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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 17, 1954, Mason City, Iowa                                North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited lor the ON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWAN HOME EDITION S NEIGHBORS VOL LX Associated Ilean and United Iceut Full Leaw Seven Cents a Cojjy MASON CITY IOWA 17 1954 This Paper Consists of Two Quo No Ill e Wants U S to Share Atom Secret Disagree in Debate on Recession Depression ITS HERE WASHINGTON ft Sen Doug Ins said Wednesday new government unemployment statis tics support his contention that the nation already is in a recession The Commerce Department an nounced Tuesday night that a new method of gathering data indicates unemployment in early January totaled 3087000 or 728000 more than a previous report showed The department said its Census Bureau collected statistics over a much wider area than before Sec retary Weeks said studies will be made to tell whether the new or old method is more accurate Douglas said in an interview the new unemployment total for early January supports my previous contention that the unemployment figures issued by the Commerce Department have been drastically understated Sen Ferguson chair man of the GOP Policy Com mittee disagreed with his Repub lican colleagues who grumbled This does not change my mind at all about statements that wej are entering a depression hej said We are not The new figure he said showed unemployment at about 5 per cent of the labor force while normally he said it is about 3 per cent ITS NOT WASHINGTON Ki The US Chamber of Commerce voicing a cheerful outlook for the nations economy said Wednesday It is difficult to see any reason why this country should ever again expe rience an oldfashioned dcpres sion But CIO President Walter Rcu ther called it dangerous and un realistic to think that spring and the robins will bring prosper ity He obviously referred in a state ment for the SenateHouse Eco nomic Committee to recent predic tions byadministration spokesmen that the US economy which they contend is adjusting after the Ko rean War will start turning up ward about spring The Chamber said in its state ment for the committee that so far t h e inevitable readjustment which it said was bound to follow he end of fighting in Korea has been surprisingly easy The committee is making its an nual study of the Presidents eco nomic report which Reuther de scribed as a weakvisioncd docu ment The Chamber said business in 1954 will be good by any stand ards established before 1950 but that it probably will not be as buoyant as in 1953 Wirephoto ROMANCE Tanburn 21 Park Avenue heiress can marry Donelson Kelley Jr 22 without losing her great grandfathers legacy The New York Supreme Court overruled a lower court opinion that the girl would lose the inheritance if she married a person of nonJewish faith as provided in her great grandfathers will Retired Get Tax Cuts To Exempt First of Annual Retirement Income v WASHINGTON WVThe House Ways and Means Committee Wed gesday approved tax cuts for millions of retired workers amounting to about 300 million dollars a year The committee adopteda provision by Rep Mason Rlll ciempt ing the first of annual retirement income from personal income taxes For persons over G5 the exemption would apply to income from dividends rent interest pensions or annuities For those under 65 it would apply only to income a public or private retirement plan The extra of taxfree in come would boost the exemption for persons over 65 to since they already get or twice the personal exemption for young er persons It would take effect with the 1954 tax bill which falls due in early 1955 General Revision The plan was approved as part of a genera revision of tax laws Presumably it would boost the to tal annual lax reduction under the program from about two billion dollars as estimated by the Treas ury to about Earlier Republicans on the com mittee were reported planning ac tion probably within two xvbcks to cancel about 3 billion dollars in annual tax cuts set for April l While acceding to administration requests to cancel corporation and excise lax reductions scheduled to take effect then however their plan calls for something less than a billion dollars in new cuts on oth er excise or sales taxes not in volved in the scheduled April 1 change Several GOP members reported a consensus along these lines after a series of private strategy meet ings this week by the 15man GOP majority onthe 25man taxwriting committee President Eisenhower has urged cancellation of the three billion dollars in lax reductions sched uled April 1 These would cut cor poration income taxesfrom 