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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 21, 1954, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH O W A N S N E I G H B O R S HOME EDITION VOL LX Aisociutt ana United Hrens Kull tesuc Seven Onls a Copyj MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 21 1954 This Paper Consists of Two Ono No Budget Down Defense Spending Up 111 JUIJIL LUI111 ESTHERV1LLE W A new low shipping tolls reading for the current winter in Iowa was recorded in Eslhcrville Thursday w h e n the mercury dropped to 27 below zero n vy u T tsjt nju iJtl i a tt below zero at Waukon and Lanwould permit the United States to sinu Jan 17 Join with Canada in huilriint a 97 SKIPPER HIS Eugene P Wil kinson skipper of the nuclearpowered submarine USS Nautilus looks over the rudder section of his big craft before the start of launching ceremonies at Groton Conn Thursday Mrs Eisenhower presided at the ceremonies Ikes Wife Launches First AtomicPowered Submarine GROTON Conn worlds first atom powered ves submarine Nautilusrwaslaunched Thursday open ing a erain sea power Mrs DwightD Eisenhower wife of the President swung a bottle of champagne across the bow to send the sleek craft sliding down the ways into the Thames River A crowd of about 12000 persons including a number of to jwn 11 ik U I Other low readings around Ihe footdeep St Lawrence River chan state included 21 below at the nei linking the Great Lakes the 13 below at Council Bluffs The Joint Chiefs oE Staff 14 at DCS Moines was the lowest recorded in the capital city in more than two years The cold wave was accompanied by strong northerly winds The combination of cold dry air and All Iowa in Corn Slice DES MOINES All of Iowa is affected by the 174 per cent cut in corn acreage ordered by Secre tary of Agriculture Ezra T Benson Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Clyde Spry said Wednesday night that the order which specified re duced plantings in commercial corn producing areas means all cornbelt areas where corn is pro duced for feed or sale Ail flfl of Iowas counties come under lhat classification Spry said The corn acreage allotment is designed to reduce the national corn crop by some 400 million bushels Iowa produced an estimated 581 145000 bushels of corn in 1953 on 10965000 acres Under the reduc tion order Iowas acreage is to be cut by about 1907000 acres SAME BLACK FTAG TRAFFIC DEATH IN TAST M HOURS notables cheered as the Nautilus entered the water under a bright sunlit sky Hall Vasstl Speakers hailed the nuclear driv en vessel as not only a powerful new sea weapon but as a har binger of peaceful use of atomic engines As Mrs Eisenhower moved for ward on the gaily decorated launching platform to christen the vessel a masculine voice called out She took a few practiceswings and then hit the hull sharply The bottle crashed splashed The nations watching silently and bit her lower lip as the Nautilus slid to the river Craft Symbolical AEC Chairman Lewis L Strauss said during the launching cere monies the craft symbolized both the atomic thunderbolts of de fense and of a peaceful boon of nu clear power And the Navys top commander anju champagne First Lady stood Adm Robert B Carney saw the historic occasion as an unfolding of new vistas of American sea power The two men expressed them selves in addresses a fewminutes before Mrs Eisenhower per formed the traditional naming ceremony ii Strauss headof the Atomic En ergy Commission AEC said this launching transcends all thosethat have gone before because i The YEAR Nautilus is something new under the sun Measure Goes to House Senate Okays Seaway But Canada May Balk WASHINGTON Senate after slapping down St Lawrence seaway legislation for two decades has finally taken a huge step towards authorizing the United States to join Canada in carrying out the project But after an enabling measure sailed through the Senate Wednesday night on a 5133 vote Canadian government in formants raised a serious question as to whether their coun try was still interested in US participation In Ottawa government sources said that country still would push for an allCanadian seaway on her side of the boundary river The Ca nadian government was represent ed as feeling that the United States spending 105 million dollars would be getting too much of a bargain in joint control of navigation and Skids to 27 Below Zero Spent That Much They explained Canada