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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 4, 1960, Mason City, Iowa North Iowa Daily Newspaper Edited for CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL Tin ntwspaper that makes all North lowans Awodttod fnu ud Cblted fetwatfoul run mm MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 4 I960 neighbors i 17c Paper Consists of Two No 301 Metric bar on way out New plan of measurement By STUART LOORY New York Herald Tribune News Service NEW YORK One of sci ences unchallengable standards bar of metal so important that it is kept in a hermetically sealed closely guarded vault on international territory in a Par isian suburb may be discard ed in two weeks as unreliable in the space age The expected change in the basic standard of linear meas urement throughout the world will allow scientists to make measurements with an accuracy of one part in one hundred mil lion rather than the now accept able one part in ten million The outmoded standard is the international meter bar a length of platinumiridium en graved with two hairlines invisi ble to the naked eye The dis tance between those two hair lines has been accepted through out the world since 1890 as one meter IF TH E 11TH International Conference on Weights and Measures ratifies the change Oct 10 the new standard meter will be defined as 165076373 wave lengths of the orangered light emitted by a lamp burning a rare varient of the inert gas krypton A conference commit tee after two years of work has approved the change Now instead of going to Paris or Washington or one of the 15 other centers in the world where a copy of the meter bar is kept to check a measurement a sci enlist need only set the krypton aglow under carefully controlled conditions and check his meas urement against the light With the platinum iridium standard measurements could be checked to an accuracy of only one millionth of an inch The new standard will permit measurements with an accuracy of one ten millionth of an inch Ten years ago such tolerances were unheard of W Reeves Tilley director of technical in formation for the bureau said and you need the greater ac curacy in measuring your parts if you want your missile to hit the moon or its target in an enemy country TILLEY SAID the meter bar would become a historic stand ard He explained Well prob ably keep our bar in the vault as a momento and use it to ex plain This is the way we used to measure things I expect theyll do the same in Paris The change in standards is a step toward loosening the bind on science Tilley describes as the measurements pinch The pinch results from the fact that we are not able to make meas urements fine enough to meet technological specifications with existing instruments and meth ods Thirty platinumiridium bars were cast and distributed in 1890 toact as the standard created in the International Treaty of the Meter signed by 17 nations on May 20 1875 One bar was selected as the international standard by lot and installed in a vault in Sevres France out side Paris The other bars were distributed among the treaty signers COMPANION TO the meter bar is a solid cylinder of plat inum iridium which serves as the standard for one kilogram 2204 The two pieces of metal are the standards on which the met ric system an outgrowth of the French Revolution is based A meter was defined as one ten millionth of t h e distance covered by the great circle arc from the North Pole to the Equator Its length was deter mined in a geodetic survey of a straight line from Dunkirk France to Montjuich near Bar celona Spain in the 1790s The American bars have been sent back to Sevres three times since they arrived in this coun try to be recalibrated The in ternational standards were rec ognized to be of such great im portance to the scientific com munity that during World War II Hitlers armies though they occupied France did not disturb the operation of t h e InteflJi tional Weights and Measures Nnter FROM OUK WIRE SERVICES CAPE CANAVERAL A sleek space rocket blazed aloft Tuesday and placed into orbit a 500 pound magnetic brain satellite forerunner of a revolutionary worldwide U S military communica tions system The shot came on the anni versary of Russias launching of Spufnik I the worlds first space satellite in 1957 The 51inch satellite called Courier IB is designed pri marily to receive and record radio teletypewriter messages GOLD STRIKE It doesnt take much contemplation for Alton Crowley 14 to see this goldfish isnt suited for the ordinary home f ishbowl AP Photpfax Alton caught the goldfish while fishing in a waterfilled sand pit in Sikeston Mo Outdoor living apparently agreed with it Candidates in challenges on foes home grounds FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Vice President Richard M Nixon took his campaign into heavily industrial northern New Jersey Tuesday in a direct chal lenge to Sen John F Kennedys The Weather North Iowa Mostly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday Considerable fog late Tuesday night and early Wednesday Slowly rising temperatures Lows Tuesday night lower 50s Highs Wednesday mid 70s Iowa Mostly cloudy with scat tered showers likely extreme south Tuesday night