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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 8, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETT VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wlrei Russi E THl NIWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS N K 1 6 H O R S HOME EDITION Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 8 1953 ot Two SectionSection Om ans Claim They Have H Bomb Dulles Commits Military Help if Korea Attacked UN Threatens Communists SEOUL treaty pledging Americas military migh in defense oi warbattered South Korea if Red armies break Wie truce and attack again was initialed here Saturday the mutual security pact which must win US Senate approval was initialed by Secretary of State John Fostei Dulles and EOK Foreign Miri ister Pyun Yung Tai The ceremonies in Presiden Syngman Rhees hillside mansion climaxed four of importan conferences between Rhee and Dept State Tells Reds to Return POWs Must Have All America Says WASHINGTON State De partment told the CommunistsSat urday they must turn over to the armistice repatriation commission all United Nations prisoners cap tured during the Korean War A department statement said any who have been given jail sentences fight probably will reach beyond the boundaries of Korea In tne Past u S Allies were are to be included strongly opposed to any militar action directly against Red China Shows Concern otl the ground it might set off The statement put out by Acting World War III Dulles Issue Threat It came as U N headquarters in New York announced that 16 Al lied nations with troops in Korea have promised to take up arm again in the event of a new Com munist attack But Britain and Canada later hedged their commit ment The declaration contained the warning to the Communists that if they violate the armistice the U N countries will the Secretary Walter Bedell Smith ex pressed grave concern over report i fcj j ID M K ao mv oCtUliUy JJUU that the Communists not inwas initialed hailed their work as tend to return all our prisoners now in their custody Earlier this week Gen Marl Clark the UN commander in Korea said he thought the Red might hold 2000 or 3000 U S prisoners of war whom they have not listed for repatriation News dispatches from Korea have told of the reported sentenc ing of American POW by Commu nists within the last f ewweeks Saturdays statement pro gress of the prisoner exchangeis being watched veryclosely anc appropriate action will be taken just as soon as definite facts are established Appropriate Action Officials said the appropriate action involves procedure pro vided in the armistice agreemen for making complaints of violations of the agreement The agreement requires that al POW including those who say they do not want to go home must be made available to their own offi cers for interviews There have been several reports by repatriated soldiers that a num ber of American officer POWs have been jailed by the Redson triumped up charges of instigating against the peace Mason Cityan Injured in Crash Near Marengo A Mason City man Saturday was in serious condition in a Marengo hospital following accident Friday Highway 6 three Marengo an autotruck afternoon on miles east of He is Lyle D Roderick 27 220 IstSW According to witnesses Roderick had passed a Greyhound bus which had stopped on the highway to al low a semitrailer truck to cross a narrow bridge Roderick drove around the bus and crashed into the truck Rodericks car was demolished and most of his clothing was torn off He suffered head and back in juries A Mason City truck driver Pat Patterson came upon the scene a few minutes after the accident happened and assisted in getting Roderick to the hospital Men Rob Shop at Marble Rock MARBLE ROCK masked men and an accomplice robbed the Wcldon Suit Barber Shop here early Saturday of in cash and a large quantity of merchandise Floyd County Sheriff B F Atherton said Mr and Mrs Elroy Ackley who lived across the alley from the barber shop saw the men looting the shop and called the sheriff 3 am Saturday Mrs Ackley said she woke up because of a headache and saw a man walking around her house and go to a window of the barber shop Later the two masked men ap peared she added Dulles and Rhee in a joint state ment issued as the security pac an important contribution to the development of independence ant freedom in the Far East bey also announced a United StatesKorea agreement to walk out of the forthcoming politica conference if both feel after 90 days that the Communists are ex ploiting efforts to achieve peace in Korea itilles his mission to Korea com pleted flew Saturday eve ning on the of his trip batk to The security pact agreed upon bj Dulles andRhee provides for bas ing American troops in KoreaBu the secretary of state told a news conference that we want to ge our Armed Forces home as soon as is consistent with our responsibili ties The two