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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 1, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home VOL 99 MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Associated Press and United Press International Full Lease Wires MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 1 1961 7c a Paper Consists of Two SectionsSection No 154 Is war lawful for Christian Theologians debate evil By LOUIS CASSELS United Press International The great majority of Chris tians throughout history have held that war is an evil which may be justified under certain conditions as a tragic necessity This doctrine was based on the asumption that wars could be limited in scope and that they might have good as the defense of freedom and would outweigh the carnage and suffering The advent of nuclear weap ons has compelled Christian theologians lo make their own agonizing reappraisal of Ihe ancient rationale for a just war Most of them have concluded that allout nuclear war would entail horrors of such incalcul able magnitude and offer so little hope of any good out come that it cannot possibly be squared with the teachings of Christ BUT AT THIS point the theo logians divide into two groups One group believes that while it would be immoral to use nu clear weapons it is permissible fact stock pile them as a deterrent against their use by another power There is wide public support for this position and the Chris tians who expound it are in no danger of being pilloried as dangerous radicals THE OTHER viewpoint is far less popular Indeed it may im press many Americans as being almost as impractical as advis ing men to love their enemies or to turn the other cheek when struck Because it conflicts so sharply with prevailing national atti tudes this second viewpoint rarely gets an attentive public hearing It may get one now however because of a document which has just been published by the Photofax FEELING THE this lady had watched her waistline she wouldnt have found herself in this embarrassing predicament See page 3 for German rescue Ireland wants to join market Church Peace Mission It is en Christian Approach to FROM OUR WIhE SERVICES PARIS Republic f Ireland decided Tuesday to apply for membership in the European CommonMarket fol Nuclear War and it bears the lowing by a day an announce endorsement of some of Ameri cas most respected theologians ment that Britain also has de cided to apply for membership These theologians believe that Irish premier Sean LemassiR it is unrealistic to say that the Dail parliament in nation can possess nuclear that his government be THE ANNOUNCEMENT by Macmillan caused alarm among the Commonwealth nations who fear British membership in the market would wreck the pre ferential system that gives special treatment to their ex ports to Britain Australian Prime Minist e r oons without intending to useIieved that the republics in pons vuuioui unending 10 usc Illations with case thcm if war occurs s nego jtcresls dictated the step JUl lhue Makr iket countries He implied doubl THEREFORE THEY sav i The x EurojBrilain would push strongiy since Market agreedcnough in protecting Australian since unnsuans cannot conaone Tuesday to open negotiations Pvnnrf the use of nuclear weapons with the British government for P Britains entry into the econom ic community The decision was made in a New Zealand Prime Minister Keith J Holyoake said if Bri tain were to sign the EEC treaty as it now stands the re sults for New Zealand would be disastrous New Atlas shot tests atom power CAPE CANAVERAL Fla UP i successful 5000mile test If the United States lowers its Most of Britain s national Qight has moved an advanced neither can they justify stock piling them A national policy based on the threat of massive nuclear retaliation is unChris tian even if the threat is never actually carried out The theologians follow the logic of this argument where it leads them They call for a most serious and unremitting effort to achieve controlled multilateral disarmament But if that effort brief session of the foreign min isters of the six Common Mar ket nations They are in Paris for a quarterly meeting of the Western European Union WEU made up of the six and Britain WIDESPREAD PRAISE in Britain and on the European continues to prove futile as incontinent greeted Prime Minis has in the past they assert that ter Harold Macmillans historic US Christians must be pre pared to support a program of unilateral withdrawal from the nuclear arms race announcement Monday that Bri tain would seek negotiations to join the continental economic i group nuclear shield wont the Com munist powers promptly take over the world That is the newspapers supported the gov ernments move Most of Britains partners in specter that has caused otheritho sevennation European Free Christians to conclude that nuTrade Association EFTA quick horrible ly indicated they would follow clear arms however arc necessary flight Atlas missile nearer operationa status and provided valuable in formation for designing atomic power units for space vehicles The improved Atlas E mod el Monday scored its scconc DR