and south east and extreme south Wed nesday Considerable fog like ly late Tuesday night and ear ly Wednesday Slowly rising temperatures Lows Tuesday night in the 50s Highs Wed nesday in the mid Minnesota Fair and mild Highs Wednesday jnear 75 weather data 68 40 acknowledged strength in this area A streetjamming crowd gave the GOP nominee an enthusias tic welcome at his first stop in downtown Paterson and police had to fight a path through the throng for his motorcade Nixon noting Kennedys ap GlobeGazette up to 8 am Maximum Minimum Transparent swim suit brings action ATLANTA Ga M Claude C Rogers has filed a damage suit for the humiliation his daughter 17 suffered when he says a new bathing suit be came transparent the first time she wore it in the water Rogers charged the girl paid Macys Inc for the white bath ing suit which became transpar ent when wet and did expose plaintiffs nakedness then and there causing humiliation mor tification and embarrassment BACKWARD STEP LONDON Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Tuesday sold its London offices to the National Marriage Guidance Council News in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRi SERVICES WASHINGTON The U S Navy has claimed a new world record of 139021 miles per hour for jet fighter planes The record by a McDonnell Phantom nearly 100 miles an hour greater than one submitted for recognition by Russia four months ago NEW YORK President Tito of Yugoslavia ex pressed belief the cold war tension would ease He sailed for home from what he called a disappointing session of the United Nations General Assembly He was the first of the big socalled neutralists to leave New York RIO DE JANEIRO Brazil Janio Quadros 43 conservative former governor of Sao Paulo Province took the lead in scattered returns from Brazils presi dential election BONN GERMANY West German troops will be stationed on French soil under a bases agreement expected to be signed this month with France They would be the first bases out of the country and the first German bases in France since the allies routed Hitlers forces 16 years ego On anniversary of Sputnik I USorbits message center satellite and transmit them on com mand to other ground sta tions It also is capable of voice transmissions and in stant relay of messages be tween stations The ThorAbleStar rocket was fired at pm CST It rose smoothly from its pad Arcning high in the slightly hazy skies the 80foot rocket sped in an easterly di rection Its bright exhaust vanished from sight about three minutes after launch The shot repeat of an at tempt which failed Aug 18 when a rocket blew up was aimed toward an orbit 650 miles high and as close to the equator as possible Courier carried US hopes for the nations 28th space suc cess since Russia stunned the world on Oct 4 1957 by send ing Sputnik I into orbit around Earth The Soviet Union has seven other space successes Courier IB was the first step in a plan to provide free world military forces with in stantaneous and espionage f r e e communications It weighed nearly three times as as the 184pound Sputnik I and was described as the most complex satellite ever built The Air Force said prelimi nary telemetry reports indi cated the second stage of the rocket had fired perfectly The twostage rocket ap peared to be traveling normal ly as it passed the 140second point where a bad valve caused the first Courier shot to end in failure Officials said the satellite is working we are receiving and the information is very good The exact orbit called good still was being plot ted Soviet bloc softens its demands on Dag OUR WIRE SERVICES UNITED NATIONS The Soviet Union began back tracking Tuesday in its war with Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold and a spokes man said there was no question of Russia leaving the United Rations if he does not resign The softened Soviet attitude toward Hammarskjold came in the face of repeated General Assembly defeats and thunder ous support for the Swedish diplomat who told Premier Ni kita Khrushchev Monday I shall remain at my post A member of the Soviet dele gation said the Russian attitude will depend upon his future con duct This was a far easier stand than Khrushchevs de mands he resign because the Communist bloc did not trust him The Soviet spokesman said the Kremlin leaders had made no decision whether to boycott him as they did to force the peal for party loyalty urged hi Paterson audience to put asid party loyalty and vote for wha is best for America and no just what is good for Republican and Democrats NIXON HALTED his motor cade for an unscheduled stop a Benedictine Academy a Roman Catholic girls school in Eas Paterson when he saw uni formed students lining the curb Nixon used the occasion to put in a plug for schoolteachers in general and high school teach ers in particular Street crowds were friendly but not enormous as Nixons motorcade rolled into normally Republican Bergen County and into downtown Hackensack for a noon speech At Chicago Sen John F Ken nedy turned to an almost forgot en word in this presidential campaign Rest After putting in a 16hour day politicking in Illinois Monday Kennedy took it comparatively easy He had nothing on his for mal schedule but a fundraising