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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 26, 1955, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for tU MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS N I I C H I 0 15 HOME EDITION VOL LXI United Prcu Full Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY M 1955 This Paper Consists of Two One n Bills Benefit Korean Vets Corning Legislator to Ask for Bonus DES MOINES World War n veteran and several other mem bers of the Iowa House were pre paring Wednesday a series of bills to benefit veterans of the Korean War The World War II veteran is Rep James E Briles One of the bills would pay a bonus of a maximum of to Korean War veterans who hadserved at least 120 days It was estimated that the bonuses would cost the state about 37 mil lion dollars The money would be raised by extending the present state property tax for payment of bonuses to World War II veterans or increase the present levy of of a mill annually Another of the series of bills would give the Korean veterans property tax exemptipns of a year the same as are available to World War II veterans AP Wirephoto HALE AT of the Army Douglas MacArthur looks healthy as ever as he arrived in Los Angeles for a public cele bration recognizing h i s 75th birthday Wednesday A statue of him was unveiled at Mac Arthur Park Soviet Move on Germany Brings Hope of Unity BONN Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauers government said Wednesday the Soviet declaration ending Russias state of war with Germany will produce practical progress toward normal relations only if Moscow accepts free elections and a peace treaty for all Germany The government made this statement following a Cabinet meeting to consider the significance of the Russian announcement Tuesday The Soviet the statement said means practical progress toward the reestablishment of normal relations between the Soviet Union and Germany only if the Soviet Union agrees to genuine free elections for the whole of Ger many and to a peace treaty con cluded in full freedom between an allGerman government and the former war enemies of Germany and if the Soviet Union takes all measures to attain this The statement expressed hope however that the Soviet Union now will release all German pris oners of war and civilians still held as a first consequence of its dec The federal West German government naturally welcomes every move that might lead to an easing of the tension between East and West and to a genuine state of it said The statement of the Soviet Un ion on the termination of the state of war with the whole of Germany is in accordance with the actions which have been taken in 1951 by the Western Allies and after then up to now than 50 na tions Rights Reserved The value of this declaration however is restricted insofar as the Soviet Union in opposition to all other statements that have been made by former war enemies of Germany has reserved all rights in connection with f o u rpower agreements especially the agree ments of Yalta and Meanwhile the question What does it mean a lot or nothing held the attention of parliamentary and party leaders in their attempts to evaluate the latest Russian move Adenauer himself is still on va cation in the Black Forest due to return Thursday Allied and German officials agreed that the Russian statement was another shot in its vigorous campaign to prevent West German ratification of the Paris agree ments with the Western Allies to rearm the Bonn Republic Officials in Washington and Paris took the same view Not Yet Clear But it was not yet clear what practical effects the Soviet declara tion would have Speculation in German and Allied circles ranged from the possibility of a new Ber lin blockade to a Russian retreat from Germany It raised anxious hope among West Germans that tens of thou sands of Germans reported still held prisoner in Russia might now be sent home Allied officials in Bonn and Ber lin were still busy trying to figure out what comes next They drew attention to the significant res ervation in the Russian decree that the Soviet Union would keep the right and obligation under four power agreement regarding Ger many as a whole The officials believed that gave the Russians plentyof room to re tain any hold they want on East Germany Jell Believes China Trip Not Dangerous CHARLES fan ilies visiting the prisoner fliers in Red China would be safe in the opinion of Francis SedgwickJell British vice counsul in Chicago who addressed the Rotary and Ki wanis clubs at meetings here he warned the United States does not have diplomatic relations with Red China and such visit would be at the individuals own The speaker spent eight years in India and just left a diplomatic post in IndoChina He is familiar with the thought pattern of the Communist leaders and says they are extremely anxious to demon strate that they are masters of Asia It is Jells opinion that the na tions will have to make up their mind to coexistence as