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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 27, 1953, Mason City, Iowa                                North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cenfs a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 27 1953 This tniior Consists of Two No 241 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Two Presidents Who Owned Farms N a recent motor jaunt which took me as far south as Alex andria Va as far east as New York City and as far north as On tario Canada I chanced to visit two quite distinguished farms One of these was the farm owned by our first American President That of course was the George Washington home at Mt Vernon The other was the farm owned by President Dwight D Eisenhower near Gettysburg Pa In this visit with you Im going to recall some observations at both places Although I suspect Ive been in Washington as many as 25 times in the past 25 years I have to ad mit that this was the first visit Ive paid to Mt Vernon since 1926 Quite a few changes have been made in the meantime but most ly to the environs rather than to the Washington home itself The changes have been largely by way of providing accommoda tions for the vastly increased num ber of people who are attracted to the Potomac River shrine each year Theres something of the as sembly line atmosphere although I dont intend that observation to be too critical It Began in 1858 Mt Vernons restoration was un der the direction of what is called The Mount Vernon Ladies Asso ciation an organization going back to 1858 by individual subscription a 200acre tract was acquired It included the mansion wharf and all subsidiary outbuild ings Curiously enough nobody up to that time had been much inter ested in the spot as a historic shrine The buildings had been al lowed to run clown the soil of the farm had been leeched by unsci entific farming and the gardens and grounds had suffered terribly In the restoration process there has been a studied effort to make the premises as nearly as they were in days there as is possible When it could be done the actual furnishings used by the first President were ac quired In some cases however those in charge have had to be con tent with period pieces Most of the furniture on the first floor and all of it in Washingtons bedroom are original Financed by Fee Since 1858 I should explain the tract has been enlarged from 200 acres to 475 acres This was done to insure against undesirable en croachments Theres a fee for those visiting the grounds and I would guess that it goes a long way toward meeting expenses even though theres a considerablesized payroll Youre really shaking hands witb quite a span of history when you set foot on Mt Vernon The Wash ington title to the property dates from the grant in 300 years 5000 acres to John Washington greatgrandfather of George and to Nicholas Spencer How Spencer got into the act I cant say In 1690 however the tract was divided with the Washington half descending by inheritance to Mil dred Washington aunt and god mother of George In 1726 Augus tine Washington Georges father purchased the tract then called the Hunting Creek Plantation from that aunt and her husband Roger Gregory Owned by Half Brother When George was three years was in moved with his family from the plantation on Popes Creek in Westmoreland County Va to the plantation A few years later he moved to the Ferry Farm on the Rappahannock River near Fred ericksburg In 1740 Lawrence Washington elder halfbrother of George came of age and the father Augustine deeded the Hunting Creek Planta tion to him Three years later in 1743 Lawrence married settled on the great acreage and renamed it Mt Vernon in honor Admiral CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MISS IOWA OF 1953Miss Connie don and Lt Gov Leo Elthon Fertile admire Miss Ver Hoefs trophy awarded her for being named Miss Iowa of 1953 at the Governors Ball Sunday night at the Surf Ball room Clear Lake She will compete later this summer in the Miss America contest atAtlantic City NJ Connie VerHoef Miss Sheldon Crowned Miss Iowa of 1953 CLEAR pretty 18year old with a charming smile is Miss Iowa of 1953 She is Miss Connie VorHoef daughter of Mr and Mrs Orville VerHoef of Sheldon who will rep resent Iowa in the Miss America contest at Atlantic City N J lat er this summer She was crowned Sunday eve ning by Lt Gov Leo Elthon Fer tile at the Governors Ball cli max of the 15th annual Governors Days celebration BrownHaired Brownhaired and greeneyed Miss VerHoef is 5 feet 4 and weighs 117 pounds She has a 34 inch bust 23 waist and 35 hips Arjes Sundquist Sioux City com peting as Miss Cedar Falls was runnerup Miss Miriam Hassan Red Oak was third and Miss Joy Ann Denton Des Moines fourth Miss VerHoef won besides a free trip to Atlantic City a check a trophy and merchandise prizes She was graduated from Sheldon High School this year and has three years of voice training and dra matics Before the coronation ceremon ies Lt Gov Elthon called atten tion to the signing of the Korean armistice a few hours earlier and from he stage of the Surf Ball room offered a prayer of thanks giving What a fewminutes before was a noisygay crowd became a hushed audience as it joined Lt Gov Ellhon in prayer The celebration officially got under way Saturday afternoon when Gov William S Beardsicy arrived at city dock by boat and then headed a parade to City Park In a speech at Ihe park Beard sley said Iowa is a great state because it is populated by a high type of people it is balanced eco nomically it has great natural re sources and its citizenry is alert to conservation and development of resources The governor who has been mentioned as a possible senatorial CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 FIGHTING Three Years of Destruction Halted Following Signing of Historic Truce Agreement SEOUL stopped alongthe Korean battle front