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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 25, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North lowat Daily Newspaper fw Mw CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION VOL The newspaper that makes all North I o wans AuocUttd Prtii Md UoIUd ruU UM Wlrti MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 25 1M1 neighbors 7o Paptr ConiliU of Two U S fails to orbit space capsule 1 All space eggs in 1 basket Work cut out for Saturn By EARL EBELL New York Herald News Service NEW YORK Not until 1964 at the earliest will this natio match the Russians poundfoi pound with the kind of vehicl they launched two weeks ago That is we will match in 196 what the Russians have ac complished this year Three years hence the Saturn rocket 185footlong 22foo d i a m e te r agglomeration o eight engines will become operational one has to add Hopefully So far everythinj down at the George C Marshal space flight center at Hunts ville Ala is on schedule Late this year the first flight tes will take place at Cape Cana veral Fla Saturn which will cost million up to June 30 with more to come will be able to put li tons of equipment and men into an orbit 300 miles up The Russians put 45 tons into 100 to 200 mile orbits TO BE SURE the Atlas Centaur an Atlas intercon tinental missile with a specia hydrogen burning rocket at the second stage will be able to ring the earth with a 35 ton payload That should be enough for many space jobs But the nation is loading most of its heavy space program on to the Saturn currently callec Cl and on to its successor Saturn C2 which could put 22 tons of payload into that 300 milehigh orbit With Saturn Cl you couldput three men into orbit establish a space Observatory with a tele scope or carry out orbital re fueling for a mannedrocket to the moon With nuclear powered rockets as a final stage you could carry out deep space Operations to the planets All this is very iffy There arc some engineers who be lieve that the Saturn concept is a technological dead end The idea was simply to lash together eight current engines without any fundamental changes and to get the boost out of their combined power AS A RESULT a smaller proportion of the Saturns total weight is fuel in fact the pro portion is said to be smaller than that of the Atlas itself This means that it will be more costly to raise a payload this way than if new and more powerful engines had been de signed Some estimates of the cost go as high as a pound in orbit or perhaps million each launching Furthermore as a result of the concentration on the Saturn it is possible less attention is being paid to recovering the engines after they have flown Originally it was planned to re cover the boosters for reuse but there is doubt as to whether this can be carried out As one engineer put it Imagine flying a Boeing 707 from New York to Los Angeles and then junking the plane in California after one flight Re coverable boosters could re duce space flight cost 10 fold FRENCH RECALL TROOPS FROM WEST GERMANY French military vehicles and troops are shown at the French border town of Strasbourg after AP Photofax being recalled from West Germany to bolster Frances defenses against army rebels in Algeria The French fear a mainland invasion effort by the rebels Rebel parachutists in Algeria repulsed PARIS loyal to resident Charles de Gaulle Tuesday repulsed an attempt by mutinous paratroopers to seize a naval base near the rebel stronghold at Oran in the first ig setback to militarist insur ection in Algeria The French president recalled French tanks and soldiers from French set off fourth atomic blast PARIS staged her ourlh atomic test blast in the sahara Tuesday and a govern m e n t announcement aroused peculation that she had suc eedcd in constructing a port able Abomb The French scientists have ieen trying to achieve a bomb apable of being transported by ir thus giving France military tomic capability The announcement said the xplosion was the last of the boveground atomic tests of ic French program in North ifrica This was taken as an in ication that the miniaturization rogram had been successful NATO duty in West Germany called up more reservists and imposed a tight economic block ade on the vast North African territory Two nights ago Debre warned that the muti neers in North Africa mi g h t try to seize Paris or other centers in me tropolitan France with a paratr o o p in va s i o n Citi z e n s were called to the alert and told De GAULLE to rush into the streets if they heard sirens indi cating an attack was under way Units of the French fleet left the big naval base at Toulon apparently headed toward Al Kennedy takes all blame for Cuban fiasco WASHINGTON dent Kennedy did not base his Cuban policy on any advice from former President Dwight D Eisenhower and takes full responsibility for the outcome WA JC1V1 WVAJ dU WwkJiJi TT t Government sources said the H1C House aid TO THE MEN at Huntsville headed Braun by the Dr Wcrnhcr proposition is Von less iffy They tested the first en gine which burns liquid oxy gen and a form of kerosene in the middle of 1959 By April 1960 they ran their first cluster test all eight engines which arc to develop 1500000 pounds of thrust By now they have run them 11 times six fewer than they planned because every thing worked so well After the first flight test this year the Huntsville men plan 10 flight tests in all They hope to declare the booster opera tional by 1964 This is optimistic The Atlas required 40 flights Yet there arc those who war ngainst putting the whole na tions future space program on Saturns back They want new ideas xplosion at Reggane deep in ic