Wednesday, August 5, 1953

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 5, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North lowqs Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home ON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NM6HIORS HOME EDITION VOL LiX Associated Press and United Presi Full Wirei MASpN CITY DOLLAR DAYS Friday Saturday Seven a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 5 1953 ThU Piper CoruUU Two Oeja ROW Tells of Commie DoubleGross Russians Indicate They Are Set for Parley on Germany Know Any Like Him PHILADELPHIA MBamboo the Philadelphia zoos mostpub licized primate is 27 years old Wednesday but his birthday parti tas been cancelled The middleaged comparable age of a human being 54 gray haired misanthropes usually nasty disposition has been aggravated by a stomach ache Bamboos normal diet of grain fruit and vegetables was augment ed by some uninformed visitor the other day who tossed an un identified tidbit into the cage Wednesday Bamboo is paying for his lack of forethought Bamboo arrived at the zoo in 1926 as a scrawny infant Today he is the biggest strongest and probably meanest gorilla in captivity His keeper insists it isnt captivity thats givenBamboo such a distorted outlook toward the human race He just has an unfortunate personality he said You must Jcnow plenty of people like him Airmen Survive Crash of Bomber at Sea LONDON big 10engine US Air Force bomber blazing like a meteor plunged intothe North Atlantic early Wednesday and its 23 men jumpedinto the icy waves Fourteen hours after the RB36 reconnaissance plane went down a Britishship the Manchester Shipper radioed she had picked up one sur vivor and recovered one body 420 miles west of Prestwick Scot land Search planes sighted two masses of wreckage 285 miles apart Ships rushed to both places One circling rescue plane radioed that it bad spotted a raft with five men aboard Four of the men waved but the fifth seemedto be motionless on the tossing raft Crewmen bailed but of the blaz ing RB36 at 2400 feet while it was enroiite from Travis Field Calif to England Some may have riddeii the plane down in an attempt to ditch her in the 15foot high waves Presumably the survivors were scattered over a wide area Sur face ships represented their best chance for life Seaplanes reached the scene but could not set down in the pounding seas Two search lifeboats to the men on the Taft and 12 American planes continued the search through the night hoping to sp6t flares At dawn another dozen will join them British planes also participated in the search along with ships of several nations The first SB29 to sight the raft immediately dropped a boat and radioed the other air and surface craft A second SB29 appeared and also dropped a boat The merchant ship Uruguay also reached the scene ROBERT LOUNSBERRY Lounsberry Is Legion Chief WATERLOO W Robert H Lourisberry 35 McCallsburg farm er and World War II veteran was elected unanimously Wednesday as new departmental commander of the Iowa American Legion Other officers elected included Vice E T Alcorn West Union Robert G Crook At lantic James T McCabeMt Pleasant Vincent Maxheim Clin ton Floyd Whittcn Rowan The Rev E William Strauser Oska loosa chaplain John L Robin son Demson sergcantatarms SCHOOL APPOINTMENT LINCOLN Neb appoint ment of Dr Harold E Halt a native of Lindc Iowa as associate professor of English at Nebraska Wesley an University was an nounced Tuesday Also Want Conf e rence on Problems MOSCOW UP The Soviet Union announced Wednesday it is ready for a Big Four meeting on Ger many but differed with the west on what should be discussed In identical notes to the United Stales Britain and France the Russians also renewed their long standing proposal for a bigpower parley Communis on other problems threatening world peace The three Western ministers aft er their Washington meeting hat proposed July 15 that Soviet For eign Minister V M Molotov meel with them to discuss an Austrian independence treaty and for Ger many the organization of free elections and the establishment o a free government Soviet Reply The Soviet reply delivered to the three Western embassies counter proposed that the foreign ministers discuss 1 Measures to decrease ten sion in international relations 2 The German problem includ ing the problem of reestablish ment ofGerm an unity and the con elusionof a peace treaty The Soviets said they had voicec their attitude on Austria in a note July 30 to the Western Powers in which they asked the West tp drop the short form treaty it has pro posed and return to negotiations on the detailed draft long under dis cussion by deputy foreign minis ters Austrian Question It goes without saying that a possible successful solution of the German problem could also help a solution of the Austrianques tion the latest note said In Washington the StateDepart ment said Russiahas left the door open for a Big Four foreign minis ters conference on Gerihany The announcement added however that the new Soviet note on the subject is ambiguous and will re quire a great