Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 22, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper CITY GLO BEGAZETTE HOME VOL Tht ntwspoptr that makes all North to wans PTM Utltod Freia MernaUoMl IM11 UaM Wtrei MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 22 1961 neighbors 7c Copy Paper Consists of Two fto Itt A tour of battlefield in Cuba Czech gun turned tide Editors note Pedro Bonet ti of the DPI Havana burtau was of a group of newi mtn taktn by the Cuban gov ernment on a tour of the in vasion zone in Las Villas provinct His dispatch was telephoned to Ntw York By PEDRO BONETTI HAVANA Fi dal Castros army officers credited a multiplebarreled Czech machine gun with beating back the invaders who landed in Las Villas province Monday They said militiamen using the designed for antiaircraft back the invaders until reinforce ments could be rushed from Havana to meet the attack The gun known as the Quadro Boca also shot down the invaders aircraft It was a bloody battle for the beachhead on the Bay of Co chinos and losses were heavy on both sides Many militiamen drowned in the coastal swamps when they tried to escape the invaders in the early stages of the attack THE CASUALTIES were ts pecially high on the govern ments side No figures were announced but hospitals and clubs in the nearby towns were filled with wounded Sixty bodies were buried Thursday in a common grave I saw some bodies still unburied A Cuban army officer said the Castro men were more Christian than they we buried their dead ones in wooden coffins while our own boys were buried where they fell The officers said the invaders took their wounded and dead back to their ships whenever possible They said the high number of casualties was explained by the fact the militiamen had to fight in the open over roads that go over the swamps where the men could be picked off They said the rebels used tanks and recoilless rifles placed in strategic places and wounded and killed many at one time THE CUBAN officers said Castro directed the battle per sonally and moved forward with his men They said Castro was still in the battle zone Fri day talking with prisoners in cluding a man who killed a militiaman while trying to es cape to the United Stages Militiamen asked Castro if they should take out the prison cr and shoot him and Castro replied No but please take him otlt of my sight they re ported They said one of Castros aides a Captain Carvo was killed at his side during the battle Castro officers said most of the invaders were members of wealthy families who lost all their holdings under revolution ary law One man writing down the names of the prisoners said it was like reading the mem bership roll of the Havana Yacht Club AMONG THOSE captured Jose Miro Torra son of Dr Jose Miro Cardona chief of the exiled antiCastro forces Cuban newspapermen taunted him Your father was a Yan kee monopoly lawyer Cuban army officers boasted that their men recovered after their initial setback at the inva sion site and fought like lions At one point an officer said we ordered them to retreat so we could fire against the invad ers with light and heavy artil lery but the leader replied I have never retreated and I wont do it now It was the Quadro Boca that did the job the officer said They had everything im aginable to weap ons and enough ammunition to supply two regiments but they soon lacked air support Rein forcements arrived and forced the invaders back When the group of newsmen returned to Havana from the invasion site troops still were ringing the area trying to round up the remainder of the invad ers believed still hiding in the swampy area Castro was re ported 20 miles away leading a group trying to cut off rebels fleeing toward the Escambrays FEET GET AIRING John Schwab University of WisconsinMilwaukee stu dent is the owner of the two feet ex tending over the side of his convertible Schwab took advantage of Milwaukees AP Photofax 75 degree temperature to point his toes in the direction of the breeze at the lakefront while caught up on some was it sleeping Misled by propaganda captured rebels testify KEY WEST Fla ers taken during this weekVill fated Cuban invasion said they had been misled by propaganda from Radio Swan and by rebel broadcasts from North America A dozen men including the son of the Cuban revolutionary chief in exile were questioned on a television marathon that ended early Saturday in Ha vana At the end of the show seen in Key 90 miles away it was an nounced that these were the first 12 to be interrogated indicating there may be more such pro grams The show also was on radio with every station in Cuba hooked up JOSE MIRO Torres whose father Jose Miro Cardona is president of the revolutionary council told questioners that the Iowa Considerable cloudiness through Sunday with little change in temperatures Show ers and thunderstorms most of state Saturday night and Sunday Lows Saturday night 40s northwest to 50s southeast Minnesota Mostly cloudy con tinued quite warm Highs Sun day in 60s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Saturday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 67 38 53 80 48 On the inside Church News Pages 45 Mason City News 67 Latest Markets 7 Society News 8 Sports 910 Editorials 11 Comics 12 Business News1314 Clear Lake News 14 North Iowa News 16 Leader of rebels asks Popes aid VATICAN CITY John XXIII Saturday conferred with his aides to decide what the Vatican can do to save the lives of Cuban rebels captured by Premier Fidel Castros forces The Pope started imme diate consultations with Vatican officials after receiving an ap jpeal by Dr Jose Miro Cardona president of the Cuban Revolu tionary Council Cardona in his cable asked the Pope to inter cede rapidly through the Inter national Red