Wednesday, September 25, 1957

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Text Content of Page 1 of Mason City Globe Gazette on Wednesday, September 25, 1957

Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 25, 1957, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T H I NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL LXIII Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 15 1957 This Paper Consists of Two No 301 Troops Escort 9 Negroes Into School Man Bayoneted Another Clubbed in Little Rock Incidents sr AP Wirephoto CUT ON E Blake Little Rock appears stunned as he kneels on the ground after being clubbed by a trooper He tried to grab the soldiers carbine The GI quickly re versed it and struck Blake over the eye with the butt He suf fered a gash over the eye Red Press Plays Up Race Riots 2 LONDON UP The Little Rock integration story was front page news under big headlines in Eu ropean newspapers Wednesday Communist newspapers seized upon the story for barbed attacks on the United States A Moscow newspaper Sovie Russia said Little Rock dis closed the true face of democracy in America The Communist youth paper Kimsomol Pravada gave more than two front page columns to report of what it called terrible deeds of white racists and these followed so many beautifu words about freedom of the peo pie in America It added lha American desegregation problem were developing at a time when US representatives in the Unitec Nations were complaining about an alleged lack of civil liberties in East European countries Vive Faubus In Paris a band of men scrawled the words Vive Fan bus Long Live Faubus across the walls of the US Embassy The reference was to Arkansas Gov Faubus U S prestige and popularity was believed to be tak Clement Deplores Action Proposes Talk With President SEA ISLAND Ga o v Frank Clement of Tennessee proposed Wednesday that a com mittee of seven governors meet with President Eisenhower to seek a solution of integration problems that would avoid the use of federal troops Clement told a news confer nce at the annual Southern Gov ernors Confer ence here that he believes President Eis enhowers fed eraliza t i o n of the Arkansas National Guard has created a crisis that goes far beyond the c o n t r oversy over racial in CLEMENT tegration in the schools We have reached one of the most critical times in our his in tory through the Presidents un precedented action Clement said That action is certain to have farreaching repercussions Sovereign State It involves the question of whether federal troops shall or shall not be used in the sov ereign states The issue is no longer limited to school integra tion In 1958 it might be labor troubles I dont like to see us continue headlong downhill a mileaminute toward this sort of precedent Clements proposal came at a time when other Southern Demo PARATROOPERS ESCORT NEGROES INTO SCHOOL A phalanx of troops from the 101st Airborne Divi sion provide a reassuring escort for nine Negro stu AP Wirephoto groes entered the school ground suddenly filled with students and teachers Officials said it was a fire drill dents as they march up the front steps of Central High but there were reports that police were investigating a School at Little Rock About two hours after the Ne report of a bomb scare IN TALK TO COUNTY DEMOCRATS His Vetoes Guards Encircle Building Some White Pupils Leave FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES LITTLE ROCK Ark One white man was clubbed and an other stabbed with a bayonet a clash with paratroopers who guarded the entrance of nine Ne gro students to Central High School Wednesday The clashes came after six Ne gro girls and three boys walked calmly under armed escort into he previously allwhite school to attend classes A spectator identified as Paul Downs of Springfield Ark was stabbed in the arm by a bayonet when he apparently refused or ders to move on Soldiers said C E Blake 46 yearold railroad employe tried to grab a paratroopers rifle The soldier quickly reversed his hold on the rifle in combat fashion and the butt struck Blake over the eye Fell to Street He fell to the street The inci dent happened while troops were moving white people back from the school street However there were no cat calls no incidents as the students walked into the school encircled by troopers with fixed bayonets Their entrance in the calm at Defending his veto of the 21A per cent sales tax and capital im provements bill Gov Herschel Loveless Tuesday evening blasted the Republican Legislature for an million giveaway under cratic governors jvere guise of aid to education The bill he vetoed the Governor said contained a provision which ivould have distributed to schools ing its sharpest nose dive France since the Suez crisis condemning the Presidents ac tion federalizing the Arkansas National Guard One of these critics Gov Mar vin Griff in of Georgia said that if lie were asked to serve on s u c h a committee as Clement proposed he would be glad to do so Griffin also said that Eisen howers federalizing of the troops was definitely rule by force and a constitutional crisis Fotsoms Statement Gov James E Folsom of Ala bama declared that before the federal government can take over ijthe Alabama National Guard I will by proclamation discharge The nonCommunist leftwingievery member therein Folsom FrancTireur charged that Presi dent Eisenhower has seen his au thority overthrown and the law made an object of derision The extreme rightwing Aurore commented A Lincoln a Roose velt or a Truman would never have tolerated it Eisenhower no longer permits it but during the time he took to