there is no present indication of any internal revolt Jell was a guest of Dr J E Sals bury at Charles City He visited in Mason City Tuesday afternoon and evening before returning to Chicago Fischers Wire for China Trip Permit SWEA and Mrs Har old Fischer Wednesday wired the State Department for clearance to visit their son Capt Harold Fischer in a Communist China prison camp The Fischers acted after hearing reports the State Department is in clined to withhold clearance be cause of the tense Formosa crisis They told the State Department they dont think there is any danger in American travel in Red China but they are willing to take any risks to visit their son Senate Approves First Bill DES MOINES Iowa Sen ate passed its first bill of the session Wednesday but not with out a dispute over the rules The bill would authorize the State Executive Council to buy a car for the governors use for more than the limit which applies to automobiles purchased for other state departments It was introduced by Sens Jack Schroeder RDavenport and David 0 Shaff When voting started on the bill five Democratic members of the Senate voted only present in stead of yes or Sen Frank C Byers RMarion then demanded that the Demo cratic members vote either yes or no and cited a Senate rule which says A member may vote pres except that ifa demand is made from the floor of the Senate for an aye or nay vote such members shall then Voted Down Democratic Sens George OMal ley of Des Moines and Tom Dailey of Burlington still insisted upon voting only whereupon Sen Duane Dewel RAlgona moved to permit them to refuse to vote I assume both the senator from Polk OMalley and the senator from Des Moines Dailey both hope to be governor someday anc therefore have a personal interesl in this bill so that they should not be required to Dewel said The Senate however voted down Dewels motion OMalley com mented that unless they double the governors salary I am not in Then he voted Dailey said he owner of a Chevrolet and therefore I can not vote on this But a little later he changed his vote to no in order he said that the busi ness of the Senate may Dafleys reference to a Chevrolet dealfwith the efforts of the State Executive Council to buy a new car for the governor last month The car which had been assigned to the governor a Buick was wrecked in the accident in which the late Gov William S Beards ley was killed last Nov 21 Limit The council found it could not under the law spend more than to replace the car A Chev rolet was offered to the governor but the then Gov Leo Elthon de clined saying the governor should have a car in keeping with the dignity of the office The House meanwhile sent to the Senate Wednesday after an unsuccessful attempt to defer ac tion on a bill to subject 10 per cent of the personal earning of the head of a household to garnish ment for debts The vote on passage was 9014 Rep Andrew G Frommelt DDu buque lost 7529 in his effort to get the House to delay action until the measure could be studied fur ther and amendments prepared Rep John L Duffy RDubuque joined Frommelt in voicing oppo sition to the measure Speaking with Rep Mahlon N Brown RWhat Cheer in asking passage of the bill were Reps Frank R Thompson RGuthrie Center and Wayne W Ballhagen RNew rAll About The Weather Mason City Cold wave 1520 below Wednesday night Iowa Clearing and colder Minnesota Extremely cold Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 Wed nesday Maximum 17 Minimum 0 At 8 14 Prec 4 YEAR AGO Maximum 13 Minimum 5 COiO AP Wirephoto LANDING AT Banshee Jet operating off the Carrier Es sex in Formosan waters makes a smooth landing as it ap proaches the vessel top two photos at 125 miles an hour The bottom photos show a planeseye view of the carrier as the craft hits the deck and then is stopped before the crash net by an arresting cable The photos were taken by a camera in the nose of the jet Washington Man Is Burned by Gasoline WASHINGTON Iowa Bell 75 was seriously burnec Tuesday evening when gasoline ex ploded in the basement of hi home He suffered third degree burns over 25 per cent of the upper part of his body He was taken to University Hospitals at Iowa City Wants No Change in Arms Cutbacks Wilson Calls Formosa Crisis little Ripple Two Senate Committees OK Policy Formal Vote on Thursday WASHINGTON W President Eisenhowers Formosa policy res olution cleared the Senate Foreign Relations and Armed Services committees Wednesday by a 26 vote It was kept in exactly the same form it passed the House 4093 But the resolution plainlyJacket the uanimity in the Senate that it had the House and a hot de a prolonged one was shaping up Thursday Formal Senate consideration wil not begin until Thursday but Sen Long DLa did not wait for that Taking the floor with a prepared speech Long said the Formosa resolution might be used by the friends of Chiang Kaishek to try to involve the United States in World War III He asked his col leagues not to rush to approve it In the combined Foreign Rela tions and