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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 28, 1954, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NO RTHIOWANS NEIGH BORS HOME EDITION VOL LX 1rcSB amJ United Prcait Full Ieane Wires Seven Onls a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 28 1954 This Paper Consists of Two Ono No 95 ssia Asks Parley on Disarmament Singing Chdntirtg as They Leave 21 Americans Slip Behind Bamboo Curfain PANMUNJOM M Twentyone singing chanting Americans and one Briton who renounced Iheir homelands to stay with the Com munists Thursday rolled north ward in flag bedecked trucks toward a life behind the Bamboo Curtain And in Tokyo the UN Com mand said officially that at least 9 of the 21 were accused as stool pigeons who betrayed fellow 1OVVs to the Communists The former Allied soldiers along with 325 South Koreans carried Red peace dove banners us they marched from their barbed wire compound in Koreas Weak neutral zone They sang cheered and shouted charges ofimperialism and germ warfare at the Western world as they boarded big green trucks for the trip north FiveAllied newsmen saw them go Correspondents at Panmunjom Monday They said they wanted to be peace fighters and cannot do so in the United States Al of the Americans have been given dishonorable discharges by the US Defense Department Some snid they plan to visit Communist China now that they are free men Others refused to The prisoners in individual and group interviews said almost ex actly what they told other Allied gala welcome awaited them In interviews before leaving the compound all of the men said em phatically that they believed American fliers dropped germs on North Korea Aaroh Wilson of Urania La said he was sure the charges were I could not say what kind Sev eral kinds Richard Tenneson of Alden Minn told newsmen Today 1 am happier than 1 have ever been before in rny life Tennesons mother Mrs Portia Howe flew to Tokyo last month in say wlicre they would go Communist newsmen said v cial camps had been prepared forUwered the men at Kaesong and that What kinds of insects u I HJ f 41 V Y IU J J Ull IHWJILIJ ill true because 1 saw the planes a vain effort to see hiin and per 4Vin f L i drop them How could you tell they were germ bombs he was asked I saw the insects he I am going to China to further peace further my general knowl anedge and political knowledge Be yond that Im afraid its none of your business STATEAIBNT TO G Cor den holds a he stands among American British nd South Korean POvVs in the peace pogodi at PanmunjomThe group de livered a final blast against democracy beforeleaving by aimistice was signed laVt July of Power Is Staged at Pentagon OverPOWs Bricker Hits Ike on Bill Opposition WASHINGTON John W Bricker ROhio accused President Eisenhower Thursday of trying lo defeat his proposed con stitutional amendment with argu ments that are untrue emo tional and utterly without foun dation Bricker in a no compromise mood fired his charges against the President in a bristling speech prepared for Senate delivery soon after Senate GOP leaders con ferred with Mr Eisenhower in an effort to hammer out a bipartisan compromise Announcement Soon Senate COP Leader William F Knowland said after th e un scheduled White House conference he expects makean announce ment soon about a substitute for Brickers controversial amend merifc to curb the Presidents treatymaking powers Knowland said whatever is sub mitted in the way of a substitute will be sponsored by several sena tors He indicated the new pro posal would involve various ap proaches including a substitute by Sen Walter F George DGa which drops the controversial Governor Picks Committee on Unemployment in State DES JVIOINES William1 S Beardsley Thursday appointed nine men to a 12member factfinding committee on employment 1 Simultaneouslyhe said he favor on making adjustmentson unemployment compensation as outlined by President Eisenhower He added however that this would legislation Pie made no mention of any plaYi for a special session of the Iowa Legisla ture j Asked by Mayors j The appointment of Ihe commit tee Was by request of n groupof Ike Decides on Security WASHINGTON ftP r c s i d ent Eisenhower probably will decide next month whether loyield to de mands for a breakdown showing how1 man y disloyal cases were among 2200 fed era 1 workers dropped as security risks since he took office A decision may come about the middle of February an Eisenhower aide said Thursday when