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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 10, 1955, Mason City, Iowa N0ith lows Doily Newspaper Cdttt4 far to MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T M I NIWSPAPlt THAT MAKIS ALL MORTN IOWANS HOME EDITION VOL LXI FuU Corf MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY U IMI tkUi ft Iowa House Senate Called to Order Ike Repeats Plea for Tariff Power Extension One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlebeGazette Editor Its an Old Custom DWIGHT D Eisenhower is now confronted with a problem which has come to nine other Presidents since the Civil War He has on his hands a Congress let by the opposition party And as if that werent enough theres a sub stantial rift in the ranks of his own party For some curious reason may be sheer cussedness the Ameri can public seems to like to load a wellnigh unbearable burden on its Chief Executive and then pro ceed to tie one of his hands behind bis back figuratively speaking Eisenhower is the tenth Presi dent in the past 80 years who has had to deal with a majority of the opposite party in at least one branch of the national legislature Four others have faced opposition control of both houses Thats the situation now In the lower branch of Congress currently there are 231 Democrats as against 203 Republicans One seat is vacant Thats a margin for the Democrats that isnt like ly to be changed except by an other election Morse Key Spot In the Senate there are 48 Dem ocrats 47 Republicans and Wayne Morse of Oregon who defies classi fication With bis vote the party out of power is able tocontrol the Senate That means supplying the chairmen for the various commit tees and in general running the legislative show This margin however is so pre carious that the normal number oi deaths and replacements by ap pointment might change all this It could either strengthen the Dem ocrats hold on the Senate helm or shift the control to the Republi cans And theres always the possi bility top that Wayne Morse will get mad at the Democrats and shift bis vote again Whatever be the developments of the future the fact still remains that President Eisenhower is now confronted with a Congress organ ized by the rival party which for understandable human reasons doesnt want his administration to look too good The 1956 Presidential election is only two years away A Real Test for Ike How well President Eisenhower will be able to cope with his prob lem remains to be seen History doesnt provide any definite clues as to this Some Presidents faced with a divided situation have failed utterly while others have man aged things surprisingly well The split hasnt always meant stale mate and obstruction Four Republican postCivil War Presidents Grant Arthur and Harrison found the going rough with their hostile Con gresses In contrast Grover Cleve land managed to get a surprising support from a Republican Con gress particularly in Ms first term President Taft had more trouble With a split in his own party than with arf opposition lower house Tafts break with the Progressive wing of the GOP in 1912 it will be recalled led to the third party movement headed by Teddy Roose velt and resulted in victory for Woodrow Wilson Wilsons never to be for gotten battle with a Republican Senate over Amercian entrance into the League of Nations in 1919 1920 stands as the most notable case of conflict between White House and Capitol Hill in Ameri can history Hoovers Path Roughest Herbert Hoover began his admin istration with a lopsided Repub lican majority but the stock market crash in 1928 had its repercussions in the 1930 Congressional election A Senate margin of 16 was reduced to a single vote and in the house due to the election and to deaths GOP control was lost In his first session Hoover sought won enactment of measures creating the Reconstruction Fi nance Corporation and authorizing the Federal Reserve System to case bank credit But after the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 AP Wlrephoto ENRAGED BULL GORES BANDERILLERO Portuguese matador Jose Rodrigues right discards his cape and rushes to the assistance of an unidentified banderillero be ing gored in the thigh by an enraged bull Rodrigues suffered a broken shoulder when he was kayoed by the bull during the initial bull fights in Manila P I Milton Decker Dies at Home in Mason City Mflton H Decker 49 125 llth N passed away at his home Sat urday night He had been employed at the Jacob E Decker and Sons Packing plant for the past 26 years and was purchasing agent at the time of his death He was born Feb 19 Chicago and attended the Univer sity of Illinois from which he was graduated in 1928 with a Bachelor of Science degree Decker was a member of the First Methodist Church and a for mer member of the board of direc tors of the YMCA He is survived by his wife Na omi a daughter Mrs Allan Bar jara King Vinton a son Ralph W E Decker Army Camp Chaffee his mother Mrs Harry Decker Mason City and a sister Mrs Dudley Kathryn Decker Mason City MILTON DECKER He was preceded in death by his father in Mason City in 1948 Funeral services will be held at the Major