Friday, June 26, 1953

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 26, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited ior the Home MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T HE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIX AsBoclnleU Press and United Press luJI Lease Wires Seven Cents n Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 26 1953 This Paper Consists ol Two One Ne 222 Rhee Admits Envoy Has Goo Speeds Reforms Reds Form Substitute Germany Ruling Body BERLIN Germanys Russian puppet regime set up what looked like a substitute government Friday to speed sweeping reforms obviously designed to forestall fui ther workers rebellion South Koreans Repulse Big Red Assault SEOUL least 13000 Chi nese Reds hit Allied lines on both ends of the Korean battlefront Fri day but hardfighting South Ko against Communism The East satellite Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl announced formation of a special operative commission to initiate measures designed to cool the fires of revoll by improving the lot of the com mon man The commissions job was in cf feet to spin East Germanys wretched economy back towards capitalism Preliminary Plans Preliminary plans made public by the Grotewohl Cabinet Thurs the EastCentral 3000 Communists reans hurled back most of 10000 Communists who attacked eight strategic outposts in the West U S Sabre jets shot down two Communist MIG jets and damaged one in air battles over North Ko rea Friday afternoon The bigscale Red assaults opened the fourth year of war on this battered peninsula Heavy fighting still raged on Front where attacked ROK positions near the junction of the Pukhan and Kumsong Rivers The Eighth Army said the new attacks left U S and other for eign troops virtually untouched The Army said most of the Chi nese were thrown back from eight important hill outposts west of Yonchon in the Little Nori and Old Baldy sector Incomplete reports from the front said the Reds had lost 3700 men killed and wounded Still No Trace of Legislator CHICAGO slate legislator was kidnaped near his home two weeks ago and police in an inten sive statewide hunt have found no trace of him or his abductors Police have established no mo tive for the abduction of Clem Graver 53yearold Republican state representative and 21st Ward committeeman There have been no demands for ransom Police have few if any clues They have described he case as one of the most baffling in Chicago crime ix persons including Gravers witnessed the kidnaping Graver in politics all his adult life was snatched by three men who followed him in a car as he drove into his garage about 10 p m June 11 CLEM GRAVER day night spelled the final col lapse of the allout Communism drive that started last summer and bumped into the June 17 re bellion The Cabinet ordered the commis sion to 1 Strip the governments re serve shelves bare of food and clothing throwing everything available on to the retail consumer market This wipes out the tradi tional Communist stale planning system 2 Slash appropriations for war potential heavy industry by almost half and use the recouped govern ment money for workers housing health and welfare improvements 3 Junk the crop livestock and food quotas which have forced many farmers out of business compelled some of the best of them to flee to the West and burned deep fires of resentment COLORADO BEAUTY Jean Carrol 18 chosen Queen of Colorado will represent that state in the Miss United States contest at Long Beach Calif She is a Denver department store elevator operator and the wife of a Colorado University medical student Conservative Joseph Laniel Becomes Premier of France PARIS conservative Joseph Laniel became premier of France Friday ending the nations longest post war political crisis The French National Assembly ap proved the millionaire textile manufacturer and gave France a leader to meet with Presi tnrougoul the agricultural belt Reductions of delivery of cattle milk eggs potatoes and other farm products ranged up to ii UCf l itll L dent Eisenhower and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in a Big Three conference in Purcell per cent depending on the size ol the farm 4 old age pensions 8 The unofficial count of the as sembly vote gave Laniel 389 Warden sick benefits 5 Raise wages for workers who voluntarily hike their whopping 75 more than the required 314 for investiture Laniel a political unknown Anamosa abolishing the speedup tactics where nine other the old compulsory work French political MOINES UP The Iowa Communist officials had failed to win a of Control promoted Ray the zone meanwhile made a the Assembly or had found from deputy warden to est start toward restoring farms so hopeless they of the Anamosa Mens Re original o w n c r s brutally to Friday to succeed the jossessed by collectivization new premier is a member Foss Davis ods They also gave back a right of center 57 died last