the Civil Service Commission reports to Ihe National Security Counci on operation of Ihe administration program to weed such risks out of government jobs heads the council Eisenhower This aide who asked not to be named said he would be greatly surprised if the President changes his repeatedly stated opinion that no breakdown is feasible Eisenhower made his latest statement along hat line at his news conference Wednesday Controversy has been raging as to whether most of the discharged employes actually suspected of subversion or whether they were dismissed for such causes as excessive drinking homosexuality or talking too much about secret matters JUSTICE SURPRISED AUSTIN Tex Sn prcmc Court Justice laid nicht he issiir priscd j that Texas has n ihigher than California California he s a i d is Ihe tra 4iUonal home of the nut the scrcw and the neurotic mayors who met at Cedar Rapids Wednesday They asked him to name a group lo study employ ment conditions and if a seri ous condition exists make rec ommendations Beardsley namedAllen Whilfield DOS Moincs atlorncy as hisper sonal representative on the study committee Named by the mayors as their own representatives on the commit tee were Mayors Mike Micich Charles City Walter Bouse Dav enport and Lawrence A Touchae Waterloo Commission Chairman J Claire Bodgctt Ce dar Rapids ofthe Iowa Employ ment Sccurily Commission and Chairman Clyde Hcndrix Clinton of the Iowa Development Commis s i o n iwiir be oh the committee along with the following For Labor Elgin Robinson Charles City Bernard Buckley Davenport Albert Burgess Cedar Falls For Industry Archie Rowland Charles City George Koch Dav enport M a r v in Schmidt DCS Moinos SAME DATEWJ21 CHARLES WILSON Boy 15 Killed in Gun Mishap David Elbert 15 son of Mr and Mrs Walter Elbcrt was accidentally killed when a re peating rifle in the hands of a playmate was discharged at 8 p m Wednesday Elbcrl and two companions Richard Fridcres and Richard Mc Kee were playing at the home of Mr and Mrs Vic Fridcres par ents of Richard Fridercs The boys had used the rifle to hunt in the afternoon While the boys were playing wilh it in the evening it accidentally discharged in the hands of one of them the bullet entering Davids chest and passing through his heart Death was instantaneous David was a sophomore at St Cecelias Academy in Algona On The Archie Moore Defeats Maxim in Title Fight 13 10 Red Cross Chapters Map 1W4 Campaigns 8 SUIto Grant 110 Merit to Freihmtn 14 Deciding to Stay Behind WASHINGTON M A test of power is on at the Pentagon to determine whether the authority of the defensesecretary is supreme in the military establishment The handling of the cases of American soldiers who decided to stay with their Communist captors in Korea or of those who later changed their mind it became ap parent Thursday is involvbd in this behindthescenes situation Taken Responsibility Secretary of Defense Wilson has publicy taken the responsibility for ordering the Army to discharge dishonorably the 21 Americans who have decided to stay with the Communists Some Army legal ex perts hold that Military law does not provide for dishonorable dis charge orders without trial by courtmartial A related incident was the Armys sudden announcement of the arrest on court martini charges of Cpl Edward Dicken son the Virginia soldier who re versed his original decision to stay with the Reds Startled Outside tlie Army every high of ficial including President Eisen hower and Wilson was startled and disturbed by the announce ment lastFriday night The De fense Department was reported to have asked both the Army and Marines to hold up on any action or announcement in prisoner of war cases until all efforts to win Eisenhower said at his news con ference Wednesday he thought Friday partly cloudy case other than his original decision lo remain with the Rcdsl Dickcnson is chargcd f y i with dealing with the enemy to se8 am Thursday curefavorable treatment while he was an inmate of a Communist camp suade him to return home Discuss Lag WASHINGTON Republican representatives gather behind closed doors to discuss the lag ging legislation program In the House which has passed no ma jor legislation since the new ses sion opened nearly a month ago ommendations of the istration are adopted Can Be Wrong But the President conceded that economic forecasts can be wrong And he pledged that his adminis tration will act promptly and vig orously with the full powers of the federal government if neces sary to prevent a