already has spent lhat much on locks and Lone Rock recorded 25 below is prepared to put up 300 million and Spencer had 24 below The dollars for navigation facilities previous low for the winter was 22 Mason City airport 20 below at Fort Dodge 16 below at Sioux City 14 below at DCS Moines and strong winds svhippcd much of the ice off highways in some parts of Lhe state The State Highway Pa trol said highways were icy al scattered points but hills and curves had been sanded in mosl sections Continued cold weather was fore cast for Thursday night with ex pected lows 8 to 15 below except locally near 20 below points in northern Iowa Hignsof 10 above to 10 below zero were predicted for Thursday afternoon A storm center over the far lorthwest was expected to push toward Iowa causing increasing cloudiness and some moderation n temperatures on Friday Useful Items Are Discarded in Dump NORMAN Okla to this week of final examinations at the Jniversity of Oklahoma its fash onable for grademinded students 0 do their lastminute digging at he city dump Someone found discarded sten cils from which exams are mimeo the rush was on AH About The Weather Mason City Fair Thursday night Low near 20 below owa Friday increasing cloudi ness and not quite so cold M i nnotot a Considerable ness through Friday cloudi GlobeGazette weather data up o 8 amiThursday Maximum 6 Minimum 20 At 8 am 20 AGO Maximum 26 Minimum a Commies Refuse to Accept Them Indian Guards to Free Red Prisoners Then Walk Away Y PANMUNJOM Ufi U the Com munists do not lake back 349 pro Red war 21 Americans Indian guards will open the gates of theirneutral zone stockade and walk away at midnight Friday an Indian gen eralsaid Thursday First we will have to tell the prisoners that their owners refuse to lake them back1 said Lt Gen K S Thiijiayya Then we will open the gate and we will tell our men to go back to their line The Indianchairman of the Neu tral Nations Repatriation Commis sion conceded that if the prisoners rcfuso to leave theircompound it would create a problem since neither Allied nor Red troops are permitted to enter Koreas demili tarized zone Thimayya told a newsconfcrencc he planned to send another letter to the Communist high command asking the Reds tiTaccepl the re turniof the 21 1 Briton and 327 SouthKoreans who chose to stay witK the Communists In Washington the Defense De partment said the 21 Americans would be discfiarged as able Friday The Indian command returned 21809 antiCommunist1 Chinese and r South Korean army centers The UN Command has promother tnobns at the ised airprisohers their freedomat midnightFriday S am The Communists want all POWs held until a peace conference de cides their future The bill approved by the Senate Atlantic The bill strongly supported by President Eisenhower and the bccaii use of Coffee Prices WAS H I N GT O N Guy M Gillette said Thursday he is convinced that speculators are mainly to b 1 m e for the jump in coffee prices He called for quick action on his bill to give the government power to put the coffee exchange under strict regulation If this had passed when he Introduced it last year he it would have helped prevent the current spiral Gillette Dlowa recently Beaded an Agriculture Subcom mittee which blamed US foreign speculators for unwar ranted increases In the price of food including coffee He also conducted a hardhitting in vestigation of coffee prices of two years ago He said he has been promised that the Senate Agriculture Com mittee will consider h i s anti speculation bill soon Other sources however indicated that the chances of action are not bright he projects claimed importance o national defense now goes to the House Because the House has never considered the bill observers were at a loss to predict its chances there The bill approved by the Senate would establish a St Lawrence Development Corp with authority 0 issue 105 million dollars in bonds Shipping Tolls Tolls on shipping would be ex pected to retire these in 50 years or less The Seaway has been fought over in Congress for 31 years and las been championed by every president since Woodrow Wilson Opposition has come primarily Gulf and Atlantic port spokesmen Minister Saw Two Eclipses and 5 Moons was written about the eclipse of the moon Monday night but it remained for a local clergyman the Rev E H Johnson p as tor of the Congregational Churchto discover the really big show of the evening Using an amateur telescope