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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 18, 1954, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THt NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10W ANS NEIGHBOR S HOME EDITION VOL LX Associated and United Full Seven Centi t Copyj MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 18 1954 This Paper Consists Two One No 14 One Mans A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor A CloseUp of Todays Europe JN reading Theodore II Whiles new hook Fire in he Ashes from the William Sloane Associates Press 1 had the same interest that other reader wouki have in the Europe of today PLUS one of my very own It provided me with an interesting check on some of mi own reportorial impressions and conclusions To quite a large extent this former Time Magazine correspond ent and i had looked at he self same phenomena in Western Eu rope My look of course at the free worlds defense setup against Communism had been fleeting and superficial Thats why I felt a special need to corroborate from authoritative source the interpretations I had placed on the things I saw and heart and feH during those action packed twomonths in 1952 John Gunthcrs Inside Latin America served as just such a checking point for me once after a factfind ing mission to South America In the on most of the things that really found in the latest work of this highly per ceptive observer who in 194G gave us Thunder Out of China a ra ther reassuring support for my conclusions concerning the pres ent and the future of Western Europe Two Notable Exceptions There were I admit two notable exceptions which perhaps I should mention before I proceed with my little review of the Book of the Month Cluboffering One of these is the kindly ap praisal by Mr White of the Labor Governments performance in Brit ain Theres the inference that what was done by the AUJee regime in the field of nationalization mtist have been all right has been so little withdrawal from that by the Churchill Government My own belief has been that the British Socialists quite largely did things that shouldnt have been done at all and did them very badly And the problem facing the present Government in Britain is simitar to the task of making a scrambled Asks Better Health Program Benson Declares Eisenhower Works Toward 100 Parity Also Reveals Plan to Use Surpluses to Aid Friends Wlrcpholo DIVORCE A CT f Egyptian Queen Nirriman smiles as she poses ior this picture at her villa in Hellpolis Egypt suburb of Cairo where a court hearing on her divorce from for mer King Farouk is scheduled for Tuesday egg whole again Most of the in novations of the Laboritcs are writ ten intoBritains organic law and some of them arc now woven into the fabric of the British economy They wouldnt be easy to eradicate That Im quite sure from read ing his book isnt the way Theo dore White feels about postwar Britain Differ on Marxisms Future The other point where I seem to have been left dangling in midair so far as Fire in the Ashes is concerned is my assumption that Communism contains within itself the seeds of its own destruction The corollary tothis is that if we of the free world will remain strong long enough weJl all be on hand to help preside over the burial rites for that most evil philosophy ever foisted upon man kind While Mr White plainly shares my estimate of the pernicious char acter of Communism and while he points out in great detail how un believably stupid Communist plomacy has been he does not as sume that it will tfall oE its own weight In short I do not find sup port in his book for what impresses me as being about the most im portant single fact facing mankind today But enough of that sort of thing Lets get on with our look at the book itself Fire in the Ashes Viewed the Air In an extremely effective way Mr White introduces us to that sprawling land mass known as Europe by having us accompany him pn an fanciful airplane ap proach Right from the start you know that youre in the hands of a competent pilot so to speak The authors flowing styje and choice of just the right word for the right place are part of the books charm A chapter titled The End of an Alliance takes us in a sketchy way through our postwar disen chantment with respect to Russia the months after UNs establish ment when we discovered to our distress that World domination rather than world peace was the Kremlin masters goal Then came the periodiOf the Tru man in Greece and its more ambitious successor the Plan for Western Eu rope Intthfs country Marshall Plan is almost synonymous with its director Paul Hoffman but in Europe it n would seem Avcrill Harnman was the chief factotum CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Set Details for Big Four jjri Parley Compromise on Session Sites 1 BERLIN Expertsfor the Big Four set to work