Armed Services commit tees the opposition votes were cast by Sens Langer RND and Morse Sen George who pre sided at the closed door meeting announced no effort would be made to call up the resolution for Senate action before Thursday Two The Foreign Relations and Armed Services committees re jected two proposed amendments before approving the resolution A 208 vote defeated a propose by Sen Kefauver DTenn to turn over protection of Formosa and the island areas to the A similar vote rejected an amendment by Sen Humphrey D to limit the authority of the President to defense of Formosa and the Pescadores Islands AP Wirephoto HAPPY WHERE SHE Hambrick 6 hugs her new mother Mrs Harry Black Dallas as calls con tinue to arrive at the Black home from persons offering to adopt the child Cheryls parents died last from cancer and the other in a the Blacks old friends of the family intend to adopt the girl Explorers Know Anarctic Is A FINE FREEZER WASHINGTON biscuits still at as day they were baked been found by Antarctic explorers who revisited Little America near the South Pole Dispatches reaching the Navy here from USS Atka report that food and equipment including the biscuits left in a quonset hut by a 1947 expedition were found in deep freeze preservation The Atka is touring South Polar waters Maj Murray Weiner veteran Antarctic explorer and Amory H reported it was saddening experience to visit the Little Amer ica camp originally set up by Adm Richard Byrd Because of Polar ice movements Little America is now virtually written off as a base for future Antarctic research Among the items of equipment examined was a wind driven gen erator installed in 1934 on one of the 1929 radio towers President Challenged Keyserling Rap Economic Optimism WASHINGTON CIO and one of former President Trumans economic advisers Wednesday challenged President Eisenhowers claim of a strong economic comeback in 1954 and his optimistic fore cast of a high and satisfactory level of employment within the cur rent Both Stanley H Ruttenberg the CIOs education and research di rector and Leon Keyserling chairman of the Council of Economic under Truman took issue with Eisenhowers Jan 20 eco nomic report to Congress as the SenateHouse Economic Committee opened hearings on the document Ruttenberg said in prepared tes Limony the economy operated a lower levels in 1954 than in 1953 although he that withir the last two or three months ther have been signs of an upturn in Lightfoot is Convicted on Smith Act CHICAGO Claude Lightfoot was convicted Wednesday in a test of a law holding that membership in the Communist Party while knowing Us aims is a crime The verdict of a jury in the widely watched precedentsetting case was read in Federal Court The 44yearold Negros trial was the first test of a provision of the Smith Act which says mere mem bership in an organization know ing that it advocates violent over throw of the U S government is a crime Lightfoot secretary of the Com munist Party of Illinois is the first individual to be tried under the Smith Act Heretofore prosecutions based on the act have been against groups of Communists charged with conspiracy against the gov ernment Bitter Cold in Forecast DES MOINES UP Bitter cold moved into Iowa Wednesday ac companied by winds ranging up to 45 miles an hour The winds caused considerable blowing of fresh light snowfall Some drifting was re ported in northern Iowa At Mason City the mercury dropped from 16 above at to 3 below zero at 1 The cold air was from Canada where readings of 42 below zero were reported in Saskatchewan Subzero readings which will reach new lows for the season were predicted for Iowa Wednes day night Nearly all parts of Iowa had some snow Wednesday the Weath er Bureau said SALE CEDAR RAPIDS sale of 101 cattle at the Iowa Hereford Assn sale Tuesday brought a total of the But said the CIO spokesman employment in manufacturing in dustries is still running more thai a million behind a year wit parttime employment still great said in a prepare statement that 1954 could not b characterized as anything othe than a year in which we fell dis mally short of maximum employ ment and maximum production And he added Because the end of the year allowing for the growth factor found us further from these goal than the start of the year I am less optimistic for 1955 tha I was for 1954 from the stand point of levels of unemployment Keyserling now an economi consultant here said optimistic forecasters now look for a 1955 out put about 3 per cent above tha in 1954 But this he asserted would not be nearly enoug growth to reduce unemploymen sufficiently absorb new entries int the labor force and keep up witi advancing Algona Group Asks for Radio Permit WASHINGTON Wl Kossutl County Broadcasting Co of Algo na Iowa applied to the Commu nicatioris Commission Tuesday fo a radio station on 970 kilocycles 500 watts daytime only U S Tax Pamphlet Is Now Available Your Federal Income the official pamphlet issued by the Treasury De partment now available