week of lung er of small plants to private investiture makes him deputy under Davis as Workers postwar premier and ends his new duties immediately As an opening gambit in the drive to reach workers crisis His election however does has been acting warden since 3avis death and ran the reforma hrough their longdenied Frcnces deep woes during Davis illness of about ichs the Reds threw 25000 tons from the Indochina war months neat 54000 tons of flour and economic crisis at home will receive a year Ions of sugar on to the over rearmament tire full maintenance Davis was shelves The Russians commandeered adlitional supplies from the Soviet Jnion Poland and experts already are sranding Laniels government a summer holiday cabinet and predict it will tumble in the fall and full maintenance Robert Lappen chairman of the board of control said Roy Smith was advanced from second to first to appease the Germans The Russian army continued Assemblys long summer Other promotions included Srnest Hubbard to second deputy mpose its martial law in the Brown to third deputy and zone and in East Schoon to guard captain Security Police jphief Wilhelm Zaisser reported his men killed 53 had served as first deputy warden since 1939 He rioters and two civilian bystanders luring the June 17 riots He 24Hour the reformatory staff as a juard in 1931 and advanced four of his men were the ranks to first deputy His report of casualties did MOINES W The joining the reformatory make clear whether the Patrol will begin Purcell served 10 years as a ook in the seven wounded who sscapcd to West Berlin and patro for the first time on County deputy sheriff At least 29 other Germans basis July 1 own to have been executed Herrick announced THE MAINE Soviet firing unspecified number of Me UP Bronze will be assigned to a from the battleship PAPER through dawn shift in sunk at Havana in 1898 has WEST Waier D Navin has announced the sale of the weekly West Branch Times effective Monday to Duane S Griggs the patrols 13 districts Herrick said this is to intercept drivers vho have been taking advantage f the late hours to drive recklessy or drive while drunk Herrick fashioned into a memorial Jlaque A Maine American Legion post arranged for making of the laque and presented it to Gov Jurton M Cross who has hung it n the executive mansion Schedule Another Conference Understanding Is Improved BULLETIN WASHINGTON Wl Secretary of State Dulles said Friday that President Eisenhower in speak ing ef 8 possible high level con ference with President Syngman Rhee of South Korea had in mind a meeting after an armis tice was signed but before the policifal conference to follow it SEOUL Saturday L Presi dent Eisenhowers truce trouble shooter meets again Saturday af ernoon with President Syngman Rhee after disclosing in secret what the stubborn South Korean executive called good ideas on he Korean truce crisis Their first face to face talk Fri hours and 45 produced hope for closing the deep U SSouth Korea rift on armistice terras Walter S Robertson assistant U S secretary of state delivered a secret message from Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and personal word from Eisenhower resumably disclosing new possi bilities to ease South Koreas bit er opposition to a truce After Meeting After the meeting Pihee said Mr Robertson has brought good ideas and our mutual under standing is being greatly im proved Robertson told newsmen We hope we are making prog ress in removing misunderstand ings The Korean Public Information Office quoted Rhee as saying the discussions had been very good and that an understanding migh be reached Beyond that here were no in dications of how much they hac eased the crisis created by Rhees Insistence on drastic revision oJ he armistice but signed y the UN Command and the Com munists after nearly two years of hard bargaining The truce teams on June 9 had their last major obstacle o an armistice when they Agreed on a formula for disposing of Chi nese and North Korean war pris oners refusing to return to Red POW Escape However the expected form all ies for announcing complete igrcement were interrupted spec acularly by the release and escape of more than 27000 antiCommu nist Korean prisoners last week on Rhees orders Rhee insisted his government vould never accept an armistice on present terms He demanded withdrawal of all foreign troops and a mutual security pact with he United States as his minimum conditions Meanwhile South Korean offi Overwhelming Okay Predicted Demos to Fight Tax Action WASHINGTON OR House democratic leadership Friday hrew its influence against the Eisenhower administrations lac ics of bypassing the taxwriting Vays and Means Committee in its Battle to get extension of the ex cess profits lax Acting Democratic Leader Me Mass served notice he would make a fight of the Dasis of objecting to the procedure the issue comes to t h e House floor probably Monday Nevertheless House