Memorial Chapel Tues day at 2 with Dr Lloyd A Gustafson pastor of the First Methodist Church officiating Bur ial will be at Elmwood Cemetery Senofe Probers Claim Reds Hurt Industries WASHINGTON Senate Investigations Subcommittee said Monday the Communist Party has successfully infiltrated national defense New legal safeguards against possible subversion and espionage were urged in a report by the subcommittee on a probe conducted under the chairmanship of McCarthy It said Communists in defense plants are in a position to ac quire vital information concerning our military secrets and our mili tary and added The employment of Commu nists in defense facilities even hough they are not actually work ing on classified secret material s a clear and present danger to our national Calling the removal of Commu nists from defense plants of para mount importance to the na ions security the report made these two recommendations 1 That Congress authorize gov rnment agencies to bar persons elieved to be disposed to com mit sabotage espionage or other subversion from defense plants The report observed that the Senate passed a bill of this type ast Aug 17 but that no action was taken by the House 2 That the Defense Department prepare adequate security regu ations preventing the employment of and ordering the removal of Communists in establishments pro ducing materials under the nation al defense program regardless of whether the employment is in con nection with classified 7th District Judge Walter Newport Dies DAVENPORT District Judge Walter A Newport 63 died late Sunday of a heart ail ment after a two months illness He became a district judge here in 1947 He was Scott County attor ney from 192228 and bankruptcy referee for the Davenport area from 192847 He was chairman of the Scott County Republican Cen tral Committee for 10 years All About t I The Weather Maion City Continued cold lowt Cloudy cold Minnesota Snow flurries Globe Gazette Weather Data up to 8 Mon day Maximum Minimum At 8 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum OOUDT Dag Winds Up Peiping Talks With Premier No Mention of 11 Fliers UNITED NATIONS N Y Wl Secretary General Dag Hammar skjold and Premier Chou Enlai ended their Peiping conferences Monday with an expressed hope to continue Their com munique made no mention of the fate of the 11 airmen im prisoned in Red China We feel that these talks have been useful and we hope to be able to continue the contact established in these they said The secretary general had been assigned by the General Assembly to seek release of the fliers and other personnel held in China He flew to Peiping and had talked an aggregate of V4 hours with Chou Mondays fourth and final meeting took up an hour and 15 minutes Joint Announcement A joint communique from the chief and the Chinese Com munist leader was released simul taneously at headquarters here and in Peiping The full text As a result of the suggestion for a personal discussion made by the secretary general of the United Nations in his cable of 10 Decent ber 1954 and the cable of welcome sent by the Premier of the State Council and Foreign Ministry of the Peoples Republic of China on 17 December 1954 we had talks in Peking Peiping on 6r 7 8 and 10 January 1955 In these talks reference was made at the same time to tions pertinent to the relaxation of world tension We feel that the talks have been useful and we hope to be able to continue the contact established in these On to U S Hammarskjold plans to leave Peiping Tuesday at 7 Peiping time 5 CST Monday night presumably by Chinese aircraft for Hong Kong From there he will fly to Tokyo and on to San Francisco Chou gave a farewell dinner for the secretary general Monday night Chinese time Earlier the Swedish ambassador in Wis trand held a farewell reception for Hammarskjold and his party OFFERS PLAN WASHINGTON Hubert H Humphrey Monday plan ned to introduce a bill to form a bipartisan 12member commission to reexamine the government security program President Renews Fight for Liberal Trade Law By MERRIMAN SMITH WASHINGTON Eisenhower renewing his fight for a liberalized foreign trade program Monday asked the Democratic controlled 84th Congress for a threeyear extension of tariffcutting powers which a Republican Congress denied him last year Eisenhower specifically asked for legislation permitting a IS per cent tariff reduction on selected commodities over a threeyear period at the rate of not more than 5 per cent a year In a special message the President also asked 1 Special tax concessions to business to encourage the flow of investment capital to underdeveloped countries Business income from subsidiaries would be taxed at a rate 14 percentage points low er than the corporate rate on do mestic income He also asked de ferral of tax on income from for eign branches until the money is removed from the country where it is earned 2 Approval of United State membership in the proposed Inter Commutation Won by Mason City Lifer Nick Lewchuk Step Closer to Freedom Nick Lewchuk 61yearold former Mason City resident who has served nearly 40 years in the state prison on a firstdegree murder charge is among 17 inmates who