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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 16, 1953, Mason City, Iowa                                North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home GLOBEGAZETTE T H E N E W S f A P E R T H A T M A K I S ALL NORTH 1OWANS N I I G H I 0 R S HOME EDITION MASON CITY STORES Open Friday Saturday and Monday Nights Dec 181921 Until 9 Oclock V VOL LX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 16 1953 This Paper Two SectionsSection One No Back s Du Tell m Sh anng In Final Communique NATO Applauds Ikes Try for Atomic Peace PARIS 14nation NATO Council of Ministers announced Wednesday that it warmly endorsed President Eisenhowers initiative in proposinga worldwide atomic energy pool The council reported its endorsement in a final com On Einsteins Advice Man Defies Probers innique winding up its three ay sessions The communique also declared European Defense Community ncluding German military power s essential to the defense alliance f the West The communique said the min sters noted with satisfaction the romise of the US government NE W Y 0 engineer Wednesday defied Sen McCarthys Investigating Committee and said he did so at the personal advice of famed Scientist Albert Einstein The witness Albert Shadowitz of Nutley NJ a former War De partment employe declared I refuse to answer any ques tion which invades my right to think as I please or which violates my guarantees of free speech and association He said he had personally con suited Dr Einstein and had been advised to follow this course of ac tion Shadowitz 38 who said he had as an engineer at the Ab erdeenMd Proving Ground and the Federal Telecommunications 20 FBI Reports WASHINGTON W Senate In vestigators said Wednesday that 20 FBI reports were circulated among top government officials on a federal economist who was allowed to leave office with a clean bill of health The economist Irving Kapjan later became a United Nations employe and refused at a hear ing of the Senate Internal Secur ity Subcommittee last year to say whether he was a Soviet espionage agent He was separated from the UN on May 29 1952 shortly after his appearance before the subcommittee He left US serv ice in 1947 Laboratories first voiced his po silion when asked about Commu nist affiliation The question was whether he had been a member of the party at a time when Jie was deferred fron military service In answer to the question he said I am going to follow com pletely the course of action ad vised by Dr Albert Einstein botl to everyone in general and by personal consultation to me in par ticular Shadowitz said he refused to an swer on grounds the question vio lales the First Amendment In a letter to a New York Cit school teacher several months ago Einstein said that intellectuals in teresed in preserving freedom should even go to jail rather than cooperate with a congressional in vestigating committee At the conclusion of the hearing McCarthy said iie will recommen that Shadowitz be charged wit contempt Sports Bulletin Philadelphia Athletics Wednesday completed a 13player deal In the biggest part of the transaction pitcher Harry Byrd and first baseman Eddie Robinson went to the New York Yankees About The Weather Mason City Clear and colder Wed riesday night low 5 to 8 belo zero Iowa Low Wednesday night 6 t 13 behiw northCentral aroun zero elsewhere Minnesota Thursday rising ten peratures y I i GlobeGazette weather data up t 8 a m Wednesday Maximum 21 Minimum 9 At 8 a m 7 Snow 1 YEAR AGO Maximum 36 Minimum 13 o ask Congress for authorization o transmit inforatipn on nuclear to the military chiefs of JATO It said they also approved initiations taken by the rnments of the United States Jritain and France in proposing fourpower conference of foreign ninisters with Russia The ministers backed up Eisen owers proposal to bring to other the powers principally in olved in order to seek a solution o the problem of atomic arma iicnts The US President made Js atomic p o o 1 proposal in a peech at the UN General Assem ily last week The council agreed that special ttention should be given to the ontinuing provision of modern veapons of the latest types to sup port the NATO defense system The council concluded there has been no evidence of any change in ultimate Soviet objec ives and that it remained a prin cipal Soviet aim to bring about the disintegration of the Atlantic alli ance Then the council reaffirmed its conviction security must be theparamouht aim of the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza ion and it added that improve ments must continually be sought n the quality of NATO forces and o ensure that they have equip ment which is always up to date o that in the event of attack hey can act as a shield behind v h i c h the full strength of the member countries can be rapidly mobilized This was seen as a mandate to he Western Big Three to hold fast against Soviet efforts 8001 400 But They Are Afraid POW Says Americans Desire Freedom PREVIOUSLY REPORTED S 51130 GlobeGazelle Business OKiccvEm plflyes Midland Club LindaZuchlfce