which he made himself he discov ered that one of the four Visible moons of Jupiter known as lo was n eclipse aMhe same time The pastoY set up his sixinch re flector telescope and observed both iclipscs as they ran their race The Korean war prisoners to UN cus tody Wednesday and Thursday About 10tWO Chinese sailed for r klltll iavc Nationalist Formosa from Inchon pastor says lo won ending right in Thursday and about 4000 remainthe middle of our earth moons ing were to leave later The 7500 eclipse Koreans were moved by train to Thus the pastor saw the eclipses South Korea of both moons at onceandfthree WILL 0E CANDIDATE WATERLOO W Francis Mess erlyt39 Finchford a member of the Black I1C JJIMVJI County Board of Most of the and Korean Supervisors has announced he will prisoners scheduled for freedom seek the Republican nomination for vSaturday are expected to join the state representative from Black Nationalist and BOK armies Hawk County The FEDERAL BUDGET V v AIL EXPENDITURES AND RECElPTSThLs char shows the breakdown of the expendituresand receipts of the federal budget which President Eisenhower presented to Congress Thursday Record Outlays for Atom Aid Setup WASHINGTON Eisenhower laid billiondoliar budget before Congress Thursday slashing billion dollars from total spending but proposingrecord out lays for atomic energy continental defense and oveiseas military aid Despite a per cent cut under estimated spending this told Congress the goverri rient will wind up the 1955 iscal year nearly three billion ollars in the red Fiscal 1955 starts uly 1 Although he proposed a broad ft program of tax law changes Eisen l OVinCI llOn hower told Congress no further New Home Plari WASHINGTON UP Eisenhower Thursday unveiled an experimental plan for helpin low income families buy homes leneral tax cuts are justified at iresent New Concept His message said the budget was ased on a new concept of secur ty planning which places reliance with practically no down payment In his budget message he also the u l exploitation of modern asked funds for 35000 new public and weapons housing units an increase of 15000 over this years program And he proposed new government aids for rehabilitating rundown neighbor hoods before they turn into slums The recommendationsamounted lo a preview of the special housing message he wili send to Congress Monday 28 Marines Die When Craft Hits Ship Loaded With PWs Mishap One of Worst in Korea Area INCHON Korea Mj Twenty eight US Marines were dead or missing Thursday after a troop ship loaded withChinese war pris oners collided with and capsized small landing craft The toll was surpassed by that of only one other naval disaster in the Korean theater Maj Gen William S Lawton commanding general of the Korean Communication Zone said 22 sur Division Marines and rescued from the chill waters of Inchon Harbor min ites after the collision between a ig Formosabound LST Landing Ship Tank and an LCM Landing Craft Medium They were not se riously hurt The Marines were veighted down with heavy equip ment Bodies Recovered Six bodies were recovered and 22 others were presumed dead vhen the search was called off at dusk The small ship had carried 50 men Lawton said The Marine helmsman of the CM Pfc JohnD Gates Jr 22 Pensacola Fla said he was ap proaching the LST to put a Marine guard aboard before the ship sailed for Formosa The LST car ried 1000 Chinese POWs returned 6 UN custody by Indian custo dian troopsin the Korean neutral i Gates formerly commercial fisherman added The current was against my wat It forced me against the LST t was so strong it capsized my boat before I could move Pfc ThomasHMaIone Brook yn a survivor saidthe Leather necks all were from the 3rd Bat alion 4th Regiment of the 3rd Mvision Could Hardly Move It was so cold I could hardly move Malonesaid I saw one of the fellows was dying I tried to give him artificial respiration It didnt do any good Pfc Robert D Heal 19 of mington Del saidhe was saved ecause a buddy4 threw a plank to him which kep him afloat Another survivor was Pfc Thom as Locke Beaver SD The LST left for Formosa as cheduled On The Danny Nardico Victim of Technical 13 Annual EM Show At City Monday Matoo City High School Choir Soloitt at o justify manpower and dollar de ense cuts He proposed spending 00 next year for atomic energy his increase of 225 millions over his year would bring atomic pending to the highest point in mr history Eisenhower said He ilso