deal more study BULLETINS WASHINGTON tf Louis Markus New York businessman denied under oath Wednesday that he shared in fee paid to a former Democratic National Committee lawyer for getting favorableruling in a tax case SEOUL UP South Korean delegates said Wednes day their government wilt sign a mutual defense treaty with the United States after one more working level conference Wlrophoto BLOOD MESSAGEA South Korean soldier holds up a sign he printed with bloS from his finger as he reached Panmunjom with the first group of Communist prisoners of war to be repatriated The sign written in Korean says Communists did not defeat South Korea Major Reports Arrest of High Ranking US Prisoners on Charge PANMUNJOM Korea first American war pris oners under the Korean truce started homeWednesday with new tales ofRed atrocities and a lastminutedoublecross They rode to freedom in blue Chinese clothing on Rus sian trucks and gave eyewitness accounts of Communist TB Frequent Among POWs FREEDOM VILLAGE Korea W head of the hospital atFree dom Village repprlcd Wednesday doctors found a high percentage of tuberculosis and other lung dis eases among returned UN prls oners of war and said I am not sure they will all recover But Col Fred W Seymour stressed that in the past we hnyc pulled some of them right out of the Seymour said morelimit30 men had active pulmonary lesions of the first 60 US and other UN re patrlatcs who entered thoevacua tion hospital Wednesday Seymour giuo no breakdownon nationalities but said the bulkwas Americans treachery during the war and only two days before they left Hod prison compounds Seventy Americans and 322 other United Nations fighting men held by the Communists went through the exchange point as 0peratiotv Big Switch opened promptly ab p m CST Tuesday Seventy more Americans will bo freed at the same time Thursday MajorJohn Dnujat of San Pablo Calif the firstof 3313 returning Americans to bo identified public y told the treachery List M Treachery Daujal toldhow the Communists n 1 ri s t minute treachery jailed some Americans including high Mass Desertion 37 Troops From East Germany Flee to West BERLIN Thirtyseven East German soldiers anc policemen fled to West Berlin Wednesday in the second larg est mass desertion of Red armed forces this year The fugitives including one officer deserted from th food blockade which the Soviet zone government set u around Berlin last Saturday to kill off American relief fo 18 million East Peoples Police Twenty were from the Tied Wehr macht and 17 from the pcopleb police The record for one days fligh was set June 24 a week after the East German revolt when J6 sol diers and policemen applied here for political asylum The total for 1953 is of them army troops Terror Trials The Communist hunger blockade and a rash of terror trials cut iharply Wednesday the rush 6i East Germans to receive free American food packages in West Serliri Despite police threats and rain lundreds of people from Soviet ast Berlin slill came over for aid as the giveaway swung into jts Olh day and toward the million anclahalt parcel mark But the 18 million Germans in he rest of the Russian occupation zone were barred by a virtually airtight blockade on rail travel to Berlinimposed last weekend Pro est demonstrations against the ravel ban were put down by Ger man Communist police COMFORTABLEAnn Boyd 1125 3rd SW is cool as a fa herdecH chair m seasonable clothing such asis on sale throughout Mason City Thursday Friday and Saturday during Mason City Dollar Days Many other types of merchandise also will be on sale during the citywide sales event Will Discuss Extra Session WASHINGTON c n Know land RCalif said after a White House conference Wednesday that congressional leaders will discuss withPresident Eisenhower and Secretary of the Treasury Hum phrey about Sept 25 the question of aspecial session Congress to raise the national debt limit Knowland newly elected Senate majority floor leader made this statement to reporters after a breakfast talk with the President soon after the lalters return from the governors conference at Se attle The President last week re quested legislation increasing the debt 15 billion dollars from the present 275 billions The House approved his request but the Senate Finance Committee tabled it 114 Knowland said leaders will see the President here or in Denver wherever he may be at the time about 10 days after Sept 15 when the third quarter tax receipts will be known Wants Ike to Tell qf Atom Danger WASHINGTON Alexander Wiley of the Senate For eign Relations Committee Wedncs day urged President Eisenhowei o tell Americans the ugly truth about the nations terrible vulner ability to enemy atomic attack The Truman administration never took the American people nto its confidence on this atomic Innger I trust he Eisenhower dminisiraUon will not be guilty of the same dreadful mistake the Visconsin Republican said He said the new administration can be excused for not meeting the iroblem at the busy Congressional essiOn just ended But he said here will be no such excuse if n the next