Swap Ideas governments swapped ideas and drafted plans for work ing side by side to achieve peace just as they did in fighting the war Dulles said The joint RlieeDulles statement said they hope their exchange oJ views will establish a preparatory foundation for coordination effort at the political The highlevel international talks according to the armistice terms must open by Oct 27 The talks are aimed at finding a ivay to unite North and South Ko rea by peaceful means and fixing a time for withdrawal of Chinese and U N Forces from the peniri ula If after 90 days the United States and South Korea see that the conference is being exploited by the Communist delegates main ly to infiltrate propagandize or otherwise embarrass the Republic of Korea the two nations will walk out they said The conference almost certainly would collapse if these two coun tries pulled out official quarter agree Fiery President Rhee has clam ored for Allied supportof resum ing the war if unification is not achieved and the walkout become a fact But the DullesRhee statement said the two nations if they leave the talks will consult further re garding the attainment of a unified ree and independent Korea which s the postwar goal the United States set for itself during World War II JOHN FOSTER DULLES UnTted Nations left and Communist center Red Cross offi cials stand in the corridor of a UN hospital train taking Communist POWs to Panmunjom for repatriation The PW at right seems to be happy to be homeward bound In Better Shape 90 American POWs Return to Freedom PANMUNJOM laughter and joy came to Pan munjom Saturday as 90 Americans returned to freedom in obviously better health and spirits than those liberated in the first three days of the great Korean prisoner exchange There or POWs Tell About Being Guinea Pigs FREEDOM VILLAGE Korea UP war prisoners dis closed Saturday that Chinese doc ors used Americans as huznan guinea pigs in fatal medical ex periments They told of mercy shots tha men in five minutes and o jainful operations Americans Pvt Cleveland Clairmont 23 o Mission SD said he had seen hree sick Americans die within ive minutes after being given ihots by doctors Two other prisoners said the lad heard of mercy shots being iven sick prisoners And three negro soldiers told of experiments One time a woman doctor who aid she was educated in Octroi put some sortof meat under my skin Pvt Godfrey Jones 21 o Scarburo W Va said Two of his friends Fvt Ander on Battle of Bartow Fla am Cpl Tommie Hampton 33 of Chi cago agreed Thats all they were doing ex perimenting on us Hampton said They did a lot of that A captain in the U S Medical lorps said at the port of Inchon hat Communist doctors used car penters sawhorses for operating ables and dirty string for sutures Amputate Leg I was there when they took off me boys leg Capt James R Currysof Mount Vernon 0 said They had two wooden horses with a board across them After the peration a medical corpsman ame through asking for twine It eems they had lost the sutures to ew him up Later they found them vhere a girl had dropped them in he yard About The Weather Mason City Decreasing cloudiness Saturday night and Sunday owa Sunday fair and somewhat warmer Minnesota Sunday mostly fair and somewhat warmer GlobeGazette weather data up to a m Saturday Maximum 76 Minimum 59 At 8 a m 64 Precipitation 05 EAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum J3 were few maimed and haggard men in Satur urdays group The Reds sent tiack 250 South Ko reans 90 Americans 35 Tlirks auc 25 total of 400 They said Sundays group 40 will include 250 ROKs 112 Ameri cans 21 British 13 Turks 2 Aus tralians 1 Canadian and 1 Filipino The 112 Americans will be th biggest shipment of U S troops sc far in four days of Operation Bi Switch and will bring the total o Americans returned to 230 Th Reds have promised to send back 3313 Americans among 12763 Al liedPOWs So far the fourday exchang has brought back a grand total o 1205 ROKs 311 Americans 14 Turks 12G British 34 Filipinos 2 Colombians 7 French 6 Austral ians and 1 each Belgian Canadian Greek and South African The prisoners released Saturday rolled out of the north in Ref trucks under a broiling sun One carried a skin drum anc another wore a red and white cap standing out brightly against the dull blue POW clothing Eighty were Negroes many from the old 24th Regiment Some Prisoners Afraid to Return FREEDOM VILLAGE Korea Two liberated Americans saic Saturday some American prison ers refused to leave North Korean prison camps only because they feared reprisals by fellow captives Both men said the Americans who turned down repatriation were hated because they had turned in former forthe Reds We had quite a bit of that said Cpl Tommie Hampton of Chi cago He said one stool pigeon had been killed by fellow prison ers Cpl Thomas Murray of Balti more Md who spent 32 months in a Red stockade said definitely he new of eight