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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 19, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for thi Honw VOL 99 MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The AiiocUUd Preu and United Prcn International Full Least newspaper that makes all North lowans MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 19 1961 neighbors t To Copy Paper ConstiU of Four SectionsSection One No 241 Military move against Soviet threat mapped 13 ways in 1 which war 1 could come By JOHN HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON LiftThere are at least three ways in which the Soviet Union and the Western powers could go to war over Ber lin Involved are some surface is sues so trivial that the risk of a great conflict seems absurd Yet in Moscow and Washington the real stakes are recognized as of vital importance to the future in terests of both sides in the cold war The problem is that history ha encrusted the Berlin dispute witl layers of argument and complica tions of diplomacy that make i difficult to know at any particulai moment just what the shouting is about This worries Secretary o State Dean Rusk who sees the danger that the shouting maj lead to shooting without the peo ple in this and other Western nations understanding just what happened ONE OF THE big problems which American leaders face is that they do not know just how such a conflict would start and they find it difficult to know what to plan for Consider the three principal ways in which war might break out If Soviet Premier Khrushchev is prepared to press his case to that point the most dramatic chal lenge the Communists can make undoubtedly would be in the air corridors to Berlin The East ahead German Communist government already has decreed rules govern ing air traffic across German Communist territory It says the rules will be applied to the air traffic of the Western powers afti er a peace treaty is signed FLIGHT TO FREEDOM Refugees from Communist East Germany line up at West Berlins Tempelhof airport for a flight to West Germany Charter planes were ordered to relay to West Photofax Germany the increasing flow of refu gees that has come into Communist surrounded West Berlin The influx has been averaging 1000 a day in recent weeks and last weekend hit 4000 A tough fight says President after six months WASHINGTON President Kennedy summar ized his first six months in the White House by warning that there is a tough struggle Kennedy also noted that So viet Premier Khrushchev has serious problems to deal with in the Communist bloc such as a food shortage in Red China T7 c r i The President who took of Lnied States Britain fke on Jan 2Q said of the and France will not recognize peace treaty between the Soviet Union and East Germany as a document giving East Germany sovereign control of its own terri tory If East Germany tries to en force its regulations by shooting down Western planes flying to Berlin the action would provide a spectacular cause for war THE SECOND way in which the showdown could come is con cerned with the issue of recogni tion of the East German regime by the Western powers Once a peace treaty is signed with the Soviet Union it is conceivable that East Germany would demand the Western powers negotiate a cold war struggle My judgment is that the American people and this government and the Congress must realize that we are in a long struggle which we will be involved with for a great many years against very pow erful countries and that we cannot look for success on every occasion But I think if we have the patience and the willingness to take some setbacks with out taking unwise actions and recognizing that there are also other successes which may not be as dramatic to us but certainly come within Mr Khrushchevs cal culations that we can move through this period pro tecting our vital interest and our commitmentsa n d also maintaining the peace But no one should think that it is going to be easy The President said we have been pleased with the progress we have made inter nally as far as the economy the progress the country has made He added however that there still is a problem of chronic unemployment He said he was glad that bills w h i c h had been dis cussed for a number of years have passed and commented I am hopeful that we can add education to that and longterm borrowing author ity for foreign aid On the inside Society News Pages 67 Editorials 10 North Iowa News 11 Clear Lake News 1415 Sports 1718 North Iowa Mostly fair through Latest Markets Thursday Cooler Wednesday1 night lows 5662 Warmer Thurs day highs in lower 80s ma agreement covering their usc of access routes between West Germany and Berlin Assuming that the Western powers woulc refuse because such an agreemeni would be taken to imply recogni tion of East German authority the Reds might close their bor ders to all traffic Such a step would amount to a new Berlin blockade and the Western powers would be con fronted with an immediate deci sion as to whether they would use force to reopen the supply lines The use of force would inevitably involve an extreme danger of war THE THIRD possibility is that without insisting on a formal agreement the Russians would simply withdraw their own offi cials from border control posts and permit the East Germans to take over The Western powers would then have to determin whether they would permit Eas German border guards to process Generally fair through Thursday Cooler east and south Wednesday night lows 5560 Warmer Thursday highs in the 80s Further and little change in temperature