Monday won commutation by Gov Leo El thon Ten of those whose sentences were reduced to terms of years were serving time for murder five for bank robbery one for rape and one for carnal knowledge of an the Associated Press re ported One of those the Board of Parole had recommended several months ago for commutation escaped re cently but was picked up in Texas shortly afterward He it Edward Little who was committed in 1942 at the age of 28 for entering a bank with intent to rob His name was dropped from the clemency list af ter his escape Not eligible Under Iowa law a lifer is not eligible for parole until his term has been commuted to a specific number of years Elthon commuted the terms of the 10 sent up for mur der to 90 years each and those con victed in connection with bank rob beries to 50 years The commuted sentence in the rape case was made 75 years and in the carnal knowledge case 50 years The late Gov William S Beards ley early in 1954 asked the parole board to review the cases of the approximately 200 lifers The pa role board recommended commuta tions in 21 casen four of which were dropped 1915 Slaying Lewchuk was 21yearsold when he was given a life term in 1915 for the slaying of Alec Koslosky at a North Federal rooming house Leslie Boomhower Mason City attorney who handled the appeal said Lewchuk was a model prison er throughout his long stint behind bars Elthons recommendation for commutation will be considered by the Board of Parole at its next meeting Release of the men how ever was described as a formality Others who won commutation in cluded Harry Stoner from Kossuth County imprisoned Eeb at age 38 as accessory to murder and Lloyd Mussulman also from Kossuth County imprisoned Dec 21 1938 at age 28 for entering a bank with intent to rob Ottumwa Laundry Wrecked by Flames OTTUMWA of un known origin burned out the front half of the Ottumwa laundry Sun day night There was no imme diate estimate of the loss national Finance Corp to be affili ated with the World Bank and designed to increase private in vestment in less developed coun tries 3 Legislation to streamline cus toms administration and procedure primarily through simplifying the currently complex system of valu ation of imported articles Boost 4 As an encouragement to inter national travel an increase in duty free allowances for American tour ists from the present to exercisable every six months 5 Continuation of the technica cooperation or socalled Point Four program Funds for this pur pose will be included in the new budget next week The President said this program should be con cerned with knowhow rather than large On the theory that no nation can be economically selfsuffi Eisenhower sad it is essen tial to security of this country am Jhe rest of the Free World that the United States take the leader ship in promoting the achievemen of those high levels of trade tha will bring to all the economic strength upon which the freedom and security of all Eisenhower said the enlightenet selfinterest of the United States and her responsibility as a work leader require a foreign economic program that will stimulate eco noraic growth in the Free World by enlarging the opportunities for free enterprise and competitive mark ets He Three Reasons said there are three basic reasons for such a program 1 Economic strength among this countrys allies is essential to security 2 Economic growth in under developed areas is necessary to lessen international instability growing out of the vulnerability o such areas to communist penetra tion and 3 Increasing volume of work production and trade will help as sure economic growth and a rising standard of living at home Eisenhower felt that too many uneconomic manmade barriers to mutually advantageous trade and the flow of investment exist ed today among the free nations He said also that over too large an area of the world currencies arc not yet convertible SAME DATEW41S Bliek tfemlk IM Ike Mt U hoiri CASEY LOSS OMalley Casey Loss Lead Dems DES MOINES UPI Democrats in the Iowa Legislature picked their floor leaders Sunday nam ing Rep Casey Loss Algona to lead the delegation in the House and Sen George E OMalley for the same post in the Senate The selections were made at caucuses preceding the opening of the legislative session Monday Loss 50 is a Kossuth County farmer who served three previ ous terms in the house prior to 1953 OMalley 49 a Des Moines at torney and member of the 1953 Legislative Interim Committee was minority leader in the Senate at the last session Loss was nominated without opposition but Sen Arnold Ut zig of Dubuque who has been In the General Assembly for some 20 years was a candidate for the Senate post The Democrats have only six members against 44 Republicans in the Senate and hold only 18 of the 108 House seats In the Senate caucus only five votes were cast four for OMal ley and one for Utzig The Du buque legislator walked out of the caucus after the vote was taken He told his colleagues that as dean of the delegation he thought he was entitled to be floor leader Mrs Nelson Real Thrill DES MOINES WMrs Gladys Nelson Newton the only woman member of the 1955 Iowa Legis lature said she