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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: May 22, 1961 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 22, 1961, Mason City, Iowa                             North Iowas Daily Newspaper Cdittd for Hit Hemt MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION VOL 99 The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Associated inJ United Press International Full Lease Wires MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 22 1961 7c Copy Paper Consists of Two SecUonsSecUon Ont NO m One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE CGLO 113001 pm Sundu KWLC Decorah 1340 pm Sun WOI Ames 6101 mm Tueida WTAD Quincy 9301 pm Ttmri ffSUl City 910 am Freedom cant be conditioned FREEDOM OF SPEECH A guaranteed under the first and fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution is one of the most precious possessions of an American citizen whether he appreciates it or not This is the foundation on which news papers magazines books radio television and the movies oper ate Theirs is a freedom enjoyed no where else in the world But that isnt to intimate that this freedom doesnt have its bounds When the freedom is abused by libelous indecent or immoral expressions the gov ernment must intervene In short its freedom with re sponsibility Its this that gives added meaning to the blessings of our freedoms In this commentary I am go ing to discuss chiefly the cen sorship of movies Im promptec by a recent decision by the U S Supreme Court with an im portant bearing on this medium of entertainment The ruling in question is sig nificant because it marked change of direction so to speak in the court rulings on censor ship For two decades or more court decisions had been whittling away at censorship boards and giving the movie industry greater freedom BUT IN THIS ingthe Times Film Corp of highest di rectly upheld the power of cen sorship boards It held that cen sorship boards not only have the right to pass on pictures they have the power to pass on the contentOf films BEFORE granting licenses to show them to the public The usual from of public pro tection against objectionab matter in this country is pros cution AFTER the for example violation of th obscenity statutes has bee committed In the Times Film case however the Suprem Court approved control of th movies by prior restraint This is a form of censorshi feared by all communication media The decision came at a tim of mounting public protes against excesses of sex crim and violence not only in th movies but also on the screen and on the printed page The rise of juvenile delinquenc and sex offenses and crime i general has given new effective ness to demands of reformer for tighter rein on films TV stage and the printed word THE TIMES FILM CASE grew out of a Chicago ordinanc requiring all film to be ap proved by a censorship boan before showing Inasmuch a such rules as this are anathem to the film industry the Time Co sought a court order com pelling the Chicago censors t issue a license for showing Don Juan even though it had no been submitted for approval It was the film companys contention that under the firs and fourteenth amendments its right of free expression was in fringed upon by the application of the socalled prior restraint rule For many years Chicago court decisions had permittee exhibitors to proceed with the showing of a picture with the censors entering the case AFTER such showing Because of this it came as a shock to the film industry when the Supreme Court instead of declaring the prior restraint ordinance unconstitutional ruled that the Constitutional guarantee of free expression did not in clude complete and absolute freedom to exhibit at least once any kind of picture and that censorship could precede show ing the film SIGNIFICANTLY high court ruling was by one of those five to four splits weve been hearing about so much of late Four justices dissented on MISS IOWA PRESS PHOTOGRAPHER Kathi Kohlstedt 19 a Spirit Lake girl who attends beauty school in Mason City adjusts her tiara left after she was named Miss Iowa Press Photographer of 1961 At right she wows a group of the judges and photos by Jo Moore photographers who attended the groups annual meeting at Ames Sitting in with the judges is Betsy Beatle a University of Iowa student who won the award last year Presbyterians put OK on huge merger talks BUFFALO NY Presbyterian Church de cided Monday to open talks for unification with the Episcopal Church the Methodist and the United Church of Christ The historic action was ap proved with a booming voice Iht grounds that Continutd the decision 2 vote at the Presbyterians 173rd General Assembly Outcome of the issue had been of keen interest through out American Protestantism and also among Roman Cath olic leaders The denominations govern ing general assembly heard an appeal from the Rev Dr Rob ert J McCracken of New York Citys Riverside Church On the inside Editorials Page 4 News Quiz 5 North Iowa News 5 Mason City News 1011 Sports 1213 Comics 15 igovernor of Connecticut for three terms 192531 died Sun OUR UNITY in essentials is such that we should no longer tolerate purely factious divi sions he said Noting that there are 226 sep arate Protestant religious bod ies in this country he said Christianity can hardly be ex pected to heal the divisions of the world when the church it