Friday Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average 3 to 5 degrees below normal northeast and 5 to 8 degrees below normal elsewhere Thursday through 26 Mason City News 2627 Comics 28 Transit Schedule 30 Mantothemoon funds approved WASHINGTON W of U S space experts to land a man on the moon and return him advanced a big step in Con gress Wednesday compromise keeping a A SenateHouse committee while next Monday Normal highs watch television sets show are in the upper 80s and norjing the weatherdelayed at mal lows in the 60s Cool FritcmPt launch a second U S Kennedy to make report FROM OtK WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON Pres ident Kennedy said Wed nesday he will reveal to the American people and the world next week what steps will be taken toward strengthening the military position of the United States against Russian threats to Berlin Kennedy made the announce ment to a crowded news con ference after issuing a special statement urging Russia to re consider its course to return to the path of constructive co operation it so frequently states t desires The President said the de cisions on bolstering US mill ary strength will be concluded at a special security council meeting Wednesday HE SAID THE NATO Allies vill be consulted and that he hen will go on TV and radio next Tuesday night to report personally to the American lebple The following day Kennedy vill ask Congress for what ever measures the administra ion decides must be taken It has been reported that Cennedy is considering a dec aration of national emergency imited or otherwise to call up national Guard and reserve nits He was asked about this ut refused to disclose what is eing planned Kennedys s t e r n 1 yworded tatement on Berlin again the Soviet Union it was isking war over Berlin Ken eday made it plain though not so many words that this ounlry is ready to fight if need to keep West Berlin from ommunist engulfment The President said Khrush hevs real intent is to absorb ast Berlin formally into Com unist East Germany deprive est Berlin of the protection the Western powers and ubject it to the will of a to talitarian regime ALL IN DAYS WORK Carrying his portable air conditioner astronaut Virgil Grissom top photo emerges from Hangar S at Cape Canaveral Fla for the ride to the launching pad Hes followed by a technician who keeps in telephone contact with him Meanwhile back in the blockhouse Alan Shepard who became our first spaceman last May looks over the control panel With him is John Glenn backup man for both Shepard and Grissom The whole space flight Wednesday was scrubbed at the last minute however because of cloud conditions JFK in plug for schools Wants bills reconsidered WASHINGTON President Kennedy called Wednesday for congressional action on his aid to education program describing it as the most important legislation he has requested Kennedy told his news confer ence he hopes sponsors of the bill in the House will take advantage of every possible available pro cedure to bring it to a vote in that body THE HOUSE Rules Committee voted 87 Tuesday to table for the rest of this year not only the gen eral school aid bill Kennedy re quested but also two others Among other things these would provide some aid through loans to public and parochial schools and would provide college schol arships Eeferring to the Rules Commit tee vote Kennedy said seven out of the eight members who voted to table the bills were not sym pathetic to the legislation and did not support him in the 1960 presi dential contest Kennedy said he thinks Con gress ought to continue to provide oans to nonpublic schools for spe cific purposes He noted that the Health Education and Welfare Department had held in a report to the House that such loans would be constitutional KENNEDY SAID he agrees with that position so long as aid does not go across the board to such schools in a way he said would be clearly unconstitutional Private and parochial schools now may obtain loans for specific purposes under the National De fense Education Act A bill to ex tend that measure would provide also for loans for some types of building construction for those schools Kennedy himself has said that direct general aid to parochial schools would be clearly unconsti utional Despite the rules committees iction several steps are possible o salvage the entire school aid rogram But none is given much hance of success day warming Saturday and Sunday then turning cooler Monday Rainfall will aver age 10 to 25 of an inch north to around 50 of an inch in showers and mostly about Sunday thunderstorms Saturday and astronaut wrote an okay on a bill to authorize SI78 billion for space efforts The bill includes every cent asked by President Kennedy and his space experts Photolax TROUBLE SPOTS Tunisian troops and civilians have sur rounded French base at Bi zertc A and volunteers were reported moving toward French military post B 25 their official documents covering people and cargoes traveling be tween West Germany and Wes Berlin If they declined the East Germans might assert their au thority by refusing to permit a US British or French automo bile or truck to pass Again the question of force and the danger of war would instantly arise on the Allied side Western leaders arc going on the assumption that Khrushchev means what he says about his fu ture major moves with respect to Berlin and for weeks now they have been trying to figure out how to gel ready for any emer gency that may arise Minnesota Mostly fair Highs Thursday in 70s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Wednesday Maximum Minimum Precipitation Sunrise Sunset 85 61 18 SAME DATEWO287 THE