Speaker Martin RMass predicted over whelming Republican support anc certain victory for President Eis enhower in an expected bruising floor battle Only a very small number of Republicans will fail to support the President he predicted If Dem ocrats vote against the rule the proposal to take the tax bill up by extraordinary they will be in the position of joining these few Republicans in denying House vote on the issue and de feating the financial program of the administration Under strongest administration pressure the House Rules Com mittee decided Thursday night to bypass the tax writing House Ways and Means Committee and force an extension bill directly to the House floor The voice vote was reported to have been 7 to 4 with Democrats solidly opposing the move It was the first victory in a long bitter fight by the administration to ex tend the due to expire next Tuesday for six more months The Rules Committee acted in the face of cries from Chairman Daniel Reed RNY of the Ways and Means Committee that the move was unconstitutional and un precedented and was destroying the very foundations of our legis lative system At one point Reed voiced a veiled threat to resign from the House in which he has served 35 years But Republican Leader Halleck of Indiana argued that Reed was frustrating the will the Presi dent the will of the House and the will of the people by calling off all Ways and Means Committee meet ings to block action It was not clear immediately when the showdown in the House would come Martin RMass in dicated it might be Monday AP Wirepholo ORDERS TAX BILL UP FOR Leo AH en chairman of the House Rules Committee an nounces his groups decision to order the excess profits tax bill to the floor for House debate bypassing the Ways 11 n AT n a n i 4f n ajrid Means Committee Willis Smith North Carolina Senator Dies in Washington WASHINGTON Sen Willis Smith DNC who von his Senate seat in 1950 in one of North Carolinas most neated political battles died Friday at nearby Bethescla Mel iospital He was 65 Death was attributed to coronary hrombosis He had suffered Ike Hits AntiCommie Zealots LOS ANGELES tf President Eisenhower in a letter read Fri day to the American Library Asso ciation criticized who would deny freedoms friends the opportunity ofstudying Cominu nism in its plausibili ties its falsities its weaknesses As it is an ancient truth that freedom cannot be legislated into existence so it is obvious that freedom cannot be censored into existence the President wrote And any who act as if freedoms defenses are to be found in suppression and suspicion and fear confess a doctrine that is alien to America The Presidents message was Had to the 4000 librarians attend ing thfe 72ndI annual conference of the American Library Association by its president Robert B Downs Downs director of libraries at the University of Illinois said Ei senhowers letter was in reply to a letter Downs wrote him immedi ately after the Presidents com mencement address at Dartmouth College June 14 Downs said his letter expressed appreciation of the Presidents presentation of the freedoms to which the work of li brarians is dedicated In the Dartmouth address Eisen hower said that Communism can be fought effectively only by know ing it and he cautioned against joining the book burners who would bar knowledge of Commu nism from the libraries The President appeared on that occasion to be hitting at Sen Mc Carthy who has been crit icizing the State Department for using books by Communist authors in its propaganda campaign against the Reds The State Department disclosed that allcopies of about 300 books have been banned from U S infor mation libraries overseas And Thursday the American Library Associations Council criticized by resolution what it called the State Departments confused and fear ful response Eisenhower said in the letter read to the librarians Friday A democracy smugly disdainful of new ideas would be a sick de mocracy A democracy chronically fearful of new ideas would be a dy ing democracy For all these reasons we must in these times be intelligently alert not only to the fanatic cunning of Communist also to the grave dangers in meeting fa naticism with ignorance For in order to fight totalitarian who ex ploit the ways of freedom to serve their own ends there are some zealots more wrath than adopt a strangely unintelligent course They would try to defend freedom by denying freedoms friends the opportunity of studying Communism in its en tirety its plausibilities its falsi ties it weaknesses But we know that freedom can not be served by the devices of the tyrant1 cials and foreign diplomats showed more than passing interest in Pres dcnt Eisenhowers reported will ngness to send a man high in the US government to talk truce terms with Ilhec Sources close to Rhee suggested he would not be unwilling to meet Eisenhower outside Korea al though Eisenhower gave no indi cation he would attend