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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 28, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for the Home MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T H NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IO W A N S NEIGHBOR S HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press FuU Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY SEPTEMBER 28 1953 Tills Paper Consists of Two Ono No 301 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Its YOUR Free Press period between Oct next Oct 8 has been set aside as National News paper Week Your Newspaper Lights the Way of Freedom is the slogan adopted for this years ob servance The most important single day will be next Saturday Oct 3 Thalts the time designated to give recognition to that wonder ful little guy your newspaperboy A friendly pat on the he deserves be in order In some communities there may be a disposition to use this week to glorify the newspaper in its own right But in far more places un less I missmy guess the occasion will be one for emphasizing the fact that the newspaper is merely an in strument in the overall educational process mans search for truth While the freedom of the press about whichwe hear so much is at least ona par with those two other constitutionguaranteed freedom of speech and freedom of is in truth secondary to and a product of the PUBLICS RIGHT TO KNOW THE TRUTH It Belongs to You Thats another way of saying thatfreedom of the press in its essence BELONGS TO YOU AND YOUR NEIGHBORS Newspapers and other users of the printed word its truej are itsadministra tors But they are performing in a trustee role Let me emphasize this by restatement inBother words Freedom of the press is in no sense the exclusive property oJ newspapers magazines or thepub lishersof books Its something born of YOUR RIGHT TO KNOW THE TRUTH When a judge closes the door ol courtroom on a newspaper re porter or photographer he is in truth closing that door on the pub lie which maintains our court sys tem He is locking YOU out When a governmental body o any kind insists on conducting its business behind closed doors ii is in a real sense denying not jusl the newspaper but you the public your right to knowwhats being done with your money Theyre Your Hired Hands One editor of a country news paper compared this procedure to the hired hand who thumbs his nose at his employer and performs his chores according to his own die tales rather than those of the man whosfooting the bill Those on the government payroll are no less the employes of the taxpaying public Never let that be forgotten All of this I hope leads up to the fact that a newspapers pri maryfunction in our society is to present the significant news of the day in such a manner as to help the reading public to perform the duties of citizenship in an enlight ened way This isnt to say that entertain ment doesnt have its place in the newspaper It definitely does Nor would I wish it inferred that Im discounting the place of editorial opinion in a newspaper I hold in low esteem the newspaper which doesnt have a page directed to this use But what I am saying and with out any reservations is that the newspapers primary function is to inform its public sufficiently well as to enable that public to build its osvn interpretations on an enlight ended basis No editor known to me has any monopoly of right think ing Most assuredly Earl Hall makes no such claim for himself No Longtr Party Organs Once newspapers even those in New York and Chicago had their greatest importance and influence as party organs The task of the editor and his he had one was to discover or contrive news which fit into the political pattern espoused by thepaper While there are a limited few lineal descendants of that journal Ism of an earlier day the going pattern is practically the absolute reverse The emphasis is on NEWS VIEWS To support this contention let me cite the period between 1933 and 1953 when the Democratic the New then the Fair uninterrupted power in Washing ton Its no secret that during those two decades withits five presi dential elections three fourths o the nations daily press was agains the party in power Thats been cited numberless times as proo of the newspapers1 decadence in editorial influenced Maybe it was that But it revealed something so much more important At the very1 time 75 per cent o CONTINUED ON FACE 2 Deckers Hit by Protest Walkout Charge Red Letter Given to PWs JOSEPH H ANDERSON Services for ExSpeaker to Be Tuesday THOMPSON Funeral services for Joseph H Anderson 82 speak er of the Iowa House of Repre sentatives in its 40th General Assembly in 192324 and later member of the Iowa State1 Board of Education will be held Tuesday afternoon Death came to Ander son at his home near here Friday following a stroke suffered Wednes day There will be a 1 pm service at the Olson Funeral Home in Forest City and at 2 pm the principal rites are scheduled for the Linden Lutheran Church southwest of here A quarter of a century ago Mr Anderson was one of the best known men in Iowa public life There was heavy