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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 25, 1955, Mason City, Iowa                                North Iowas Doily Newspaper Ediltd fcr Uw MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THAT MAKIS All NORTH IOWANS HOME EDITION VOL LXI and United Picu Full Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 15 19SS Iiper of Two n House Approves Defense of Formosa AP Wirephotos YANKS TO THE soldiers Thomas Blair Pottsville Pa and Philipp Records York Beach played hero roles as they donned hip boots and rescued a wine cask from the flooded basement of this Ablon France home as the family looks on from above Waters of the flooded Seine River were receding Tuesday Ask Boost in Postal Rates WASHINGTON Iff Postmaster General Summerfield has asked Congress to raise the price of mailing a letter from 3 to 4 cents to meet increased costs to provide facili ties for growing mail volume to improve For the same reason Summerfield Monday called for a boost in domestic air mail from 6 to 7 cents and second and thirdclass mail rates In all the rate increases would rt I I Drink Blamed for Death of I wo Jima Hero yield more than 332 million dollars a year Of this the 1cent increase in the cost of a letter stamp would account for 237 millions The letter rate would be raised only on the first ounce remaining at 3 cents for each additional ounce Summerfield coupled his bid for higher rates with a proposal to raise the pay of about letter carriers clerks and other postal workers by 5 per cent At the same time he suggested a revision of salary schedules which he said now result in injustices and prevent the Office Department from paying employes what they are Million He estimated these increases and adjustments would cost 129 million dollars a year Counting certain fringe benefits this would mount to at least 170 millions a year the Post Office Department said Earlier this month Eisenhower renewed his bid for higher postal salaries and rates Summerfields bills spell out the administrations general proposals in detail The Post Office Department said in a statement that despite recent economies and greater it now operates at a loss of be tween 300 million and 400 million dollars a year Six Million Summerfield estimated an in crease from 6 to 7 cents for the first ounce on air mail letters would bring in an additional 14 million dollars a year He also asked an increase of 15 per cent on secondclass mail mostly newspapers and maga zines for two successive years adding 8V4 million annually and 28 per cent on thirdclass mail ad vertising matter and small mer chandise adding 73 mil lion lowan Dies in Crash of Plane in Idaho TWIN FALLS Idaho UBA light plane nosed over and crashed in muddy field shortly after leav ing the Twin Falls airport Monday killing Wayne A Beebe 32 Kim berly Idaho and Robert Tanner Horton 28 Winterset Iowa SACATON Ariz Ameri can Indian hero of modern war is bewildered and disillu sioned victim of peacetime Ira Hayes one of the Marine flag raisers on Iwo Jima at the climax of World War II was found dead Monday on the Sacaton Indianres ervation He was 32 The doctors verdict Overexpo sure to freezing much alcohol Hayes moment of glory atop ML Suribachi in the far Pacific was the beginning of his downfall Back home in 1945 Arizonas In dians looked up to him as a war rior who carried on the tradition of their ancestors But for the chub by friendly Pima Indian things didnt go so well We hit the beach at Iwo with 250 men in my Hayes once recalled and left with 27 a month and a half later I still think of those things all the Once he was found on Chicagos skid row wandering drunk and in shoes The Chi cago SunTimes started a fund for him and a farm equipment com pany gave him a job But he didnt last Another chance came from a Hollywood family who hired him as a chauffeur and handyman He landed in custody of Alcoholics Anonymous a few weeks later SAME DATE195444 White flat no death ta pail kran Newsman Disguises Self as Russian Iron Curtain Not So Tough POTTSTOWN Pa ffi reporter posing as a Russian colonel had no trouble pene7 trating Americas answer to the Iron Curtain Mon day All day long newsman Norman Poirier of the Pottstown Mercury roamed this city in a genuine Russian officers uniform to find out what would happen Pottstown is one of the areas declared off limits to Russian nationals in a recent State Department directive as a rejoinder to restrictions placed on Americans behind the Iron Curtain Poirier rode on a train snapped pictures of for bidden factories dropped poison pills into the water supply blew up a bridge