Americanswho urned down a chance to return to freedom because they were scared to come back He said bitterly of one He was a rat a squealer If ic came across the line I doubt f he would have lived to gel here at Inchon Murray talked to newsmen at nchon where he is awaiting re urn to the United States by ship MacNider Resting at indianhead Maj Gen Hanford MacNider vas reported as having a restful veekendSaturday at his home al ndianhead Farm east of Mason The general was released rom Mercy hospital Aug 1 and returned to his home recovering rom a stroke suffered July 28 US Reaction to Red Story Is Skepticism But Doesnt Rule Out Possibility WASHINGTON U S reaction to Russias Hbomb claim Saturday was skepticism hedged by the conviction that in any case he United States is far ahead in the superbomb race President Eisenhower left by air plane for his vacation in Colorado without making any comment on the Soviet announcement He gave no outward evidence of concern about it AEC Statement Chairman Lewis L Strauss of the Atomic Energy Commission is sued this statement We have never assumed that it was beyond the capability of the Russians to produce such a weapon as the Hbomb and that is he rea UN Reaction UNITED NATIONS NY Dag Hammarskjold UN secre tary general said Saturday that the announcement Russia has the Hbomb only stressed the need for international controls to achieved through the UN Hammarsklold said that news stories concerning develop ment and possible use of weapons of destruction only stress needs for achieving through the UN practicable and effective means of international control of such weapons Alexis Kyrou of Greece chair man this month of the UN Dis armament Commission said however he does not plan to call a meeting of the 12natton com mUtion to discuss the announce ment that Russia has an bomb son why more than three years ago it was decided to press forwarc with this development for our Strauss was one of the origiha AEC members credited with per suading former President Truman to order the Hbomb goahead in January 1950 No responsible sources voicec doubt however that if Russia hasnt got the Hbomb yet she wil in time These sources pointed to the wartime espionage of Brltisl scientist Klaus Fuchs an authority on Hbomb physics and to the later defection of Bruno Pontecor vo Italianborn British physicist believed to be doing Hbomb work in Russia now Complete Disbelief Washington reaction to Soviet Premier Georgi Malenkovs an too have the hydrogen bomb ranged from complete disbelief to maybe Rep Mclvin Price a member of the HouseSenate Atomic Energy Committee snorted Strictly propaganda But Sen Bourke B Hickenlooper top Senate member of the atomic committee would neither dispute nor admit the truth of Malenkovs claim In any case Hickentoopcr said the United States is ahead of Rus sia in the whole field of atomic that includes the Hbomb If Russia has indeed developed the Hbomb as Malenkov said it appeared unlikely that she has yet exploded a test version of the metropoliskilling super weapon MANAGER DIES DES MOINES m Vinton Wake and 49 service manager of the John Deere Des Moines works died Friday at Veterans Hospital GloboUnxoltOpliolos by MushDi READY FOR Iowa National Guardsmen on summer training maneuvers at Camp McCoy Wia arc familiarizingthemselves with many types of nqw weapons includingthe powerful 81 MM mortar Reading the piece for firingare left to Sfc Antonio Dovnli Mason City holding the ammunition Sgt Charles Moon JVMbn City and Sgt Lowell Schultss Graf ton LETTER FROM Cedric Connelly Mason City gets plenty of help in reading a letter from home during a break in his National Guard duties at Camp McCoy Shown with him are Cpl Joe Einertaon Manly and Sfc Hans Jovgensen Clear Lake Mason Citys H Company 34th Division of which Connelly is a member won a superior rating in its supply department clunngthe first weeks exercises Other pictures page If Soviets Have HBomb New Air Defense Needed WASHINGTON An atomic scientist said Saturday that if Rus sia has the hydrogen bomb Pros dent Eisenhower would be justi fied in recalling Congress to con sider air defense of a totally un precedented nature The scientist Dr Ralph Lapp said it would not be loo surprjs ng that the Russians had at least ested a small scale Hbomb Lapp who was associated with he original Manhattan Project hat produced the first atomic omb and served later as a con sultant to the Defense Department said he is not now associated with he atomic project but is a close observer of atomic affairs The United States scientists vcrc two and a half years off in their calculation about when Rus sia would produce an Abomb he said adding Therefore it would not be too surprising if Russia may now have at least have conducted smal scale tests to verify the principle of the Hbomb But even such small scale tests would mean a large explosion be cause an Abomb would be needed as a trigger for the