think it over didnt Eisenhower think how Com munist propaganda would profit from these events Widely Used earlier charged that the integra tion issue was just a coverup for the brass hats in Washington to get the Guard under their con trol Republican Gov Theodore R McKeldin of Maryland was an The Weather Mason City Fair to partly cloudy through Thursday Low Wednesday night 4550 High Thursday 7578 Iowa Mostly fair little temper ature change through Thurs day Low Wednesday night 45 52 northeast 5258 southwest Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average 4 to 8 degrees above normal Thursday through next Monday Normal highs up per 60s north to lower 70s south Normal lows mid 40s north to low 50s south Rising tempera tures Friday and Saturday with only minor changes thereafter all monies in the state general fund above S24 million It would have been distributed on a per pupil basis without con sideration for need or efficiency lov Loveless pointed out per petuating our inefficient school districts another 10 years Border counties are still a part of the state and should not be penalized by any form of taxation the Governor continued He re ferred to the per cent sales tax which merchants have claimed sent border residents into other states to shop I represent 99 counties not just the middle of the state Loveless said He stressed also the hardship on old age pension1 ers who spend all their income for living They pay sales tax on exception among those censuring will be light the President for his newest step in the Little Rock school in tegration controversy He told reporters Eisenhower had no other choice unless he wanted to had to maintain law The trouble was told in storiesand order prominently displayed in the press Sen McClellan DArk of Italy the Netherlands West Germany and Austria The Com munist press hit it the hardest Pictures of Little Rock scenes were widely used Sen Russell DGa both and said Eisenhower took action without authority of law They said it Headlined H Paese a leftist proCommunist paper in Rome mob may precipitate more than it will prevent trouble Federal force must be used in this situation to put down force At last Eisenhower acted to 1 said Adlai Stevenson twice beat ijnpose respect of the Negroes en by Eisenhower for the prcsi equality Said the London Daily Herald dency Stevenson termed the Lit tle Rock situation a national dis the voice of the Socialist Laboraster but he said the President Party ihad no choice He said Gov Or something rotten in the Val Faubus behaved irresponsibly Minnesota Clearing warmer GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Maximum 77 Minimum 37 At 8 a m 40 Four Killed in Plane Crash at Dayton Ohio DAYTON7 Ohio of the worst plane crashes in this aviation pioneer city took four lives and damaged seven homes Tuesday At dinner time in an East Side residential area a crippled Air Force B26 bomber roared down clipping the tops of four houses and bursting into flames The two airmen in the plane and two oc cupants of one of the houses were killed a larger percentage cf their in come during a time of inflated living costs At the same time the Governor charged the Republican Legisla ture cut by SPA million his recom mended appropriation for old age pensions Accusations that he is depriving Iowas young of a higher educa tion by vetoing the buUding ap propriations for the state schools brought this question from the Governor Were they just born this year Answered Own Question He answered his own question by pointing out that all of those now preparing for college educa tions were born during the 18 years the Republicans controlled the Legislature and governors chair The Republicans evident ly didnt know about the problem Loveless suggested until he told them about it in his budget mes sage last January The Governor struck out at gov ernment by those more interested in a political party than in serv ing all of the people of Iowa Legislative reapportionment is NEW BASE PLANNED LONDON scien tists plan to set up a fifth re search station in the Antarctic in no fad as its opponents label it The wise men who wrote the constitution of Iowa were farsee ing enough he said to realize there might be population changes That change has oc curred and should be recognized Iowas income last year was billion from agriculture and billion from other industry We must move toward a bal a n c e d industrial agricultural economy If we do not get more of the processing dollar Iowa will lose 200000 population in the next five years as has been forecast fay a national busi ness magazine To Study Matter The Governor reported that he is appointing a committee to study the matter and make rec ommendations It isa commit tee he said to represent all the people of Iowa He does not even know the politics of the committee members he is ap pointing Loveless is the first governor in many years to make a prom mosphere contrasted strangely with the bloody riot that followed their attempt to enter Monday A number of white students came out of the 2000pupil Cen tral High as the Negroes entered A school official said 1250 stu dents were in classes making 750 absentees It was 50 more than Tuesday when it was known the Negroes would not appear Cheer Goes Up A cheer went up on 16th Street as the station wagon carrying the Negroes cleared the barricades and stopped It came from a few Negroes watching from afar Inside the school Gen Edwin A Walker commander of the troops told the students I intend to use all means necessary to pre vent any interference with the ex ise regarding that promise AP Wirephoto SKIRMISH A soldier knocks an