mingled with citizens shopped in markets ordered vodka in bars played juke boxes and rubbed elbows with Bill Filed to Create Toll Road Authority Knudson to Push Action on Taxes DBS MOINES Special Toll Road Committee of the Iowa Senate Tuesday filed a bill to cre ate a State Toll Road Authority Sen Charles S Van Eaton R Sioux City gave the bill to the committee for study last week The committee made several amend ments Under the bill as written by Van Eaton the Toll Road Authority would have been given a appropriation but the committee cut this to Another change would provide salaries of for each of the three members of the authority as compared with Van Eatons draft Action Needed It is imperative that this bill be passed at this Van Eaton said The federal road program proposed by Gen Lucius Clay provides that for any state which has built or is building a toll road federal funds will be reim bursed by the federal government for the cost of such a road with the provisions that this reimbursed money shall go to aid the states general road program In other words if Iowa spends 180 million dollars for a toll road we would get back that amount for the general road program That would not only aid our roads but would give a big lift to business in the states On the tax front Sen Herman Knudson RClear ranking member of the powerful Senate Ways and Means Committee said he would like to see the proposed state tax study group make its report late this fall instead of in the summer of 1956 as suggested by Gov Leo Hoegh Fast Action Also he said he would prefer to see a special session called early in 1956 to act on the committee pysals Hoegh has suggested that the extra session be called after the November 1956 elections Im anxious to get at the prob lem of finding tax sources which will be most fair and just as quick ly as Knudson said Hoegh said the delay until after the faections would take some of the pressure off lawmakers Some of them would be lame who would not be returning to the next regular session in 1957 About The Weather Mason City Cloudy and cold lowi Snow colder FiveDay Iowa Temperatures during the next five days Wednes day through Sunday will average from near to 4 degrees below nor mal Normal highs 26 north to 35 south normal lows 6 north to 14 south Cold Wednesday and Thurs day somewhat warmer Friday and Sunday Precipitation will average near inch as snow Wednesday and again Friday and Sunday Minntsota Light snow Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 Tues day Maximum 15 Minimum 0 At 8 11 Snow 75 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 9 Minimum 0 A I MIKOYAN Mikoyan Out of Trade Job Deputy Premier of Russia Shifted MOSCOW W Deputy Premier A I Mikoyan high priest of the Soviet Unions drive for more con sumer goods gave up his job as trade minister Monday night For eign observers viewed the shift as new evidence of a Soviet trend back to prime emphasis on heavy industry Mikoyan 60yearold ace negoti ator of foreign trade agreements held on to his other top posts in cluding one of the Soviet Unions nine deputy premierships and membership on the policymaking Central Committee on the Soviet Communist party An announcement by the Presi dium of the Supreme Soviet said the deputy premier had been re lieved of the trade ministry at his own request and that Dmitri Pav lov food minister in 1951 and la ter first deputy minister of light and food industries would replace him BELEW CAPTURED SPRINGFIELD HI Lester Belew 41 one of the Feder al Bureau of Investigations 10 most wanted men was seized late Monday night at a motel near Champaign 111 anybody he could find He must be a high ranking Salvation Army of remarked a passerby One woman was more discerning I dont know what he she said but I dont like his Another citizen thought he was a Chinese gen eral dressed up to celebrate the Chinese new year In a bar one man nearly started a fight with JPoirier when the reporter pretended to have no knowledge of English Only one person was beard to say he thought the uniformed stranger was a Russian officer who had no business in the area A fellow reporter followed Poirier all over town taking down peoples spontaneous comments His uniform was acquired from a New York out fitter Stalemate in Korea Blamed on 4 Causes Senate Group Makes Report WASHINGTON Iff A Senate subcommittee reported Tuesday on its study of wLy the United Nations failed to gain a decisive victory in Korea and suggested the reasons be kept in mind in developing For mosa policy The report from Senate Internal Security Subcommittee said that five senior military commanders in the Korean War all believe