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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 30, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home LOBEbAZETTE Associated Press anil United Press Full Lease Wires NEWSPAPER THAT M A K I S A L L N 0 R T H IOWANS NEIGHBORS 1 v HOME EDITION Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY NOVEMBER 30 1953 This Paper Consists Ono No 44 One Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor But They Are BOTH Poison T hope you are not one who har x bors the notion that the Com munism of Tito is essentially dif ferent better Communism of Lenin Stalin and Malenkov From a closeup look at it in Belgrade Yugoslavia and from a study of it at a distance I am persuaded that they are the same poison in two different bottles Somebody has said one is arsenic and the other strychnine Thats changing my metaphor a little bit but I about the mat ter Whats important is that the contents of either or the kill you In some quarters theres an ef fort under Avay at this time to make it appear that Yugoslavia is edging over from Communism to our kind of Democracy under the influence of our dollarwooing But dont you believe it Any resem blance between Titos Marxism and our way of life is produced with mirrors It isnt real The naked truth is that we picked up Tito as an ally in 1948 in exactly the same way that we picked up Stalin as an ally back in 1941 We had a common enemy whom we disliked more than we did each other Its as simple as that In Diplomacy and War And thats the way in diplomacy as well as in war The current ac quisition of Spains fascist Gen Francisco Franco is a case in point at the other end of the line Hes the extremist at the right balanced off by Josip Broz alias MarshallTito at the extreme left A nationneeding doesnt go to the trouble of inquir ing about the ideology or the back ground of a prospect It isnt choosy It just asks a couple of simple questions IWill this fellow be on our side when thechips are down 2 Does he have something to contribute to ou reside An affirmative Lnsyer to these questions brought Stalin to our side during World War II and an affirmative answer to these ques tions brought both Tito and Franco to our side in the years since then We have good reason to believe that neither of them has any more love for the Kremlin than we have Hes Been Expensive In the five years since Yugo slavias expulsion from the so called coniinform successor to the Communist Internationale back in 1948 it was the United States has poured around mil lion into Titoland Our investment will probably be even somewhat higher than that in Spain As I prepare this little visit with you I have before me a copy of the Yugoslav Review described in its editorial mast as the Trieste issue of the Review of International Affairs It is published by the Yugoslav Information Center in New York City Its the Tito story of course One of the featured articles is titled Some Principles of Social ist Democracy in Yugoslavia Its author Jovan Djprdjevic is identi fied as a professor in Belgrade Uni versity and Secretary for Legisla tion and Organization in the Fed eral Executive Council That means hes high in Communist party af fairs A Travesty on Lincoln Most of the piece is devoted to suggesting that Abraham Lincoln in his Gettysburg Address must have had something like Titoism in mind when he referred to the govern ment of the people by the people for fthe people All is sweetness and light until you get to the sec ond page The parallels drawn by the writer are most touching Then whamie You come to this para graph On the other hand Socialist De mocracy is not guided by any dog mabut uses Marxist scientific method to discover and develop so cial political and ideological forms and methods of raising science knowledge and culture to higher levels That first in the article not written with crossed fin the basic fact about TitoSsm namelythat its drawn from the teachings of Karl Marx inventor of and sticks to the Marxist party line in so far as its possible or practicable in a country which has accepted it only because there was a gun at its temple No Retreat From Marxism In my time at Belgrade not so many months ago I had several hours with members of Titos cab inet and some of his topranking military leaders One after another CONTINUED ON PACE 2 LETTER TO SANTA CLAUSIt doesnt takeTpsTchm trist to mteipret the dreams young Chailes Thomas Gibbs has as he scribbles his letter to Santa Charles is the yearold son of Mr and Mrs C J Gibbs 511 Taylor S W of Allies Cold to Peqce Parley Plans of Reds PANMUNJOM Communists Monday offered a broad proposal for a Korean peace of it new and some of it most of it got a cold shouldei from US delegate Arthur H Dean Dean in turn offered the Reds a compromise plan to let Kussia sitin on the conference as a neighbor of Korea taking part as a third with full voting privileges JJean s suggestion was a revision of earlier UN demands that a conference include only the two belligerent sides with Kussia on the Communist side if she attends However Allied spokesman said an We