hydrogen ma terial He said Soviet Premier Malcn kov may have made his announce ment that Russia has perfected mi Hbomb in order to beat the United States to the propaganda punch of announcing it before the United States could detect evidence of it North Koreans Convicted Ten Red Officials Will Die TOKYO UP Communists broadcasts said Saturday 10 have been sentenced to Icath for plotting to overthrow the led North Korean government on the instigation of the United Itates Pyongyang Radio the voice of Sorth Korea said 13 officials were nvolyed in the plan to instill a apitalistic government to replace he Red regime The reports said Pak Hung Yong orth Korean vicepremier and orcign minister was slated to head the new capitalistic govern ment The broadcast said he had been dismissed along with 12 other Koreans including dne official of the South Korean repub lic Lee Sung Yap inspectorgeneral of the North Korean Peoples Council was named In the broad cast as the ringleader who had been in contactsince 1945 with U S State Department and counterintelligence officials The North Korean Peoples Council is the equivalent in Russia of the Su preme Soviet the parliament Radio Moscow said 10 of the 12 werc tried for conspiracy and espionage and sentenced to death including Lee Two others got prison sentences of 12 and 15 years Pak was not among the 12 in dicted and the broadcasts did not say what punishment was in store for him His replacement as for eign minister by Gen Nam IL head of the Communist truce dele gation was announced by Pyong yang Radio without explanation last Sunday US Hasnt Monopoly Malenkov Reveals Story to High Soviets MOSCOW Gcorgt Malenkov Saturday told thu Rus sian Parliament the Supreme So viet hat lUissias arsenal now in cludes the hydrogen bomb This should put an end to any chatterers nonsense about Soviet weakness he said The statement which came us the unexpected highlight a two hour speech on foreign and domes tic policy was greeted with loud and long applause The United States docs not en joy a monopoly on the hydrogen bomb any more he said We loo have the hydrogen bomb Welcomes Declaration He said the Soviet government welcomed President Eisenhowers declaration that the U S wants peace and international collabora tion But Malenkov chargedthat tha aggressive policy of the United Slates contradicts the American Presidents words Ho urged the United States to end its policy oE ignoring Bed China and said that nation must bo admitted to Jn his interrupted vict 1 hai emerged of the mightiest nations in the world with a gross industrial pro duction two nnd one half times that of 1940 2 will never agrw to restoration of German militarism v3 The Korean armistice and liq uldalion of the June 17 riots in Ber lin and East Germany were great victories for 4 Foreign Imperil I liti provoked the Ecst Gorman disturbances with a view to remilitarizing Ger many and leading to anew world war German Disorders There would have been serious international consequences from the German disordersif Soviet re straint and temperatencss had not liquidated the Berlin riots he said Malenkov repeatedly dwelt on the might of Russia achieved through licr vast industrial expansionand backed by the force of the Hbomb He scoffed at foreign specula tions on Russian weaknesses and named Sen Alexander Wiley RWis as one of the chatterers who have been talking nonsense1 about Soviet weakness MaJenkovs disclosure that tho Soviets now have the hydrogen bomb was Russias first direct an nouncement of the development of atomic weapons The disclosure that the Russians had set off an atomic bomb first was mndc to the world by former President Harry Truman Sept 23 T h o Soviets subsequently an nounced the explosion of various atomic devices Ascribed as being used in huge development projects Tho American Atomic Energy Commission Nov 16 1952 first an nounced that successful experi ments contributing to hydrogen bomb research had been carried out by American scientists Letters from Army personnel who claim to have witnessed a hydrogen bomb explosion were published by a number of Ameri can newspapers early in Novem ber before the AEC announcement According to these letters an H bomb was exploded at the Mar shall Islands proving grounds at a m Nov 1 In his brief reference to foreign policy Malcnkov hailed the Korean irniislicc and liquidation of dis turbances in Berlin and East Ger many on June 17 as great vic tories for world peace Malenkov said the Soviet govern ment has appropriated one billion rubles officially for in Korea He said that Russia has ariseti rom one of the most backward countries in the world industrially efore the revolution to one of he worlds greatest industrial na ions today Malenkovs appearance before both houses of parliament came as t surprise Ho strode purposely to the ros rum carrying his speech in a black older
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