pressure to make him the Republican nominee for governor in the late 20s but he declined to be a candidate A graduate of Iowa State Teach ers College Mr Anderson had a special interest in education which was reflected in his membership onthe State Board of Education as well as on the Waldorf College managingboard The Norwegian Evangelical Luth eran Church benefited from his active services too and he once served as president ofthe Iowa Association of CoOperative Cream eries as well as in the official fam ily of the National Association Born on a farm inWinnebago County he received his education in the rural school and at Cedar Falls from where he was grad uated in 1898 In1914 he was elected to the legislature and he was kept in that position for five consecutive terms Survivors include the two sons Orland of Thompson and Mer lin of Ames four daughters Mrs Alfred Field of Forest City Mrs Ray Wunder of Joy Anderson of Cedar Rapids and Mrs W 0 Bowers of Long Beach Calif Wlrcpliplo LOVING Schroe hugs his wife and 12ysar old daughter as he comes out from behind the Iron Curtain after nearly 10 years in Commu nist hands The reuniontook place at Camp Friediand Ger many where nearly 500 Germans were repatriated Sundaynight IGOR BOGELEPOV ExReds Claim US Document Favors Russians WASHINGTON refugees rom Soviet Russia and a former American Communist testified ilonday a document used in train ng U S Army intelligence icers is strongly slanted in favor Russian Communism The testimony concerning an Armyprepared report called Psychological and Cultural Traits n Soviet Siberia was given to he Senate Investigations Subcom nillee headed by Sen McCarthy Igor Bogelepov who described limsclfas a former Soviet diplo iiat now under death sentence by the Russian Red regime said the 75page book contains a lot of de iberate misinformation that serves he interests of the Communist cause Another of the Soviet Jnion Vladimir Pelrov of the Yale University faculty said the ook biased in avor of Russian Communism Believe Brownell Visitor Secret Warren fo High Court SACRAMENTO Calif that Republican Gov Earl Warren is headed for a federal likely the Supreme Monday after a secret conference with a visitor identified as Atfy Gen Herbert Brownell What they talked about was not disclosed But plainly President Eisenhowers patronage counsellor would not have flownhere to trade notes about the World Series with Call fornias G3yearold governor In Washington it was reported that an appointment to the Su preme Court is awaiting formal ecommendation to the White tlouse by Brownell The Justice Department con firmed that Brownell had flown o Sacramento over the weekend and conferred with Warren but would not go beyond that Warren who campaigned nation ally for Eisenhower last fall long has been regarded certain of a high ederal appointment There was talk that he might go to the Su preme Court even before the recent death of Chief Justice Fred M Vinson Warren only California gover nor elected to three terms an nounced Sept 3 he would not seek reelection next year His term ends in January 1955 If he resigns Republican Lt Gov Goodwin J Knight will be come governor Knight 5G already has declared his candidacy for governor in 1954 High government sources in Washington reported Brownell has had a series of conferences with Eisenhower on the Supreme Court situation They said he now is drawing up a summary of his views for the White House Man Wouldnt Give Youths Cigarette Beaten to Death PITTSBURGH UP Two teen age boys arc being held on mur der charges Monday in what homi cide detectives say was the brutal beating and kickinglo death of a 52yearold father of six who re fused to give them a In addition four other boys are being held as material witnesses and on a s s a u and battery charges The victim was David Jenkins a janitor Charged with his slaying are Willia m B Hindley 18 and Ronald Abersoid 16 bolh of Piltsburgh Detectives Louis Hamel and Mar tin Corcoran said this is what hap pened Frank Stevens 41 a barber who rooms at the Jenkins residence was attacked by a gang of boys late Saturday night He broke away and told his landlord what hai happened Jenkins went lo a nearby cor ner saw Iwo boys loilcring Iherc and asked Ihem if Ihey had helpec beat Stevens They said they hadnt They asked Jenkins for a cigarette but he refused The detectives said the two iden lifted as Hindley and Abersoid pounced on Jenkins and begar his face and body He ran into the middle of the slree and fell He was dead on arriva at a hospital Gub Gazette Again Rated AllAmerican The Cub Gazette of Mason Cilj ligh School rated AllAmerican ii he National Scholastic Press As ociation contest for the third time n four years according to wore eceived here Monday The page published in the Globe Gazette each Saturday during lh chool year was the only schbo page in a city paper to receive the op rating No other entry scored the ncces ary 950 points although the Cul Gazettes rating 1055 points Thepage was news values and sources new writing and editing headlines ypography and makeup depart ment pages and special feature and rated excellent in 19 icrior in5 categories