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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 6, 1960, Mason City, Iowa North Daily Newspaper Idlttd for ttw Tht VOL CITY GLOBE newspaper that makes all North lowons MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER i 19M HOME EDITION neighbors 7e Copy Paper Couiiti of Two SectloosMcUoa OM Fringe benefits on rse Straight pay hikes easing By SAM DAWSON NEW YORK U Fringe benefits are playing a bigger role than ever this year in man agementlabor negotiations The rate of the hourly increases in straight pay has slowed a bit since its big advance in the mid 1950s But the fringe benefit loom ever higher as a prize in the eyes of the workers and their leaders And it increasingly commands a higher percentage of total labor costs of American industry Fringe payments have been rising even faster overseas Ex ample In the United States such benefits are put as high as 25 per cent of wage in the chem ical industry But in Italy chem ical workers get almost as much hi fringe benefits as they do in regular wages IN THE UNITED States the average straight time hourly earnings of factory workers ha climbed from in 1947 to in 1959 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics Thi year the scale has climbed even higher if at a slower pace due to business slackness And the scale is expected to climb again next year Some of this will be due to new labor contracts recently contracted or soon to be negotiated But much is due to old contracts auto matically decreeing raises next year averaging around 8 cents an hour Fringes are old Bismarl started an accident and sicknes insurance scheme in 1883 Bu they have climbed mostly since World War II New data indi cates such benefits now average around 46 cents an hour in US manufacturing Indus tries o about onefifth as much as the average hourly wage HERE IS HOW they break down as percentage of hourlj wages Legally required socia insurance 4 per cent privat pensions insurance etc65 per cent work accident insur ance 1 per cent paid vacations and holidays 71 per cent bo nuses 17 per cent Sometimes management com plains that high fringe payments handicap it in competition with foreign manufacturers But th First National City Bank o New York notes that American may be surprised that similar developments are causing con cera abroad It points out that in five Wes European countries such pay ments are a higher per cent o hourly wages than here In three Britain Sweden and the percentage i lower But in all eight surveyed the fringe expressed in U S is lower than here and so of course is the hourlj wage Sweden has the highest aver age hourly wage 94 cents com pared with the American and Italy the lowest 35 cents In Europe Italy pays the mos in fringes 26 cents comparei with 46 cents here and th United Kingdom and Switzer land the lowest 10 cents each On the inside Editorials Page4 Comics Society News 8910 North Iowa News 12 Sports 1314 Latest Markets 16 Mason City News 1617 Clear Lake News 18 Farm News 20 shopping days left USE CHRISTMAS SEALS FIGHT TB Hiroshima or Little Boy Type Nagasaki or Fat Man Type North Iowa Mostly fair Tues day night and Wednesday Lit tle colder Tuesday night lows 1520 Continued cold Wed nesday highs in upper 20s Iowa Generally fair con tinued cold Tuesday night and Wednesday Lows Tuesday night 1520 Highs Wednesday in upper 20s Further outlook cloudiness with moderating t e m p e ratures Thursday Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness with intermittent light snow mostly east ana north Highs 1018 north 1828 south GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Tuesday Maximum 41 Minimum 19 At 8 am 19 Missing woman finally turns up at Decorah search which started Saturday for Mrs Leon ard Gaul 27 ended at p m Monday She walked into the home of her stepfather Oscar Blomgren Cresco in a state of shock and suffering from ex posure No reason for the disappear ance or where she had spent the time have been disclosed According to the sheriffs of fice Leonard Gaul awoke at 6 am Saturday to find wife mother of eight small children missing The farm home is about 20 miles northwest of De corah Sunday members of the De corah fire department the Win neshiek County sheriffs officers Iowa Highway Patrol and vol unteer fliers from the Decorah Flying Club were called into the search Later bloodhounds from the LaCrosse sheriffs depart ment were called The search was unsuccessful SUCCESSFUL TEST CAPE CANAVERAL Fla UP second of the Navys longerrange Polaris missiles was launched successfully on E test flight of approximately 1 600 miles Monday The types used on Japanese cities First photos of Abombs released WASHINGTON United States made public Tuesday photos of the first atomic bombs exploded over Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan in 1945 The pictures were released jointly by the Defense Depart ment and the Atomic Energy Commission on the eve of the 19th anniversary of the Japa nese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor which plunged the United States into World War H The first atomic bomb was Torture of dropped on Hiroshima Aug 6 1945 The second was dropped on Nagasaki three days later Two types of bombs were shown in the pictures the Little Boy type dropped oil Hiroshima and the Fat boy type