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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 31, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North lowai Doily Newspaper Edited fer the VOL AiiocUtad ud ISDN CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The newspaper makes all North lowans neighbors nteratfoni rul Wlrei MASON CITY THURSDAY AUGUST 31 1961 To a Paper Consist fit Two No 2H The smug world of neutrality A definition of opinion By MARGUERITE HIGGINS New York Herald Tribune News Service WASHINGTONWhat is world opinion Considering all the pontifications of statesmen made in its name considering all the national poli cies molded and unmolded to fit its alleged specifications consid ering all the propaganda victories and losses charted up to its ac count the phrase world opinion has been revealingly elusive of definition or precise identification But last week end at Berlins Potsdamer Platz standing near the ugly barbed wire and cement Chinese wall separating the arro gant Communist East from the defiant Free West this corre spondent took a refresher course in what world opinion is not My instructors were two Mid dle Eastern students Egyptians who had flown in from London where they were university sen tors majoring in political science They were among many crisis tourists in Berlin that weekend What did they think of all this the tanks pointing westward the refugees sullen or more often weeping as they were turned back at the border and the East Berlin woman who died trying to jump to freedom It is unfortunate of course said the oldest student in his clip ped British accent but it is after all you Americans who are great ly to blame If you were not here none of this would happen Any realist knows that the Russians are going to take over West Ber lin eventually You are just causing trouble And in the Middle East we have too much to do to become involved in a conflict over who owns what part of a German city There is still time for the West to get out quietly and with dignity But the Egyptians were asked what about the principle of sell determination What about the fact that the West Berliners so visibly and determinedly Wantec to keep their freedom And any way hadnt Egypt itself taken plenty of risks and caused the world plenty of trouble in its own drive for self determination But our case was different said the Egyptian our case was nationalism Well there you rather there you arent There is no more point in arguing interna tional double standards than hu man double standards And in any case the cynicism of the Egyp tian attitudes was not really a surprise It was just compellingly dramatic there at the Potsdamer Platz because only a few hundred yards away one could see the tragedy and tears of those newly lost to freedom It is not necessary to travel i1 Berlin or to go interview the man fingered in the street in Calcutta to be re minded how hopelessly romantic America has been in the obeis ance it makes to so called world opinion A walk along Washing tons Embassy Row especially the newer sections comprising the so called neutralist serve the same purpose Long before Prime Minister Nehru made his ambiguous state ment about the Western position in Berlin it was evident on Em bassy Row that most Indian Bur mese and Indonesian diplomats had a massive disinterest in such things as West Berlin freedom and indeed many considered it a negotiable commodity in order to buy peace and quiet from the Communists so other commercial relations with East and West Germany could continue without disturb ance WHAT A MESS It took workers for the Chicago and North Western Railway all day to clean up the cars derailed southeast of Mason City early Wednes day morning A railroad wrecker from Marshalltown top and two bulldozers were used Not only did the cars have to be cleared from the way but there also was 2000 feet of track to be built There were over turned cars south bottom of the area covered by this aerial picture taken by Elwin Musser Globe Gazette photographer But the trains were running Thursday N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Superbomb no mystery WASHINGTON The chairman of the Joint Congressional Atomic Energy Committee says the U S has known for many years how to make a nuclear bomb with a punch of 100million tons of TNT Rep Chet Holifield said however there was little justification for such a weapon Russ move is blackmail WASHINGTON The White House described the Soviet decision to resume nuclear testing as a form of atomic blackmail designed to substitute ter ror for reason 56 guards to West BERLIN Fiftysix members of the East Ger man armed forces have fled to the West since the Communists sealed the border in Berlin 19 days ago West Berlin police reported WASHINGTON A crime investigator said he had information that Delesseps Morrison former mayor of New Orleans who is now a State Depart ment official gave a race wire service permission to operate in return for political support Why wipe out a city twice 100 megaton bomb of dubious value WASHINGTON WSome Penta gon atomic specialists said Thurs day they believe the Soviet Union would get more propaganda mile age than military value out of any super nuclear bomb with the blast power of 100million tons of TNT US officials have been discuss ing the possibilities ever since So viet Premier Khrushchev claimed three weeks ago that his scientists were prepared to develop such a superbomb There was no sign that the United States which is believed to have Hbombs up to 20 mega tons was being stampeded into a race with the Soviets to get the monster weapon first The propaganda value is greater than anything else one official said