expect the law of gravity will operate to take care that situation and wouldnot besurprisedif Rus sia would show up as the chie spokesman for the Communists Bothsides agreed to take a da off to study the new proposals Mail for POWs PANMUNJOM Wndian U Gen X S Thimayya has ac knowledged to complaining AN lied Prisoners of war that mail delivereirf to them was mostly of a deliberate political nature with a view toward influencing them to return home Thimayya chairman of the Neutral N a t i o n s Repatriation Commission made the acknowl edgement in a 450word answer to a7500word complaint earlier this month from the camp hold ing 351 Allied prisoners The prisoners include 22 Amer icans 1 Briton and 328 South Ko reans whom the Communists say refuse repatriation The complaint was accompan ied by 18 letters which had been delivered to the POWs by Indian custodian forces Ten opened let ters were sent as evidence and eight unopened for further cen sorship They will meet again Wednesday Dean said after Mondays meet of the sixth week of talks the Communist proposal is simply an old plan dressed up with altering tinsel Counterproposal The Red plan was in effect counterproposal to aUN plan submitted by Dean Saturday The Allied plan limited Neu trals to nations which have an interest in the Korean situation such as Pakistan and India mil omitted the additional Red choices of Burma Indonesia and Russia On The Page Franklin Barely Edges Mohawk Cagers 50W 13 State Bank Deposits Show Increase75 Mason City Conspicuous at AllState Music Festival 17 About The Weaiher Mason City Increasing cloudiness Tuesday with light rain or snow Iowa Tuesday increasing cloudi ness and warmer with rain Minnesota Tuesday cloudy with snow GlobeGazette weather data up ito 8 a m Monday Maximum 32 Minimum 15 At 8 a m 17 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 25 KGLO Gets Safety Award CHICAGO radio sta tions two radio one television station Sundayvreceivee the National Safety Councils pub lie interest award for exceptiona service to farm safety The awards given for outstand ingservice in promotion of farm safety for ajear period ending July 1953 were presented at a uncheon for the National Assn Radio Farm Directors of Winners include KGLO Mason City Iowa WHO Des Moines and WMT Cedar Rapids Iowa The award a plaque was pre sented to KGLOs farm service di rector ALHeinz The following was inscribed on he plaque Station KGLO is here sy cited forits first public interest award in the farmsafety field on the basis of a good yearround armsafety program which includ ed a contest for farmsafety slo gans a series of telephone conver sations with listeners regarding heir ideas on farnj safety for some reference to farmsafety on 289 of ts regularly scheduled programs 7 special farmsafety programs during the year and 773 spot an nouncements on farmsafety during the year The judgesalso praised the pub ic spirit displayed by KGLO in allowing its farmservice director of the service ommittee as well as to be a mem er of the state farmyard safety committee o serve las cochairman erro Gordo County farm US Charges to Blame for tans a Ci Before Jenrier Comhiittee Soys Gouzenko Wont Testify on Spy Rings TORONTO Gouzenko in an interview copy righted by the Toronto Telegram said Monday he has de cidednot to be interviewed by the Jenner Subcommittee of the US Senate Gouzenkxy is the former Russian code clerk whose dis closures sparked the Canadian spy trials in 1946 The Senate Internal Security Subcommit tee headed by Sen Jenne R twice forwarded request to interview him after he quoted as saying he had valuabl information Last week the Ca nadian government agreed tha such questioning would be permit led but with restrictions including one that Gouzehkos testimony b subject to censorship by Canada Ontario Village Gouzenko now is a Canadian cil and lives in an Ontario vU izen age under an assumed name He Demo Blast WASHINGTON W1 Political crossfire drummed on Monday with a Democratic blast that the Harry Dexter White case camouflage for a serious situa tion in the Justice Department Sunday three Democratic lead ers assailed Browne and the Eisenhower administration for setting off what hasbecome one of the hottest political wrangles in years Clayton Fritchey deputy chair man of the Democratic National Committee declared in a tele vision interview that BrowneI launched the controversy vert attention from many things including a serious situation wthjrjthe Justice Department Itself said Monday he had read the state ment made last week by Lester B Pearson Canadian foreign secre added I noted the words it Gouzenkos responsibility to de ermine the effect of any suchdis cusions on the preservation of his new identity and consequently oh his safety It is clear thereforethat the matter of the interview is now iip o me arid the choice before me s either the conversation with US sfficials or the safety of my fam ily and myself Choose Safety I choose safety not because to do otherwise would be foolish some cases such as of ones honor even courage in he defense bolish courage is excusable but because I consider