Wednesday, October 19, 1960

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 19, 1960, Mason City, Iowa North Ipwat Daily Newspaper Edited for the Homt MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The newspaper that makes ail North Iowans neighbors i f HOME EDITION VOL W AuocUtea Preu International Pun Wires MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 19 1960 7c a Copy Paper Consists of Four No f Clamp economic sanctions on Cu How farm programs differ Oldest of vote issues By RICHARDSPONG GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau WASHINGTON In a presi d e n tial campaign singularly lacking in concrete issues of sig nificance perhaps the most solid breadandbutter issue is the farm problem Vice President Nixon is call ing Sen Kennedys farm plan fantastic and saying it would create a 25 per centYise in food prices Kennedy is saying Nixons program is an exten sion of Mr Bensons program which would cost a billion dol lars more than the present pro gram which costs about six bil lion a year the most expensive in history Nixon has been making good use of a statement by former New Deal Secretary of Agricul ture Henry A Wallace to the ef fect that Wallace and FDR in 1933 had turned down an in comeparity plan similar to Ken nedys Wallace said it would have pushed up prices and have meant licensing of every farm every field and every handler of farm products ACTUALLY a Kennedy inti mate has been quoted as seeing the senators plan boosting farm ers income 30 per cent at the cost of a 10 to 15 per cent rise in the retail food price level It figures this way A Midwest farm operator with a investment is entitled to a 4 per cent return or plus a week or a year for his labor plus a y e a r for his management knowhow His full parity of income thus would come to a year His output would not be limit ed save for a compulsory soil bank program but he would be given a strict marketing quota excess production he would have to store or dispose of himself Market quotas would be so re stricted as to bring the price of his crop in the market up to the level that would provide his full parity of income NIXONS PLAN is less ex plicit and hence more difficult to analyze To get rid of sur pluses which force the market down Nixon would prescribe an energetic but temporary pro gram During the process of re ducing surpluses farmers would receive paymentsinkind to bolster their income If the support price of wheat were lowered for example farmers would be paid with sur plus wheat as compensation for a mandatory acreage cutback They could use this wheat as they chose but would be encour aged to feed it to livestock Low cost processed foods from the surplus would be distributed abroad and to the needy here This part of the plan Nixon calls Operation Conserve Operation Safeguard would prevent new surpluses princi pally by greatly expanding the soil bank Nixon also would beef up the existing rural develop ment program which is designed primarily to aid low income farmers DEMOCRATIC PROS regard Kennedys plan as likely to hurt him in urban consumer areas but there is no denying its polit ical sex appeal for the farmer The Farm Journal in a poll of 2500 farmers found 152 per cent of the farm votes that went to Eisenhower shifting to Kennedy with the farm issue hurting Nixon most Of votes that went to Stevenson 167 per cent were shifting to Nixon but on t h e grounds of religion and experi ence Significantly 65 per cent of the Midwest farmers going over to Kennedy give the farm situation as the main reason One thing both plans make elear Farm controls are bound to stay if not to increase A sobering last observation As of Aug 31 the government had more than billion in vested in pricesupported farm surpluses or about for every American man woman and child WINDY North Iowa Generally fair Wednesday night and Thurs day Northerly winds 15 25 miles an hour Much colder Wednesday with frost and hard freeze lows 1825 Con tinued cold Thursday highs 4046 Iowa Generally fair Wednes day night and Thursday Much colder Wednesday night with frost and freezing tempera tures lows 15 northwest to upper 20s southeast Not so cold northwest Thursday highs 4046 Further Mostly fair and warmer Fri day Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average from 3 to 10 de grees below normal extreme northwest to 10 to 15 degrees below normal east and south Cold beginning period warm er toward weekend and cold er first of next week Normal highs 58 to 65 Normal lows 35 to 42 little if any precipi tation indicated during period with only few light showers likely first of next week Minnesota Partly cloudy much colder Highs Thursday in 40s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Wednesday Maximum 59 Minimum 27 At 8 am 29 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO Maximum 61 Minimum 39 Hard freeze hits most of Iowa Cold north air swept across most of Iowa during the night and temperatures dropped be ow freezing at many places Sibley in the northwest cor ner reported the state low of 9 degrees Wednesday Chero kee had 20 degrees Spencer 23 and Boone 25 Mason City had 27 Early morning temperatures up to 43 degrees at Bur ington and Davenport But temperatures should drop in southeast Iowa Wednesday as the cold air reaches that area The cold weather held fast Wednesday and temperatures are expected to be some 20 de grees cooler than Tuesdays top readings which ranged from 52 at Spencer to 62 at Davenport and Burlington All of the state will be hit by a hard freeze Wednesday night PAINTING TOWN RED GLENCOVE N Y Judge Joseph Muldoon Tuesday sentenced Joseph Fernando 19 and John Downing 21 to clean and paint 25 fire hydrants after finding them guilty of opening 11 hydrants Boycott threat by Russ Disarming is topic UNITED NATIONS NY The Soviet Union Wednesday threatened to boycott the UN disarmament debate if the United States and its Allies