which hit Nagasaki The Little Boy weighed about 9000 pounds It was 28 inches in diameter and 120 inches long The Fat Boy weighed 10000 pounds It was 60 inches in diameter and 128 inches long The two bombs killed a total of 150000 persons Officials said the pictures of the bombs have been with held until now because un favorable diplomatic results might have been provoked by their release previously A spokesman said the re lease was approved reluctant ly by the state department But the spokesman said the pictures have no military classification and the com bined decision was that the release concerned a matter of history and would not be inimical to the interests of the United States The difference in the size of the two bombs suggested that the Hiroshima weapon was the gun type while the Nag asaki bomb used the implo sion system The gun type would be ex pected to be long and narrow because the explosion is created by firing the two parts of a critical mass to gether in the equivalent of a gun or cannon barrel Lumumba is denied LEOPOLDVILLE Congo Col Joseph Mobutu Tuesday denied that exPremier Patrice Lumumba has been tortured and disfigured in prison But he refused to release a report by two doctors who examined Lu mumba Mobutu said the doctors Bel gians serving in his Congolese army found Lumumbas gen eral state of health perfectly satisfactory He then read from a certifi cate by the doctors that Lu mumba is receiving all the medical care required of his condition The certificate as read said nothing specific about Lumum bas condition but Mobutu said the expremier has one foot slightly sprained and his left eye swollen as a result of the beating he received from Mo butus soldiers when they ar rested him last week UN SecretaryGeneral Dag Hammarskjold asked Congo President Joseph Kasavubu to permit examination of Lu mumba by the International Red Cross He said Lumumbas seizure raised general fears for his safety Hammarskjolds special representative in the Congo Rajeshwar Dayal of India re ported Lumumba was suffering from serious injuries and was held under inhumane condi tions N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES of the present Pentagon leaders already are on record opposing another de fense reorganization as farreaching as that recom mended to Presidentelect John F Kennedy The es sence of their plea Give the 1958 organization plan a chance to work before setting off on still another shakeup UNITED NATIONS N new round of bitter strife in the United Nations over the Congo seemed certain as the Soviet Union demanded im mediate release of the deposed premier leftist Patrice Lumumba Charles de Gaulles contro versial plan to give France an independent nuclear striking force has won final parliamentary approval LONDON British experts have warned the government that Red China can be expected to be come a nuclear power in its own right very soon next year Ik m In the implosion system the parts of the critical mass are located on the outside of a sphere until a small con ventional explosion collapses this sphere and brings them together The government said the force of each bomb was equivalent to approximately 20000 tons of high explosives They now are obsolete as modern hydrogen bombs range into the millions of tons of explosive force 23 whites 3 h FKOM OUR WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON President Eisenhower Tuesday held a cor dial three hour meeting with Presidentelect John F Kennedy and assured him he would be jlad to be of future service to he country Emerging from the White House Kennedy said he asked Eisenhower whether he would willing to undertake an as signment if requested after he eaves the White House on Jan 20 Kennedy told reporters that the President replied he would be willing to be of service to the country at any time Kennedy did not indicate whether he had a specific as signment in mind or whether he was merely sounding out the President should he decide at some time to call upon him for help EISENHOWER and Kennedy talked alone in the Presidents ovalshaped office for an hour and 45 minutes an8 then walked to the Cabinet room where they met with three Eisenhower Cab inet members They were Secretary of State Christian Herter Defense Secre tary Thomas S Gates Jr and Treasury Secretary Robert B Anderson Eisenhowers top staff aide Maj Gen Wilton B Persons and Kennedys liaison man with the outgoing admin istration Clark Clifford joined the discussions Kennedy described the Presi dent as being extremely help ful and said he had been very careful to make the transition easier The Presidentelect said Eis enhower said he would be de lighted to hold another session of this nature and Kennedy told reporters he might very well accept the offer There were cheers from hun dreds of spectators as a cream colored sedan carrying the 43 yearold Democratic President elect rolled through the White House gate promptly at 9 am EISENHOWER stood beam ing As Kennedy walked up the steps Eisenhower told him Id have come down there but the photographers wouldnt let me do it Eisenhower wore a brown suit and matching hat Kenne dy in a bluestriped suit car ried a gray hat Eisenhower and Kennedy shook hands second time for the benefit of photogra phers and Kennedy told the President here good to be A Marine Corps band played the