Monday to plan security and housekeeping de tails of the Berlin foreign min islers conference A compromise Sunday night on sites for the ses sion assured that the parley wil open on schedule next Monday The American British French and Russian commandants of the divided city appointed deputies to meet late Monday to work out dc tailed arrangements for the con ference oh German unity and the Austrian peace treaty Ends Wrangling Orders from their home govern ments ended 10 days of wrangling over the conference site The three western military chiefs and Soviel Commandant Sergei Dengin agreed Sunday night that the minis ters will meet for one the second in the Soviet Embassy in East Berlin and for the first and third weeks in the building in the American sector formerly used by the Allied Control Council Thereafter a communique said the place of meetings will dcpcnt upon the course of the con ference The agreement dissipated fears that the Russians wouldmonkey wrench the conference before il even unless they could se cure the prestigeof launching il in their own back yard U S Secretary ofState Dulles British ForeignSecretary Anthony Eden and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidaultarc due here Fri day for lastminute strategy dis cussions Soviet Foreign Minister V M Mololov is expected Satur day or Sunday first Since Their gathering will be the first major fourpower meeting in Ber lin since IMS saw the opening of the cold war its subsequent East West split and the Berlin blockade As the wrangle over the site cleared up Communist East Ger many cranked up a press cam paign which undoubtedly had Mos cows approval The Red press contended more than five million Germans had signed a petition demanding all German representation at some point in the deliberations West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer ignored such tactics SAME Harness Strangles Victim of Polio COUNCIL BLUFFS WTommy Smith 15 whose bout with polio was used in March of Dimes pub licity recently strangled in a polio harness Sunday The youth son of Mr and Mrs Heber Smith of Council Bluffs died when he became entangled in a harness used to strengthen his polioweakened back muscles He was stricken with polio in 1952 and was undergoing treatment for his leg and back muscles WASHINGTON m Secretary of Agriculture Benson said Monday President Eisenhower is still committed to 100 per cent parity for farmers in the market place and is work ing for it But Benson also told members of the Senate Agriculture Committee that 90 per cent mandatory price supports are not the way to get full parity income for farmers In his first appearance fore a congressional commit tee this session he vigorously dc fended the Presidents farm pro gram whose key feature flexible price supports on basic com modi ties has aroused much opposition Benson also told the senators that Eisenhower soon will ask Con gress for authority to use up to one billion dollars worth of surplus farm products to help strengthen the economies of friendly coun tries Campaign Promise Eisenhower said in the 1952 cam paign he favored 100 per cent par ity for farmers in the market place The law now provides for 90 per cent support on six basic commodi cotton corn rice pea nuts and his expires at the end of theyear and a flexi ble provision for 75 to 90 per cent of parity is scheduled to go into effectParity is a standard said by aw to provide farmers a fair price ri relation to the cost of things they must buy Under Eisenhowers recommen dations the flexible provision vvpuld be allowed to operate Many farmstate lawmakers want the mandatory 90 per cent leyel s ex tended however and contend they have the votes to do it Johnston Question Sen Johnston DSC demanded of Benson how Eisenhower could carry out his 100 per cent pledge under a flexible support system The secretary said farmers could very well get higher than 90 per cent parity income with a flex ble support plan commenting theres no limit under such a system The burden of Bensons argu ment was that the maudatory 90 per cent supports encourage ruin ous surpluses which may destroy he whole machinery for agricul ural support Flexible supports he said will make the farmers more prosperous n the end by shifting production nto the crops which market con ditions show to be the most profit able But most of the senators who questioned him indicated opposi ion to the flexible supports Johnston and Sen EUender D a argued that firm production controls were the way to make high level supports work AP Wirephoto AP Wirephoto MT VERNON FIREDamage was estimated at m afire Sunday that destroyed the Busenbark tavern in ML Vernon and extensively damaged theIowa Electric Light and Power Co office and the Loomis Produce Co building Mt Vernon and Lisbon firemen are shown fight ing the fire Warn U N Again on POWs But Allies Push Ahead