or neutraliz ing an ICBM warhead this was another matter Millionaire who cared for derelicts winds up in jail Photofax S Cram mil lionaire socialite descendant of a prominent New York fam ily is booked at a Manhattan police station for maintaining a place where drug addicts congregate He told police he spent a day to care for derelicts in a loft in Harlem NEW YORK AP A million aire who used his fortune to help derelicts faced arraignment in fel ony court Tuesday on charges that hefed and housed six drug addicts in his Harlem shelter John S Ctam 51 a former stu dent at Princeton and Oxford uni versities and the descendant of a distinguished family that included a mayor of New York was ar rested in a raid on the shelter Monday He was taken into custody with six derelicts who were charged with possession of narcotics Two narcotics squad detectives who visited Crams shelter in a loft building at 2 E 110th St found a score of men sitting or lying on mattresses Among them were several suspected addicts Told to go along with the police Cram first removed three arm loads of clothing from a closet tossed them on the floor and in vited his charges to help your self A friend said that from his col lege days Cram has been deeply concerned with poverty and has devoted his time and money to relieving the poor Two hypodermic syringes and needles were found in a closet at the shelter Cram was charged with having permitted his premises to be used for the congregation of narcotics addicts and with possession of narcotics paraphernalia Cram toldpolice he had been spending about on the derelicts and had been maintaining his haven about six months It was his latest ap proach to a philosophy which once prompted him to hand put money on the Bowery He quit that he said because the re cipients used it to buy liquor Nobody looks out for drug addicts There will be nobody to feed them tonight The derelicts left behind werent happy either Said one who claimed his rent was due John was going to give mo the money for it I wonder what time hell back 1
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