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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 23, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBOR S HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Press ami United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 23 1953 Bel Tills 1npcr Consists of Two No 245 eve Armistice Only Hours Away See More Purges British Think Malenkov Power Is Not Absolute LONDON of Britains government were re ported far from convinced Thursday that Premier Georgi M Malenkov wields total power in the Soviet Union Qualified informants said Prime Minister Churchill and his colleagues on the basis of their own information from Moscow would not be surprised if changes even more dramatic than the purging of Lavrenty P Beria take place m the Russian hierarchy and within the foreseeable future These private opinions were given considerable support by Acting Prime Minister R A Butlers statements to Par Prayda Hits Proposal of Big 4 Parley But Soviets Might Attend Conference MOSCOW UP Pravda de nounced the Western powers Thursday for using behind the back diplomacy before proposing a Big Four conference but indi cated the Soviet Union would favor such a meeting under certain cir cumstances The official Communist P a r t y newspaper was highly critical of the Washington conference of Big Three foreign ministers and the agenda they suggested for a meet ing with Soviet representatives Invitation Extended The invitation was extended July 15 after themeeting of Sec retary of State John Foster Dulles French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault and Acting British Foreign Secretary Lord Salisbury Their proposed agenda for the Big Four meeting included discussions of the unification of Germany and an Austrian peace tteatyJ Pravda in the first Sovietreac tion to the proposal said in a front page editorial that such a high level conference could under cer tain conditions have important sig nificance But the editorial said the pro posed agenda showed the Big Three wanted to utilize this four power conference for purposes which have nothing to do with in terests furthering peace or with the tasks of reducing international tensions Burning It said the Western foreign min isters in their Washington meeting failed to advance any single one of the burning problems of inter national relations Pravda said all the Western powers really wanted was to con solidate Chancellor Konrad Ade nauers position in West Germany and that was the reason for the Western decision to continue the plan for a European army Everyone knows that these plans are designed to make Ger many a military state again the newspaper said Prayda said the absence of the Soviet Union from the Washington conference proved that the par ticipants did not want to take into consideration even the most ele mentary international rules and customs Natural Way If the governments of the United States Britain and France want to discuss this or that inter national question with the Soviet Union there is a natural way for that consistent with international custom it said No one can recognize as nor mal such a situation when a con ference of four powers is preceded by a deal of representatives of three powers who try to impose on the subsequent fourpower con ference a time and agenda adopted behind the back of the represent atives of one of the four powers liament Wednesday Opening a foreign affairs debate in the House of Commons Butler explained the Western Allies had proposed a Big Four foreign min isters meeting on Germany and Austria even though they might await further and perhaps even more sensational events behind the Iron Curtain and above all wait to see who are likely to remain the real repositories of power in Moscow with whom we will have to negotiate Within the context of this think ing British officials Thursday pon dered the meaning of 1 The apparent failure of three high leaders of the Red army to attend an important meeting of Russian military men in Moscow last week 2 The sudden eightday post ponement of the meeting of the Soviet Unions parliament the Su preme Soviet which had been set last week for July 28 and now has been put off to Aug 5 The Moscow meeting of the Red army bosses was called to hear denunciations of Beria the deposed police chief formerly considered No 2 man to Malenkov British officials noted that the absentees included one of the two deputy ministers of defense Mar shal Alexander M Vasilevsky the other deputy Marshal Georgi Zhu kov spoke at the meeting Mar shal Ivan S Konev before Stalins death commander of Soviet ground forces and an honor guard atStal ins bier and veteran Gen Sergei Shtemenko a former army chief of staff Many officials here believe their absence from the Moscow meet ing may mean they are also in disgrace According to these informants the postponement lof the Russiar parliamentary session may mean the Soviet purge launched with Berias dismissal is not yet com plete One of the purposes of the session it is believed generally will be to confirm the action by the government and the Commu nist party against Beria and his cronies rAII About The Wealher Mason City Generally fair Thurs day night Partly cloudy Friday Iowa Mostly fair northeast partly cloudy southwest Friday Minnesota Friday partly cloudy GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Thursday Maximum 87 Minimum 57 At 8 a m 65 YEAR AGO Maximum 90 Minimum 58 BEATEN Patwin oneyearold child who was found badly bruised while in the care of a foster home sits in bis crib at a Detroit hospital after receiving treat ment The state revoked the fosterhome license of Mr arid Mrs Harold Hubbard House Probers Summon Minister in California WASHINGTON House UnAmerican Activities Committee Thursday voted to call the Rev Jack Richard Mc Michael Methodist pastor at Upper Lake Calif for ques tioning next