52 to 47 per cent and reduce excises on liquor cigarcls gasoline auto mobiles beer and wine and sport ing goods Oppose Losses Eisenhower also has taken a stand against nny losses in rev enue from other excise taxes One plan would reduce all ex cises now above 10 per cent down to that level except for liquor and tobacco This would provide reduc tions on furs jewelry luggage w cm c ns handbags cosmetics movie and other admissions tele phone and telegraph bills passen gers fares and other items 1 A compromise IBkely 1o soflcn or eliminate ad i ministration to re duce the maximum excise tax level to 15 per cent Plan to Sift Risk Firings WASHINGTON Wl The Eisen nowcr administration report e d W e d n e s d a y it is analyzing the cases of 2200 federal employes let out as security risks to compile a breakdown in four classes number whose files con tained information indicating in varying degrees subversive activi ties or associations number whose files con tained information indicating sex perversion number whose files con tained information indicating con viction of felonies or misdemean ors 4 The number whosefiles con tained any other type of informa tion falling withiiTsecurity regu lations Chairman Philip Young of the Civil Service Co m m i s s i 0 n an nouncedhe has ordered the analy sis in order to make available to the National Security Council as much information as can feasibly be assembled about the program This left open the question of whether the figures will be made public generally once they are as sembled Youngs announcement came arnid an increasing demand from Democrats in Congress for further information on the administrations claimit has turned 2200 security risks out of federal jobs BULLETINS HANOI Indochina UP French authorities said Wednes day that Viet Mmh Communists had slaughtered an estimated 1400 persons in a machine gun raid un a village 40 miles southeast of Hanoi WASHINGTON UP Presi dent Elsenhower said Wednesday that if employment does net pick up next month he will consider taking emergency measures in eluding raising personal income tax exemptions to make sure the nation does not skid into a depression RALPH HELSTEIN Helstein to Be Speaker for UPWA Ralph Helstein Chicago presi dent of the United Packinghouse Workers of America will be the headlined speaker at the convention banquet of the unions third district in Mason City March 1113 With the national president will be Russell Laslcy and A T Ste phens vice presidents and G R Hathaway secretary treasurer The banquet is scheduled the first evening of the convention Approximately 100 delegates from 33 local unions in Iowa Ne braska and Colorado will attend They will spend three days plan nihg policies and programs for the district for the coming year Strong emphasis is expected to be laid on legislation which af fects the labor movement Officers also arc to be electee for the district council executive board Arthur Costcllo presidenl of Local Union 38 in Mason City is a member of the district ex ecutive board Russell Bull former Mason City district director also is president of the district council executive board Delegates of Local 38 which is host are making the convention arrangements They are Fred Carson William Shannon John Wagner Duwayne Scibcl Otto Muhlstein Costcllo John Stephens George Weitzel Lyle Medlin anc Frank Pool The entertainment committee includes Henry Dictz chairman Alice Stauffacher Norma Berg dale Ruth Trytten Merle Larson and William Shannon They are making arrangements for the open house to be held March 13 for members of Local 38 and their in vited guests ToNormalize German Life BERLIN Foreign Min ister V M Molotov proposed Wed nesday the Big Four reexamine the size and armaments of Easl and West German police forces and organize allGerman groups to normalize relations in the di vided nation The Russian asked the Berlin conference to ease life for the di vided Germans limited pro ram He refused to go along with he Wests demand for unification that would do the job completey Instead Molotov suggested 1 That the governments of France the United Kingdom the United States and the USSR consider it desirable to have agree ment on the German police both n Eastern and Western Germany ncluding matters relating to the strength and armament of all types of police one allGerman commit ee coordinate the East and West zones in questions of trade fi nance border problems and re ated economic questions and a second allGerman committee de velop cultural scientific and sports relations The Western Powers unable to get Soviet approval for a full scale reunification of Germany are com mitted to trying to find ways on the high commission levels to break down Iron Curtain