said that since most atomic snergy plant construction js com pete spending now would concen rate on operations Eisenhower set no figure for con tinental defense but said outlays vould be greater than ever ber Tore in our history to provide arly warnings and reaction to at ack Military aid would rise by million dollars Eisenhower said 0 a new peak of 4275000OQO for round the world assistance to friendly nations Debt Limit Hike The President told Congress there will be no way of operating within the present debt limit of 275 billiorivdollars in the last six months of this year Therefore ha said he was renewing hisrequest stymied in the Senate last sum mer lor a higher coaling of Hum phrey toldnewsmenthe adminis trationwojyld again ask for 290 bil ion dollars borrowing authority a boost of 15 billions Both Humphrey and Budget Di rector Joseph M Dodge who met newsmen separately in briefing sessions refused to forecast when GODFREY GRINS GROUNDED OR starArthur Godfrey manages a big grin as he leaves a broadcasting studio in New York despite the fact that the Civil Aeronautics Administration has recommended that he be grounded as a reckless flier See story on page 2 Rdmus to Get Postmaster Nomination After Election LuVERNE Ramus 41 is going to get the nod of Kossuth1 County Republican leaders for the postmaster ship nomination here Ramusactingpostmaster here since April 23 Wednes lay won a special election held to determine who should be recommended for the nation It is believed to be the first lime he patrons of a postoffice have oted i to expressi their preference or postmaster received 298 votes to 251 orLeo Garman 32 farmer and isabled veteran Angus Cotton Kossuth County Republican chairman had said be ore the Selection that the winner vpuld be recommended for ap ayear post The postmaster fight has been a ptly contested issue here The in ercst in the matter was indicated y the number who out to ote despite the zero weather Cotton agreed to1 the election be ause he couldnt decide which of the two mento recommend Both are Republicans and both erved in the armed forces during Vorld War Fear Death Toll High in Wreck KARACHI Pakistan 60 mileanhour Pakistan Mail pas senger train collided with a petro leumcarrying freight about 75 miles north of Karachi early Thursday Officials feared the dead andinjured might exceed 300 Atnumberof foreigners includ ing Americans and Britons were aboard the passenger train Two coaches were reported completely burned and two others and the engines of both trainsbadly damaged k t it V Among the passengers of the La horetoKarachi train was Pakistan Foreign Mohammed Zafrullah Khan His car was in the of the train See Stories on Tax Revisions and Farm Budget on 2 the budget might be balanced Both said efforts to bring outgo down o the level of income would be relaxed First in 21 Years This budgetwas the first ona prepared bya national Republican administration in 21 years All the recommendations of course ara iubject to approval by Congress There js considerable election rear sentiment there to reduce axes further a step which would swell the deficit unless correspond ng cuts were made in spending Eisenhower said his tax program vould result in about 600 million dollars tax relief each for individu als and for businesses in addition o the changes that took effect Jan 1 A 10 per cent cut in personal ax rates and abolition of the ex cess profits tax on corporations But he added do not believe the budgetary situation justifies any tax reduc tions beyond those involved in tha proposed tax revision and in the ax changes which occurred on Jan 1 National Security In the national security section1 the message Eisenhower de clared budget is based on a new conceptfor planning and financing our national secWity program Ourmilitary planning inprevious has been based successive assumed fixed dates of maximum danger This budget s aimed instead at providing a trong military position which can be maintained over the extended period of uneasy peace i Itrppints toward the creation maintenance and3 full exploitation fmodern air1 power Ourfmilitary ilannersand other na ions of the freeworJdiagree as to he importanceof air power We expect ta continued im irove the of ur forces by the application of ew weapons and new techniques HEATED GAME AUSTIN Minn St eter paid a fine in ourt Wednesdayfor throwfaf ardtable at his wife Jf
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