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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 16, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper for ttM VOL 99 MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE Thes newspaper that makes all North lovans neighbors ud United totenuUOBiJ roll Wlrt MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAY U Wl Copy TW Conlu o Two OM HOME EDITION lit S Korean army too powerful7 Reforms were slow in coming By JOHN RANDOLPH NEW YORK ffiThe military coup in South Korea confirms longstanding fears that the lit tle nations huge army might someday prove too strong for its feeble semblance of democ racy It also underlines deposed President Sygman Rhees iron clad subordination of the armed forces to Ms civilian control For seven years after the end of the Korean War Rhee kept his 500000 troops one of the largest standing armies in the worldeating peacefully out of his hand It took only 13 months after he fell from power in a students revolt last year for the soldiers to turn on his wellin tentioned but weak successors The coup was another blow to Western hopes for democracy in the new nations of Asia and Af rica Beginning with Egypt army dissidents have either swept away or transformed par liamentary regimes in the Su dan Iraq Thailand Burma Pakistan Turkey Laos and the Congo AMERICAN irritation at the coup was shown immediately in the Seoul embassys unusual call for support of Prime Min ister John M Changs civilian government With the South Koeran army in apparent physical control this looked like a bold bid to either persuade the coups lead ers to modify their stand or else to rally national support for Chang possibly from other army units not involved in the coup American intervention has been decisive before in Korea It was the American embassys indication of loss of confidence in Rhee last year that clinched the students revolt and sent the aged president into exile in Honolulu The reasons for the coup are simple THE BULK of tht armys listed men is drawn from Ko reas rice farms where grind ing poverty and depression have lingered for years Their offi unusually large share of the nations educated and talented young drawn from the educated classes of the towns and Koreas old nobility and country gentry Tried and tempered in the sufferings of the Korean War passionately patriotic terribly underpaid and unusually ideal istic many of the younger offi cers have dreamed of making over their country Egypts fiery Nasser and Pakistans deliber ate Ayub Khan have been their principal models Korean farmers hopes for re forms and price after the 1960 been dashed by confusion in Changs government and among the politicians in Seoul It is said widely in Korea that the farmers the bulk of South Ko reas 23 million population are off than ever before When rice crops are bad they are in deep poverty when the crop is good the price falls SYNGMAN RHEE power politician of the old school had no illusions about the dangers latent in his army As long as he was in control he kept the military strictly out of politics and broke up every military clique he and his ever present national police agents could de tect What will the army do now Obviously it wants a cleaner more inspiring and more ener getic regime The generals and colonels may try it on their own or they may set up another civilian government Whatever they do the army will probably remain the center of gravity in Korean politics It was always there But like an iceberg most of it never ihowed On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society Newt 8910 1314 Clear Lake Newt 15 Latest Markets U Mason City News U17 Comics II Farm News21 North Iowa News 24 Photofax FREEDOM RIDER NURSES Wal ter Bergman with blackened left eye feels bruises during interview on arrival in New Orleans by air plane with integrated group of freedom riders The group testing desegregation on an intrastate bus trip completed their schedule by air after beat ings in Alabama Sunday Dr Bergman age 61 and formerly a professor at Michigan State said the group plans to split up for the trip home and said he expected to avoid busses and Alabama Mom dad off again Its hello goodbye at the White House WASHINGTON Iff Three yearold Caroline Kennedy in a red and white striped sun suit was playing in her back yard sandbox Infant John Jr was in his carriage under a tree The little girl looked up from her play as a noisy helicopter settled down late Monday bringing President and Mrs Kennedy back to the White House after a jet flight home from their weekend in Florida Suddenly Caroline caught the windy backwash from the ro tors which kicked up a storm of newlymown ping it through the air She ducked in her sandbox When the door of the Army helicopter opened and the President stepped out he spied his daughter as her nurse Maud Shaw went to take her to greet her parents Mrs Kennedy her hair cov ered with a white scarf spotted Caroline She ran across the lawn to greet her daughter and knelt on the grass to take Caroline in her arms The President followed hat in hand The three then went to fake a look at 5monthold John Jr who was lifted from his car riage In a few moments the Presi dent strode tanned and smil ing into his office for a late afternoon appointment Tuesday More goodbyes as the Kennedys took off for a goodwill mission to Canada leaving the children at the White House Thursday Another home coming and another happy re union Natural gas customers will get refunds of less than Interstate Power Co gas cus tomers are going to get refunds totaling about during the next 12 months Residential us ers wont notice the reduction in their