Thursday It has received testimony he was a Party member Chairman Velde RI11 told re porlers a subpoena for McMichacl was approved by a unanimous vote Hedeclined to say whether next Thursdays hearing would be Hitchhiker to Face Robbery Charge Here Cerro Gordo County deputy sher iffs Thursday left for Park Rapids Minn to return Earl Kester 16 lo Mason Cily where he will ftice a robbery charge Kesler who waived exlradilion is charged wilh robbing HerbAn derson 52 Minneapolis near Rock well July 15 Anderson a feed salesman told authorilies that lie pickeci up Kcs ler a hitchhiker at Albert Lea Minn He said Kester pulled a gun near Rockwell forcing Anderson Lo drive onto a gravel road where Kester robbed the salesman of and took the car Sheriffs officers at Park Rapids where Kester voluntarily turned limsclf in last Friday after being nvolved in an accident said the joy admitted the murder story as a boast Cerro Gordo County officials is sued the robbery warrant after the cderal Bureau Investigation FBI said it would press an auto heft charge unless wanted the lad Iowa officers an open or closed session Velde said the committee de ferred action regarding Dr Harry F Ward a former Union Theolo gical Seminary faculty member II also has received testimony thai he was a Communist Rep Clardy RMich disclosec Tuesday night while the group was questioning Methodist Bishop G Bromley Oxnam that Mc Michael and Ward had been de scribed as Communist Party mem bers in secret testimony receivec by Ihe committee earlier Polio Hospitalizes Schreckengost Howard Schreckengost 39 farm er living on Roule 2 northeast of Mason City is at the Mercy Hos pital for treatment of polio He is reported recovering with no paral ysis Since he became ill Monday lus two daughters 16 and 7 have teen given gamma globulin and lave shown no signs of the disease This is1 believed to be the first time that gamma globulin has been used in Mason City for the preven ion of polio The drug is derived from blood collected by the Red ross SAMI no la fttt XI houri A HEARTBROKEN BOY HIS HOME Lynn in a neighbors yard in Dallas Tex for more than an hour hugging his dog and crying as firemen fought to save his familys home right which was almost totally de stroyed by fire Communist Broadcast Gives Hope Only 2 Minor Matters Left PANMUNJOM Korea Friday reports that a Ko rean truce might be signed within 72 hours gained strength Fridaj from a North Korean broadens hinting broadly that the armistice document was complete and lha the Reds were ready to approve ii formally While the reports of an immi nctit signing lacked official con firmnlion from either side the Red radio at Pyongyang in a notnblj cheerful tone of voice said Dial as long as he United States does not deliberately interfere with the Present for Rhee SEOUL Korea Korean infantrymen captured vital San Hwon Hill on the Cen tral Front as a gift for Presi dent Syngman Rhee but the Reds pushed them off two hours later The ROKs broke a twoday battlefront lull by savagely fight ing their way Jo crest of Sam Hwon which was seized wilh other important outposts in the recent 100000man of fensive President Rhee advocate of a fight to the last man against the Chinese invaders made an unex pected appearance at the front and wept as he thanked the ROKs for their startd against the Kunsong bulge offensive truce effort there is ho mistake about he establishment of an armistice in Korea Desperate Effort The Pyongyang broadcast late Thursday night went on to that we cannot remain compla cent and to charge South Korean President Syngman Hhec with one last desperate effort to block the armistice It said that if the United Stales refuses to take action againsl these truce obstruction actions ol South Korean there is no telling when another untoward incidenl might break out again However the Pyongyang an nouncer declared appears that preparations for a truce signing have been virtually completed Quoting an unidentified Commu nist correspondent the broadcast listed these items to support in timations that the 3yearold war was near an end 1 Staff officers Thursday were seen maps in hand to be signing something indicating that a mill tary demarcation line had been de cided 2 Translation staffs have not met for two days indicating they have completed translating the final draft of the truce document 3 The hall for the signing Was nearly completed with interior decorations to be installed today and A Staff and liaison meetings Thursday apparently took up the prisoner exchange question and other final discussions Meetings Needed Authoritative Allied sources in Munsan said one or two minor points remain to be ironed out and that one or two mpre meetings of staff officers might be necessary before the chief Allied and Red negotiators meet to fix a dale for the signing A source close to the ncgotia tions said slaff and liaison officers are progressing rapidly wilh final details but the armistice has nol yet been wrapped up Staff officers were said lo have drawn the ceasefire line across Korea during a 15hour session ending at am Thursday Ar rangements for exchanging prison ers of war wanting to return rc oorlcdiy were set up at a meeting later in the day Hostile Reaction Despite a hostile reaction Communist radio stations to Pres ident Syngman Rhees statement Wednesday that South Korea will Follow its own course of action un ess the Chinese agree within six months of a truce to leave North Korea Red workmen continued work on Armistice Hall the building designed for the truce signing ceremony The Reds hammered on the Duilding all Thursday night aided yy American searchlights AP WfrophotO SIGNS OF WAR AND Communiat laborers go about their task of con structing n building at Pammnijom where the armistice signing is expected to tako place white smoke in the distant background marks the bursting an Allied shell fired at a Red position