depression Ris generally optimistic report which ran 35000words also pro which clause of the Bricker amendment This is the clause which Mr Eisenhower unalter ably opposes and on which Brick er refuses to yield Bad Bill of Goods Bricker said Mr Eisenhowers advisers have sold him a bad bill of goods in the chief executives opposition to the proposal In the second day of debate on the proposal Bricker defended the amendment in detail and attacked arguments against it He concluded with a sentenceby sentence analysis of Mr Eisenhow ers letter of last Monday to Know and which declared that the Pres ident was unalterably opposed o the Bricker amendment as ap proved by the Senate Judiciary Committee 2 Airmen Hanged for Slaying WAC GUAM Air Force en isted men calmly declaring their innocence were hanged Thursday for the rapeslaying of 27yearold Ruth Farnsworth a Wac from San Francisco five years ago in a Guam jungle The Herman T Den of Indianapolis and Sgt Burns 36 of to their deaths on the 10foothigh gallows About The Weather snow snow Friday GlobeGazette weather up to Maximum Minimum At 8 am 19 3 9 SUMMER WEATHER IN WASHINGTON snowball made from the remains of last weeks sixinch snow model Kathryn Hawkins poses in a bathing suit on the capitol grounds during 70degree weather With her is Rep Albert P Morane President Predicts Present Economic Decline Will End Sees Good Prpsperity WASHINGTON Eisenhower predicted Thursday the current economic dip will end soon He expressed confidence of a prosperity based on peace Our economy t6day is highly prosperous and enjoys great basic he said in his first economic report to Congress The minor readjustments under way since mid 1953 are likely soon to come to a close especially if the rec P o s e d increased unemployment benefits and a higher minimum wage as new planks in his prosper ity program He suggested that states raise their payments to the unemployed so they will equal at least half of the usual earnings Unemploy ment benefit payments now aver age about onethird the wage He also would have the payments by all states run for 26 weeks He said that at the proper time he will recommend to Con gress that the present minimum wage of 75 cents per hour be in creased to anunspecified amount and that it be extended locover more workers New Records Set Despite the slight contraction in business1 in the latter halfof last report showed that new records were set in industrial activity employment and income payments for 1953 as a whole Farmers whose income fell 74 per cent during the year were the major group that did not share the widespread prosperity Mr Eisenhower attributed the recent economic downturn mainly to a pileup of inventories that oc curred when production outran sales He also conceded that the administrations tight money poli cies designed to stop inflation might have been a little too effec ivc He added that the nations eco nomic growth is likely to be re sumed this year especially if Congress strengthens the economic environment by translating into action the administrations far reachingprogram This program calls for expanded social security coverage and benc its tax revisions to give 51200 KIOOOO of selective relief for both msinesses and individuals liberal zed federalcreditaid for housing nterestrfrec to states and cities for public works planning and an increase In the public debt imit from to Manslaughter Case Goes to District Jury The manslaughter charge against PatrickWallace 25 918 9th N E went to the jury Thursday after noon after defense attorneys had called only one witness Glen L Hamblyjunk dealer and owner of the car Wallace was driv ing when it went out of control and two killed testi fied that he did not believe the car capable of going 90 miles an hour The defense rests said M L Mason court appointed attorney for Wallace together with his part icr John Stone Mason previously had indicated that he expected to put Wallace on the witness stand in his own defense Specifically Accused Wallace is specifically accused of manslaughter because of reck less driving and wanton disregard for the safety of his passengers resulting in thedeath of Roger E Lewis 21 Nora Springs Also dead as the resuR of the crash is Robert J Mooneyham 19 547 9lh S E Wallace and Robert M Morphew 20 Marble Rock in the U S Navy were injured The jury has the choice of only two verdicts under Judge William P Butlers instructions guilty or innocent of manslaughter There are no included lesser offenses Penalty for manslaughter