the safety of my family is not just a persona matter Canadian and U S secur ty is also involved In his statement to the Toronto Gouzenko said he has 10 new information about any spy ing He said he have he US investigators there told are many in Soviet spy networks es ecially in Canada and the United tates who could be encouraged to esert Russian allegiance as he their fear could be re moved KGLO GETSFARM SAFETY AWARDA1 farm service director of Radio Station KGLO Mason City receives a farm safety award from PauIJones of the Na tional Safety Council The presentation was madeat a luncheon m Chicago Sunday noon Bakeries Boost Prices on Bread By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The price a loaf of bread went up in most Iowa cities Monday Major bakeries in Des Moines and Sioux City over the weekend announced a increase in the wholesale price of bread The increase in the form of a 2cent boost was expected to be passed on to the consumer Mason City and Clear Lake bakers also said their prices would go up Monday to 18V4 cents whole sale Prices at grocery stores in Mason City Clear Lake and other North Iowa towns were expected to be 22 cents for a 20 ounceloaf Kline of Marshalltown inspects the winning sample of wheat which was submitted by Fred Haltworth of Alberta Canada Miss Kline Is visitor at the Jnt ternational Hay and Grain Show in Chicago Lodge Lists 38000 as Victims of Reds UNITED NATIONS NY UP Henry Cabot Lodge Jr chief US delegate to the United Nations charged Monday that Soviet offi cers headed North Korean prisor camp commands responsible fo thousands Of atrocity torture case and deaths He told the UN General Assem bly world Communism conscious used atrocities as a policy weapo against its foes Lodge made the accusations ir an hourlong speech prepared fo delivery to the Assembly as i launched a debate on the America demand that Red China and Com munist North Korea be condemne for the atrocities Indictment But the US delegation hea swept all of the Kremlins Commu nist following into hisjndictmen during which he revealed that th toll in Korea from Red mass mur ders death marches and torture now is estimated at nearly almost 9000 more than shown i documents distributed Saturda nighCto delegates v An aide said the US Defens Department authorized the ne figure on the basis of studies sine last June 30 That period was cov ered bythe earlier survey Lodge said 4world Communism was a single political movemen Ickes Diary Very Critical of New Deal Spending Policies Claires FDR Sold Him Down River7 WASHINGTON M Harold L Ickes who seemed never to hold his tongue for any man1 while he Uved has come up with some tart opinions of the New Deal and Franklin D Roosevelt The Old Curmudgeon found the New Deal of which he was a moving spirit spendthrift with the taxpayers money and headed by a man he felt he couldnt trust Roosevelts secretary of the in erior wrote in 1936 that he had Jeen sold the President Ickes regretted in fact that lu ladnt walked out of Roosevelts Cabinet a year before Very Real Chance He felt there was a very rea chance he could have been nomi nated bythe Republicans to run Letters tp Draft Board ST PETERSBURG Fla Flo Upton secretary of Draft Board No 30 says a letter recently received by the board began Itke this Dear Mrs I want you to take my husband in the Army at once He has run off with another hussy Another went According to your instructions my has had a baby A single 19yearold youth filed a classificaticn re I dependents Asked how much he con tributed to their support he replied Nothing Im not working against Roosevelt And he though hat if nominated he probably vould have won These opinions sharply chal enged by onetime Democratic Na iorial Chairman James A Farley among came to light in TheSecret Diary qf Harold L ekes of which a first 105page installmentwiU be published Tues day Ickes reveals for all hi misgivings about Roosevelt the Presidents wife and chief aides and in spite of his own secret residential hopes he stayed on s a New Deal stalwart because he eared the Republicans would de iver the country to big business if hey got the chance Ickes died early last year and he sixmillionword diary he kept nder lock and key is only now eing released piecemeal by his at that to spare the feelyigs of the living from some f Ickes more sulphurous com ments Didnt Back Him It was after Roosevelt did not ack him in an expansion of the nterior Department to take in all onservation activities that Ickes amented he had been double rossed He quoted Rep Dempsey D M as saying it would have been ard to impeach the late Sen Huey xng calling the Presi ent a liar since Long might well ave provedit As for Mrs Roosevelt Ickes omplaincd bitterly that she kept meddling in government especially his Demands Laws to Prevent Tax Collection peddling WASHINGTON and fast laws to prevent Treas ury Department favoritism and political meddling in federa tax collections was demanded Monday by House investi gators The Ways and Means subcommittee in the fourth install ment Monday of a final report on two years of investigating tax fraud and