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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 24, 1955, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited far MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE MEWSPAPft THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS HOME EDITION VOL LXI AuocUtcd Prcu and United Pnu Full LCHM CenU Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 24 Paper of Two One Ne fl Ike Asks Authority to Protect Formosa One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlobeGoiette Editor Mental Health Gets a Break NOTHING that has happened in the field of public health with in my lifespan has been more im portantly significant I venture than the frank recognition of men tal illness and the dedicated effort In recent years to do something about it Once the common disposition was to keep the whole matter in some dark closet Even the vic tims of mental disease sometimes got that treatment literally But all that is being changedthese days Weve become more realis tic Were facing up to the facts And one most sobering fact con fronting us is that right at this mo ment there are about pa tients in mental hospitals This is as many as there are in all other hospitals combined Thats the measure of the problem Furthermore at the present rate one out of every 12 children born this year and each succeed ing year will need to go to a men tal hospital sometime during his life because of severe mental ill ness Nine Million Sufferers About people will go to a mental hospital for the first time this year One out of every two pa tients going to a medical doctor is suffering from an illness which is tied up with mental or emotional disorder The same is true for one out of three patients who go to general hospitals At least nine million Americans one in every suf fering from a mental or emotion al disorder Mental illness has been costing us more than a bil lion dollars a year in tax funds And theres another angle to this Patients going to mental hospi DIRECT WORD FROM and Mrs Harold Fischer Swea City fondly greet and then pose with Squadron Leader Andrew Mackenzie and his wife upon their arrival Sunday afternoon at the Parents of Fischer Listen GlobeGazette photos by Hofstat Algona airport The Canadian flier was on the second leg of his trip to visit relatives of airmen still held in Red Chinese prisons tals just this year for the first time will lose about that they would have earned during the time they are unable to work So much for the scope of the problem Im sure Ive got across the point that theres nothing picayunish about it In fact we could scarcely overestimate its Importance And what are we doing about It Weve Removed Our Blinders Well as Ive already the most heartening aspect of the situation is that weve taken off our shall I say Weve exhibited a willingness to look at v the subject in its true dimensions and against its real background What weve actually done how ever is pretty small and insignifi cant when laid down alongside what remains to be done But it is gratifying that by assuming an openminded attitude we have opened the gates and pushed aside some of the principal obstacles to progress Mason City Is Doing Something About It For three of the most inter esting and rewarding eve nings you ever spent plan now to hear Dr Beryl D Orris present his lecture forum series on THE INTE GRATED Under the auspices of the Adult Education Department of the Mason City Public Schools he will appear Mon day evening Jan 31 and the two following Monday eve nings Tickets which will admit two persons may be obtained at the High School either Mason City bank Hotel Han ford GlobeGazette or from any member of the Mason City Rotary Club Cost for the entire series for two adults is only At the latest calculation for each patient being treated for mental illness we were spending less than a year on research to find new ways of prevention and treatment And by we I mean all of public Here it should be explained that 80 out of every 100 mental hospital patients are in institutions run by the states largely at taxpayer ex pense Three out of every four mental hospitals are caring CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Deep South Is Hit by Snow Hard Frost Fruit Vegetable Damage Probable Bf The AuocUted tmn Bleak frigid weather brough snow and hard frost into the Dee South during the weekend and le a dismal aftertaste of cold rain in theSoutheast Monday The snow reaching heavy pro portions in some Gulf State areas provided rare opportunities fo making snowmen or pitching snow baUs A hard freeze gripped Texas Ri Grande Valley fruit and vegetabl growing area early Monday with some damage feared among th tenderest of midwinter vegetable such as lettuce and tomatoes