possible subversion wishful think ing European orientation and allied pressure denied them vic All Retired The unanimous report was based on testimony taken from the Ar my Navy and air officers all now retired at public hearings between last August and December The witnesses were Gen Mark Clark Lt Gen George E Strate meyer Gen James A Van Fleet Lt Gen Edmond M Almond and Adm Charles T Joy all of whom held top command post in the Ko rean War theater The subcommittee said testimo ny of all five showed they believe that victory in Korea was possi ble and desirable and that the action required to achieve victory would not have resulted in World War Position Jeopardized Also the subcommittee said the former military commanders be ieve that political considerations were permitted to overrule mili tary necessities and that failure lo win in Korea has jeopardized our position in the Far The subcommittee recommended hat its report and record of hear ings be brought at once to the attention of the Senate Foreign Relations and Armed Services tommittees now considering Presi dent Eisenhowers request for con gressional backing of his policy to ight if necessary to defend For mosa and the nearby Pescadores Islands Churchill Nixes Idea of Talks With Georgi LONDON UP Prime Minister Churchill Tuesday rejected sugges ions he should meet with Soviet Premier Georgi Malenkov to dis cuss the Far Eastern situation AP Wircpholo SPY ON LOOSE Normand Poirier a Pottstown Pa news man looks mighty Russianish as he poses for pictures in his home town which is offlimits to Soviet travelers Formosa at a Glance By The Associated ttent Nationalist landing ship moved the first refugees to Formosa from the Communist menaced Tachen Islands Widows and orphans ot guerrillas who died defending Ylkiangshan were among 193 landed at Keelung 7th Fleet held positions to assist if ordered in the withdrawal of Nationalist troops from the Tachens WASHINGTONT h e United States faced a greater risk of war with Red China than at any time since the Korean shooting ended in mid1953 The House appeared willing to indorse Tuesday a reso lution giving President Eisen hower advance approval to make war if necessary in defense of For mosa Foreign Affairs Committee okayed it 280 L 0 N D 0 approval was voiced by most West European newspapers for Eisenhowers For mosa declaration But the British Manchester Guardian termed tfce declaration a gross blunder and some others said it left room for wide interpretation ABOARD THE CARRIER YORK and planes of the 7th Fleet maintained their guard of Formosa Strait alert against any attempt by the Chinese Commu nists to make good their boast tha they will liberate the island stronghold of Chiang Kaishek Tachens Hit by Communist Fire TAIPEI Formosa artillery bombarded th Tachen Islands Tuesday in an apparent warning to the 7th Flee that an attempt to evacuate the Nationalist garrison would bring American warships within range of Red guns Communist scout planes swept across the island group 200 miles north of Formosa in what was expected to be a prelude to another bombing attack such as the one that softened up nearby Yikiangshan for a Red invasion They also obviously were looking for signs of the Navy Vice Adm Alfred M Pride commander of the 7th Fleet lef 6 Below Zero at Decorah DES MOINES OR Northeast Iowa had subzero temperatures early Tuesday as skies cleared permitting the mercury to drop to below zero at Decorah This equalled the previoui northeast Iowa low of the season also at De corah Oelwein reported a reading of 5 below and nearly all of Iowa ex cept the western edge had tempera tures of near zero Mason City had ero Toward morning as clouds returned and light snow began to fall the mercury rose at many points to the high teens AP Wlrephoto LAST MEAL AT SWEA Leader and Mrs Andy MacKenzie Tuesday were in Pennsylvania on the last leg of their trip to visit kin of fliers with whom he was imprisoned in Red China Their 24hour stay at the home of Mr and Mrs Harold Fischer Swea City Iowa was ended Monday afternoon following a dinner Left to right are MacKenzie Mrs Fischer Mrs MacKenzie and Fischer his flagship and hurried to Taipe for urgent talks with Rear Adm Frederick Kivette commander o Task Force 77s four great car riers seven cruisers and 50 de stroyers and other support craft Task Force 77 alert and on the was prepared to enter the battle zone instantly when Prcsi dent Eisenhower gives the order for evacuation of the Na tionalist Chinese troops and civil ians from the Redthreatened is lands The two admirals also were ex pected to confer with President Chiang Kaishek who was de scribed as both