barriers Asks Authority for War Peace Use WASHINGTON Eisenhower asked President Con g r c s s Wednesday for authority to share Smiled information on battlefield usc of atomic weapons with fricndjlhe free world Eisenhower said these steps would have the effect of strength ening the defense and the econo my of the United States and of nations In u special message the Presi lent also asked for the right to share peacetime atomic power production information with this countrys allies and to give Amer can private industry a greater part in the development of nuclear power Reveal Power of Initial HBomb Blast CHICAGO W A congressional itomie specialist hinted Wednes day the United States may have ivdrogen weapons even more po ent than a device that nearly 18 months ago tore a hole a mile vide and 175 feet deep in the floor of the Pacific Ocean Rep W Sterling Cole hairman of the SenateHouse Atomic Energy Committee gave Mails never before discussed pub idy of a 1953 Ihermonuclear test n the Marshall Islands President Eisenhower has termed that test a first step in the nations hydrogen program Cole said in a speech prepared or a joint luncheon of the 38th annual National Sand and Gravel Assn convention and the 24th an nual National Ready Mixed Con crete Assn convention Island Bare That thermonuclear test of 1952 completely obliterated the test is land in the Eniwetok atoll It tore a cavity in the floor of the a crater measuring a fidl mile in diameter and 175 deep at iL lowest point Within this crater one could place 140 structures the siz of our nations If this blast had been touchec off in a modern city Cole said Lhe resultant heat and blast woulc tiave completely devastated an area three miles in all directions from the point of explosion In all he said the 1952 blast would have blanketed an area of 300 square miles New Weapons But this test was held almost a year and a half ago Cole said and added Security keeps me from com menting on where our hydrogen veapons program now stands and rom outlining the directions in vhich it is now moving But I can assure you that it is moving Cole said he feels It is morej sinful to conceal the power of the atom than to reveal it He referred indirectly to a re cent remark of Secretary of De ense Wilson who told 1 news con ference he wished there was less atom rattling Without mentioning Wilson by name Cole said If telling the American people hc facts about the atom be atom rattling then I confess my guilt My faith in the capacity of the American people to face up to peril is boundless The President said the onward rush of atomic developments has outmoded the 1946 Atomic Energy Act which mistakenly assumed the United States could maintain a monopoly in atomic weapons for an appreciable time Counterbalancing the loss of monopoly he said is the develop mcnt of a wide variety of atomic weapons which have achieved conventional status in the armed forces He added The thermonuclear weapons hydrogen eight years ago today dwarfs in de structive power all atomic wea pons The practicability of con structing a submarine with atomic propuJsion was questionable in 1946 three weeks ago the launch ing of the USS Nautilus made it AP Wirephoto BOYS GET EYESFULL Curvaceous Marilyn Monroe wearing her famous cocktail greets Marines in Korea at a special show provided the men by the Special Services At lower right an MP snaps her picture It was reported the Korean PXs now are fresh out of film AP Wirephoto REMARRIES JAPANESE Claude Batchelor former Korean POWyho leftthe Communists for the love his Japanese wife was remarried Wednesdayto Kyoko Araki The were wed five years ago in a Shinto cere mony Th is time ErichHpffmani right of the American Embassy in Tokyo officiated Protest Picking of Osborn as Iowa Revenue Collector WASHINGTON Protests against scheduled appointment of Ervin D Osborn 39yearold Democrat as chief of the Iowa Internal Revenue Bureaus collections division have been filed with GOP National Chair man Leonard Hall Osborn who has been with the Internal Revenue Service for 17 of that time in up the duties of his new Iowa in Des Moines Tuesday It is one of the top jobs in the Iowa of fice and is in the to annual pay range Osborn had been in the collections division here the past year Qriticism of the appointment which is still subject to approval by the internal revenue divisions per sonnel office here before it becomes permanent was voiced originally by Rep Jensen Now Sen Hickehlooper Queen Mother to Be Guest of Ike LONDON HVQueen Mother Elizabeth has accepted President Eisenhowers invitation to visit the United States in November it was officially announced Wednesday night She will slay at the White House from Nov 4 to G She is expected