Escaped Chill Southern Floridas subtropica wintering area escaped the chill Farther north however Jatkson ville received inches of rain Near and slightly below freezing temperatures were reported over the southern portion of Texas where San Antonios early morning minimum was 28 degrees Upstate New York shoveled ou from under a heavy fall that ranged up to 10 inches Light snow was falling in Caribou Maine which had 39 inches on the ground and in the western Great Lakes Northern Plains and eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains Melted Quickly Most of the snow which fell in Mississippi Alabama Georgia and Florida Sunday melted quickly but some stayed long enough to pro vide children with winter delights unusual in that section Snow was general along a 200 mile stretch of the Gulf Coast A weather observer estimated the faU at Mobile at 3 to 4 inches second heaviest in 55 years More snow was forecast for the Buffalo area which had 2 to 10 inches Sunday Most of the nation had freezing weather Light snow moved rapidly into southwestern Iowa Sunday night and was spreading eastward over he remainder of the state Monday New snow was on the ground in the western twothirds of the state by Monday noon At Least 16 Killed in Train Accident SUTTON COLDFIELD England workers dug through the twisted wreckage of the York toBristol Express Monday for more possible victims of the 60 mile an hour derailment which killed at least 16 persons Sunday and injured 42 Police said more bodies believed to be still in the piled up debris of the train and the badly damaged Coldfield Sutton station might raise the death toll to 18 RITES TUESDAY AMES WVFuneral services will be held here Tuesday for Dr James Starrak 66 member of the Iowa State College died Saturday faculty who Flier Tells His Story SWEA CITYThe parents of a flyer still imprisoned in Red China and a Canadian airman re leased from the same prison last December stayed up until 2 a m Monday talking Mr and Mrs Harold Fischer had a thousand questions about their son Capt Harold Fischer Iowas only double jet ace And Squadron Leader Andrew R MacKenzie here on a flying visit with his pretty blonde wife Joyce brought good news to the North lowans Mrs Fischer said Monday Mac Kenzie assured them the captain is in good physical and mental health and is being treated well by the The Canadian also asserted that Fischers plan to visit their son in China was a good one Mr and Mrs Mackenzie who slept until midmorning on the neat Fischer farm two miles southeast of here will leave for Des Moines from the Algona air port at 4 Monday From Des Moines the couple plans to fly to Wynnewood to visit the wife of another imprisoned airman Lt Col Edwin L Hel ler The Canadians arrived at the Algona airport at 4 Sunday and were driven to the Fischer farm after a brief news con ference MacKenzie who knew Fischer well in Korea and later in prison said the Americans are not getting The Reds put books showing how the other side lives at the prisoners disposal he said but there is no pressure to sell them the Communist doctrine The Canadian was emphatic in his assertion that Fischer and three companions will be re leased soon The others still in China are Heller Lt Rolland Parks and Lt Lyle Cameron Lincoln Friday and Saturday the Canadians visited in Nebraska Monday the Fischers after talking to MacKenzie were more certain than ever they would fly to China taking with them two purebred Hampshire hogs as m gesture of good will So serious is the elder Fischer about the impending trip that he is accepting no more auction eering dates after Feb 15 the tentative day of departure Fisch er is a wellknown auctioneer here MacKenzie said the first he knew of Fischers capture was in solitary confinement when he thought he heard the lowans voice in conversation with a Chi nese officer I was sorry hed had the bad luck to be captured but it was wonderful to hear his MacKenzie said Solitary con finement was the bad part both for himself and Harold he said They were not subjected to any brutality but the loneliness and mental anguish were the Canadian said MacKenzie filled in the Fisch ers on some of the details of pri son life in China He said mail came with fair regularity usual ly about once a week He said packages also were coming through in pretty good shape Asked about a possible trip to New York City to appear on a tel evision program Mrs Fischer said they hadnt yet made up their minds They have been asked to appear on an earlymorning TV program Well probably stay right here making arrangements for our China Mrs Fischer said There are an awful lot of things to take care of We will have to find a couple to work the The Fischers are receiving of fers of aid from all over the na tion A lady called