unidentified man to the ground when the latter refused to obey an order to move along The skirmish was just one of a few which took place at Central High School in Little Rock while nine Negro students were escorted to classes Law Order Appeal by Eisenhower WASHINGTON President Eisenhower declared Tuesday night that our enemies abroad are gloating over the school seg regation troubles in Little Rock ecution of the school boards plan for integration He told the white students You have nothing to fear from the soldiers but added This is what 1 have been ordered to do and I intend to carry out my or ders The entrance of the Negro stu dents contrasted strangely with their attempt Monday Wednes day the spectators kept scat tered by the paratroopers said nothing Monday they screamed taxes and keep declared Don cursed and Dodge Iowas in Area Mitchell Fort Democratic national committee man He blamed President Eisenhow er for a 40 per cent increase in isaid Wednesday Stale of Arkansas SAME lag means no traffic death In past Zl lioiirO in using the Arkansas National Guard to thwart integration i Loveless in Support of Action by Ike DES MOINES Herschel C Loveless said Wednesday that he supports President Eisenhow ers action in the Little Rock Ark school integration situation The Governor told his news con ference In the absence of state action somebody had to step iu to end the violence i II4V HI f terior this winter Moscow Radio basic rccs a of 21 per cent in inflation since Jan 1 1953 t h e largest peacetime budget in history after a promise of curtailed government spend ing chaotic conditions in agri culture and a failure to cut taxes as promised Jake More Harlan Iowa Dem ocratic chairman asked Cerro Gordo voters to give the Gover nor some help in the Legislature to hold the line on taxes Introduced Guests Robert Douglas Cerro Gordo Democratic chairman acted as Later the school said six Negro boys and three girls entered the building to attend classes theyve been trying to enter since Sept 3 The nine Negro students origi nally had been enrolled in an all Negro school Some 200 Negro high school students live in the Central High Ark He appealed to citizens of Littla Rock to assist in bringing to an immediate end all interfer ences with the law The President went on the air to explain to the American public why he had ordered federal troops into Little Rock in order to enforce his command that per sons he said were obstructing justice must cease and desist and disperse Disorderly Mobs In that city Eisenhower said under the leadership of demagogic extremists disorderly mobs have deliberately pre vented the carrying out of proper orders from a federal court Local authorities have not eliminated that violent opposition and under the law I have issued a proclamation calling upon the mob to disperse The federal court orders he re ferred to were those of Judge Ronald Davies w h o ordered compliance with a plan for inte grating Negroes into the hitherto allwhite Central High School Nine Negroes entered but were removed after a mob battled around the school Monday Eisenhower said that certain misguided persons many of them imported into Little Rock by agi tators have insisted upon defy ing the law and sought to bring it into disrepute Cites Anarchy The President m defending his drastic action said he had to in School in the Littlc Rock sihia where the school board screened Iarcjw applicants and approved 10 for admission to the school as part of a limited integration plan The paratroopers pointed stub by bayonets at clusters of white men and women to keep a crowd jfroin congregating at the school before Negro students arrived The troops made no threatening Eisenhower said he personally knows that the overwhelming majority of the people in the those of Arkan sas and Littie of good will united in their efforts to pre serve and respect the law even when they disagree with it Gone was the Eisenhower who toastmaster and introduced the gestures They simply loweredjtold a nc conferfince last July Governor and others at the head table They also included Mrs Loveless and Mrs Rex Westcolt Clear Lake county chairwoman The Rev George Strum Clear their bayonets and moved clusters of people away tneil7 he could not imagine any cir i cum stances requiring federal Maj James Meyers of San Anltroops to enforcc a C0lirt order tomo Tex told the few common sense of Amer tors You arc instructed again Lake asked the blessing I to return to your homes peace Al Gerardi was in charge ofUully Disperse and return to vaudeville entertainment It homes because common sense of Amer ica will never require it BURNS PINCHED PROBLEM Gov Herschel Loveless Cerro Gordo Democratic chairman listens right closes his eyes as he considers in at the banquet in the Moose Home in a statement by Jake More Iowas Mason City Democratic chairman Robert Douglas eluded the Sartor Sisters danc ing Nancy Bird Osage baton twirler Sharon Wright Osage pianist and Roger Vosburgh accordionist The crowd overflowed the 300 places set in the dining room of the Moose Hall and some ate in an adjoining room About 1200 of the elite regulars BEVERLY HILLS Calif flew into Little Rock aboard 52J Ronnie Burns 22 actor son giant troop carrier planes TucsGeorge Burns and Gracic Allen day night Most of the 101st has been sentenced to spend two troops were hold in reserve attSaturdays doing manual labor Camp Robinson about 10 miles north of Little Rock ready to roll the city in minutes if a major difcurbance threatened for the Beverly Hills police chief as a condition of the suspension of a 10day jail term for speeding 185 mph 25hilc zone