at the GlobeGazette business office Intended for the use of individuals it is priced at 25 cents the actual cost Suicide for Reds If They Tried Invasion Navymen Vow By CHARLESCORDDRY WASHINGTON toThe United States 7th Fleet would spell bloody suicide for a Red Chinese invasion force launched against Formosa in the opinion of naval authorities Operating in the Western Pa cific with its major elements now massing near Formosa the fleet probably numbers some 200 ships manned by an estimated officers and men Spearheaded by five big air craft carriers four of them al ready in Formosan waters it could hurl murderous lire into a Red force ferried toward Chiang KaiSheks island in wooden junks with torpedo boats and little frigates for protection The fleets carriers can mount about 500 Panther and Banshee jet fighters and Skyraider attack bombers Additional planes are available in land based patrol squadrons Soon the mighty Mid way will replace one of the 7th Fleets Essex class car riers The Midway class of which there are three ships is the largest afloat and came along too late for World War II The Mid way carries 14 fiveinch guns compared with the Essex 12 and can launch 130 planes to the Es sex 100 Vice Adm Alfred M Pride 7th Fleet commander has said he now has available for whatever mission President Eisenhower as signs 4 carriers 6 cruisers and 50 destroyers with supporting ships Three of the Wasp and in the major Pacific battles of World War II and are in familiar haunts in Formosan waters where they once fought the Japanese The Kearsarge also at Formosa and the Princeton elsewhere in the fleet at the moment were commissioned too late for World War II but fought in Korea Pride says he has the stuff to meet any opposition in the course of evacuating Chiangs forces from the Tachen Islands north of Formosa should that be ordered He is a softspoken flag officer not given to bluster His fleet is small by World War II standards But it is big for the tasks now seen as possibilities A question mark in any show down in the Formosa area would be Red handful Communist China may have and the 90 or more Russia may be operating in Far Eastern waters near her Vladivostok and Port Arthur bases House in Study of Reductions Senate Hears Policy Vote From Our Wire WASHINGTONDefense Secre ary Charles E Wilson Wednesday described the Formosan crisis as just a little ripple and no reason o abandon planned reductions la armed strength Wilson made the statement after hairman Carl Vinson of the House Armed Services Com mittee proposed that the adminis tration put the brakes on the proposed cuts in light of the For mosan situation Vinson said he was concerned hat the planned reductions would mpair the combat efficiency of American forces He said he thought it might be wise for Wilson to abandon cuts planned for the rerst of this fiscal year and then to consider the mat er further No But Wilson said the scheduled reductions are part of a long range plan and that he sees no need to upset the schedule The hearing came after the House voted Tuesday to endorse President Eisenhowers Formosa defense policy The vote 4093 came within 27 hours after the President had made his request for a resolution giving advance ap proval for any military action Eis enhower holds necessary to keep Formosa the Pescadores and other unnamed areas out of Chinese Communist hands Formosa is the seat of Chiang Kaisheks Chinese Nationalist government A remarkable unity in the interest of the nations the President said of the House ac tion His comment was relayed through White House Press Secre tary James C Hagerty In the Senate approval of the resolution by the Foreign Relations and Armed Services committees was required before it could act officially Clean Sailing Chairman George DGa of the Foreign Relations Committee dieted the resolution would clear that group during the day He said he expected overwhelming Senate approval Wednesday or Thursday This Formosan business is just a little ripple in this he told the committee And as Presi dent Eisenhower has said there is no reason to change our In his prepared testimony Wilson disclosed that military planners are working vigorously to make atomic weapons part of the na tions continental defense system He also revealed that the atomic powered submarine Nautilus is per forming beyond expectations and has paved the way for eventual operation of atomicpowered air craft Vinson did not take exception to the administrations 1 o n grange plan to cut military manpower to an eventual level of about men However he read from a let ter he wrote Wilson several days ago in which he said he thought it would be better in light of For mosa to delay the part of this cut scheduled for the rest of this fiscal year ending Jan 30 He noted that Congress had ap propriated on the basis of the De fense Departments own requests for a strength on July 1 1955 oC men Wilson has proposed to trim manpower by that date to men 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