from Kansas City to offer towards the trip She said it wasnt much but hoped it would Mrs Fischer said The Red Cross has also offered aid An airline has offered free transportation across the Pacific and a Chicago com pany has offered a camera and all the film they can use Senate Bill Would Make 5th Cent State Tax on Gasoline Permanent DES MOINES ItfThe fifth cent of Iowa gasoline tax would be come permanent and be ear marked to finance a fourlane free way across the state under a bill ntroduced in the State Senate Mon day by Senater David O Shaff The 1953 Legislature enacted the fifth cent of tax to speed moderni zation of Iowa highway network Under present law the additional cent is to expire next July 1 Shaffs bill would make the tax permanent and set up a fourlane One cent of the gasoline tax would go into that fund The bill provides that the high Resolution Is Withdrawn The House voted 7723 to permit Rep Howard C Buck RState enter to withdraw a motion he iled asking reconsideration of a esolution the House adopted last week The resolution by Rep J Henry Lucken called upon members of the State Highway Pa rol to cooperate fully with other owa law enforcement officials The House had sent the measure o the Senate by a vote of 65 o 40 The next day Reps Howard C eppert Jr and Wiljiarrt F Den man Des Moines Democrats said they were preparing a request for legislative investigation of the atrol Later however they said they ould not press for an investiga on if Luckens resolution were illed Buck then filed his motion sking reconsideration M About The Weather Mason City Little colder Iowa Cloudy and cold Minnesota Continued cold Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 Mon day Maximum 15 Minimum 11 At 8 11 YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 2 SAME DATE195442 way commission shall construct another twolane highway parallel with an existing state highway run ning east and west across Iowa The tax would expire after the fourlane freeway is completed A bill introduced by Sens W El don Walter J T Dykhouse RRock and Albert Weiss RDenison relates to blood test for intoxication The bill provides that a person arrested for drunken driving may have the right to refuse to take blood test But if he does re fuse the bill would give the state power to suspend his drivers li cense for up to 90 days On another subject involving ve hicles whether or not the 1956 motor vehicle license plates will continue to carry the designation The Corn State is a matter still to be decided There has been a renewed call for removing the slogan The latest suggestion is to replace it with The Tall Corn Rep Vcrn Lisle RClarinda is interested in making that change Under present plans of the State Safety Department two new plates will be issued to all motorists for the 1956 license year The work which is done at the Anamosa Re formatory must start in a couple of months or so We havent discussed the possi ility of a change in the designa ion on the said Pearl W McMurry safety commissioner 7th Fleet Set to Evacuate Chiang Troops Alert and Commander Says TAIPEI Formosa leas powerful 7th Fleet Monda was on the alert and ready t evacuate Nationalist forces from the Redthreatened Tachen Island The fleets commander Vic Adm Alfred M Pride said hi ships planes and men were pre pared to deal with any counter move the Chinese Commuriisl might attempt in the area Five Carriers Pride said his 7lh Fleet packs the might of four big air craft carriers and has been as signed a fifth carrier which ha not yet arrived on the scene In addition his task force com prises some two or three cruiser and about 40 destroyers plus sup port Naval sources said that poten force is within striking distance the Tachen Islands 200 miles north of Formosa ridp would say only If an eventuality should develop in tha the Tachen area we would be able to cope with Grave Move He said only the Communis know if the Reds will oppose what ever action the 7th Fleet is ordere to take in the tense Formosan Straits It would be a very grave Pride said It would a change in United States policy The President would need the con currence of the Asked if the 7th Fleet could cope with Chinese Communist air power at big bases at Shanghai and other nearby inland cities Pride replied We very certainly Prides force includes four larger Essex Yorktown Kearsage and with supporting cruisers and destroy ers The four carriers are ton sister ships of what the Navy calls the Essex Class Each can carry about 100 planes Russian Parliament to Meet Feb 3 MOSCOW WtThe Soviet Unions parliament the Supreme Soviet was summoned Monday to meet in Moscow Feb 3 The decree calling the sessron was signed by Klementi Y Voroshilov chairman of the Su preme Soviets Presidium The session will be the