to spend 76 days in the United States The queen 53 mother of Queen Elizabeth II made a royal tour of the United States with the late King George in 1939 Her coming visit is expected to be a short one centered in Wash ington It is understood no swing around the country is on the pro posed program About The Weather Mason City Partly cloudy through Thursday Iowa Generally fair Wednesday and Thursday Minnesota Mostly fair and mild GlobeGazetteweather data up to 8 a m Wednesday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 44 23 31 It 7 certain that the use of atomic en ergy for ship propulsion will ulti mately become widespread In 1946 too economic indus trial power from atomic energy sources seemed very remote To day it is clearly in a matter of further research and development and the establish ment of conditions in which the spirit of enterprise can flourish The President proposed a num ber of amendments to the Atomic Energy Act He said with emphasis however that changes should make it clear that the authority granted be ex ercised only in accordance with conditions prescribed by the Pres ident to protect the common de fense and security And he stressed that no secrets are to be given away which would be of mil itary advantage to potential ene mies Under present law the President said this country cannot give its allies practical information essen tial to their effective participation with us in combined military oper ations and planning and to their own defense against atomic at tack Security Increase Our own security will in crease he said as our allies gain information concerning the use of and the defense against atomic weapons Eisenhower proposed the Atomic Energy Commission be given au thority which at present only the President has to allow private cit izens or corposations to engage in the production of fissionable ma terial outside the United States Asserting the commercial use of atomic energy for power can soon be a reality the President said a number private firms already are studying various reactor types which might be developed to pro duce power at an economically feasible cost Some Indications There are indications he said that they would increase their ef forts the open for private investment in such reactors The President made these spe cific proposals aimed at a joint development program by the gov ernment and private industry 1 Relaxation of bans against pri vate ownership or leasing of fis sionable material and the facilities forproduciflg it 2 Permission for private manu facture ownership and operation of atomic reactors and related ac tivities Use of Material 3 Authority for the Atomic En ergy Commission to establish safe ty and security regulations gov erning the use of fissionable ma terial 4 Permission for AEC to supply atomic materials and services at cost 5 Liberalization of the Atomic Energy Acts patent provisions principally by expanding the area in which private patents can bo obtained Eisenhower said it is necessary for the time being at least to con tinue some patent safeguards so that a few companies will be un able to build a monopoly in the nuclear power field Iowa GOP Committeeman Robert Goodwin and Iowa GOP Chairman Donald Pierson have added their protests Hickenlobper described the se lection as inexcusable and as serted there are plenty of able and capable Republicans who should have a chance at the post Pierson wired GOP nalional headquarters here that Osborn has been an open advocate of the Democratic party and both he and Goodwin demanded the job be giv en to a Republican Osborn formerly of Council Bluffs has been with the revenue bureau in Iowa at Marshalltown Des Moines Council Bluffs Cres ton and Shenandoah On The Holy Family Wins 21st Game of Season Page 13 Chest Gift Doesnt U 17 Hoover May Visit Mason City in Trip to State LOWDEN President Herbert Hoover has accepted an invitation to come to his West Branch birthplace to observe his 80th birthday Aug 10 The 1953 Iowa Legislature adopt ed a resolution inviting the former President to take part in a birth day celebration at West Branch In a letter to State Rep A L Mensing of Lowden Hoover has written I shall be glad to accept the invitation I consider it a great honor from my native state Hoover also may make a visit to Mason City to help dedicate a school named in bis honor Some Think That She Was Asking for It PITTSBURG Joanne Groves 49 faced multiple hitrun charges Wednesday after she knocked down her car port plowed through her kitchen wall sideswiped a car on highway crashed into the parked cars oC two sheriffs deputies and fle4 from her battered automobile wearing nothing but a nightgown   

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