Neil Puhl English and journa ism instructor reported tha papers for February March an April 1953 were those judgcc Two staffs alternated weekly i writing and editing the page h said Sandra Lcvinson and Sharo Hill alternating as editors an James Ransom and Sally Pendei graft as news editors Cub Quips news features an sports coverage received specie praise The judges final commen was A Very fine paper Mature professional About The Weather Mason City Fair Monday nigh and Tuesday Tuesday partly cloudy wit showers Tuesday mostly cloud with occasional showers GlobeGazette weather data u to 8 a m Monday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m 75 44 53 Spokesman for India in Denial PANMUNJOM The UN ommand charged Monday a Ko can repatriation commission doc ment circulated amongwar pris icrs who renounced communism as Uedslated An Indian spokes man for the Neutral Commission uickly denied the accusation Brigi Gen A L Hamblen chief the UN Command repatria on group cited a letter he said he commission distributed to the 2600 unrepalrialed POWs Salur ay He said the Allies were not old of the Jctlcr before it was anded out Clear Origin An Allied spokesman told news Tien the letter was clearly of Chi esc Communist origin and immc No Decision WASHINGTON State said Monday the United States has reached no fi nal decision on a plan for fu ture of Korea but is exploring various proposals and still or support from South Korea and other Allies on the issue Press Officers Lincoln White outlined that position in response questions about reports that South Korean President Syrig man has assailed a re ported plan for the neutralization of his country The Times reported from Seoul that Rhee also sharply critical of the Allies for planning a solution to the Korean question without consulting with the Korean govern ment BREAKS WITH THE Tniubel Metropoli tan Operas famous Wagnenan soprano smiles as she holds music for the St LouisBlues and Wagners Die Walkure after breaking1with the Met in a dispute over her career as a night club singer1 Miss her night club debut in Chicagos Chez Paree Unusual Announcement Churchill Asks Again for Big four Parley Decide to Go Bock on Tuesday Armour Union Meet in Chicago A walkout of all union workers was staged at Jacob E Decker and Sons Monday morning involv ing 1200 members of the CIO United Packing House Workers local union Immediately following the a m walkout the union held a meeting and voted to go back to work at the usual hoursTuesday morning according to William J Shannon the president In Protest Hesaid the walkout was in pro test against the bogging down of contract negotiations between the UPVV andmanage ment of the Big4 meat packers Deckers is a division and r The planthad been shut down Friday and repairs according to the manager P J Thogcrspn and hadnot anticipated killing any animals Monday Be cause of the walkout it nowwillbe impossible to do any killing Tues day he said and Deckers re mained out of the livestock market all day Monday Workers at the Swift plant at Sioux City also were reported out Monday Walkouts have been staged at a number of Big 4 plants across the country during the last 10 days InBrooklyn N Y about 300 workers the Swift plant walked off their jobs giving the same rea son asthose in Mason City The local walkout was the first to hit an Armour plant in the current diately was recognized by antiRed Chinese POWs as propaganda aimed at persuad ng them to go home However the commission spokes nan declared As far as the commission is oncerned they have not indulged n propaganda for any side The spokesman added that the ctter was broadcast as well as irculaled among the prisoners as a joint effort prepared by a ubcommittee of the commission nd all nations on the commission represented None of the warring nations is n the commission The spokesman added that the message was completely in ac ord with the terms of reference if the armistice and that itwas ranslaled under supervision of all ive nations represented on the icutral commission Required Interviews It specified that prisoners will be required absolutely by ncces ity to attend interviews by rep of their old the Allies have op rosed The UN Command had urged hat attendance at ecled to start vol unlary to prevent the Reds from coercing anilCommunist prisoners o change their decisionsagainst loing home v Release of the letter indicated hat the commission may have ruled against the Allies on this point Announcement of rules govern ng he interviews lias been cx iccted momentarily since Satur day LONDON Minister Churchill said Monday night he still favors atop tevelBig Four conference of the Western Powers and Soviet Russia In an unusual move No 10 Downing Street issued a statement under the vacationing Prime Ministers name em phasizing Churchill has not changed his stand since he first proposed the conference on Mayll Mondays statement was prompted by the remarks of British Labor Leader Tom OBrien who said a few days ago old Prime for a top wagedisagreement although spontaneous oneday strikes have been staged in plants of other companies Meet Tuesday In Chicago it was