was thrilled for herself and women in genera at being chosen to call the Iowa House to order Monday Rep Nelson a housewife is serving her third consecutive term She was chosen at the House Repub lican caucus a week ago to preside as the session opened The honor usu ally goes to the senior member from Polk County Both Polk repre scntatives this term however are Democrats and the Republi can majority organizes the House It was a rather thrilling ex perience and it was something for Mrs Nelson said after opening the session I feel hat women should be recognized I was appreciative of the con sideration of my colleagues How ever what I did was merely a routine Nelson lowan Hopes Tower Dive to Aid Eye MINNEAPOLIS Minn An Army sergeant hoped ride through power dive in an Air Force plane Itte Monday will bring a plastic lent in hit eye into a petition whore it can be removed the Vetorant Admin ittration said The lent in the onceblinded eye of Sgt Geyle Dunnington M Sioux City Iowa a year and half ago slipped intc a petition where it might caute permanent damage The VA tiid all effortt to remove the Itnso so far have failed Officials ttid thoy hope centri fugal force will move the lent into a petition whtre it cm be removed Dunningtont eye wat blinded by a rote thorn when he 7 yearsold He wat drafted in detpite the blindness and tent to Europe in the Army in telligence service While in Europe he went to London whore a worldfamous eye doctor put the plastic lens in the eye and restored his sight Ho married a German girl and returned to thit country where ho now it ttationed at the Minne tota military district headquar ters About a year and a half ago the VA said the lent flipped from petition and all attempts to remove it have failed Hanson in Unanimous Election New Leaders Take Seats DBS MOINES IH Rep Arthur Hanson Inwood farmer Monday t o o k up new duties as Speaker of the Iowa House of Rep resentatives Hanson was seated near opening of a precedentsetting pro cedure in the House Rep Gladys Nelson Newton Lhe only woman in the 1955 Iowa Legislature called the House to order This honor usually goes to the senior member from Polk County who this year is a Demo crat in the predominately Republi can House The Democrats asked that unanimous ballot be cast for Han son for speaker The same mo tion was made as to seating Rep Wendell Fendleton Storm Lake as speaker pro tern Hanson and Pendleton were chosen in a Re publican House caucus a week ago This is Hansons fifth term in the House but his first as speak er Clerks Pott A C Gustafson Des Molnes was reelected chief clerk Rep Dewey E Goode Bloomfield had previously been chosen GOP floor leader and Rep Casey Loss Al gona was elected Democratic floor leader The designation of Rep Nelson who had the honor of being the first woman to preside over the opening of a session was made at the House caucus Rep G Griiwold a former twoterm speaker made temporary speaker until Hanson was seated After Han sons formal election Kuester told the House Old Speakers never just fade Kuest er has served in the last 10 ses sions Hanson in accepting the speaker ship said I accept the office and I am most appreciative of the honor I accept in the spirit of humility and I pray God that I have the ability the good judgment toler ance and understanding in the way that you have the right to ex pect To you of the minority party we have equal responsibilities and I encourage your cooperation This will be a session of many prob lems We must keep Iowa pro gressive and let us continue to build on a foundation of sound fi Alio in Stition The Senate like the House went into session at 10 Sen Frank C Byers Cedar Rapids Republi can presided at the opening pend ing formal election of Sen DeVere Watson of Council Bluffs as Presi dent Pro Tern Watson was elected by the GOP Senate caucus Satur day Sen J Kendall Lynes RPlain field nominated Watson and Sen George OMalley Des Moines the Democratic minority leader im mediately moved that Watsons election be made unanimous This carried The state will not have a lieu tenant governor until Thursday On that day the Senate and House will meet in a joint session for the inauguration of Leo A Hoegh as the states 33rd governor and of Gov Leo Elthon as lieutenant governor Elthon moved up from lieutenant governor to governor last November to fill out the un expired term of the late Gov William S Beardsley Tuesday Highlight Highlight of Tuesday will be a joint session at which Elthon will present the state of the state message He has indicated that he will have some recommendations to make to the lawmakers These are due to stress his pre viously expressed position on state inancing Deficit spending must w stopped the budget must be jalanced if the people want more services they will have to pay more taxes and as between the ncome tax and the sales tax he would prefer increasing the sales ax because it will produce the rind of money NEW VICECONSUL HOLLAND MichMr Henry J TePaske prominent Orange City Iowa attorney Monday was ap pointed viceconsul of the Nether lands for the state of Iowa with headquarters at Orange City
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