irregularities Man Held in Iowa Slaying DES MOINES A man who was released fromPolk County jail by error last Saturday was be ing held Monday for investigation in connection with the mutilation slaying of a 42yearold Des Moines woman here Sunday night He was identifiedby police as James Robert Byrd 23 Byrd was arrested shortly after the body of Mrs Mildred Hanson was found by police at Sunday in a clump of iweeds in a vacant lot adjoining a home at 776 Tenth St Police said Mrs Hanson whose body was fiendishly mutilated still was alive when they arrived but she route to a hospital Police said Byrdwas arrested after witnesses named him as the erson seen carrying the womans ody into the vacant lot shortly before she was found Witnesses told policeMrs Han son and Byrd both had been seen together earlier SAME DATE19SJS1T BLACK FLAG MEANS TKAFMO DEATH IN TASV U HOURS recommended 1 Enactment of changes inth internal revenuecode to curb au thority of the Secretary of the Treasury over actual administra Uon of the tax laws to preven political in the future 2 Giving the internal revenue commissioner direct authority ovei tax collections in all matters no involving national fiscal policy The report observed Corruption of course is possi ble at any level of government bu political influence c o n c e ivably wouldbe less strongly felt by ca reer employes of the bureau than by politically appointed Treasury officials Ifthe Treasuryno longer ha ultimate Control pv er persoime questions or like matters person ally affecting bureau employes Treasury officials will possess less power to influence what should be impartial administrative decision in the bureau Secretary of the Treasury Hum phrey announced Nov 19 that he had delegated full authority to the Internal Revenue Service for hand ling individual tax cases BULLETINS WASHINGTON UP Secre tary of State John Foster Dulles hinted Monday tfvt United States may agree to Russias offer for a Big Four foreign ministers meet ing NEW YORK to submit certain issues to ar bitration I has been reached in the photo engravers strike that has closed six major New York City newspapers a New York Times spokesman said Monday Beat Red Plan UNITED NATIONS NY W1 The UN Assembly rejected Mon day Russias peace package de mand for a ban on atom and hydro gen weapons and big power arms reductions US Chief Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr used Hamlets words to call the omnibus of which have been rejected in various forms during thepast sey eral weary stale flat and unprofitable business The 60nation world body voted down paragraph by paragraph the resolution introduced by Russias Andrei Y Vishinsky with worldwide activities and am bitions There was a clear record of wholesale violation in Korea Geneva rules on prisoners of war he continued viola tions occurred on such a scale as to indicate irresistibly that they re flected a conscious policy That these atrocities were due to a conscious policy is strongly suggested by v the following facts The1 mass executions of Korean in some cases in the same groups with American and other prisoners of were done by a purely political agency the North Korean political security police Usual Jargon Many of our prisoners were sub jected immediately Barter capture to the usual violent hatred and abuse and in not a fewcases rwere executed in cold blood shortly afterward These atrocious killings closely uicesV sant political manipu lation of the very1 same prisoners in prisonerofwar both in Seoul early in the war and later on a much largerscale via the prison camps of North Korea Nor can we ignprethese facts That the leading men of the North Korean regime the North Korean Array were for the most part Soviet citizens That the NorthKorean political security police carried out many of the mass murders That Soviet officers were at tha top of the command structure over the prison camps in North Korea These facts indicate a sort of common dedication wholesale brutality which it is utterly repul sive to contemplate Facts and Figures Lodge citing facts and figures from affidavits of survivors and eyewitnesses said about 27 per cent of battle atrocities were com mitted by Chinese Communists mil tary units where military and po litical training went hand in handr When the North Korean juilty of most of the battle atroci apart the Chinese Com munists took over prisoner camps and political pressure Lodge said The US delegate said theatroci ies inspired horror and revulsion in any civilized mind adding This loss of respect for national standards of conduct not simply forgetfulness or ineffi ciency or personal cruelty expressing sadism of some indi vidual prison commander atrocities are for the most part de iberate They reflect a conscious system which actively rejects subverts and destroys decent standards of conduct and the whole structure of humane values from which they a system which denies that all men are created equal and are made in the image of God It is a system which says as Stalin said Terror is the supreme argument of any power1
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