second held by the present Soviet which was elected last year Its chief business is expected to be approval of the governments annual budget Baby Suffocates in Crib at Rhodes RHODES MVTerry Dean Huf faker 2monthold twin son of Mr and Mrs Darwin Huffaker of Rhodes was found dead in his crib Sunday morning The Marshal County coroner said death resulted from suffocation In addition to his parents and twin brother Berry the infant is survived by a 2ycar old brother Gary Congress Expected to Move Quickly WASHINGTON UP President Eisenhower Monday asked Congress for authority to use the armed forces of the United States if necessary to assure the security of Formosa and the Pescadores against Communist attack In a special message the President said that redeployment of Chinese Nationalist forces from other islands would be impractical without the assistance of the forces of the United He this is because of the air 3 Dead in Accidents in State By The Allocated Prcu Highway accidents one involv ing a cartrain collision claimed three more lives in Iowa over the weekend Mn Robert LeRoy Anderson 23 Waterloo and a 9monthold boy who had been left in her care were killed at a railroad grade crossing at Washburn about seven miles southeast of Waterloo The baby was Joseph Cox son of Mr and Mrs Joseph Cox of Davenport who have been vis iting at Glendale Calif Black Hawk County Coroner Sidney Smith said Mrs An derson apparently had taken the child for a Sunday afternoon drive while her husband was at work at a cafeteria in Waterloo Her car was struck by a Rock Island train near Highway 218 in Washburn Jack Wilkinson 23 Dubuque died in a hospital Sunday of in juries received Saturday in an accident on Peru Road north of Dubuque Deputy Sheriff Bill Ryder said Wilkinson was a passenger in a car driven by Richard Miner 22 also of Dubuque The deputy said the car failed to negotiate a curve and rolled over in a ditch Miner and a third man in the car escaped injury Chou Rejects Idea of Any CeaseFire in Formosa Area TOKYO Tuesday tf Premier Chou Enlai of Red China Tuesday rejected any ceasefire in Formosa Strait and accused the United States of stepping up military op erations to make war provoca lons The government of the Peoples Republic of China absolutely can not agree to a socalled ceasefire the traitorous Chiang Kai hek Nationalist clique repudiated by the Chinese he de lared BARN BURNED BEDFORD new barn on he farm of Mrs Silas Brown near lere was destroyed by fire Sunday He said the United States must be ready to help the Chinese Na tionalists redeploy their forces Eisenhower added In the interest peace the United States must remove any doubt regarding our readi ness to fight if necessary to pre serve the vital stake of the Free World in a free Formosa and to engage in whatever operations may be required to carry out that Eisenhower said the existing and developing situation around Formosa poses a serious danger to the security of our country and of the entire Pacific area and in deed to the peace of the Action Needed The chief executive then said the situation is one for appropri ate action of the United Nations under its charter for the purpose of ending present hostilities la that The President said the United States would welcome assump tion of such jurisdiction by the in an attempt to arrange a cease fire between the Chinese Nationalists and the attacking forces of Red China Declaring the actions the United States must be ready to under take are of various Eisenhower added For example we must be ready to assist the Republic of China to redeploy and consoli date its forces if it should so desire Some of these forces are scat tered throughout the smaller off shore islands as a result of his torical rather than military reasons directly related to de fending Formosa Because of the air situation in the area withdrawals for the pur pose of redeployment of Chinese Mationalist forces would be im practical without assistance of he armed forces of the United States Must be Alert Moreover we must be alert to any concentration or employ ment of Chinese forces obviously undertaken to facilitate attack upon Formosa and be prepared p take appropriate military ac He told the lawmakers Until Congress can act I would not hesitate so far as my consti utional powers extend to take whatever emergency action might be forced upon us in order to pro ect the rights and security of the United But a congressional Jeclaration he said would make Icar the unified and serious in entions of our government our South China Sto V I NEW FORMOSAN DEFENSE cate the new defense line for the Nationalist strong lold of Formosa as outlined by President Eisenhower The solid line shows the earlier commitment
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