Sahara was another tower hot of weak power They dded that all precautions ave been taken so that radio ctive fallout poses no danger 0 populations On the inside Editorials Page 4 Clear Lake News 6 Society News 89 Sports 1112 North Iowa News 13 Latest Markets 14 Mason City News 1415 Comics 18 Farm News 19 FATAL INJURIES IOWA CITY Lalta Press Secretary Pierre Salinger outlined the administration posi 3 son of Mr and Mrs Edward Latta Donncllson died Monday night of injuries received in an auto accident geria Several destroyer and de stroyer escorts weighed anchor IN A SHOW OF confidence De Gaulle sent a message to the National Assembly as it recon vened declaring it should carry on as usual despite his assump tion of full powers todeal with the insurrection Premier Michel Debre in a speech to the Assembly warned the leaders of the Algiers mili tary junta that they were head ing the nation toward bloodshed and civil war He referred to Tuesday mornings attack near Oran when junta paratroopers tried to capture the big French naval base of MerselKebir just outside Oran They fell back under warning shots from a cruiser in the harbor THE FIRST shots fired since the uprising broke early Satur day emphasized that the navy stands firmly with De Gaulle At east some of the air force also was loyal In addition to 11 planes which escaped to France Monday six flew in Tuesday Two others landed at Gibraltar But the quartet of retired gen erals who seek to overthrow De Gaulle and reverse his Algerian aeace policies held control of the main cities of Algeria with the vociferous support of much of he excitable European popula tion French Information Minister Louis Terrenoire claimed four Laos ceasefire accepted Immediate cessation approved Talks set on Friday FEOM OUR WIRE SERVICES LONDON An immedi ate ceasefire in the Lao ivil war was ordered Tues day The British Foreign Office an nounced that the royal Laotia government formally accepte the call for a ceasefire In Moscow the official Sovie news agency Tass reported tha the communistbacked Pathe Lao also agreed to stop the figh ing immediately TASS SAID Prince Souphanou vong the socalled Red princ who is political leader of th Pathet Lao rebels will orde his armed forces to cease fir throughout the country The agency said Souphanou vong warmly acclaims th ceasefire appeal and the call fo a lunation conference to wor out the future of Laos British officials expressed hop that the cease fire would be pu completely into effect within th next few days Shortly thereafter Peiping ra dio said Prince Souvanna Phou ma backed by the Com munis bloc as the legal ruler of th Asian kingdom welcomed th ceasefire proposal It did no elaborate The broadcast said the neutral ist expremier stopping over ir ommunist North Viet Nam after a visit to Moscow and Pei ping called for a peace meetin of all factions Saturday The site proposed was Xien Khouang stronghold of the pro Communist Pathet Lao on Laos central Plaine des Jarres BRITAIN AND the Sovie Union were sending out invita tions for a 14nation conference o work out arrangements for neutral independent Laos Tin nvitations said the conference would open May 12 in Geneva The threenation control com Canada and will supervise he truce is scheduled to hole ts first meeting in New Delhi ndia on Friday The Unitec Itates has served notice that the Genev truce is in lion in the face of Republican fifths of the army in Algjers is suggestions that Interior Secre tary Stewart L Udall was play ing politics by trying to blame the former GOP administration for the Cuban invasion Fiasco With his statement reaffirm ing his responsibility Kennedy sought to stamp out any party row over the Cuban invasion and its failure The statement came after Senate Republican Leader Ev erett M Dirksen of Illinois pro tested a remark by Udall that the invasion had been con ccivcd during the Eisenhower administration Another high Kennedy official said that while the plan had been drawn up while Eisenhow er was in office Kennedy had ample opportunity to review it and choose alternatives before giving the goahead The weather North Iowa Partly cloudy and a little colder Tuesday night lows 3642 Fair to partly cloudy little temperature change Wednesday highs 50 58 Partly cloudy east clear ing west Tuesday night little colder with scattered frost west lows from low 30s north west to upper 30s southeast Fair to partly cloudy Wed nesday warmer west highs near 60 west to 50s cast Further cloudiness continued below normal temperatures Thurs day Minnesota Cloudy light rain Highs Wednesday near 50 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Tuesday Maximum 64 Minimum 40 At 8 am 41 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 43 loyal to De Gaulle DE GAULLES g o v e rnment said it was still in contact with and presumably held the alle giance of civil and military au thorities of Tlemcen Mostaga ncm and Saida in western Al geria Orleaiisville in central Al geria and Setif Philippeville Batna and Djidjelli in eastern Algeria Philippeville and Djidjelli are ports The government was also said to control the port of Bou gie terminal for the pipeline carrying Saharas oil from the desert to the coast Officials in Paris conceded that the situation in Bone an other port in eastern Algeria was confused De Gaulle was bolstered by nearunanimous support of the population of France People went about their jobs calmly for the most part French house wives remembering wartime shortages stocked up on staples SAME Oepuriment Blck Mtns Truffle Dttlh III Past SI Houri t will not attend onference until a ffect and has been verified The flurry of peace moves came as the royal government was airlifting soldiers to