bills however With about 13000 customers in volved said Leslie G Hawkins local manager for Interstate the smaller users will get less than total refund over the 12 months The refund is the portion which trickled down to this area out of in overcharges madeby the Northern Natural Gas Co ac cording to a decision by the Fed eral Power Commission The commission which passes on all rate increases by Northern Natural disallowed a portion of an increase which was put into effect here Feb l 1960 The FPC ruled that Northern Natural should be allowed only 6 per cent return on its investment in stead of the 6 per cent which is being charged US vice rejected by South Korea junta Geneva parley opened Boycott by Royalists AP Fhotofax JOHNSON WELCOMED IN BANGKOK Vice President Lyndon Johnson left is welcomed with a warm handshake by Thailand Premier Sarit upon his arrival at Bangkok The Vice President arrived in Thailand from Hong Kong for critical talks on how to bolster this Communistthreatened country bor dering on strifetorn Laos In background is Mrs Stephen Smith President Kennedys sister who is ac companying bhe vice president on his goodwill tour FROM OTJR WIRE SERVICES GENEVA The Lao peace conference openec Tuesday four days late and boycotted by the prowest ern Royal government dele gation from Laos Its task was to come up wit a formula to neutralize th Tinyo country and to keep th fighting from spreading into major conflict No one Would venture to gues how long that would take SHORTLY BEFORE the eon ference opening which had beer postponed four straight days the Royal Laotian governmen balked at attending The reason was the preconference decision to set the proCommunist Pa thet Lao rebels and the Laotian neutralists at the sessions The decision meant that th parley called to discuss the fu ture of Laos would begin withou representation of the govern ment of that country which i supported by the Western pow ers Secretary of State Dean Rusk was known to dislike the deci sion to give the Pathet Lao rebels a place at the confer ence table but he was reportec to feel that with the sessions under way there was less risk of the fighting flaring up again in Laos and perhaps spreading to the rest of southeast Asia The West is expected seek a ban on all arms shipments to Laos in an attempt to solidify the shaky truce there THE U S British Soviet and French foreign ministers were reported to have reached tacit agreement to avoid raising is sues that might put new ob stacles in the way of negotia tions between the warring fac tions for establishment of a single coalition government So ar the talks in Laos are stil in the preliminary sparring stage The Western ministers at the 14nation conference here re portedly planned to take up only he international aspects of a final settlement to create an in dependent neutral Laos Theywere expected to work behind the scenes however to promote a political union of he three rival factions in the King dom is legislatures tab DES MOINES cost of operating the 1961 Iowa Legis lature came to exclu sive of printing offices of the chief clerk of the House and secretary of the Senate said Tuesday Secretary of the Senate Car roil Lane estimated printing costs for the session would come to 5163348 which would boost the total cost to 569 That would make the 1961 session the most expensive in history The cost figures for the 1959 p w as first that ran over 1 was lowan son die in Michigan accident TRAVERSE CITY Mich Air Force sergeant from Iowa and his 18monthold son were killed late Monday in light plane accident in Michi gan Sgt John McCarty 37 Ot umwa and his son Raymond died when a small plane owned a Kincheloe Air Force Base Flying Club crashed near Rapid ity in northern lower Michi gan McCartys wife Lillian 33 was the lone survivor Photofax READ OF Korean Ma f icers backed by marines paratroopers rines sit atop tank in Seoul Korea as and tanks seized the government in they read newspapers reporting coup in stallations in Seoul in a burst of gunfire which they participated Military of and claimed rule over the country JFKNikita meeting on June 4 rumored FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES GENEVA Persistent but un confirmed reports circulated Tuesday that President John F Kennedy and Soviet Premier Ni kita Khrushchev will meet early next month probably June 4 in Vienna There was no confirmation from any of the US allies that he twoman summit meeting will in fact take place Allied diplomats claimed they lad received no official indica ion from Washington that any such meeting is being arranged But speculation in high diplo SAME matic quarters heightened hour ly that the two leaders are dis cussing currently the advisabili ty of a getacquainted meeting its timing and place Diplomatic sources indicated that June 4 might be the date for the bilateral summit and Vienna the most likely place President Kennedy is due in Paris May 31 for a meeting with French President Charles de Gaulle The visit is sceduled to last until June 2 THERE WAS futher specula tion that Kennedy might go to London from Paris for an in formal visit The occasion woulc allow talks with British Prime Minister Harold Macmillian The two leaders met in Washington for an intensive policy review last month Americas major allies were expected to welcome a presiden tial meeting with Khrushchev Unofficial reaction from al lied diplomats was that a face to face talk between Kennedy and the Soviet leader might help to clear the air and pave N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Death penalty demanded GLENWOOD state has demanded that Charles Edwin Kelley 20 Minneapolis parking lot attendant be hanged