in sist on pressing Western arms reduction plans Soviet Delegate Valerian A Zorin said The Soviet Union will not participate in such a waste of time Opening the disarmament de bate in the General Assembly Political Committee Zorin re jected the Western proposals as a danger to peace He accused the West of pursuing a policy oi procrastination and of further aggravating international peace THE SOVIET delegate blamed the West for the dis armament deadlock charging that the Western powers were using the arms talks as a screen to coverup efforts to organize an international espio nage system Zorin linked disarmament with Soviet Premier Khrush chevs demands for reorganiza tion of the UN secretariat He asserted that it would be impossible to establish an in ternational police force as long as the executive machinery oJ the United Nations was headed by one man who in all cases can express the interests of only one group of states Khrushchev had demanded that the office of secretarygen eral be replaced by a three man board including represent atives of the Communist bloc he Western countries and the noncommitted nations THERE WAS little hope of any break in the EastWest deadlock that since June has prevented actual disarmament negotiations The 99nation Political Com mittee agreed to give disarma ment top priority on its agenda with the Soviet Union leading off the debate and the United States speaking third after Pakistan Premier A BIG KISS FOR NIXON Vice President Rich ard M Nixon back to Republican presi dential nominee is kissed on the cheek by woman AP Photofax who grabbed him at Wilmington Del airport when he arrived here for a campaign tour A crowd of 1500 was on hand to greet the vice president Both candidates still at odds on relative strength of US By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Richard M Nixon and John F Kennedy agree there will be a stepup in United States pre paredness but paint conflicting pictures of the nations strength Both presidential candidate drew applause at the American Legion convention at Miami Beach Fla with pledges that this country will marshal its Khrushchev made he Soviet position clear last week when he called on the General Assembly once more o endorse immediate and com plete disarmament and de manded also that it be linked with a revamping of the U N Secretariat and Security Coun cil The United States Italy and Britain countered with a call or swift resumption of East Vest disarmament negotiations and once more emphasized the Western demand for creation of control machinery in advance of disarmament pledges an ap proach the Soviets have re ected time and again N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES UNITED NATIONS N Y Fidel Cas tro has notified the General Assembly he expects a largescale invasion to be mounted against Cuba from the United States within the next few days MOSCOW Premier Nikita Khrushchev goes before an audience of 14000 in the Lenin sports sta dium Thursday to report to the nation about his re cent trip to the United Nations It will be Khrush chevs first public appearance since he returned from New York last Friday LEOPOLDVILLE Congo The Congolese army staged a showy but ineffectual crackdown on what it described as a plot x against the military regime of Col Joseph Mobutu A score of prominent supporters of former Premier Patrice Lumumba were arrested in three noisy predawn raids They were released several hours later WASHINGTON William A Patterson presi dent of United Air Lines said the high cost of fur nishing commercial jet service makes future mergers of big domestic airlines almost iirevitible Patterson appeared before the Civil Aeronautics Board to tes tify in favor of Uniteds plan to merge with deficit ridden Capital Airlines Inc Old Explorer satellite just wont shut up WASHINGTON UPI The Explorer VII satellite just wont shut up An official of the National Aeronautics Space Adminis tration NASA says the situa tion is getting to be embarrassing When the 915pound satellite went into orbit Oct 13 1959 it carried a tiny timer that was supposed to silence its 20mega cycle radio after precisely one year This was to keep the radio from interfering with the con versation of subsequent satel lites with their ground stations But when the timer was sup posed to throw the cutoff switch the satellite refused to shut up At last report it was still bray ing its way around the world as though in love with its own voice Probe molesting of cemetery AMES tfl Why would any one disturb graves in the cen tury old township cemetery northeast of here The sheriffs office was noti fied Tuesday by a farmer whose lands adjoins the cemetery The graveyard has 11 plots dating back to 1868 Evidence was found that a gas light had been used while a number of the graves had been dug into one to a depth of five feet Headstones had been rolled aside SAM I might in the face of Communist thrusts reaching as close as Cuba Nixon told the Legionnaires in a reference to Fidel Castros Cuba that we will take the strongest possible measures to counter the economic banditry being practiced by this regime against our country and its citi zens Kennedy declared that the United States faced a critical situation created by the steady erosion of relative American power and prestige in relation to the Communists HE SAID We must build the military power necessary to keep our commitments and stop the next war before its starts Nixon said I happen to know and Mr Khrushchev knows that we are the strong est nation in the world and we are going to stay that way Applause timing counts gave Nixon a little bit of the edge in reaction from the almost 10000 Legionnaires and townspeople in the audience The candidates who spent the full day campaigning in Florida didnt cross paths at the big Miami Beach Convention Hall where they spoke half an hour apart KENNEDY criticized the E i s e n hower administrations