such a meeting Nationalist China National Assembly Vice Speak er Yoon Chi Yung said there might be a possibility of an al liance between South Korea and Nationalist China if a truce is signed and South Korea fights on alone Reports circulated that se cret talks might be under way to bring in five Nationalist divisions to replace U S forces in case of a separate truce Just before the conference Rhee released written replies to ques tions from the Associated Press Asked to list his minimum con ditions for accepting a truce at his time Rhee answered Simultaneous withdrawal of both the Chinese and UN forces from Korea and a mutual security pact to be signed between the US and the Republic of Korea Another proposal is that the polit ical conference after an armi stice to be limited to a period of three months so that if no satis factory result isagreed upon at the end ofthat period the armi stice will be considered ended suffered a heart attack early Tuesday Smith a selfstyled conservative nseatcd Sen Frank Graham a oted liberal pegging his cam aign on a platform of opposition to some of former President Harry Trumans Fair Deal proposals A Raleigh attorney at the time of his election he was a former president of the American Bar Association Smith received praise of both Republicans and Democrats for his work on the internal security subcommittee of the Senate Judi ciary Committee He also won recognition as chairman of that committees investigation of the Office of Alien Property Recently he was appointed a U S representative of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization SEN WILLIS SMITH About The Weather Masort City Saturday partly cloudy chance of showers Iowa Partly cloudy with widely scattered thunclershowcrs Satuqj day Minnesota Partly cloudy with thundcrshowers Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 am Friday Maximum Minimum At 8 am 74 50 69 US Now Has Whole Family of Atom Bombs WASHINGTON Gordon Dean as bowed out as head of Ameri as atomic program with advice Russia that starting a war vould expose her to a rain of U Abombs of almost any size That was the picture Dean at a farewell news confer ence Thursday before his retire ment next Tuesday after four ears in the job as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission AEC Great Pity It would be a great pity he saidif Russia started a be cause she assumed the U n i t e d States did not have thfe powerto retaliate to the point of destruc tion Then in contrast to the theory once held hat bombs no weaker nan the nominal ones dropped on Japan could ever be equivalent to the energy released n the explbsion of 20000 tons of said the U S now has whole family of Abombs He told of the development of family of atomic amily which includes new designs f almost any usable energy re ease small or large and of al nost any size Official Indication He suggested it might be helpful if an official indication of the magnitude of the U S atomic veapons stockpile was given But e didnt subscribe completely to Toposals that the number of ombs be published to Hike Power Hew Head ior Religion School DES MOINES State 3oard of Education Friday ap roved the appointment of Robert locum Michaelscn as director and rofessor of the State University f Iowa School of Religion The appointment is effective ec 1 for an indefinite periodat beginning salary of a year Expenditures to increase tho ower of WOITV from 15000 to 00000 watts also were authorized y the board The change is expected to rove reception in present areas nd to extend considerably the angc of the station Braye Lieutenant Wants War Over for The Kids CHICAGO UP young Army lieutenant foreseeing his own death on dangerous patrol seiied a moment in the last hours of life to write his wife of his prayers that they Will sign so these young kids can get away from this blood and death Lt James Ford 25 felt what was in store for him when sat down June 13 o write a last letter to his wife in Chicago I have been picked to go on a 12man patrol with mission of capturing prisoners and enemy equipment he said in re vealed today We will be going deep into enemy territory This will be my last letter to you That I know because if will not be mailed unless I am killed tonight A few hours later Lieutenant Ford graduate of the University of Notre Dame and a law student at Chicagos University of Loyola was dead on enemy ground His letter showed his last hours filled with hopes for an end to the Korean conflict Pray that all this shall end soon and always that I Jove you from the bottom of my heart he This is a brutal war and I pray each night that tlwy will so these young kids can get away from this blood and They are thrown in here at 18 and 19 before they even knew what lift is all about Its a cruel way to have to grow up told 25yearold wife Jean 1 have fear of tn this patrol tonight I dont mind going if It will help in way to make this meuedup world A better live