Terry Zuehlke In memory ot Dickie Zuehllcs Double Four Barbara Tom TAE Club 3000 fiOO 200 200 300 800 500 500 300 350 150 moo 200 1000 500 THE DAYS TOTAL S 10800 Girl Scout Troop No 16 yii Livcirire Lassies lH Club Maria Mitchell Club Elmer t Neva PllW Club of Rl a Mason CHy TVIarlys Dougherty Hermanson Dairy TOTAL TO DATE S 04930 PANMUNJOM Korea UP An escaped South Korean prisoner of theCommunists said Wednesday three or four of the 22 Americans held by the Reds want to go home but fear their companions will stab thenvto death if they request re patriation or make a break for freedom They are afraid they will be killed if they try Kim Mun Do the South Korean told officers after scaling a barbed wire fence around his Communist prison com pound and running to an Indian Kim said that at least 10 of the 350 Communistheld South Koreans who have not been interviewed also want to escape Kim reported that the nists were smuggling knives into the compound holding the Ameri cans South Koreans and one Bri ton and pulled out a daggerto back up his story The South Korean Avas thefirst ROK to gain his freedom since the prisoner explanation program started The remainder with the 5250000 3185070 CAMPAIGN GOAL CASH STILL NEEDED Gifts for Cheer Fund on Increase exception of 104 who have not been interviewed elected unanimously o remain with the Communists Return of the South Korean sol dier gave Allied officers their only firsthand glimpse inside the pro Communist compound since the explanations began on Dec 8 The South Korean said the hard core Americans and ROKs forced Christmas Carols UN Com mand considered broadcasting Christmas Carols to the Ameri can prisoners remaining in Com munist custody as an effort to get them to change their minds The music would be interspersed with appeals to abandon Commu nism and return home a spokes man said the breakingdff of the explanation program to prevent interviewers from talking to the men who real ly want to gohome Other sources said one of the 22 Americans boasted that he killed a buddy in a prison camp and chose to remain with the Com munists because he was afraid to to the United States and stand trial None of the Americans has been nterviewed by Allied explainers and as the Dec 23 deadline for come home talks approached it was apparent they would not be permitted by the Communists to go to the explanation tents Airman lC William L Randal of Olla La went to the Alliec base at Munsan withthe hopes he would be permitted to talk one of the iinrepatriated Americans Cpl Aaron P Wilson a boyhoot friend But he was not grantee the right to attempt to see Wilson Randall went back to Tokyo where Mrs Portia Howe of Alden Minn mother of another unrepa triated GI hoped her son would change his mind before she flies back to the UnitedStates to cele brate an unhappy Christmas will her other children Her son Pfc Richard R Tenneson sent her letter Monday telling her he pre ferred to stay with the Reds Wirephoto WONT LEAR Gene Addison of Lewiston Idaho had to give Spot anesthetic to pult an estimated 2000 porcupine quills from his puss after a local bout Spot wont learn its his fourthdecision hes lost to por cupines Name Blaser for Tax Job DES MOINES W Frank J Blaser Sr 61 has been appointed assistant director of Internal Rev enue for Iowa ending a Republi can political controversy over the a year post T Coleman Andrews commis sioner of Internal Revenue an nounced the appointment in Wash ington Tuesday The appointment of Blaser an Internal Revenue Service career1 employe ended all speculation cen tering around himself Anthony A Bertsch 40 abubuque man now inWashington and Arthur A John son 52 Muscatine superintendent of schools for the job They all fiad qualified for the position through competitive examinations Col L A Day Mason City also recently was reported as a possible appointee A native of Dubuque Blaser ap parently had the support of Sen Bourke B Hickenlooper Bertsch aDemocrat purported ly was opposed by some Republi can Partyofficials in Iowa Blaser is registered as a voter in DCS Moines but lists no party affiliation Frank Halpin Iowa director of Internal Revenue said of Blasers selection I am delighted that a bureau employe has been selected for the post Blaser has been active in as sisting with the conduct of the Iowa Bar Assns tax school for the 14 years of its history and has rendered a valuable service there HATS MORE LIKE IT For the first day since the open ing of this years Christmas Cheer solicita tion the total has passed the mark This leads to a hope that when the campaign comes to a halt at 2 oclock on the afternoon Dec 24 the amount of cash on hand will exceed the goal But theres still a long wayto go youll note What happens when somebody in a group of workers takes the lead is demonstrated in the first item on the list above This hap pened in the GlobeGazette busi ness office Result A addition to the total Is somebody taking the lead in the place where YOU work If not why dont YOU be that somebody Just a suggestion In the meantime individual giv ers to the fundcan either bring their contribution to