at 10 pm Monday night 7 am Monday GST bring ing to an abrupt halt 37 months of death and destruction While ground fighting was relatively quiet the fina hours mountingCommunist artillery fire took its toll of Allied soldiers up to the last minute At 10 pm a hush fell over the front The last man to die may never be named Nor perhans will the last hero The front usually aflame at this hour of night just greu Men heaved sighs of relief but with great caution As the clock ticked off the seconds they grew more brave The last reported final one of the Korean War on the Central at pm The fighting there at least ended in silence AP Correspondent 3 o h n Randolph said the ceasefire came on the Central Front amid silence after a smashing artillery due be Farmer Killed in Auto Crash NEW A Wil berding 23 farmer 10 miles north east of here was killed in an au lomobile collision on Highway 63 eight miles south of town at pm Sunday He was alone in his car Officers said his car went out o control skidded about 400 feet or New July Record Iowa counted eight traf fic deaths over the weekend raising to hiph of 65 the number of persons kilted In motor vehicle accident In the state during July The previous high was 59 traffic dead during July of 1950 The fa test fatalities also brought the states 1953 toll to 298 as compared with 275 on this date last year The heavy toll came despite pleas from the Iowa Safety Com mission and a personal appeal by Gov William S Beardstey to drive safely The dead in addition to Wil berding include Frederick Quandahl old son of Mr and Mrs Marcel lus Quandahl of Waukon Mrs John Stoker 60 Daven port Harlan Dean Klaver 18 Kam rar Oren H Hale 60 Monona County supervisor Theodore W Harden 79 Long Beach Calif Chester R Thomas 58 Des Moines Joseph Ward 32 Dubuque a muddy shoulder of the road and crashed into another car as i came back onto the pavement Wilbcrdings car going south col ided with a car driven by Mclvin Dettmer 18 of Waverly going in tie opposite direction Dettmer suffered a leg injury In he accident Two passengers also uffered injuries FORMER MASON CITYANS N CRITICAL CONDITION and Mrs Frank Eichelcamp Sioux City former esidents of Mason City where he ras employed by the Standard Oil Company Mrs Alice Carter also f Sioux City and Mrs Frank Veils ONeill Neb are in criti al condition in an Onawa hospital s the result of a twocar crash hich took the life of Oren H Hale 0 Monona County supervisor Irs Carter was driving the car in hich Hale and the Eichelcamps riding while Mrs Wells was ifling with her husband who was nhurt tween Allied and Red guns that be gan in midafternoon and built 111 u deafening crescendo shortly be fore 10 pm Randolph said all firing stoppcc at pm A few seconds after 10 pm wild yells broke out from Amcricni GIs All day and into the night the Reds sent artillery and mortar unrrages screaming into Allicc lines east of Kumhwa on the Cen tral Front The barrages mounted in fury as the hours went by Sometimes shells ripped front and rear line positions at the rate of four a minute Allied artillery boomed buck try ing to silence the guns Even as the shooting ended litter jeeps and ambulances wounc down dusty hill trails from outpos ridges bringing moaning brokct men to rear hospitals The last Communist plane sho down was bagged at pm more than two hours after th truce was signed Capt Ralpl Parr of Apple Valley Calif de slroyed a Russianmade ILI2 trans port just south of the Manchuriai border 12 Hours Earlier The ceasefire followed by 12 hours the historic signing of the armistice agreement by generals of the UN Command and the Rcc armies They signed in 10 minutes a document that took two years ant 17 days to write Hardly had they completed the signing when these ominous clash ing warnings were sounded The Chinese Red Peiping radio joasted that the Communists had won a glorious victory and cau ioncd Red soldiers to remain highly vigilant and guard against any disruptive actions from the ither side Goes Smoothly The brief signing ceremony at Panmunjom ran smoothlyin sharp Contrast to the months of sharp vords demands counterdemands nd walkouts that marked the ongdrawn negotiations Without a word to each other I Gen William K Harrison Jr igned for the Allies and Gen am II the Communists in a are oneroom Orientaltype Uilding hastily constructed by the Communists for the occasion The chief negotiators began pen ing their names one minute after he appointed hour of 10 a m and through signing the 18 docu ments involved at Gen Clark signed nine copies of he truce document nt Allied ad ance headquarters in Munsan irce hours Inter HARRISON SIGNS FOR UNLt Gen rison senior United Nations armistice delegate signs the historic armistice document at Panmiiniom which brought to an end three years fighting Ike Warns Its Truce Not Peace WASHINGTON W Prcstclcn Eisenhower hailed the Korent nice signing Sunday night with irnycr of thanksgiving but solemn iy declared We have won ai irmistice on a single battlegrounc peace in the world Wo may not relax our guarc nor cease our quest he said in u nationwide television and radio address an hour after tho truce was sealed at Panmunjom ending the 37 months war Happy Smile A few moments before he wen on the air from the White House the happy smile 01 his a remark whic undoubtedly was being echoed b hundreds of thousands of otiie parents all over America Im glad this war is over li said quietly and I hope my so is coming home soon His son Army Maj John Eiser hower has been on active duty i Korea since last July The onl break in his service was a brie return to the United States whei he traveled to Washington to at lead his fathers inauguration In his TVradio address over al networks the President started by saying Tonight we greet wilh prayer of thanksgiving the official new that an armistice was signed al most an hour ago in Korea 22000 U S Men Killed in Conflict WASHINGTON Ml What