announced after lunching with Churchill that the 78year Minister is quite ready to go cyento Moscow level conference OBrien suggested that it was notso much Churchills illness but dissension inside the British government which caused Ihc can cellalipn of Ihc Western Big Three Bermuda talks The stalemenl de nied this The Bermuda conference for talksthat might lead to a meeting with Soviet Premier Georgi Mal enkov was called off when doctors ordered Churchill to take a rest It had been postponed previously due to French Cabinet crises No new date has been set for the meeting The United Stales has gone on record as opposing any meeting with Russia until it indi cates it is ready to bargain in good faith Beecroft Safety to Editor Florida Governor Now Improved TALLAHASSEE Fla Dan McCarty is showing improve ment in his bout with pneumonia but is slill on the critical list in a hospital here Attending physicians reported late Sunday night that the 41yearold gfivernors condition was less crit ical than on Saturday when he ran a temperature of 992 and his heart action became irregular At last report McCarlys tem perature was normal and his heart rhythm had become steady again He is still under the oxygen lent in which he was placed Sept 22 HEADS WAR GROUP DES M01NES AVorld War I Army transport unit which caUs itself the Mabrcy Gang Sunday elected Ernest J e 11 of Anthon president NEW YORKW E ad Hall editor of the Mason City GlobeGa zette will receive the Society of Automotive Engineers B c e croft Memorial Award and present the 1953 Bcecroft Lecture on October 19 during the National Safely Con gressin Chicago Beecroft Award Committee Chairman J N Bau man will make the award This seventh Beecroft Lcclure will be published as a monograph by SAE and made availablefor widespread dislribulion as were Ihe preceding lectures The award is made annually for substanlial contributions to the safely of Iraf fic involving motor vehicles and originaled in the lerms of a bequest by the late David Beecroft president of the Society in 1921 The Role of Public Information in the Safety Cause will be Ihc subject of Ihc monographand lee ture Previous awards were made to Paul G Hoffman chairman of the board of Studebakcr Corp and pastchairman of the Automotive Safety Foundation Thomas H MacDonald formerly commission er U S Bureau of Public Roads Chief Justice Arthur T Vanderbill of the New Jersey Supreme Court Sidney Williams formerly assislanl to the president of the Nalional Safely Council Rudolph F King registrar of motor Vehicles ol Massachusells and Franklin M Krcml director of the Traffic In stitute of Northweslern University This years Beecroft Lecturer has Served on numerous commit tecs in many fields In the safely area alone he was founder of the Iowa State Safety Council vipe president and preserilly member Monday afternoon that Armour and AFL union representatives plan to meet Tuesday in an effort to settle differences over pay in creases and hospitalization pay ments The Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butchers Workmen of North America are asking wage raises of 8 cents an hour and a company payment of 4Vi cents an hour to cover the costs of hospital insur ance An Armour spokesman said the company originally had offered pay increases of 5 cents an hour arid contributions of 2V4 cents an hour for hospitalization But he added the company has changed its proposal and now of fers to pay the full cost of the in surance program and to increasa wages three cenls an hour No Date Nodale has been set for a re sumption of negotialiohs between the union and Swift Co AFL and Swift negotiators met last week in a renewal of talks that nave been held from time totime for several months The AFL union and the CIO United Packinghouse Workers ara working together in an attempt to obtain wage increases and hos pilalizalion benefits from the ma jor meat packing firms W EARL HALL oC the National Safely Council chairman of the National Commit Ice for Traffic Safely and chair man of Ihe Public Support Com mitlee of Ihe Presidents Highway SafetyConference He was born in Iowa and got his BA from University of Iowa He joined the editorial staff of the Mil waukee Journal after serving in World War I and the next year at 22 became managing editor of the GlobeGazette Hall holds an LLD fro in Cornell College He was one of 14 Ameri can journalists on a factfinding mission to defence areas of Europe Asia and Africa in 1952 Hisorice aweek commentary One Mans Opinion is heard on KGLO and other stations V Slavs Reject Italys Proposal BELGRADE Yugoslavia W Yugoslavia Monday formally re jected the Italian proposal for settling the quarrel over Trieste by means of a plebiscite Italian Premier Giuseppe Pella had proposed a vote by the 389 000 residents to determine the fu ture of the strategic Adriatic port city and surrounding territory President Tito had orally rejec ted the Italian proposal in a speech two weeks ago at Split but Yugosla via made her stand official Mon day in a note delivered to the Italian Ministry here SAME BLACK TLAQ MEANS DEATH IN PASI HOVM
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