self is so lamentably divided The historic proposal for church reunion was made last December by the Rev Dr Eu igene Carson Blake Philadel Clear Lake News 16 Society News 2425 N ews in a EXGOVERNOR DIES HARTFORD Conn the presbyterians top ad H Trumbull 88 officer OTHER denominations be sides the four mentioned also would be invited to join the gotiations estimated to take at least 10 years More than 45 of the 214 re gional Presbyterian units nave Mason City student is photog queen Mason City beauty school student was named Miss Iowa Press Photographer al the groups annual conference Saturday held at Iowa State University Kathi Kohlstedt 19 Spirit Lake will represent Iowa at the National Press photogra pher convention next week at Wichita Kan Miss Kohlstedt was entered by Jo Ann Moore staff photog rapher of the Mason City Globe Gazette Miss Moore was elected secretary of the associa tion at the business meeting day after a short illness nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Rules against DuPont WASHINGTON The Supreme Court has ruled that E I Du Pont de Nemours Co must get rid of its 63 million shares of General Motors stock The 4 to 3 decision was a victory for the Justice De partment which has been insisting for years that only by a complete divestiture could Du Pont cure its illegal relationship to the giant corporation Johnson on way home ATHENS Greece Vice President LyndonB Johnson is flying homeward after a rigorous sixna tion swing through South Asia to reassure Americas allies from Formosa to Pakistan that Communist ad vances can and will be opposed Johnson said he came away from Asia strengthened and encouraged LeMay gets air post WASHINGTON Gen Curtis E Lemay has been nominated by President Kennedy to replace Gen Thomas D White as Air Force Chief of Staff Lemay has served as vicechief since July 1957 JFK meets Red newsmen WASHINGTON President Kennedy told a group of Soviet journalists there is a possibility of better understanding resulting from his Vienna meeting with Russian Premier Nikita Khrushchev June 34 Militia called out JOHANNESBURG South estimated 5000 militia and army reservists began reporting to help crush antigovernment and antisegregation dem onstrations which South Africas nonwhite majority has announced will begin next Monday Loos factions spurn Geneva GENEVA Cambodias attempt to bring the three leaders of Laos warring factions to Geneva in the hope of restoring peace to the troubled Asian kingdom has collapsed Prince Norodom Sihanouk chief of state of Cambodia said Premier Prince Boun Oum of the proWestern government and neu tralist exPremier Prince Souvanna Phouma both re jected his invitation to Geneva Russia criticizes new Korean regime urged the effort be launched Approval by the SWmillion member denomination at the current assembly leaves the next move up to the Episcopal church whose legislative con vention meets next fall The Presbyterians do not ac cept the hierarchy or authon tarian rule of bishops as do th Episcopals The final au thority rests with the genera assembly elected by the indi vidual presbyteries N I underground gas storage area wanted OMAHA lifi Northern Natu ral Gas Company announced VInoday it has asked the Iowa Commerce Commission for au hority to operate natural gas underground storage facilities n parts of Humboldt Webstei and Wright counties in Iowa The site is near Vincent Northern said 24960 acres vould be involved in the storage rea and eventually a compres or station pipelines and a num er of injection withdrawal anc bservation wells would be con tructed The company which has oper ted a similar underground stor ge field near Redfield for sev ral years has drilled some 30 lallow wells and one deep well o determine if the Vincent area 3 suitable for underground stor ge The drilling results were avorable Northern noted this rea also is near its main pipe ne EXTENSIVE FLOODING BELGRADE Yugoslavia lore than 20 days of steady ains have caused extensive ooding in central Yugoslavia helicopters rescued persons marooned on roofs Army boats avcd others LONDON Sunday described Dispatch 200 more marshals into Alabama Education bill tops the agenda Passage is expected WASHINGTON Sen ate resumed debate Monday or President Kennedys federal ai o education bill with leader pushing for passage by mid week This promises to be the majo action on the Presidents pro gram in Congress this week However Senate leaders als loped to put through the S49 nllion housing bill approved b the Banking Committee las veek This carries out all of Ken nedys recommendations in th field BOTH THE housing and schoo aid bills are on the big five ist discussed by the Presiden Before he took office Two of these depressed area and minimum wage already lave been signed by Kennedy The fifth a health care plan for he aged under the Social Secu System may go over unti 1962 Both House and Senate are stepping up their hours in ses ion and their committee sched ules with the fifth month of the 961 session almost over However it appears that the Aug 1 adjournment goal set by ongressional leaders will be ex eedingly hard to meet MUCH LEGISLATION re mains The appropriations bill specially are far behind sched le Not a single one for fiscal 962 starting July 1 has cleared he Senate and only three have assed the House out of the 12 j 14 that must be considered Moscow radio The House has a minor one the new mili