PANMUNJOM Itf Indian Lt fen K S Thimayya told the UN Command again Monday it will vi late the Korean armistice if it recs antiCommunist prisoners be ore their fate is decided by AIHed agreement or by peace confer ncc The Allies however went ahead vith1 plans to free more than 22 XX Korean and Chinese antiRed as civilians by ourse the UNC says is required by te armistice terms American and North Korean alson secretaries deadlocked for he third on the uestion of striking Red charges of icrfidy from the record They greed to meet again Wednesday In New Delhi Mrs Vijaya Lak hmi Pandit UN Assembly pres dent 22 prisoners would Korean deadlock She said in a speech to Indian eaders that the problem of Korea desperate one which must be eyiewcd bythe General Assembly in context of new developments1 Mrs5 Pandit has called for the 0nation Assembly to reconvene cb9on the Korean question Additional Hope SWEA CITY WThe parents of Capt Harold E Fischer Jr 28 double jet ace who was shot down last April on his 70th Korean mis sion have been given additional reason to hope for hisreturn special US envoy for the Korean peace talks has telephoned them his personal assurance that he will aid them The Communists announced last year that Fischer was shot down north of the Yalu River and was captured in Manchuria The captains father Harold Fischer Sr said Dean told him he would do cverything he could to get some information about the flyer and if possible try to arrange for his early release High Court Ruled Censoring of Movies to Be Improper WASHINGTON HVThe Supreme Court ruled unanimously Monday that New York State and Ohio im properly censored two controver sial movies New York had forbidden the showing of the sexy French film La Ronde and Ohio censors had banned the crime movie New York censors called La Ronde1 immoral Ohio said M was harmful to the public The cases were carried to the highest tribunal in the contention that anycensorshipof movies vio lates theconstitutional guarantees of free speech and press The tribunal gave no indication in its order as to how farreaching its decision may be so far as the movie industry is concerned It merely cited a 1952 decision which held that movies are en titled to the constitutional guaran tees of free speech and press The court saidat thattime however that these guarantees do not give absolute freedom to showevery sortof picture at all times andall places Meantime theCourt decided the Rock Island and Pacific Railroad could not appeal cralcourls after being dissatisfied with values put on Iowa farm lands inState condemnation pro ceedings ELKS CLUB sweep through the Elks Club in a spectacular fire at Newton Sunday night The fire burned through three buildings in the business section for six hours before it was brought under control Firemen from surrounding towns helped the Newton fire department battle the blaze Spectacular Blaze Rages in Newton Fire at Mt Vernon spectacular quartermillion dollar fire burned through three old brick buildings and threatened to destroy over half a block of the Newton business district Sunday night Three of the twostory buildings on the southeast corner of courthouse square were gutted and fire smoke and water damagewas extensive other stores and offices rs 11 r n Dulles Tells Reason for Banning Reds WASHINGTON Mayor Clarence Harp said dam age may run as high as The fire which broke out in the rVestern Auto store belched smoke and flames into the air for six hours before firemen brought it under control A fireman and a policeman were njured neither seriously Cause of he fire was under investigation Monday Slips and Falts John Weldon assistant fire chief slipped and felt as he came out ol one of the burning stores and was hospitalized Joseph N Lammers assistant police chief was struck by a sightseers car while directing raffic Buildings completely razed in luded Western Auto Store with offices iy Justice of the Peace R H Bailey and Stuart Walling an en ineer on the second floor The Elks Club building with the Vilding Plumbing and Heating Co n the ground floor Gales Cleaning Shop with an partment occupied by Mr and Fred Watkins on the second floor The flames jumpedan alley from tie Elks Club and destroyed the Daisy Lunch and the MaidRite afe The fire also consumed much Switzers FurnitureStore next o the cleaning establishment and o an apartment over the store vhere Mr and Mrs Harold Swit er lived Six Towns Firemen from six towns ng Newton sought to check the pread flames to a womens ap arel shop a barber shop and the r S Employment Service office However severe smoke damage as doneto these establishments Heat from the fire was sointense at windowsin two stores across ic street were cracked At Mount VernonSunday damage hat might exceed was aused when fire destroyed a tav rn and severely damaged two ther buildings in the downtown istrict Volunteer