regular session the uestion ot reducing our atomic ulnerability is avoided or under estimated He referred o Various studies by he Defense Department and the Atomic Energy Commission on tomic dangers While security has kept the American people almost com letely uninformed on these stud es he said the Soviets probably now most of these facts about our vcakncss Until therefore the American eople get more facts to the extent hat intelligent security regulations vill permit neither the Congress nor the people can adequately evaluate our military defense prob em Wiley said About The Weather owa Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday Mason City Mostly cloudy Wed nesday night Thundershowers ending Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy through Thursday Globe Gazette weather data up o 8 am Wednesday Maximum 77 Minimum 56 At 8 am 67 List of Repatriated Prisoners AP Wlrephnto REACHES James Davis of Mulling S C ona stretcher is placed in a UN ambulance after his repatriation at Panmunjom in the first exchange of pris oners of war ranking officers for against iieace1 The United Nations was expect d to demand the release of Americans immediately The first truck bumped idown rocky road from Kacsong Jnto Pan numjom It reached Panmunjom five minutes before Big started V Following their identification the prisoners removed Chinese utility shirts and trousers and celvcd tailored American fatigues The first litter taken Into tents in the northern end of the reception center Huge cauldrons of coffee steaming at Freedom when thefirst contingent arrivedAltars and candles had been set up for thpso who wanted to for their deliverance front the eni emy Death Valley Pfc James H Hynson a 2nd Division rifleman Chester Pa told newsmen he contractedvpleu rlsy following his capture l 1950 Hyhson said he received treat ment in a death valley hospital for about a month and never saw any of his wounded buddies again Other freed prisoners told how the Communists constantly tried to indoctrinatethem Friends and relatives said Wednesday theybelieve an Ameri can officer still held by Commu nists in Korea is Lt Col Alarick Zacherle 42 formerly of Des Moines Mni John Daujat Richmond told reporters in Korea that U S officer was sentenced to prison by the Communists for instigating against peace Although censorship regulations prevented Daujal from identifying he officerpersons here said they believed Zacherlcs name came hrough a radio networks broad cast from Korea Interrupted by Censors POWs Tell of Treatment FREEDOM VILLAGEKorea UP Americans the horror and boredom of Communist prison amps savored their irst taste of freedom Wednesday Eight of the men strapped ightlyto stretchers were flown icrc aboard four helicopters from anmunjonv where they were reed There were few tales of torture ealh andmaiming on the lips ol he iiueruted prisoners who ap eared happy but bewildered Interrupt one Some interviews were conducted with frequent interruptions from ensors and the men obviously had jeentold there were only certain ubjectsthey coulddiscuss The War Department caught ellafter some of the stories the ick and wounded told when they ot out last April one officer aid in referring to the exchange f sick and wounded prisoners last pring One prisoner said he was cap ured because a South Korean di ision collapsed on the flank of IsU t division Thecensor and an interview officer quickly inter rupted You cannot write that The censor was told by one re porter lhat he wrote the story when it happened more than two years ago The same censor refused to al low the exprisoner to discuss deaths of Allied captives on a mid winter march from Seoul north to the Yalu River except those deaths you actually saw yourself First Patients The first two litter patients were Cpl Richard M Davis of Boone ville Ark a 2nd Division infan Iryman and Sgt James Davis 25 Mullin S C Both had spent more lhan two years as prisoners of the Communists James Davis said many of his riends starved to death in the early months of 1951 He described reatment in Red camps as pretty tough Richard Davis said theres not many men left of those captured with him A convoy IP ambulances brought other liberated prisoners here from Panmunjom All were greeted by welcoming soldiers a Marine band and Al lied leaders including Gen Max well D Taylor 8lh Army com mander US Secretary of Stata John Foster Dulles and US Army Secretary Robert Stevens One of the first items was t good American meal One of the most recent captives arriving Wednesday was Pfc Al bert Chicckine of Bloomffeld NJ He was captured in July 1952 after being wounded in the leg Chicckine said he saw some white men near his North Korean prison cap but he wasnt sure they were Russians Chicckine and other returning1 prisoners told of being forced to attend indoctrination schools But by the time I was cap tured he said it seemed that the men who were going to be lieve that stuff had already bought it and they didnt bother too jhuch1 with the rest of us Theycalled those fellows progressives There a few of andthey got better i 3