tary regime in South Korea as an exceptionally serious threat to peace and security in the Far East In a broadcast beamed to North America Moscow radio called last weeks coup frankly Fascist It was carried through by the most reactionary interests of the Army SAME carrying funds to run Congress on its schedule this week Senate backers of the school aid bill were able to defeat all five attempts to amend it in four days of debate last week Pending is a proposal of Sen Prescott Bush RConn to bar any federal grants to racially segregated schools Shower belt passes to south of Iowa Iowa was treated to a real spring day Sunday and Monday was another one just like it The outlook for Tuesday is the same General showers had been in the forecast but the rain belt passed to the south of the state FAIR North Iowa Fair and cooler Monday night lows in upper 30s Fair and continued cool Tuesday highs in upper 50s Iowa Fair north mostly cloudy south Monday night cooler west and central lows 30s northeast to 40s southwest Generally fair Tuesday highs 50s northeast to mid 60s south west Further outlook Gen erally fair Wednesday and warmer FiveDay Iowa Temperatures for the five day period Mon day through Saturday will av erage near normal in Iowa Normal highs are the lower or mid 70s for the state Norma lows are in the lower 50s north to the mid 50s south It wil be cool at the beginning GJ the period with a rising trend Wednesday but cooler again on the weekend Precipitation will be from 25 inches north to 50 inches in the south oc curring Wednesday night or Thursday Minnesota Fair continuec pleasant 70s Highs Tuesday in GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 72 Minimum 40 At 8 am 54 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 66 Minimum 53 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Sunday Maximum 72 Minimum 45 Key state employes to get pay raises DES MOINES in reases for from one third to ne half of key state employes ere approved Monday by the owa Executive Council Comp roller Marvin Selden said the aises would amount to around per cent a year for each of the ext two years Selden said the ay raises generally are going technical workers in state overnment including deputy eads of nearly every majorj tate office QUAKE REPORTED SYDNEY Australia MP A mild earthquake shook Sydney and wide areas of southeastern New South Wales for half a min ute Monday Some 700 on duty in race riots Tries to head off trouble WASHINGTON UBAtty Gen Robert F Kennedy said Monday 200 additional US marshals are being sent to strifetorn Mont gomery Ala This will bring the number there to between 600 and 700 Kennedy said many of the marshals now there have been up for 48 hours that Alabama is a large state and that the Jus tice Department wants to be sure enough marshals are there Kennedy made his announce ment to a crowded news confer ence WHEN A REPORTER asked the specific reason for sending more marshals Kennedy re plied Obviously were not sat isfied with the situation or we wouldnt be sending more in The federal government is re ported determined to use any means available including a movein of Army regulars if necessary to maintain order in Montgomery Alabama Gov John Patterson has declared martial law in the area but maintains the mar shals are not needed Kennedy said the new mar shals would be immigration service men from across the country who were being depu ized He added that the marshals vould stay in Montgomery un 51 we receive assurances by action that the situation is un der control in the State of Ala jama He said he hoped the situ ation would straighten out KENNEDY ALSO said in re jponse to a question that he vould think without any ques tion you would have had a major blood shed in Mont gomery Sun day night if it hadnt been for the US Mar shals there Armed N a tional Guards m e n patrolled R Kennedy the Greyhound bus station and a Negro church where Sunday nights main out break of violence took place Others patrolled the downtown sector and its fringes in jeeps Federal deputies sent in over the Weekend also were seen on the streets City and county officers ar rested 18 white persons after the disturbance Photofax TROOPS IN MONTGOMERY A de martial law Was declared following race tachment of National Guardsmen rioting Several hundred whites tried swings past the Negro First Baptist to invade the church after 1500 Ne Church in Montgomery Ala when groes took refuge there AN ESTIMATED 1500 Negro worshipers returned home quietly in the predawn hours after spending most of the night in a church auditorium protective custody A mob had tried to get at them but by 5 am the church area was deserted except for 25 National Guardsmen left on guard duty Among the churchgoers were 18 of the freedom bus riders whose arrival in Montgomery Saturday touched off repeated attacks by clubswinging white men and women The socalled freedom riders were testing Alabamas bus segregation laws The trouble actually began a week ago The Congress on Racial Equal ity CORE began a much pub licized freedom ride from Washington BC through the south with the goal of deliber ately defying all bus and waiting room segregation customs The group made it with minor diffi culty through North and South Carolina and Georgia but ran nib violence at Anniston and Birmingham Ala last weekend A bus was burned The   

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