when told of the So viet announcement of plans to push ahead with creation of a superbomb US atomic experts stress that there is no arithmetic progression in the effectiveness of nuclear weapons that a 100megaton bomb such as the Soviets are talk ing about would not devastate a five times greater area than a 20 megaton weapon According to some estimates the destruction range would be about double and the total area of destruction about four times as great The key they say is the ef ficiency of the they claim the American nuclear bombs are very efficient Avail able officials could give no infor mation on the efficiency of So viet nuclear weapons One source familiar with the views of military atomic scientists said We have the capacity and we have the manufacturing proc esses to go ahead with a super bomb but our people said there is no point in doing so Whats the sense of killing a city twice was the way it was put What was meant was that 20 megaton weapons already are considered big enough to lay waste any target U S delays decision on Atest resumption Abduction and robbery FORT MADISON A tavern operator was robbed of and three persons were abducted for a short tinieby two armed men early Thursday Two men arrested after a brief manhunt and held on charges of robbery with aggravation were Clarence World shocked by move FROM OUR WrRE SERVICES Western world reacted with anger and regret Thursday to the unilateral Soviet decision to resume nuclear test ing The neutral nations were shocked bewildered and bitter at Moscows move British Foreign Secretary Lord rlome called the news shock Ing and charged that the Rus sians had been stalling dur ing the prolonged test ban talks at Geneva in order to bring their jlans for testing to maturity He accused t h e Russians of cynicism and of contemptu iusly ignoring the worldwide desire for an end to nuclear ests Home announced that he was ecalling immediately the British representative to the Geneva talks David OrmsbyGore and said that Britain now would have to reconsider the question of nu clear testing However the re call left the door open for a re sumption of the Geneva talks French government sources called the Russian announcement only a continuation of a policy of intimidation starting with the Berlin crisis They ridiculed the Soviet Tass news agencys claim that French nuclear testing was responsible for the Soviet de cision In Japan only nation ever hit by an atomic attack the pro Western government issued a statement saying that the Soviet Union should take the consider HUMID North Iowa Partly cloudy through Friday with a few lo cal thundershovvers early Thursday night Lows Thurs day night around 70 Highs Friday around 90 Iowa Partly cloudy through Friday with a few local thun derstorms Thursday south and eas evening Lows ation that great effect on the fu ture of mankind that its decision will have and it should cooper ate with other countries in reach ing an agreement to ban nuclear tveapons Thursday night near 70 Highs Friday near 90 Further out fair and warm but chance of cooler extreme north Saturday Minnesota Some cloudiness showers Highs Friday in low 90s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Aug 31 Maximum 93 Minimum 63 At 8 am 78 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 86 Minimum 70 SAME DATE1960354 pay for doctor is rejected DES MOINES UPl The Leg islative Interim Commit tee Thursday refused to approve the hiring of a staff psychiatrist for the Clarinda Mental Health In stitute at an annual salary ofi The committee split on a 55 j vote on a board of control quest to employ Dr Robert E Kennedy now working in the East A heated discussion broke out after the vote was taken Sen George OMalley said the commit tees action might serve to wreck Iowas mental health program The controversy over salaries paid to professional people at he state mental institutions arose anew last Tuesday during committee session at the Woodward State Hospital The committee last June set an 318000 a year ceiling on sal aries of psychiatrists employed DV the board of control but ater rescinded its action after receiving a number of protests Some of the committee mem bers said Thursday it was their understanding that an infor mal ceiling still is in effect for all new additions The move failed to muster the necessary six votees Five of the six Republicans on the comj mittee voted against hiring the psychiatrist with only Rep Conj rad Ossian Red Oak voting with the Democrats who favoredi the hiring Russia ready to go GALLANT HUSBAND John Farrell 55 sits in a Los An geles courtroom with his bride Dorothy 43 after he of fered to serve her sixmonth jail term for forgery Mrs Farrell said Farrell a printer gave her spurious payroll checks to cash shortly after their marriage last April Presecutors had no evidence against Farrell but he has agreed to plead guilty and serve the same sentence she was to serve The judge says he may accept the offer and dismiss charges against Mrs Farrell On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society News 567 Clear Lake News 89 Sports 1112 North Iowa News13 Latest Markets 14 Mason City News 1415 Comics 16 Hansell farm boy 14 killed Jensen 14 for treatment and then released son of Mr and Mrs Verner Jen sen who farm near Hansell was dlled instantly in a onecar ac cident inside the northeast city imits at Wednesday night Authorities said the car driven v i by Verle Sanderson Hansell ap At Belgrade Yugoslava the Arlo Parker 35 Mount Pleasant Wixom 27 East Moline III and William As for the new African nations the attitude was summed up the other day by President Phillibert Tsiranana of the Madegascar Re public who said of Berlin