Cross to stop the execution of prisoners in the Cu ban civil war PILOT ERROR BLAMED WASHINGTON UPI The Civil Aeronautics Board CAB Saturday blamed the 1959 crash of a Piedmont Airlines DC3 on a navigation error committed by a captain who had been un der psychiatric treatment The accident occurred Oct 30 1959 near Charlottesvillc Va killing all three crew members and 23 of the 24 passengers 105 days down but Iowas legislature far from done DES MOINES mThe 1961 legislative session goes into its 106th day Monday and it still has a lot of rows left to Senate Majority Leader J Ktndafl Lynes RPlainfield has set next Friday as the tentative date for adjourn ment But few of his fellow Republicans believe that dead line can be met Most House members say May 5 is a mart likely ad journment date And they add that if any major controver sies develop over the big is sues the windup could be later still The IfSJ session ran 116 days became the longest regular session in history ex ceeded only by the special code revision session of 1924 which ran more than 240 days But the present session could well set a new regular session record for length The biennial battle of the budget is still to be fought as the session enters its 16th week Also to be resolved are congressional redistricting al location of tht road use tax fund medical aid to the aged and public housing Tough battles could devel op over appropriations for the Board of Regents institu tions congressional redistrict ing and the road use tax al location excursion was a complete fail ure He said he was radio pper ator with the insurgent force The prisoners generally re sponded affirmatively to leading questions about such matters as US complicity in the invasion Many said American propa ganda about miserable condi tions in Cuba had led them to join the rebels but that they found conditions in Cuba excel lent Not so cooperative with the panel of Cuban newsmen was the owner of 750 expropriated acres of land in eastern Cuba He said he returned to Cuba seeking to restore free enter prise and free elections One prisoner said he left Cuba Jan 23 1959 with 12 others on a boat This was less than a month after Fidel Castro took over The prisoner said he was taken to Vieques an island off Puerto Rico then to Puerto Rico and finally to New Orleans Later he stayed at a basein Louisiana for 17 days HE WAS trained as a frog man the prisoner said and his mission was to mark one of the beaches for the invaders A prisoner named Juan who jsaid he was a 28year army man and had served under dic tator Fulgencio Batista said he was recruited in Miami this month and left OpaLocka Air Field on the outskirts of that city on a sevenhour flight Juan said he landed at Aero puerto de Retalhuleu in Guate mala and trained at a camp in a mountainous area under US instructors He said he was told daily how bad things were in Cuba and was told that the Air Force and Navy and part of the Army and militia was ready to join the invaders He said he also was told that all bridges in Cuba had been blown up in preparation for the invasion MIRO TORRES dressed in camouflage battle clothes ap peared nervous Was it the general opinion among the mercenaries that there was US help for the in vasion Miro Torres was asked He replied That is true Miro Torres agreed that he had heard in the United States that Cuba was being run by for eigners but found this to be un true Have you found a united country Ah tis true JUDGE LETTS RETIRES WASHINGTON UPI Dist Judge F E Letts 85 former Iowa state judge and member of the Iowa House of Represent atives has submitted his retire ment as federal district judge effective May 31 French act to nip new Algeria coup Kennedy Ike talk Cuba1 GOP in solid backing Nixon OKs troops use WASHINGTON ffl President Kennedy met w it h former President Dwight D Eisenhower Sat urday in an evident bid to rally strong national sup port for critical steps which he may consider necessary to deal with the increasing ly dangerous Cuban crisis A White House announcement of the session at Camp Dav id Md emphasized Cuba as the topic for the conference But it did not rule out the prospect that Kennedy could discuss with his predecessor a broad range of intensifying cold war conflicts with the Soviet Union THE PRESIDENT arranged the luncheon session in a tele phone call to Eisenhower Friday morning The former chief exec utive was at his Gettysburg farm Salinger said Kennedy wanted to bring Eisenhower up to date on the Cuban situation believing that as leader of the Republi can party and a former presi dent he should know what the situation is Salinger also disclosed that Kennedy had been in indirect contact with Gov Nelson A Rockefeller of New York an other Republican leader and that he had conferred Friday with Sen Barry Geldwater R Ariz The contacts with Repub licans followed Kennedys meet ing at the White House Thurs day with former Vice President Richard M Nixon his Republi can opponent for the presidency last year NIXON SAID in New York Friday night that he had told Kennedy he would support him even to the commitment of American armed forces Before flying to Camp David by helicopter Kennedy met with the National Security Council presumably to discuss possible future moves against the pro Communist government of Cuba in the wake of this weeks abor tive antiCastro invasion In the midst of these develop ments the President was re ported to have ordered a thor ough study of reasons for the defeat of the rebel invasion at1 tempt which began last weekend with the United States moral support and it was generally believed here with backing of U S money and arms The President was understood to be concerned about what some authorities called a fail ure to calculate accurately in advance the strength