did tha Korean War cost the United Slates More than 22000 dead on tho battlefield part of a 140000 cas ualty total More Hum 15 billion dollars to help pay for over 1125000 tons of mlillery nmmwiltion over 1 800000000 bullets and grenades 800 tanks and 40000 trucks used tip in battle more than two mil lion shells for naval guns hundreds of thousands of tons of bombs It triggered general rearma ment program for which the gov ernment has spent to date ovef 101 billion dollars The shooting and the casualty lists will stop Pence in Presidents Korea main has been objective the He pledged during the campaign he vould work unceasingly for it He raveled to the battlefront shortly ifter he was electee in November n an effort to find a way to end he hostilities Knows By Heart Speaking from a prepared text he seemed to know partly by heart the President talked in sol emn tones throughout the broad ast which lasted just over five minutes The text was handlettered large cards placed before him Eisenhower said that for the United States the cost of repelling iggression in Korea has been high In thousands of homes it has icen incalculable he added It as been paid in terms of ragedy Then he expressed the sorrow nd gratitude of a nation whose oved ones were called upon to ay down their lives in that faroff and to prove once again that only ouragc and sacrifice can keep recdom alive upon the earth SIGNS FOR COMMLINlSTSNoLlh Korean Harmons counterpart for the Communists puts his name on the instrument ofarmistice Reds Say Some U S POWs to Get Freedom This Week PANMUNJOM Korea The Communists disclosed Monday they arc holding 12768 Allied war chiding Major Gen William F Dean and 3312 other Amei and some will beffin returning to freedom this week AH oi them were expected to accept repatriation und be released in the Switch p r i s o n c r ex change In two months the gigan ic operation must be completed The United Nations commant las promised to repatriate approx matcly 74000 Communist prison s Communist authorities said they vould repatriate about 100 Allied Harold Fischer Capt Harold Fischer Jr of Swea City la is believed to be a prisoner of the Communists His plane was shot frorn North Korean skfes after the lowan had become a double fet ace with 10 Red planes to his credit Fischers parents live on a farm near Swea City risoners per clay indicating it vould take 42 days to complete ic operation But UN negotiators asked them o increase Hie speed of delivery nd the Reds said they would lake request under consideration Ottumwa OKs City Manager CTTUMWA Oltmmva voters have decided they want a city manager form of government By a vote of 4472 to 3185 Saturday the new type of government was approved after being rejected In two previous elections Although the vote climaxed an unusually hot political contest the total number of ballots was smaller han observers had anticipated Womens organizations which had ceii relatively inactive in prev ious city manager vote tests hero were credited with being instru mental in putting over the plan Jiis time WHAT DOES Neb carried by a largo HASTINGS f the limes nick after a statewkfe dispute over ruck taxes Crime doesnt pay and neither does trucking iitim lf J iiiwl UUUo LI Jl L Americans Maimed Killed in Trenches During Last Hours By FREDERICK C PAINTON couldnt let lieKeve and 1 By FREDERICK C PAINTON United Press Staff Correspondent WESTERN FRONT Korea UP said it would be the last full night of the Korean War but a major got his arm blown off and others died in the muddy trenches of the Berlin Complex For the Marines in the trenches this night on the line was like any other Nobody really believed it was the last or rather they couldnt let themselves believe and sit up their squinting across the drizzle into no mans land Shortly after 9 pm Sunday night the rain was pierced by the eerie light of a green flare from the Chinese lines It was a signal the Marines knew as well as the Chi It was the goodby attack the Marines had expected As the flare dwindled artillery and mortar fire drummed the soggy hill at the rate of one explosion a second An enemy platoon moved in swiftly for the last nights kill of the war Box me in box me in called the Marine radio operator and a Marine barrage closed around the hill sheltering it in The Chinese came back twice to within rifle range then quit for a while During the lull SSgt Herald Schillin of OFallon 111 said his outfit had been defending the hill four days It lakes five days to get com bat pay for the month If these guys dont gef combat pay for these four days I aint going to pay any income taxes for two years said Sgt Donald B Burke of the Bronx N Y By midnight the rain had stopped and a full moon lighted the battle field The shell fire slackened Then two green flares burst into the air The war wasnt ending A shud dering Communist barrage hit the hill and a major lost an arm in a mortar blast The war was over for him The enemy struck twice more that last night and each time the Marines drove them off with artil lery and long range small arms fire Armored personnel carriers rushed o the hill to take away the wounded from the last Korean battle This wai the dawn of the day they signed a Korean armistice It found the men sprawled in bunkers in the indifferent exhaus tion that follows battle Later perhaps they could let themselves believe there was an end to the war of flying steel and bullets The men of this heavy mortar battalion dug in deep and even walked gingerly and when morn ing came they were all alive It was only then that the truce be gan to take on meaning to them Pvt James Lazour 24 of Wor cester Mass was standing guard outside the battalion fire control bunker a dim shape in the dark just behind the South Korean main line Were digging deep tonight he said and all day later today No one wants to the book be the last one in   

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