the Globe Gazette business office or send it to AP Wirephoto IN a police cap and carrying a club James P McGranery attorney general in the Truman administra tion takes in tow Attorney General Herbert Brownell at a Saints and Sinners luncheon in Washington Brpwnell fall guy for the occasion was treated to a aeries of skits about himself Cold Wave Hits State Mercury Tumbles to 17 Colder Weather Is Forecast T By UNITED PRESS Atgubzero air njafcs poured into Iowa Wednesday The mercury fell as lowas 17 degrees below zero during t I the night U S Give Away KnowHow President Has News Conference WASHINGTON President Ei senhower Wednesday supported Secretary of State Dulles warn ing to France to ratify the Euro pean defense treaty and also ex plained this countrys positionon sharing atomic secrets with our allies i j The President said will not give its allies informatiohhav ing to do with tKe scientific pro cesses involved indeveloping atomkr energy or with of atomic weapons This was an answer to Secretary of Defense Wilsons statement Tuesday at the NATO meeting in Paris that the administration would move to share atomic secrets with its Congress approved Eisenhower added that some changes in thelaw will be neces sary before this country can real ze the fullest advantages of atomic progress Sharing Information This appeared to mean that what the administration does con template ifCongress approves is sharing informationabout the use of atomic weaponsand perhaps sharing information aboutthe use of defenses against atomic attacks Eisenhower declaredin effect that he agreeswith Secretary of State Dulles remarks prodding France to ratify the European De fense Army of the land the already provides that 50 per cent of this years The Des Moines Weather Bureau predicted even colder temperatures Wednesday night Early morning temperatures included an unofficial re port of 17 below zero at Iowa nearMan chester I Other lows 12 below at Elkader 10 below at Maquoketa 9 below at Oelweiu and Mason City 6 below at Decorah 5 below at Waterloo 4 below at Dubuque and 2 below at Spencer and Cedar Rapids Lows Wednesday night are ex pected to be 5 to 10 below zero in the northeast and near zero in the southwest The Weather Bureau said the cold air was moving out of central Canada in a high pressure system down through northern Minnesota The center was expected to reach southern Wisconsin or northeast Iowa by Thursday morning The bureau said a slight warm ing trend will set in Thursday with highs in the southwestern the 20s and warmer temperatures Friday Christmas Cheer Fund Care Globe Gazette Mason City 1 ow a Three Killed in Accident DENISON men were killed and two women were injured Tuesday night in a twocar col lision half a mile north of the junc tion of Highway 59141 near Deni son Killed were Ivo Joseph Muench rath 36 Earling farmerAlex F Esscr 44 Earling tavern opera tor and George Dewey Nelson 52 Shelby farmer Mrs Augusta M Esser passen ger in the Mucnchrath car and Mrs Harry E Turk 51 Shelby riding in the Nelson car were re ported in serious condition at a hospital here Third Big Union Is Possible On TJie Christmas Mailings Later Than Last Year Page 24 Gene Autry Show in Mason City Jan 11 i 18 Holy Family Registers 7th Straight Win r 15 Girls Basketball Tourney Pairings Announced 14 Say Lewis Behind Move BULLETIN WASHINGTON National Labor Relations Board Wednes day ordered an election to deter mine which of two rival long shoreunions will represent the dock workers in the port of New York BALTIMORE Internation al vice president of the Interna tional Longshoremens Assn Wed nesday confirmed that John L Lewis and the United Mine Work ers Union contributed to the ILA in its fight againstthe American Federation of Labor The move was seen as a step by Lewis toward creating a third big union to rival his CIO and AFL opponents The New York Daily News said in a copyrighted story that Lewis has given the now independent wa terfront union and re portedly will deliver more funds as needed The New York DailyMirror said it learnedLewis has kicked in cash to the ILA with a aid the old ILA might be incor lorated into a UMW division for labor unions The LA was kicked out of the AFL or failing to cleanse itself of rack teering elements The AFL then ormed a new union the ILAAFL o challenge the old pier union ewis at various times has bolted both the AFL and CIO Meantime in Washington CIO promise of needed another if Lewis president of the Unitec Mine Workers said he had absolutely no comment when asked about the reports at Hazle ton Pa Reports in recent months hav and AFL leaders met Wednesday o sign a no raiding agreement vhich was hailed as the first con crete step toward unity in almost 20 years of sporadic efforts to merge the two big labor organiza tions The agreement to go into effect Jan 1 isintended to halt the raids in which one union tries otake over another unionsmem jership The pact up for signature Wed nesday would bind only the parent CIO and AFL organizations In dividual member unions also musl sign before they are bound by the agreement Even when a union signs