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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 22, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper for the DN CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEICHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Presi and United Press Full Leate Wires Seveu Cents a Copy MASON CIITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE M 1953 Thla Paper Consists of Two No 211 f One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Weve Got to Start Em Young irpHERE will be few more inter esled observers in a language teaching experiment to be con ducted in the Des Moincs public schools next year than this com mentator The youngsters contact with the foreign tongue is to be started down in the grades instead of at the high school level and that foreign tongue is to be Spanish For a dozen since I participated in a factfinding mis sion to South America for the Car negie been a sort of oneman crusade for this very principle fvebelieved and most strongly that if you want to teach a boy or a girl a foreign language you will do best to start em young Thats exactly the thing thats going to be done in Iowas capital city And Im hopeful that the suc cess of the departure from normal there will give many another American community the same idea In the approach to the language teaching problem there are two basic attitudes which may be tak en by those in charge Theyre ex pressible in Ihis question Should the main purpose of a for eign language course be 3 mere ly to impart a KNOWLEDGE OF THE RULES and the logic of gram mar or 2 should it be to impart an ABILITY TO CONVERSE in that foreign tongue Cultural Emphasis So Far Up to this time in the United I dont think this will be much former ob jective has prevailed We have been more interested in the cul tural value of a foreign tongwe than we have in teaching students not only to talk but to think in that language Perhaps asI once pointed out In one of these onceaweek It isnt fair to cite myself as a typical product of OUR way of teaching languages Perhaps its unfair because I confess Idont possess even an averageaptitude as a linguist But I did manage to pass the language courses in both high school and years of German and two or was it a year and a French It wasnt it could have went into a swanky Parisian cafe To cover up his shortcomings in the French langu age this person ran his finger down to where he thought the roast beef ought to be on the menu The waitress smiled as only Parisian waitresses can said in flawless English Yes thats what the orchestra is play ing now Lets Look Again My point is that language teach ing methods in our schools and colleges up to now have not been getting results In reshaping our teaching techniques therefore I think we should reexamine our ob jectives Elsewhere in the seen it in Europe Asia and Africa as well as in South an assumption that making your self understood is the fundamental purpose of language Concern over such things as grammar and sen tence construction has been highly secondary During the war when there was urgent need for a quick mastery of a number of foreign tongues in cluding Japanese Russian and Chinese we turned to that basic thesis in what came to be known as accelerated language courses Under a concentrated discipline thousands of our young men rang ing from mechanics to college graduates learned how to con verse in those languages and rath er fluently too within a mere 13 weeks All three of these languages arc considered difficult loo On Own From the very day yes the very hour the students began their ac celerated courses they were on their own If they were at a table and wanted bread or potatoes they had to indicate it in the new language Vocabulary was the big thing es pecially nouns Verb conjugation noun and pronoun declension gen der case number tense and all that sort of thing could wait The big idea was to be right now Almost overnight the young men were chattering in Russian Chi nese and Japanese previously con sidered so difficult as to require living among the Russians Chinese and Japanese for even a minimum fluency A principal aid to teaching in that wartime speedup was the phonograph For long hours youd tod the students clustered around CONTINUED ON PACE 2 Is More Hopeful on Truce Soviets in East Germany Admit Uranium Mine Sabotage Strikes Bloch Lauds Rosenbergs at Funeral Rites NEW YORK tf Funeral serv ices for Julius and Ethel Rosen berg erupled Sunday into tearful praise of the electrocuted atom spies and angry attacks on U S government officials Defense Atty Emanuel Bloch declared in a funeral oration that the executions were an act of cold deliberate murder He said he placed the murder of the Rosenbergs at the door of President Eisenhower Atty Gen Brownell and J Edgar Hoover Praises Couple Bloch praised the New York City died Friday night in the eleclric chair at Sing Sing what he called their courage and heroism Semiorthodox Jewish services were held for the Rosenbergs at a Brooklyn funeral home chapel largest in the BrooklynManhattan area About 500 mourners jammed the chapel and a crowd estimated by police at 10000 milled around outside in 93degree heat The chapel filled with hisses and murmurs of No when Rabbi Abraham Cronbach said Let us give them the prosecutors credit for this That they did what they thought was right JThe rabbi told his protesting au dience not to be vindictive even though the executions broke our hearts In Hie Attack In his attack on government lea ders Bloch declared The people should know that America is living under the heel of a military dictator garbed in civil ian attire These people have the souls of murderers Bloch was attorney for the Rosenbergs at the trial in which MOTHER COMFORTED AT FUNERAL Sophie Rosenberg mother of Julius Rosenberg is comforted by Emmanuel Bloch Rosenbergs attorney during burialof her son and his wifeEthel Man atright is not identified they were convicted of conspiring o pass U S atomic secrets to Soviet Russia For more than two years he led the court fight to have their death sentence1 set aside A procession of more than 300 automobiles followed the hearses to Wellwood Cemetery on