GEORGE BUTTRICK and his colleagues answer this ques tion in the only way it can hon estly be admitting that there would be a risk of enslavement But they contend The risk of enslavement at the hands of another nation is not so fearful a thing as therisk of effacing the image of God in man through wholesale adoption of salanic means to defend na Popular vote for judges wrong method DES MOINES tPtDistrict Judge H a r v e y Uhlenhopp of tional existence they says Uic election of But the theologians say Chris jthe British lead in seeking asstraight success hitting a tar sociation or membership in the gct arca Off Ascension Island Common Market NEW ATLAS which is developed for greater tians have no right to assume that enslavement will necessar ily follow unilateral renunciation of nuclear force Christ taught that redemptive love is a power ful force in its own right and that it can in a real sense overcome evil in the world In the light of this teaching they believe we dare not un derestimate the positive effect thai a policy of reconciliation might tlons have upon hostile na judges by popular vole is wrong Speaking at a Drake University institute on stale and local gov ernment Monday Judge Uhlen hopp said judges must reflect the law not the popular will The average voter has not the time interest or facilities to find out about the men running for judgeships Judge Uhlenhopp said Judges stand or fall with their parlies running on national stale and local issues which arc irrelevant to their competence as judges THE being range and heavier payload lhan Ihc present operational model is to be ready for deployment late this year On its previous test firing an E rocket streaked a record 9050 miles The blazing reentry heat of the Monday shot burned through a special container altached to the side Brilliant yellow and violet flares erupted THE flares cores CAPSULE simulated Men and carrying the nuclear fuel cameras on ships in planes and on Ascen sion watched and recorded the flares and the ionizalion trails created by the disintegrating capsules The experiment could reveal much about how an atomic space generator would burn up and its radioactive contents dis perse on reentry into Ihc earths atmosphere lowans could survive attack By HARRISON WEBER Iowa Daily Press Writer DES are the odds of survival for lowansin case of a nuclear attack Fairly good if there is adequate warning and lowans know what to do following the alert said Frank P Williams chairman of Iowas Civil Defense Administration Taking the most pessimistic look we will get at least 15 minutes warning of a missile attack and one to two hours warning of a bomber attack ac cording to Williams Williams also is assistant divi sion commander 34th division Iowa National Guard Militarily he continued these first attacks should be against our retaliation efforts and for Iowa this means against SAC at Omaha THEREFORE WE have from 15 minutes to two or three hours warning with the probability of of the only nuclear fire being at SAC in the initial phases He pointed out wind patterns would carry fallout across Iowa Fallout however travels at the speed of wind As most of us in Iowa know from following storms across the state it could be several hours as you W progress away from Omaha before the fallout would reach various parts of Iowa the Cedar Falls businessman commented In effect this means even in the WEBER OmahaCouncil Bluffs and southwestern Iowa area there may be up to t vv o or three hours warning time and progressively across the state up to six or seven hours said the civil defense chair man HE SAID WITH this kind of warning and a knowledge of what one needs to do to defend ones self most of the people in Iowa could survive a nuclear attack Gen Williams explained they need only know that eight to 12 inches of concrete 12 to 18 inches of dirt two or three inches of lead or any solid mass similar to this such as brick or tile will protect them from radiation He said going down in the ground will help some but a protective cover will improve their odds materially In most homes if 12 inches of dirt were placed on the floor and the family went to the basement they probably would survive if they had two weeks food and water supply Williams commented He said the family also needs to be able to listen to CONELRAD with or without power IF WE COULD CONVINCE the people of Iowa that by having sand dirt or solid concrete blocks on hand to put over their heads or to shield them from the ground level around we would have almost 100 per cent survival Williams declared In response to a question Williams said the transfer of civil defense from a separate department to the department of defense is a move that cannot be evaluated until after the department of defense has had an opportunity to change the status of civil defense I believe the reason for this move is most mili tary men believe that if massive retaliation is a deterrent it can only be a deterrent if our civilian population is in a condition to survive the first punch and permit retaliation to be effective If this situation is to exist and if our people are to survive it is urgent that a better civil