it is still free to raid any union that has not signed There was an outside chance thai the CIO might balk at the last minute Some CIO leaders are no satisfied that enough individua AFL unions will go along with the agreement to make it worthwhile CIO President Walter Rcuther entered the meeting with written commitments from unions rcpre senting about 90 per cent of CIO membership No Authority for Name Use NEWYORK testi fied Wednesday that the names of President Eisenhower and former President Truman were used with out authority in a Disabled Amer ican Veterans fund raising cam paign One witness said the DAV Serv ice Foundation raised more than 21 million dollars in the threeyear period ending last June 30 and that 18 per cent of this amount was disbursed for welfare pur poses The testimony was given before a state joint legislative Committee investigating charity fund raising methods Miles H Draper trustees boarc chairman of the DAY Service Foundation defended the commit tees fund raising methods He said puzzle contests and the sending of inscribed fountain pen through the mail were intended to attract public interest and finan cialsupport and he challenged the committee to offer any other meth od by which the foundation could raise funds at a lower cost The committee was told that tbe names of Gen Omar Bradley and Gen Carl Gray also were used by the DAV national organization without authority L Reveal New Speed Mark for America WASHINGTON1 UP Maj lharles E Yeager has two ind onehalf times the speed iof 1650 miles an n the Air Forces XIA rocket plane it was reported Wednesday Informed sources said the West Virginiaborn test pilot achieved he recordshattering speed last Saturday in an historic flight over Edwards Air Force Base Calif thus regained the title of the worlds fastest man which le had won originally on Oct 14 947 when he became the first to fly faster than the speed of sound Bell Aircraft The 1947 flight was madein the XIA Both were built by Bell Air craft Corp Yeagersreported speedeclipsed he officiallyannounced alltime record of 1327mph which was set only last Nov21 byScott rossfield test pilot for the Na aid must be channelled European which has not been set up as yet If there is no the President tional Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Crossfield flew the Navys Doug lasbuilt skyrocket He was the first to fly twice the speed of sound Sound travels at 760 miles an hour at sea level but drops off to about 660 mph in the cold air above 30000 feet Controversy It was learned a con troversy within the government over whether to announce Yeagers feat One segment of the Air Force hoped to keep it secret Others have hoped that President Eisen hower will announce itofficially with precise figures on speed and altitude atan Aero Club dinner here Thursday night marking the 50th anniversary of powered flight SAME DATE1953S40 BLACK FLAG MEANS TRAFFIC DEATH IN FAST 21 BOUBS asked we He added he was somewhat astonishedrthat anyone wouldfeel any thing bluntornewin whatDullea said in Paris also said he will keep right on working for interqa tional control of atomic energy even if the Russians turn down his recent sharetheatom proposal Eisenhower said he is by no means giving up hope the Rus sians will decide to accept the pro posal he recently made in a speech to the United that all the atomic powers join in a tlimited program of atomic research with emphasis on peacetime power de velopment i But even a rejection of this offer by the Soviets Eisenhower said would not stop him from trying to meet the problem of interna tional control in another way Otfitr At the news conference the President also 1 Stated thaf tht general ob jective of the series of conferences with GOP legislative leaders which will begin Thursday is to secure a meeting of minds The President added that must be accomplished so far as the executive and legis lative branches of the government are concerned if our kind of gov ernment is to operate successfully 2 Commended President Nixon on the accomplishments of the world tour he completed this week Eisenhower said both the official reports and those in the press make it clear that Nixon did a splendid job The Vice Presi dent and Mrs Nixon represented the US in an admirable fashion the President said 3 Stated in effect that agrees with Gen William F Dean that American GIs would have been able to stand up better in the lace of Communist propaganda if they had had a better understanding of what America really means and better discipline at home all their lives The President said he does not like the phrase juvenile delinquen cy and thinks a better term is parental failure 4 Said that speakma he is not in favor of providing a detailed breakdown of the reasons in the cases of moro than 1450 persons who have been separated from the government rolls He added however that not of them were discharged for subver sion 5 Said reqoett hie cleared through hint for confidential loyalty and ment employee tiles available to congressional Investigating mittecs v   

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