for shooting down an Iowa Internal Revenue Service agent during a threestate crime spree last February Launch pads pinpointed WASHINGTON An Army publication says US military leaders think they have pinpointed 37 Soviet missile launching pads and 14 Russian mis sile and rocket factories One of the pads is at Ana dyr in Siberia less than 500 miles across the Bering Sea from Alaska At least 10 have been identified as launch sites for Russias 8000mile T3 missile Education program advances WASHINGTON The administrations educa tion program is moving forward on two fronts The Senate tackled a billion aid plan for public grade and high schools and a House committee approved a billion college assistance plan Last rites for Cooper BEVERLY HILLS Calif Funeral services for Gary Cooper were held in which the late actor was described as a man who fulfilled his contribu tion toward human happiness The ceremony was held in accordance with his familys wishes for a quiet and orderly than 500 persons stood outside the stucco house of worship as 500 mourners heard the services inside the way for later fulldress ne gotiations of major outstanding feastWest problems At Washington meanwhile Khrushchev replied to the Feb ruary message in which Presi dent Kennedy expressed hope for better SovietAmerican re lations THE MESSAGE from Mos cow was delivered at the White House by Soviet Ambassador Mikhail Menshikov who de clined to say what was in it Menshikov would not say whether the proposed meeting was discussed And all that Pierre Salinger White House press secretary would say was that there still are no plans for such a meeting at present That is what he has been saying since the re ports arose over the weekend THE FEBRUARY communi cation the White House said at the time expressed Kennedys confidence in Thompson stated the desire that any fur ther conversations between So viet officials and the ambassa dor will be fruitful and assist in bringing about better Soviet American understanding It was interpreted at the time as amounting to a restatemenl of Kennedys belief in the meth ods of quiet diplomacy through normal diplomatic channels Thus it would bear at least on the general subject of a possible KennedyKhrushchev meeting Military assumes control President in hiding North Iowa Increasing cloudi ness Tuesday night lows in the 40s Mostly cloudy Wed nesday highs in the 60s Increasing cloudiness Tuesday night warmer ex treme west low in the 40s Mostly cloudy Wednesday with scattered showers extreme west highs in the 60s Further cloudy with scattered showers Thursday Minnesota Mostly cloudy show ers Warmer highs Wednes day in high 50s GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 am Tuesday Maximum 60 Minimum 40 Sunrise Sunset SEOUL South Korea a Chiefs of South Koreas armed forces who seized power in a nearly bloodless oup defied the United States Tuesday and ordered the National Assembly and all local government as semblies dissolved American authorities in South Korea demanded that control be returned to the elected regime of Premier John M Chang But the leaders of the coup said in a proclamation they would take over all government operations The proclamation banned all political and social activities and said Chang and his entire cab inet would be arrested BACKED BY tanks heavily armed infantry marines and paratroops swept into Seoul at 4 am and seized control of gov ernment buildings Within a few hours the leaders of the coup claimed control of the country Martial law was declared A curfew was invoked and the streets of Seoul were largely de serted Occasional shots were heard They were believed fired as warnings to stray civilians to ieep off the streets There was no official word on the whereabouts of Premier Chang 62 National Assembly man Kim LoongJoo a member of Changs Democratic party old two Korean newsmen in a side street meeting that the pre mier was safe but gave no tails GEN CARTER B Magruder commander of the UN and US forces in Korea called on the Korean military chiefs to see hat lawful government author ties were restored to control And the U S charge daf faires Marshall Green issued a s t a tement declaring I wish to make it emphatical ly clear that the United States supports the constitu tional govern ment of Korea as elected by the people of CHUNGHI this republic Magruder had warned seven months ago against what he called dissension in the South Korean armed forces Deploring then the retirement of several wartested Korean mil itary commanders after collapse of the Syngman Rhee regime in April 1960 revolution Magruder said the most critical question that Korea faces is how can she maintain the confidence of her al lies and of her own people in her own armed forces The United States has a power ful voice as the fount of both military assistance and economic aid The United States is supply ing million or more than 52 per cent of the 1961 budget The aid agreement gives the United States the right to continuous observation and review A U N Command spokesman issued a statement saying there appears to be no great amount of public support for the uprising THERE SEEM to be only about 3600 revolutionary troops in Seoul and other cities through out the republic remain relative ly quiet the statement said It reported troops on the line dividing South Korea from Com munist North Korea remain steadfast in their positions and continue to assure the defense of he republic The junta said its aims were to strengthen the nations antiCom munism wipe out corruption im prove the economy and continue close relations with the United States It said fresh civilian pol
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