That doesnt interest us much its an affair between Europeans In his inaugural address Presi dent Kennedy said Fellow citi zens of the world ask not what America will do for you but what together we can do for the free dom of man But the truth is that the citizens of the newly emerging nations have not the slightest interest in the principle of the freedom of man uIess the man happens to be himself or just possibly the man next door Praise goes to Atlanta for integration peace ATLANTA by praise from President Kennedy Atlanta city and school officials believed Thursday the critical period was over in the desegre gation of four public high schools The second day of integrated schools began quietly as did the first Negro pupils assigned to the four schools walked un escorted into the policeguarded auildings Mayor William B Hartsficld said firmly the city has survived ts most serious crisis But police continued elaborate security measures ready to act promptly as they did Wednes day when five men were ar rested near the schools One of the men said he was a member of the Nazi party Inside the schools nine Negroes girls and three tended classes and ate in the cafeterias shattering Atlantas centuryold tradition of segrega tion The persons most vitally con pupils and teachers the transition in stride quietly and without incident Several of the Negroes said their reception was about what they would expect when enter ing any strange new school All agreed they found no hostility or discourtesy among their school mates Soviet decision shocked represent atives of 24 nonahgned nab ons gathering here for a summit con ererice Some called it a slap iin the face to the Belgrade con J ference Bitterest comment came over the timing of the Soviet state ment on the eve of the talks here Disarmament is one of the main issues to be discussed What a sad thing for them to do a member of the Indian dele gation said of the Soviet an nouncement It looks like they want to smash our meeting one Arab delegate commented White House denies Jackie is expecting WASHINGTON UPI The White House Thursday de scribed a dispatch reporting that President and Mrs Ken nedy are expecting a third child as completely untrue Associate White House press secretary Andrew T Hatcher made the statement in denying a New York Daily News story saying fhal Mrs Kennedy was pregnant Me said that dispatch and all based on it were completely untrue completely unfounded y gravel road and turned over Two other persons hospitalized are Sanderson the driver and Delmer Leedom both of Hansell Gerald Jensen brother of Steven another passenger in the car is still hospitalized in a state of shock Funeral services for Steven Jensen will be Saturday at pm at the GreenSietsfima Fu neral Home here and at 2 pm at the Zion St John Lutheran Church Sheffield Burial will be in the Sheffield Cemetery Surviving are his parents two brothers Gerald at home Ken neth with the US Army at Ft Lewis Wash a sister Joyce at home two grandmothers Mrs Eva Hansen and Mrs Johanna Jensen both of Hampton Photo ly Russell tUirman Hampton CAR IN WHICH STEVEN JENSEN HANSELL DIED WASHINGTON Iff President Kennedy said Thursday he is con fident that US nuclear weap number and capabilities are wholly adequate for the defense of the United States and the free world AP Phototax A White House statement is sued after Kennedy met with top government officials and congres sional leaders of both parties said nothing of any plans this Country may have to resume test ing of its own The big question as Kennedy conferred with leaders of Con gress and the administration was whether the United States would resume its own tests quickly Congressional leaders from both parties were among those who gathered at the White House for the emergency session Kennedy said Wednesday night that the Soviet move to end a threeyearold moratorium on nu clear tests leaves the United States under the necessity of de ciding what its own national in terests require Thirteen senators teamed up as sponsors of a resolution urg ing resumption of U S nuclear weapons tests The proposal was introduced by Sen Thomas J Dodd DConn as the Senate opened its session in a mood of icy anger over the threatening gesture from Moscow Sen Thomas H Kuchel R i Calif the assistant GOP lead jer spoke the views of many of his colleagues in accusing Sov iet Premier Khrushchev of sham and hypocrisy Action came quickly after Mos cow broadcast news of the deci sion which apparently caught Washington and other world capi tals by surprise Kennedy issued a statement de nouncing the Soviet step as a blow to worldwide hopes for dis armament He called Ambassador Arthur H Dean home from nuclear test I ban treaty negotiations with the I Soviet Union at Geneva And word went out from the White House that in the next 24 hours the President wanted policy meetings with his defense atomic energy and State Department ad visers and with congressional chieftains The statement did not forecast specific US counter action But it was learned that the adminis tration has plans ready and prep arations made for a quick re sumption of testing if Kennedy gives the order N The Soviet move coming in the midst of the Berlin crisis struck top Washington officials as a high ly significant turn for the worse in Soviet policy toward the rest of the world with these immedi ately predictable results 1 It will produce a new burst of effort by the big powers in the nuclear arms race especially as the Moscow announcement spoke of developing a 100megaton bomb Ua force equivalent to 100 million itons of 2 It an intentificetien ef the Berlin dispute with its danger
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