Latin American policies and said Communism has been ad vancing steadily in every area of the world until the Iron Cur tain now rests on the island of Cuba only 90 miles away Nixon said the time had come to quarantine the Castro re gime Kennedy flew into New York City Wednesday on a threeday campaign visit which started with a massive ticker tape pa rade up lower Broadway Re peatedly crowds surged around the Kennedy caravan pressing forward for handshakes Before starting Kennedy got in another dig at his Republican opponents refusal for the sec ond time to extend their tele vision debate series He saic the American people will have to decide why Vice Presiden Nixon will not meet him in i fifth debate on the issues Nixon continuing his Delaware tour said his schedule wouldnt allow a fifth d e b a t e He has however offered to extend the fourth one for two hours Seven killed in crash of tanker L ANGLE Y AIR FORCE BASE Va ffi A jet tanker on a night training mission crashed on a marshy shore near here Wednesday night carrying sev en crewmen to their deaths Witnesses said the sixengine KB50J tanker caught fire al most immediately after takeoff rom Langley and was en veloped in a sheet of white flame when it came down with a roar that shook houses miles away Auto plates to be chartreuse black DBS MOINES UP William Burke director of prison indus tries says the new Iowa alumi num license plates for 1961 are just about completed and in my opinion they are the best weve ever made The last of he 1680000 pairs of the plates are now coming off the produc tion line at the Mens Reforma ory at Anamosa Burke said The 1961 plates will have black numerals on a chartreuse back ground for its visibility Greater Mason City Days bring bargains We suggest you check page of this edition for special values featured in Mason City stores during Greater Mason City Days Thursday Friday and Satur day Whether you are look ing for seasonal merchandise or planning for the holidays you can find something to fill your needs NO ACTION ATLANTIC CITY N J UPI to the 22nd biennial convention of the United Lu heran Church in America ended debate Wednesday on the word ng of an eightpoint resolution calling for a ban on further nu clear tests The delegates tabled the resolution after lengthy dis cussion AP Photofax DEFIES NEBRASKA GOVERNOR Nebraska Aeronautics Director Jack D Obbink reads while at his state capitol desk in defiance of Gov Dwight Burney who fired him The Republican governor said Obbink a Democratic appointee was dismissed for his failure to establish the legitimacy of a Sept 24 flight in a stateowned plane from Lincoln to Kan sas City Mo with Robert Kennedy brother of the Democratic presidential candidate as a passenger Obbink refused to give up the post and spent the day in his office as usual Kennedy meanwhile says he expects to be billed for the flight Trade v limits ordered Only drugs food exempt WASHINGTON UP The United States Wednesday banned all exports to Cuba except cer tain medical supplies and foods It also forbade sale transfer or charter of Americanowned ships to Cuban interests without specific governmental approval move that blocks the Fidel Castro regime from using Amer can shipping for transport of supplies purchased elsewhere The economic crackdown is in reaction to the Castro govern ments seizure of more than a Dillion dollars of American busi ness interests in Cuba IT COMES atop the curtail ment of the Cuban sugar quota earlier this year which denied Cuba the opportunity to sell to the United States 700000 tons of sugar valued at about million sales that would have Deen under a U S subsidy of about S35 million Castro is expected to react to the new U S move by expropri ation of still further American businesses Robert Berrellez of the Asso ciated Press staff said in a dis patch from Havana that Castro may also 1 Make a formal demand that the United States abandon its huge Guantanamo naval base 2 Break diplomatic relations with the United States Two US government agen cies issued the formal orders in the new crackdown on Cas tro The Commerce Department issued that imposing the partial embargo on exports and the Maritime Administration the one dealing with shipping THE EXPORT order forbids shipping of farm products elig ible for subsidy payments or stocked by the Commodity Credit Corp However there is an the United States will honor its commit ments for wheat and wheat flour shipments under the in ternational wheat Farm experts said the order will not have any great prac tical effect in so far as farm commodities are concerned partly because Cuba has al ready shifted much of its food buying to Soviet bloc countries Trade specialists said the curbs will cut off more than half of all American shipments to Cuba out that a substantial amount of trade could be con tinued under the regulations A place the Cubans couid quickly feel the pinch is in spare parts for oil refining plants seized from American compan ies THE ADMINISTRATION act ed as debate over the Red tinged regime of Cubas Fidel astro boiled up as a major is sue in the presidential cam paign Sen John F Kennedy the Democratic presidential nom nee has repeatedly accused the administration of showing too ittle concern over the Cuban situation His Republican oppo nent Vice President Richard M Nixon Tuesday promised early action and indicated he would take still further steps to ham string the Castro government if elected The State Department said it also has revised its export reg ulations in order to block indi rect shipments of American commodities and technical data to Cuba Under the revision it could take action against any shipper who tried to circumvent he export ban by shipping goods to one country with the dea of later moving them to On the inside Editorials Pigt 4 Clear Like Ntws 24 Sports Comics 27 North Iowa News 34 Society News 373139 Latest News 40 Mason City Newt 4941