is not more than eight years in the peni tentiary In his closing argument Mason called attention to the fact that Morphew never made any protest about Wallaces driving and never testified to any reckless driving On the contrary Mason continued Morphew testified Wallace was go ing only 70 miles an hour when the accident happened Cites Drinking County Attorney Robert Shep Not Yet Put Before Big Three Dulles Loosens Blast on China BERLIN Foreign Min ister V M Molotov proposed to Ihe Big Four Thursday the calling of a world conference this year on general reduction of armaments The Russian placed before his i Western colleagues a resolution saving The governments of the USA United Kingdom France and the USSFf guided by a desire to strengthen peace and reduce ten sion in international relations con sider it necessary totake meas ures to relieve the heavy burden of military expenditure borne by the people in connection with the armament race have agreed that the Soviet Union the United States of America the United Kingdom and France would take measures within the framework of the United Nations to convene in 1954 a worfd conference on gen ral reduction of armaments with he participation of both the mem iers of the United Nations and he nonmember states Disclosed at Briefing The new dramatic move by the Soviet Union was disclosed at a briefing given in the Eastern ilocs headquarters A Soviet ipokesman said it had not yet been brought up for discussion among the Big Four The wording the Molotov plan referring to participation by even nonmembers of the IJN was clearly a bid a place foe Red China Earlier in the day US Secre tary of State John Foster Dulles accused Molotov of trying io super sede the United Nations with a council of five powers including Red China He demanded for the third straight day that the confer ence get lo the problem of Ger many at once Dulles loosed a blistering attack on Foreign minister Chou Enlai of Communist China Pie asked Who is this Chou nlat whose addition to our circle vould make possible solution of all our problems Bloody War He described Chou as a leader of a regime which gained power hrough a bloody war became an open aggressor in Korea and even now continues to promote aggres sion in Indochina Such is the man Mr Molotov proposed would enable us to solve all the worlds problems the American diplomat scathingly de clared Hits Hard The Dulles argument hit hard at ion Make of Anenil Bui hosaid if there should be a depression trend despite this pro CONTINUED ON PACE 2 he fivepower conference sugges ion which all three Western min sters have already rejected But at the same timethe Western dele gations are extremely sensitive to peace hopes especially with re pect to Indochina They were clearly determined to explore ail possibilities of a settlement in case Molotov has anything serious in mind Dulles Foreign Secretary Eden and For ei g n Minister Bidault unched together and apparently decided on their tactics to take a ough line on the fivepower coft erence At least that was the line icing taken by Dulles who sought o move Molotov on to a discussion the German question ards final statement pointed out that Morphew had helped three others drink a fifth gallon of whisky as well as a quantity of beer and that Morphew himself had been involved in the serious accident So it is understand able Shcpard said if he did not remember anything Shcpard re minded the jurors that evidence showed the car skidded and rolled 267feet before it cameto a stop Wallaces failuro to tako the stand in his own behalf also was nentioned by the county attorney le said the defendant had an op portunity to deny the states testi mony but elected not to do so Disinterested Parties Hughes J Bryant assistant ly attorney in his presentationto the jury emphasized the fact that Mr and Mrs Jim Lichman wit nesses for the statewere disin terested parties and their state ments consequently could be re garded as fact Both had testified that the car driven by Wallace passed them and continueduntil ata rate of 85 to 90 miles an hour They contended that they saw the Wai lace car skidding and jumping into the air before it cameto rest on Highway 65oh at the American Crystal Sugar factoryt Stone attacked theVLichmans testimony however noting that Deputy Sheriff Allen testified it was impossible to sco the scene 6t the crash fromthe point north of the Winncbago River bridge where tho Lichmans had testified saw il
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