PRESIDENT was asked whether lie was making deci sions on the assumption that a ground war was possible over Berlin He said he was mak ling his judgments on the rela tive power balance between I the Communist bloc and the Al liecl nations as well as on the attitude of the Communist bloc The decisions will be related to what possible needs we might have to protect our inter est Kennedy said He ex plained that the United States must operate a very long sup ply line whereas the other side is at the end of a very short one Other points touched on at the news conference were said Un dersecretary of State Chester Bowles has my complete con idencc and that he intends to iccp Bowles on until the end of his administration But he left the door open for a possible shift of Bowles to some other task although he said that my judgment is now that he should be undersecretary of slate Reports circulated widely in the last few days that Bowles was xon the way out and that Kennedy was dissatisfied with him as an administrator The President said today he never has asked for Bowies resigna lion and Bowles has never of fered one National economy Kennedy announced that preliminary cs timales put the value of the na tions production of goods and services at an annual rats of MOSCOW Soviet press and radio accused the west of billion in the second quar stirring up a war hysteria over the Berlin crisis and warned of the year He said this was the Soviet Union has all it needs to defend peace and deal a a sharp increase of billion crushing blow to warmongers This was the first Communist over the first quarter anJ re reaction to Western Big notes warning Kremlin versed three consecutive cjuar against moving on West Berlin lers dcdino Overcast again forces delay in space jaunt CAPE CANAVERAL Fla Wi The second US maninspace shot was scrubbed Wednesday for the second time because of weath er It was rescheduled for 5 am Iowa time Friday High cloud cover which moved cellation at 8 am of Wednesdays attempt to hurl astronaut Virgil I Gus Grissom into space The rescheduling of the space shot less than 48 hours after can cellation caught newsmen by sur prise They had been told by the postponment after the Redstone rocket had been fueled a mini mum delay of three days would be necessary The Project Mercury team worked the countdown to within 10 minutes 30 seconds of target in over this launching site andNational Aeronautics and Spacejtime then was forced to call a prevented necessary visual obserAdministration at a briefing Ivation of the shot caused the can House spokesmen accepted miles south of Tunisia in the increase voted Frenchheld Sahara Desert jby the Senate over the bilj Tunisia is seeking o force lion previously approved by Ihcj Franco to negotiate on with cooleijHousc The revised bill now drawing its forces from Bi goes back to the House and then the Senate for expected quick approval Monday that in the event of a N ews m a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES zertc and also is determined to plant the Tunisian flag in the Sahara Berlin ataglance WASHINGTON President Kennedy announced he will present plans toward strengthening the military position of the United States to congress and the American people next week He asked Russia to reconsider its course LONDON Foreign Secretary Lord Home told Parliament one false move over Berlin could easily plunge the continent of Europe into war French under attack BIZERTE Tunisia Ten thousand Tunisian troops police and civilian volunteers blockaded the big French naval base by land and air The French government said Tunisian forces opened fire on French planes at the Bizerte airfield Spelunkers bodies found ORLEANS Ind Rescuers have found the bodies of two young cave explorers who drowned 3000 feet from the surface when a flash floods wall of water thundered down upon them Ralph Moreland Jr and Thomas Arnold both 25yearold Indiana University students apparently died in their tracks when they were trapped in the deadend of a T shaped intersection Le test inconclusive OKLAHOMA CITY Okla Texas authorities undertook to find out whether William Estel Benson 41 really caused a 1937 school explosion that killed 293 students and adults or whether he is a victim of a grieftortured mind A lie detector test was incon was too nervous Heavy rain in South Iowa DES MOINES Heavy rain pounded scattered sections of Iowa early Wednesday dumping more than an inch of rain on Clinton and about two inches on Lamoni and Burlington halt The solid cloud cover made the desired photographic tracking of the rocket impossible His flight was first postponed Tuesday because of bad weather Grissom had been in the space capsule 3 hours 26 minutes when the decision to postpone was made AT THE TIME Grissom entered the capsule Liberty Bell 7 at am the sky was clear over the launch area As the countdown proceeded a high thin layer of cirrus clouds moved into the area and gradually thickened and moved lower At am the countdown had proceeded to within 10 min utes and 30 seconds of possible Just routine CAPE CANAVERAL Fla scientists moved Virgil Grissoms takeoff time up an hour in hopes of beating the weather the spaceman asked a friend to call his wife Betty at home in Newport News Va Tell her Ill be go ing to work earlier than planned he said firing At this time NASA of icials called a hold to assess hc weather More than an hour later lha count was recycled to 30 min itcs and holding and the scrv cc lower was rolled back around the rocket This allowed the rocket and space craft to go on external rower in order to preserve pow
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