firemen from Mount ernon and Lisbon fought the blaze n 11 below zero weather The fire brokeout in the Biisen ark tavern then spread to the owa Electric Light and Power Co nd the Loomis Produce Co COT TOO HOT CHIPPEWAFALLS Wis UP night club called the Flame urned to the ground here Sunday of State John Foster Dulles said Monday Red China could not bei ad mitted to the United Nations be cause it does not r e s p e c t the elemental decencies of internation al conduct Dulles also suggested to Senators hat the UN create a permanent council to work for atomic dis armament Testifying before a special Sen ate Foreign Relations Subcommit ee to consider possible changes n the UN charter Dulles sug jested six problems which might be corrected But he warned against disagreements over char ter revision which might under mine or disrupt the UN The United Nations as it is is etter than no United Nations at all he said On The Pagt Brothtrs Sentenced to Prison for Illegal Corn 2 Minnesota Rallies to Hawkeyej by 5955 Mason City Hotpltals Get National Approval 13 12S Methodist Leaders of 7 States at Workshop 6 About The Weather Mason cloudy and cold with occasional snow flur ries owa Occasional light snow near Minnesota border and extreme cast Tuesday Partjy cloudy occa sional light snow GlobeGazette weather data lip to 8 am Monday Maximum Minimum At 8 am YEAR AGO Maximum Wants US to Bolster Insurance But Socialized Medicine Spurned WASHINGTON W1 President Eisenhower proposed Monday that the government bolster private in surance plans as a step toward bettering Ihe health of all Ameri cans In a special message to Congress Eisenhower asked for 25 million dollars to start a system of govern ment reinsurance of private plans to help take care of extraordinary expenses beyond those now cov ered The President also proposed a fiveyear plan for expansion of the program for rehabilitation of the disabled Under it a total of 660000 disabled persons would be returned to places of full responsibility as actively working citizens Rejects Socialization Eisenhowers plan rejecting the socialization of also called for A continuation7of pres ent Public Health Service pro grams B a new simplified for mula for grantsinaid to the states for health purposes and C a stepped up program of construc tion of medical care facilities The President told Congress the total private medical bill of the nation now exceeds nine billion dollars a year an average of nearly a still is rising He said the emphasis in dealing with the problem must remain es sentially on private care but that the government can and must help consent and individ ual responsibility are fundamental to our system he said In the field of medical care this means that the traditional relationship of the physician and his patient and the right of the individual to elect freely the manner of his care in illness must bepreserved In adhering to this principle and rejecting the socialization of medicine we can still confidently commit ourselves to certain na tional health goals Means Be Accessible One such goal is that the means for achieving good health should be accessible to all A persons location occupation age race creed or financial status should not bar him from enjoying this access 1 Mondays special message was the fourth Eisenhower has sent to Congressto fill in the details of Ihe broad administration program which he outlined in his Jan 7 State of the Union report The President told the law makers Even where the best in medical care is available its costs are often a serious burden Major longterm illness can become a financial ca tastrophe for a normal American family He praised existing private hos pitalization and medical care in surance plans and said progress made in that field indicates that these voluntary organizations can reach many and pro vide better and broader benefits Eisenhower said the government need not and should not go into the insurance business to furnish the protection which private and non profit organization now provide Better Protection But the government the Presi dent added can and should work with them to study and devise bel ter insurance protection to meet the public need I recommend the establishment of a limited federal reinsurance service to encourage private and nonprofit health insurance organ ization to offer broader health pro tection to more families This serv ice would reinsure the special ad ditional risks involved in such broader protection Minimum 33 0 13 21 13 Bill C Curphy 5th Man Entered in Governor Race DBS MOINES tHBill C Cur phy 38 Wes Des Molnes contrac tor has announced his candidacy for the Republican nomination fop governor He is fifth candidate for the GOP nomination Although he has never run for politicaloffice before he said he ihc toreto give large representation
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