President Looks to Senate to Restore Foreign Aid Cut House Votes Big Slash in Rebuff WASHINGTON Ml President Eisenhower rebuffed in the House looked to the Senate Thursday to restoreto foreignaid funds some of the cuts he says are loo deep The House ignored the Presi dents latehour pica Wednesday night and approved without major change a lolal of in new foreign aid funds for the year which started July 1 Eisenhower had requested 138922227 some 2A billions less than recommended by former President Truman House approval was by a 288115 rollcnll vole The appropriation was supported by 128 Republicans 15 Democrats and 1independent wilh82 Republicans and 33Demo crats voting against it Before Ihe final vote a solid bloc of Republicans beat down six Democraticsupporlcd attempts to raise the total A few hours earlier Eisenhower had told a news con ference that the reductions were loo heavy for Americas own se curity The House upheld its Appropria tions Committee in making cuts of in new money and in ordering the administration to rc Uirn to the Treasury from past foreign aid appropria tions It also authorized the admin istration to spend carried over without commitment from past appropriations The reduction lopped 800 million dollars from available unpledged funds for global military aid and 300 million dollars from economic and technical assistance An attempt by Rep Couderl RNY to impose a 5 billion limit on spending was defeated on the ground it would actually1 mean a further cut in the bill rDream Tour Set FORT WAYNE lud group of 142slurryeyed girls will lake off Saturday for a threeweek dream tour of some of Europes bestknown vacation spots The jaunt will include everything from n visit a US ambas sador to u night at Iho famous Paris Folios Bcrgerc The women from ID o G4 years old and aboulhalf of them mar ricdMii Guneriil Electric Co employes JUost work fit tho Iorf Wayne piaiit The trip will climax three years of scrimping rmd cliibornte prep arations Including courses in French and inslrucliqnIn where not lo go In Paris after dark Tho women will visit France England Germany Italy The Netherlands and Switzerland Heavy Rains Soaking South Drought Area AMARILLO Tex than three inches of rain fell in the heart of the Southwest drought disaster area Wed nesday night and early Thursday In eastern Texas lowlands of the Sabine Eivci wero flooded near Mincola Rains of from two to three inches were reported Wednesday over part oil the Sabine watershed Mrs R R Huckcr river vcr for the Lake Charles La Weather Bureau said the river was above flood stage of 13 feel and some lowlands covered Paul S Cook chief of tlic Lake Charles Bureau predicted a crest of three feel above flood slage by dny Lifegiving Kansas and ruins also soaked recent showers in Oklahoma were reported to have cased the crisis there Amarillo in Ihe Texas Pan handle was visilcd by President Eisenhower recenlly when he at tended a drought conlorencc with governors of six southwest stales Sports Bulletin CEDAR RAPIDS UP Les Johnstone of Mason Cily a twolime champion rallied to de feat Mrs Joe Mason of Daven port 2 and 1 Thursday in an 18holc quarlerffnaf match of the Iowa womens golf tournament Bing Must Sell Horses for Tax HOLLYWOOD Calif UP 13ing Crosby put his 05 race horses lip for sole Thursday to help pay a million dollar inheritance tax on his late wifes share ot the Crosby fortune The crooners brother Larry Crosby announced the move Wednesday saying Hie slar also has put his Ilolmby Hills mansion in West Los Angeles and his Pebble Beach Calif home on tho block The singer already has sold somo slocks andmay have lo sell somo cattle from his Elko New ranch to meet the government tariff his brother said The tax is close to a million Larry explained so Bing has to liquidate some properties Dixio had a little personal insurance thats all Religious Tolerance Is Shown NEW YORK o s t of this countrys mixed religious family say they respect each other fully but some admit theyre a bit bi ased and mutually unfriendly An unusual survey latest find ngs ot which were released Thurs Jay has turned up this general picture Few Protestants Catholics or lews can recall any unpleasant sxperiences with people of faith other than their own and the ma jority of them say theyre unaware of any inlerreligious ill feeling But many particularly Protes anls and smaller proportions of Jews and Catholics confessed lo ome personal prejudices anyhow The survey aimed at pinpoint ng areas of conflict and mapping uidcposts to greater religious tol erance was initiated by the Cain olic Digesl edited by the Rev Paul Bussard The facts on the relations of religious groups in a democracy arc important if we are to achieve fuller national unity he said We need to find Ihe poinls of ten sion and misinformation to know how to eliminate them An independent research firm Ben Gaffin and Associates Chi cago was retained to make the nationwide survey The Digest has been carrying periodic reports More still arc lo come But of reports released to date the fol lowing is a resume of key ques tions and the peoples answers Have you had any unpleasant experience with members of other faiths Ninetysix per cent of Catholics and 99 per cent of Jews recalled none with Protestants Ninetyfour per cent of Catholics and 92 per cent of Protestants remembered no unpleasantness with Jews and 89 per cent of Jews and 01 per cent of Protestants recalled none with Catholics Would you just as soon have a member of another faith as your nextdoor neighbor as someone of your own religion Most Catholics 95 per cent and Jews 8 per cent said theydas soon have Protestants for neigh bors 85 per cent of Protestants and 87 per cent of Jews felt the same about Catholics and 81 per cent of Catholics but only 67 per cent Protestants completely ap prove Jewish neighbors
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