pleased and dis appointed with President Eisen bowers message to Congress Sources close to Chiang said he was pleased at the American deci sion to defend against further Com munist aggression but disappointed in Mr Eisenhowers failure to draw a firm line of defense and name the Nationalist islands tha will be protected Sources here said the keep themguessing policy was in keep ing with recommendations from Americans in this area Gross Urges Recall of MacArthur in Formosan Crisis WASHINGTON Iff Rep Gross RIowa Tuesday urged President Eisenhower to recall Gen Douglas MacArthur from retirement am1 utilize to the fullest extent in this growing crisis the abilities he has so well Gross made public a letter to the President commending him for his message to Congress on defending Formosa and the Pescadores The letter added I urge that disagreements oi the past be put aside that Gen MacArthur be recalled to active service and that neither he nor any other commander be fet tered with the shackles oi a politi cally divided United Nations com mand as in Senate May Cast Votes Wednesday GOP Leaders in Comment WASHINGTON UKMoving with vartime speed and unity a solemn iouse Tuesday gave President Ei enhower authority to make war if accessary in defending Formosa and the Pescadores Islands The House adopted and sent to he Senate a resolution authorizing the President to use American armed forces in almost any way ic decides is necessary to hold the main islands or vital outposts of the Chinese Nationalist stronghold The vote was 4093 The no votes were cast by Reps Siler R Barden DNC and Sheehan The Senate also is expected to approve the warorpeace resolu ion perhaps Wednesday The Rules Committee which controls the order of business in iie House put a hurryup label on he measure shortly after the House Foreign Affairs Committee issued report saying the Joint Chiefs of Staff had given it unanimous ap proval The Foreign Affairs group ap proved the resolution itself 280 af er a hearing Monday The word on the Joint Chiefs stand came in he committees formal report ask ing for House adoption of the mea sure and saying this requires ac loa now to deter further Chinese Red aggression Mainland The resolution carrying out a request from President Eisen hower would give him advance au thorization to make war if he found that step necessary for the defense of the Chinese Nationalist strong hold on Formosa and the nearby Pescadores Islands The resolution has been interpreted generally as permitting American strikes at the Communistheld Asian mainland itself if Eisenhower felt to break up Communist threats Apparently the JCS stand sents some shift in position among the military leaders Last fall when the rest of the Joint Chiefs approved air strikes at bases if necessary for the defense of Quemoy Island Gen Matthew B Ridgway Army chief of staff was opposed As the measure caaie up for ac tion on the House floor only about 90 of the 435 members were pres ent Great sections of the galleries including the diplomatic section were empty Republican congressional leaders were predicting swift and over whelming approval of the resolu tion Show of Weakness Senate Republican Leader Know land of California and House GOP Chief of Massachusetts talked with newsmen about the situation after their regular weekly meeting with the President Martin predicted that the House later in the dSy would vote very very overwhelming approval of Eisenhowers request that Con gress declare our readiness to fight to keep Formosa and the adjacent Pescadores Islands from falling to the Reds Knowland said he looks for the Senate to vote overwhelming ap proval of the administration reso lution by Thursday at the latest Martin said that so far he has encountered no House member who intends to vote against the resolu tion but he added that it would be curious if there were not a few negative votes among so many members Asked whether he had detected any note of concern among House members about voting to declare our readiness to fight for For mosa Martin replied Everybody is concerned about the Asiatic situation but they have come to the conclusion that there is no other alternative for Amer Knowland was asked whether the President had urged at Tuesdays conference that Congress act speedily The California senator replied that he did not want to quote Eis enhower but that obviously if the Chinese Communists should get the dca there is any real division in the United States with respect to he resolution it would be detri mental to our country and they he Reds might interpret it as a fundamental   

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