speech in Indianapolis Tuesday night INDIANA ONCE was a Repub lican stronghold but Democrats have been making such spectac ular gains there especially in congressional races that Kenne dy has high hopes of picking up its 13 electoral votes He will spend almost all Wednesday touring Indiana Kennedy made 15 speeches Monday He was heard or seen by well over a hundred thousand persons in a day so crowded the candidate had trouble finding a moment to grab a bite to eat GRANDMAS DAY AUSTIN Tex on Monday became the first state to establish Grandmothers Day permanently Gov Price Daniel designated Oct 9 as this years Grandmothers Day Five killed in crash at Carroll CARROLL W Five persons were killed early Tuesday in a twocar collision the worst in Carroll Countys history The two cars collided on i gentle sloping curve on US Highway 30 west of here The victims were identified by personal effects as Harvey Edward Lynch 59 Ce dar Rapids vice president o the United Fire and Casualty Co Donald James Press 20 Pine Island Minn his wife Car olyn 20 their 18monthold daughter and Robert J Mezzan otte 25 North Adams Mass Authorities said the Presses were Navy personnel since both carry Navy identification cards Cans of baby food milk hot ties and diapers were scattered over the Highway Mrs Presss body was found along the high way The other four bodies were pinned in the wreckage On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society News 121314 Clear Lake News IS Sports 1718 SAM AP Photofax BENEATH LAWS While policemen lock hands to hold back striking General Electric workers a man kneels under them and tosses cardboard stuck with roofing nails in path of automobile be ing driven through main gate of River Works plant at Lynn Mass Numerous cars of non strikers received flat tires NEW SEASON WELLINGTON New Zealand iff u S Rear Adm D M Tyree arrived in Antarctica by plane Tuesday to launch the an North Iowa News 21 jnual summer operations of the Latest Markets 22 0 Mason City News 2223 Comics 26 Farm News 27 Program Tyree brought the first fresh food and mail in gix monthsfor the personnel who had spent the winter in the antarctic Buses roll again under unique deal MIAMI Fla UP Greater Miamis strikebound buses rolled again Tuesday under a unique arrangement that gave free rides to some 150000 persons de pendent on public transportation William D Pawley owner oi the Miami Transit and Miam Beach Railway companies agreed to provide the buses am the fuel at a cost he said would be very great At a 5 am meeting the 700 drivers approved the rare pro posal They will give up some a day in salaries The drivers struck Saturday over their demand for an in crease of 20 cents in their hourly pay Pawley would give only four cents In offering the buses for free service Pawley stipulated that the drivers would accept no tips and that union members woulc receive no subsidies other than the presently authorized union payments of a week W 0 Frazier president of the National Bus Drivers Union said Pawley would use the stipu lation to call this off as soon as a driver accepts a quarter MOTTO OF MONTH LOS ANGELES Lets Have Better Mottoes Assn Tuesday announced the winning motto for October Keep get credit for Thinking of his predecessor Norways Trygve Lie The delegation member said Russia would support an Aus jalian amendment to a five power neutralist resolution to tave it call for a Big Four summit meeting instead of a meeting between Khrushchev and President Eisenhower which both have rejected The Communist attack oa Hammarskjold waned in the as sembly and the Ukraine which s actually a part of the Soviet Union was assigned to declare hat the secretarygeneral had soiled the honor of the United Nations This was far milder than previous Communist state ments IT APPEARED the Soviet bloc had been surprised by the wild acclaim with which the assem bly delegates greeted Ham marskjolds dramatic defense of himself as a protector of smaller nations His speech interrupted three times by applause received the longest ovation any speaker has received in the twoweekold as sembly Russia sought to prove that Hammarskjold was partial to ward the West Of 1170 officials in the United Nations 65 per cent were from the United States and its allies and only 7 per cent from Communist and neutralist countries and 3 per cent from Africa UN OFFICIALS have ac knowledged in the past that Eastern Europe was underrep resented but said it was be cause the Communist countries had not proposed qualified can didates for posts here Just before the proceedings be gan in the Assembly British Prime Minister Harold Macmil an conferred with Hammar skjold And at the same time the Russians asked for a meeting between Khrushchev and Mac ro illan a key figure in the Wests maneuvers at this ses sion The British suggested a meet ing later in the day DOG ORDINANCE RAISES HOWL Albert Zack The council adopted the ordinance effective Jan J standing tells the City Council of Mason City that later in the evening A main spokesman against the an ordinance for yeararound confinement of dogs is ordinance was attorney Ray E Clough irons right just an ordinance that you cant improve upon Story on page 23 t
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