of Prime Minister Fidel Castros military reaction to the rebel assault as well as possible errors in intelli gence Bulletins NEW YORK James Melton 57 former star of the Metropolitan Op era concert movies radio and television died Friday night of lobar pneumonia MOSCOW Nikita Khrushchev told Presi dent Kennedy Saturday ithid been established incontro vtrtibly that the United States prepared financed armed and transported the mercenary bands which in vaded Cuba Krushchev char acterited the attack on Cuba as a crime which has re volted the whole world AP Photofax ALGIERS SEIZED IN COUP The North African city of Algiers underlined was reported in the hands of three parachute regiments led by a junta of re tired French generals following a sudden coup The insurgents Sahara claimed control over Algeria and the UN wants action now to remove CubaUS tension UNITED NATIONS N Y UP General Assembly called on all UN members Saturday for action to remove tension be tween Cuba and the United States The 99nation assembly adopt ed a U Sbacked resolution to that effect after knocking out a key provision that asked Latin American countries especially to help settle the trouble It turned down a Mexican pro posal supported by Cuba and the Soviet bloc which appealed to all countries to see that their territories and resources were not used to promote a civil war in Cuba The United States and the sponsors voted for the final text even after the assembly had failed to give the necessary two thirds majority to a vital para graph with which the resolution had come from the political committee That paragraph asked UN members which belong to the Organization of American States to lend their assistance toward a peaceful settlement and to rej port back to the UN as soon as possible within the present year The proposal did not spell out Cubas charges Nor did it set forth U S denials that the United States was responsible for the landing of Cuban refugees who returned to their homeland Monday to fight Led by retired officers Fast move by De Gaulle PARIS Iff Four retired French generals seized pow er in Algiers Saturday and attempted to force Presi dent Charles de Gaulle to abandon plans for negotia tions with the Algerian rebels De Gaulle reacted quickly sending aides to Algeria to quash the coup The insurgent leaders were backed by tough paratroopers who brought down the French government in 1958 for the same that Algeria might become independent from France Three years ago the unstable government of the Fourth French Republic proved a push over This time the rightwing rebels must contend with De Gaulle and his widespread sup port in France REACTION FROM Algerian rebel headquarters in Tunis also came quickly and introduced the factor of the Moslems new confidence Rebel Premier Ferhat Abbas leader of the rebel lion against France called on his followers in Algeria to help break the insurrection You must organize your selves to confront the provoca tions of the paratroopers ha said in a radio broadcast re calling the incidents of last De cember when Moslems poured into the streets to demonstrate their support for Algerian inde pendence Sent from Paris by De Gaulle were Algerian Affairs Minister Louis Joxe and Gen Jean Olie They were ordered to take over civilian and military com mand from Jean Morin and Gen Gernand Gambiez who were being held by the military insurgents IT WAS NOT immediately clear how much of Algeria was against Premier Fidel Castros under the control of the insur regime N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Communications from Algiers to Paris opened briefly and then closed The insurgent leaders took over the government buildings of Algiers and in a broadcast over Algiers Radio claimed leadership over all of Algeria and the Sahara Although the rebels led by Gen Maurice Challe former French commander in chief in Algeria claimed to control the whole territory this was dis puted by the De Gaulle govern ment in Paris It said loyal soldiers were in control outside the City of Algiers The rebel communique broad cast by Algiers Radio was also isigned by Paratroop Gen Raoul Kennedy recalls WASHINGTON President Kennedy has brought retired Gen Maxwell Taylor former Army Chief of Staff back to the government for a quick review of U S ability for military intelligence non conventional warfare and guerrilla activity Havana a city of fear HAVANA Cuba Havana is described as a city of fear and suspicion A new wave of arrests calan who played a prominent and executions reached into almost every family roie in the 1958 rising in Algeria Suspects jammed into swollen jails Living conditions that brought De Gaulle back to power Salan recently has exiled him self in Spain It was not be lieved that he had arrived on Algerian soil but he was ex HAVANA Havana radio promised no mercy for the 500 or more antiCastro Cubans captured on the beaches of the Bay of Pigs and it warned the United States that U S marines would meet the same fate if they tried to invade Cuba The broadcast may have been triggered by mysterious broadcasts hinting that a new invasion force was en route to Cuba and by reports of massive U S naval move ments in the Caribbean and the arrival of heavy fleet units off Guantanamo were described as growing worse No mercy for rebels Italians fire missile CAPE CANAVERAL An Italian air force successfully fired an Americanbuilt Jupiter missile 1500 miles over the Atlantic Ocean This marked the first time Italian missilemen had launched the veteran rocket in an operational tost pected momentarily MRS COMO DIES NEW YORK W Luca Como 78 mother of singer Perry Co mo died Friday at her in Cannonsburg Pa SAMI
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 145+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.