Long Island 35 miles from New York At the graveside the Rev Glendin Partridge a Presbyterian minister from Montreal Canada delivered the final eulogy True Strength He praised the true strength of these people who would not put life the best they believed in Theydied in the name of hu manity truth and justice he said Mrs Sophie Rosenberg 71year old mother of Julius a black shawl tied around her head and under her chin wailed in Yiddish God help me To lose two chil take a mother and father away from two children Look at those two boxes holding my chil dren Group Votes Down Ike s Plan Object to Strengthening Chief of Staff WASHINGTON House committee on government opera tions voted Monday to knock out key features of President Eisen howers proposed reorganization of the Defense Department which would increase the authority of the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Members to 12 and 12 to measures to put the rest of the reorganization plan into effect but to strike out the controversial sections giving more power to the chairman Plans Critics The plans critics including for mer President Hoover had warned that this extra authority might be a step toward military dictatorship The committees recommenda tion is not binding on the House but will be influential As a re serve weapon the committee voted to take up Wednesday if neces sary a resolution to kill the re organization plan outright Ordinarily a presidential plan to shake up one of the government agencies is not subject to amend ment Under a general reorganiza tion law it goes into effect auto matically unless vetoed by an ab solute majority of House or Sen ate Mondays action was a parlia mentary maneuver toget around this provision of thd law Strengthens Hind To strengthen its hand in the un usual move to amend the plan the committee acted on two separate resolution by Chair man Clare E Hoffman RMich and a bill by Rep Robert L Con don DCalif Either if approved by Houseand Senate and signed by the President would put in ef fect all provisions of the Presi dents plan except those relating to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs 177ChildrenGather LOS ANGELES HVlt was quite a Fathers Day for Dr M H Ross who started as a country doctor in Los Angeles 50 years ago and saw the small pueblo grow into a big city Sunday 177 of the doctors children gathered for a buffet dinner to fete the 74year old physician who plans to jetjre this month Theyre just my foster said Dr Ross as he looked over the crowd that ranged from a small baby to middle aged adults I was merely the doctor delivered them but I like to think of them as my own Most Wanted lowan Is Captured in Califprnia SAN FRANCISCO The FBI has seized Donald Charles Fitterer 1of its 10most wanted fugitives who is charged wijih the niiirder of art Alexis111 jnah in August 1952 Fitterer 28 was seized on a warrant charging un lawful flightto avoid Also Reveal Other Acts of Violence BERLIN German workers re volted against Communist rule in wide new areas of Soviet East Germany Monday The Reds admitted widespread strikes sabotage in the Soviet managed uranium mines Soviet and East German Com munist authorities met the sixday crisis with firing squads martial law and bayonets combined with relaxation of some of the controls which had prodded the East Ger mans to revolt Efforts to put down the rebellion resulted in the fatal shooting by East German police of a 14year old boy inside the Berlin British sector after he and several others taunted and threw stones at the Communist police across the border The Communist Parly leader ship hurled new facesaving charges that Western agents had parachuted into East Germany to soread havocr after the workers revolt flared last Wednesday U S officials derided the accusations as fantastic Confirm Reports ADN the Sovietcontrolled Ger many news agency confirmed re ports that the antiRed mutiny had struck in the Saxbny uranium fields which have been exploited by the Russians since 1947 in the atomic weapons race ADN quoted statements of loy alty by uranium miners sa3ring they would expand their efforts to make up for lost production and to reconstruct the areas destroyed by the Fascist provocateurs No estimate of damage was given A West Berlin newspaper Telegraf reported Sunday that 100000 Germans went on strike Thursday in the Saxony uranium mines after a Soviet firing squad executed 12 antiRed demonstrat ors The strikers represented more than onethird of the men in the mines ADN said Aue heart of the low grade uranium ore fields was hard hit Accusations Accusations that American and West German money and effort supplied paratroop saboteurs to keep the flames of revolt alive were contained in a Socalist Unity Communist Party declaration which pleaded with East Germans to get backto work and support the Red government The party declaration said a great number of the parachutists had been cap lured but admitted that in the sixth clay of Soviet martial law quiet is nol yet entirely secured U S officials in Berlin in deny ing the paratroop accusation said the Russians had recorded only one violation of the East zones air sovereignty cution The FBI said FKterer was charged in a state warrantat Lee County la with murdering Charles Keith Harrison of Alex is Harrison last was seen alive in a Gulf port 111 tavern Aug 11 1952 Iowa authori ties charged that Fitterer m e t FtTTERER Harrison in the Gulf port tavern and had drinks with him the FBI said Two days later Harrisons auto was found abandoned in Iowa and Harrisons bulletriddled body was discovered buried nearby Fitterer a native of Burlington Iowa has served terms in Iowa for larceny and forgery Deputy Sheriff Bob Tibbets of Fort Madison Iowa said Lee County will try to extradite Fit terer to stand trial for murder COLLEGE GRANTS PELLA WVStandard Oil Co of Indiana has awarded a grant to the Iowa College Founda Gas Prices Up Half Cent Because of last weeks advance of 25 cents a barrel in the cost of crude oil Standard Oil Com pany Monday advanced its tank wagon prices for gasoline by a half cent a gallon and its heat ing oils by a naif cent gallon in Iowa it was announced by W E Kipper manager of the Mason City field Standard