the northern front to meet the threat of Pathet Lao troops who over the weekend drove government forces from Vang Vieng until then a key govern ment military headquarters 70 miles north of Vientiane the administrative capital A gap of about 10 miles re portedly separated the front lines in the Vang Vieng area but no fighting was reported there Clashes were reported however in southcentral Laos where the rebels have also gained much ground recently St Ansgar and Graf ton in school merger ST in St Ansgar and Grafton independ ent school districts Monday ap proved a merger of the two school districts by a majority of 905 per cent St Ansgars total vote was 294 to 21 Grafton registered 173 to 28 The merger of the two will become effective July 1 Ac cording to Supt Ira Larson an election will be held May 22 to choose a board of directors TRAMPLED TO DEATH SAN ANGELO Tex Iff An elephant suddenly went berserk Monday and trampled to death an elderly man and injured its raincr as hundreds of bystand ers stood by in helpless horror AP Photofax THE MEN IN HER LIFE Maureen Wilson holds her eighth brother James born March 30 She is only daughter of Mr and Mrs Robert E Wilson WebsterN YBrothers are from left Thomas 17 Richard 15 William 10 Timothy 8 David 11 Martin 3 Robert 19 She says goodnaturedly she hates brothers N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Total embargo pondered WASHINGTON The White House said it is considering a total embargo on U S shipments to Cuba but that no decision has been made Most American shipments to Cuba except for certain foods and medicines were curbed last fall More Red goods to Cuba HAVANA The Russians poured thousands of tons of goods into Cuba to meet growing shortages At least three Communist shipments to their Cuban allies have reached Havana docks in the last 24 hours Murky Midwest weather and lashing rains blacked out farm belt towns and sent flood waters swirling through city suburban streets in the Middle West The tornadohit towns of Winchester 111 and Jasper Kan were without power Uncle Wiggily is 50 AMHERST Mass Uncle Wiggily is 50 yearsold Many children in Amherst plan to celebrate the occasion with the creator of the long earned storybook Garis 88 New aid for economy WASHINGTON The Kennedy administration is planning additional aid for the economy even though some government experts how expect busi ness to regain its prerecession peak by early sum mer AP Photolnx CAPTURED PRIEST ON CUBAN TV Scgundo de as Heras Cabo who said he is a Spanishborn priest who formerly served in Cuba and who parachuted with the invasion army last week appears on a tele vision program originating in Havana and seen in Key West Fla Rocket is blown up on launch But escape device works FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES CAPE CANAVERAL A U S attempt to fire a space capsule carrying a mechanical astronaut in to orbit ended Tuesday when the rocket booster was destroyed but the cap sule was saved by an emer gency escape system The National Aeronautics and Space Administration announced that the Atlas rocket carrying the Mercury capsule was de stroyed after about 40 seconds of flight and that the spacecraft was separated from the booster by its escape system which ap parently worked satisfactorily The announcement indicated that a malfunction developed in the rocket and that it was de stroyed by the range safety of ficer IT WAS A successful demon stration although unplanned for the escape system designed protect the life of a human passenger in just such an emer gency The Atlas rocket blasted into the sky at am CST and disintegrated in a massive stream of fire and smoke less than one minute later As the booster came apart however emergency escape rockets jerked the oneton cap sule free and sent it rocketing into the sky well away from the explosion Parachutes opened up a few seconds later and eased the bellshaped capsule back to earth The rocket was launched with the earthshaking roar such a huge vehicle generates Observ ers noticed that the craft swayed slightly for an instant immediately after it lifted slow ly from the launching pad It appeared to correct itself im mediately however and it was not known whether this had anything to do with the failure PRELIMINARY examination of the space cabin showed it apparently was in good condi tion after the abortive trip The explosion occurred at an stimated 25000 feet This shot Americas first at tempt to fire its space capsule into orbit was to have paved the way for the free worlds first manned space flight pos sibly some time early next month Next months shot however would employ a Redstone rather than an Atlas missile The Redstone shot will be a suborbital flight and will carry a human astronaut The mechanical consisted of bunch of little black boxes painted gray sit uated in the base of the capsule where a live astronaut will ride later on a special couch The piece of machinery was known officially as a crewman sim ulator and its job was to imi tate the breathing and blood circulation of a human being It was designed to breathe in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide and to simulate body heat The nations seven astronauts Tuesday were at key stations on the cape in an airplane and on Bermuda More cloudy damp weather for Iowa More cloudy damp weather was on tap for Iowa Tuesday But the Weather Bureau said clearing should begin late in the day in the west The cloud iness and northerly winds held temperatures down The est rainfall reported in the 24 hours ended early Tuesday was 51 of an inch at Davenport Less than a tenth nf an inch of rain fell at scat tered places around the
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