defense program be undertaken Williams asserted SHOOTS ice Britt 40 Smackover Ark lies chained on the runway of the airport at Chico Calif after seriously wounding a ticket agent Photofax and the pilot of a plane in an attempt to get to his hometown in Arkansas without a ticket Britt was over powered by the copilot and passengers Push for bill support WASHINGTON UPI Thelongrange financing of a devel House foreign affairs committeejopment loan program Tuesday overwhelmingly apj The committee voted 27 to 4 proved President Kennedys S43jt0 approve the foreign aid bill billion foreign aid bill iafter the leaders held a break quire additional congressional action for five years AT THE WHITE House and again following his committees action House foreign relations committee look the action jfast meeting with Kennedy ThQmas Morgan shortly after congressional lead the White House IDPa voted we will accept no ers pledged to refuse any comj The Senate foreign relations promise on a plan to authorize j committee approved a similar On the inside Editorials Page 4 Clear Lake News 8 Society News 1011 Sports 1314 bill last week The Senate is ex pected to begin debating it late Tuesday or Wednesday The House version provides mil lion more than the Senate bill Both bills however authorize a borrowing program totaling Latest 16 IS88 billion which would not re Mason City News 1617 i Comics 18 Farm Features 19 North Iowa News 22 ANOTHER SHOT MOSCOW Informed but unofficial sources said Tuesday it is likely the Soviet Union will ry to launch another manned space flight around the earth soon possibly within a week or 10 days There was no official confirmation RICKOVER ILL Pressure Kennedy on spending By JACK BELL WASHINGTON itfl Senate Democratic liberals are putting pressure on President Kennedy not to bow to the demands of congressional coalition for do WASHINGTON UPI Viccjmestic spending cuts to offse Adm Hyman G Rickovcr thejdefense increases nuclear submarine authority Sen Hubert H Humphrey o has suffered a mild heart the assistanl Demo tack the Navy said Tuesday ROLL OUT THE Grin stead left and Terry McManus Mercer I s hi n d Wash demonstrate their boat they de vised to enable them to walk on water AP Photofax Eight feel in diameter and eight feet across and built of plywood the craft is propelled by passengers who walk inside era tic leader kicked off th campaign Monday with a Sen ate speech calling for long range welfare planning to out do Soviet Premier Khrushchev 20year plan HUMPHREY WHO is m and out of the White House almos daily is known to have per sonally urged Kennedy to stick by his New Frontiers progran despite efforts by Republicans and Southern Democrats to force domestic retrenchments Kennedys recommendations for increased military spending in connection with the Berlin crisis were accompanied by a pledge for a balanced budget in the fiscal year beginning nexi July 1 Congressional economy advo cates have contended that there wont be a balanced budget un less domestic outlays are re duced sharply LIBERALS ARGUE that in creased government outlays will accelerate the economy anc bring in much higher Treasury revenues Sen Thomas H Kuchel of alifornia the assistant Repub lican leader said he like Hum phrey doesnt want to stop so cial progress But he said that runaway inflation might cancel any such gains if spending gets out of hand SAME DATE1960305 compromise this time During the meeting with the Congressional leaders Kennedy showed no willingness to com promise for three years instead of five on his request for the long range borrowing authority His stand apparently bolstered the leaders determination Other developments CIVIL DEFENSE Defense Secretary Robert S McNamara told a House subcommittee that several million Americans perhaps several tens of mil might be killed in a nu clear attack on the United States However he said Presi dent Kennedys new civil de fense plan could save at least 10 to 15 million lives Defense The Senate appro priations committee approved a peacetime record defense bud et of S468 billion to meet Com munist challenges in world dan ger spots The huge spending measure largest since World War II car ried all of the billion in new military outlays sought by Ken nedy to counter Soviet pressures in Berlin THUNDER STORMS Iowa Considerable cloudiness with showers and thunder storms Tuesday night and in south and central Wednes day Lows Tuesday night 60s northwest to near 70 south east Highs Wednesday 80s north to near 90 south Minnesota Considerable cloud iness with scattered showers extreme north and widely scattered showers and thun derstorms along southern border Tuesday night lows 50 extreme north to middle 60s south Variable cloudi ness Wednesday a little warmer highs 8288 GlobeGazette weather data ap to 8 a m Aug 1 Maximum 82 Minimum 66 At 8 a m 69 Precipitation 99 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 81 Minimum 59 Maytag official W Bones dies MINNEAPOLIS I Bones Sr 76 who for 34 years vas associated with the Maytag o as Midwest branch manager nd president of the firms ex erimental department died here unday
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