Stars and Stripes For ever as the senators car en Tax field agent resigns post DBS MOINES uni dentified field agent for the Iowa Tax Commission accused of falsifying expense statements and doing outside work on state time resigned Tuesday com mission chairman John OCon nor said OConnor said the accused man read the reports turned over to Govelect Norman A Erbe by the Iowa Bureau of Criminal Investigation and then handed in his resignation effec tive immediately OConnor de clined to identify the employe OConnor said the employe turned over any wages he has coming in order to satisfy an alleged debt he owes the state for overcharging lodging expenses SAME DATEW9A22 FUf No 21 Hours New York cracking down on magazines NEW YORK city is cracking down on the sale of allegedly pornographic maga zines A force of 150 policemen fanned out to all parts of the city Monday to serve court or ders freezing the distribution of the current issues of such publications as Adam Besdide Reader Sextet Sizzle Snap Boudoir Bare Black Garter Las Vegas Play Girl Torrid Candid and Consort Punches hole in wall fiees jail MARSHALLTOWN UP Ross Breed 50 Rockford 111 held on a charge of uttering a false check escaped from the Mar shall County jail Tuesday Sher iff Asa Landes said Breed broke a lock to escape from the bull pen where he was housed with three other prisoners Then he went to the rear of the build ing where he punched a hole in the brick and stone wall Landes said The other prisoners did not take part in the escape HAS CHECKUP HOLLYWOOD UPI Red Skelton is in Cedars of Lebanon H o s pi t a 1 for a checkup A spokesman said Skelton had been feeling kind of low late ly and entered the hospital for a thorough going over honor guard of Army Navy lUllVJi VA ij Cllj wj Marine and Coast Guard stood Lloyd Foreman a rallying point at attention returntoschool moves is goal of Cheer Fund Annual drive underway HE GlobeGazette is once again starting its annual appeal to the people of Mason City and surrounding terri tory We are ing your help in that wonder fully rewarding task of making this a happier Christmas for others This you can do by con return to classrooms FKOM OT7B WIBE SERVICES NEW of police out to prevent further disturbances broke a white blockade around an integratedj jlementary school Tuesday and attendance jumped to 23 white students and a Negro girl A total of 91 police many of them arriving in a chartered bus set up blockades of their own and held angry housewives leading the blockade a block away from William Frantz School The womens screams and jeers were barely audible at the school when parents began bringing their children in All they could do was throw a couple of eggs at a newsmans ar The boycott held firmatthei citys other integrated school McDonogh No 19 Only three Negrofirstgrade girls entered classes there Vandals dumped red paint on ered the grounds A military the porch of the home form erly occupied by the Rev Pftotofax OUTGOING INCOMING President Eisenhower poses amiably with Presidentelect John Kennedy at the steps of the White House before they held then first meeting on the orderly transition of govern ment tntauting to the Christmas Cheer Fund The goal will be the same as last Because of varying causes and circum stances the needs are at least as great as last year Because givers always opened their hearts and met the needs we are confident the goal will be reached and passed again this year LAST YEAR the Cheer Fund reached in cash besides many merchandise contribu tions From the expressions we have heard it wouldnt surprise us to see a similar oversub scription this year A contribution to the Christ mas Cheer Fund is one that pro vides lasting benefits to the re cipients Doris Bruce executive sec retary of Family Service Inc the organization which admin isters the Cheer Fund has re peatedly pointed out that the good from the Cheer Fund lives on long after Christmas It isnt what they need that one day that we put the em phasis she said It is what they will need throughout the year Miss Bruce has headed the work of Family Service for years She has seen poverty misery sickness loneliness and the threats of broken homes Through her skilled work she has had the satisfaction of see ing many homes rehabilitated WITH THISbackground is something significant when she makes this statement This Cheer Fund is to me one of the things that makes Mason City a great city It shows people have compassion It shows they care I do not know of any higher tribute I can pay to anyone The GlobeGazette is proud to provide the vehicle whereby this great Christmas work may be done It is one of the finest tributes to the people of Mason City that never in the 35 years of the Cheer Funds existence has it failed to reach its goaL The fund was started in 1925 at the suggestion of Lee P Loom is Everyone is invited to give men women boys and girls organizations business firms NO GIFT IS too large or too small for this fund They may be brought to the GlobeGazette office or mailed to the follow Christmas Chttr Cart GlobtGaztttt Mason City Iowa Unless otherwise specifically requested gifts will be listed each day with the name and the amount Donors may use or remain anonymous with a designation such as A friend The first list of wUI
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