and other service sta tions in Mason City Monday raised gasoline prices a half cent Actually the Increase will not compensate in full for the in creased crude cost Kipper said The newStandard prices applyin sales to service stations and con sumers of Wholesale quantities Retail prices at service stations are not set by Standard but by in dividual dealers to fit market con ditions This is the first general advance in Standards petroleum product prices since late 1947 Kipper said Various minor adjustments both upwardand downward have been made since then but on the aver lion for the 195354 school year gasoline prices declined GLAD TO BE S Truman stands doorway of the Mayflower Hotel in Washington and waves a greeting on his first visit ito Washington since turning over the presidency to President Eisenhower last January He intends to see old friends in the city Story on page 2 rAll Aboui French Will Be There Definitely Slate Big Three Parley July 8 WASHINGTON Big Three Bermuda conference definitely will be held July8 it was disclosed Monday If Francehasnt picked a premier by then it was said other representatives of the French government will be on handto talk over EastWest problems with President Eis enhower and Prime Minister Win ston Churchill White House Press Secretary James C Hagerty expects Mr Eis enhower to arrive in Bermuda July 7 Hagerty believes Frenchrep resentatives will be there too This was supported by word from Paris that France has told the United States and Great Britain officiallythat it agrees to the July 8 date The meeting between Mr Eisen hower Churchill and a French pre mier has been delayed several times because the French Assem bly has been unable to approve selection of a new government There have been reports that if the French have not selected anew government President Vincent Auriolmay attend the meeting him self or appoint a special delegation Auriol has asked exPremier An toitie Pinay to form a government Originally it was hoped that the Churchill has been plugging as a possible preliminary to Big Four sessions with Premier Malenkov of Russia would get under way late this month But the absence of a government in Paris threw a wrench into those plans SAME The Weather Mason City Partly cloudy through Tuesday A little warmer Tues day Iowa Fair north partly cloudy south Monday night and Tues day Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 83 Minimum 57 At 8 am 73 Precipitation 18 Meets Rhee Over POW Action Dulles Note to Korean Chief SEOUL tf Gen Mark Clark UN commander conferred Monday with President Syngman Rhee then announced he can sign an armis lice without South Korean approv al but he said doing so would de pend on instructions from my gov ernment I am authorized at the present time to sign the armistice which has been drawn lip he told news men was showdown meeting with the rebel lious Rhee Not Ovtrly Optimistic I am not trying to be overly op timistic Thereare many prob lems I feel somewhat more en couraged more hopeful he added Clark said he could not reveal why he was encouraged What effect the talk might hava on an armistice was not apparent Meantime Assistant Secretary of State Walter Robertson said as he took off from Washington on a truce mission to Korea Monday that he was carrying a secret mes sage from Secretary of State Dulles to Rhee He expressed hope that hecan impress upon Rhee the views of the US government about a Ko reanarmistice The essence of the US position as defined by associates of Robert son is that this government has every determination to get a truce if that is at all possible Robertson in chargffe of Far Eastern affairs is accompanied on his trip by Gen J Lawton Collins Army chief of staff who plans military talks on the tnice with Gen MarkClark Assistant Secretary Carl W McCardle ia charge public affairs and Ken neth Young director Northeast Asian affairs in the State Depart ment Although Clark indicated the truce document was virtually com plete he said there still are prob ARCHBISHOP CONSECRATES CHURCHThe Mosfc Rev o North and South America offers in front of the Hellenic Orthodox Church a prayer at a table on which the Holy Relics have been placed Assisting His Grace Sunday in the solemn consecration of the new Mason City church are from left the Very Rev John A Bitas pastor of the church the Rev Nicholas Giotes Des Momes anclthe Rev Neophe tos Spyrgiannakis the archbishops deacon Another Break PUSAN Korea 100 of warbroke from the UN prison camp Mon day but ware recaptured as antiRed Chinese POWs clam ored to join more than 27000 freed North Korean POWs Special Allied investigators meanwhile surveyed the turmoil caused by release or escape of the North Korean prisoners The UN POW Command said some 100 Chinese captives es caped from a mainland inter ro gation camp with virtually na disturbance lems and added The truce time table is more or less up tothe Communists He said a truce could be completed promptly if the Reds desire it Clarks comments indicated thev freeswinging South Korean ment would check with the UN Command before taking any more such lone actions as its single handed release of 27000 antirRed Korean prisoners since Wednesday night Freeze Action Rhees action froze the armistice talks on the edge of signing a n d left the UNC a plump target for the Reds who demanded recapture of the prisoners and UN control of SouthKorea if the Allies wanted an armistice South Korea showed no remorse or inclination to change its stand against any truce which would leavp Korea divided despite a burning Allied anger Its Primej Minister insisted just before the ClarkRhee meeting that South Korea gave the Allies command of Us troops and could just as easily take them off the battlefront In answer Clark told the news men That withdrawal has been dis cussed not only by me with ident Rhee but by Ambassador Ellis 0 Briggs with him and there always has been the understand ing that if he Rhee thought the time had come to consider such a disastrous action that he would discuss it with me before he to that conclusion That time hat not come in my opinion Clark ts However Clark made H that be feels he is of all V
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