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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 15, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edlbd lor Out LOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS N I I a H O R S HOME EDITION VOL LIX AuocUted Prew United Full Seven Ctals Copy MASON CITY JOWA MONDAY JUNE 15 Paper Consuls 6f Two No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor China Worlds Greatest Enigma TF you and I but knew what ahead for that great sprawling land called China I think we would have a much clearer idea of what lies ahead for the entire world For good or ill China i vastly important in the tola scheme of things This is true for a number of rea sons For one thing one out o every five human beings living to day is a Chinese For another China is a vastly productive ex pauseof real estate which with primitive agricultural meth ods has been able to sustain life for multiplied millions of people for some 50 or 60 centuries of recorded history Not to be neglected either is the fact that China occupies an ex tremely strategic position Its sc down in a buffer position between the Free world and the Communis world It can either be the plowed strip which keeps the prairie fire from spreading or it can adc enough fuel to send the fire out o control Four Possibilities Cited Here are just a few of the many possibilities for the future so far as the long slumbering giant callec China is concerned 1 It could maintain for an in definite period its present status of principal satellite of Russia 2 It could feel its oats and supplant Russia as the hcadquar ters of world Communism with Mao Tsetung deposing Malenkov as head man 3 It could weary of Communism and either fall in behind Chiang Kaishek or develop some other spokesman for freedom as leader 4 It could disintegrate as I a uni fied nation and turn into adozen or a score of rival governments or lack of governments a la Balkan States These are possibilities that come to mind atthe moment There undoubtedly many more I make no pretense of having exhaustec the list Ive meant only to suggest how numerous and how grave are the imponderables in the China fu ture And if youre thinking of China as a faraway and abstract sub ject I would invite your attention to this closelohome fact Chinas Communists rei son why many thousands of Amtrican boys art in Korea at this moment How Do We Get Out Manys the time Ive wished that getting out of Korea was as simple as explaining how we got in The plain unadulterated truth is that its all a part of our inept China policy which in five years lost us a warm friendship that had been a hundred years or so in the build ing For some three years our boys fought at the side of the Chinese Nationalists against a common enemy the Japanese During that time and for 15 years before Chiang Kaishek claimed both our admiration and our confidence Our troubles in China got under way when the Lattimores and their ilk sold us or rather our diplo matic representatives a bill of goods That bill of goods was that there was no essential differ ence between Chiang Kaishek and his Nationalists on the one hand and Mao Tsetung and his Commu nists on the other Gen George Marshall our fore most warrior of World War II made a special mission to China in 1946 to reconcile the Nation alists and the Communists His in structions were to knock their heads together and pound some common sense into their think ing Like Tiger in Cellar Now the general must know and he should have sensed at that trying to deal with a Communist on terms of decency and understanding is like trying to live in a house with a tiger in the basement The mission was a sorry everybody ex cept the Communists All the while we were betray theres no other ac curate word for a trusted friend and ally The agrar ian reformers with whom we tried to sleep threeinabed are now en gaged in the gentle pastime of shooting our American boys in Korea It can is being I might there was no way to prevent what hap pened in China and in turn what happened in Korea as a direct and inevitable result of what had hap pened in China It can be shouted in loud voices has been shouted in loud voice any other policy pursued in CONTINUED ON PACE J Court Considers Rosenberg Writ Missing Iowa Boy Scouts Are Found by Indians in Arizona TUCSON Ariz Two Iowa Boy Scouts lost since last Wednes day in Nakai canyon in Northern Arizona were found alive at a m Monday by two Navajo In dians the Civil Air Patrol report ed The information was released by Mrs Dines Nelson wife of the commander of the Arizona Wing of the Civil Air Patrol The same report was picked up by radio by the Civil Air Patrol in Prescott Ariz The youths Bud Mclntire 15 and Phil Crowley 16 both of Des Moines la were reportedly in good condition The parents of the in Des Moines were also notified of their rescue It was reported Indians found the boys in a forbidden canyon on the Navajo Reservation in the Window Rock Ariz area and the youths were being taken out of the canyon The boys parents Mr and Mrs R H Mclntireand Mr and Mrs James F Crowley planned to fly to Arizona in an Iowa Air National Guard plane late Monday to bring the boys home Mrs Crowley said she learned that the boys had been found in a telephone call from Mrs John McFee at Window Rock Underworld Is Seeking Legislator CHICAGO Chicago news paper said Monday top underworld leaders have ordered their minions to find Graver as police said heir search for the missing Illinois legislator has hit a John J Walsh deputy chief of uniformed police said authorities have no clues in the disappearance of State Rep Clem Graver who was seized by three men Thursday and thrust into a waiting auto mobile The abduction of the 53yearold Republican legislator took place on a street near his home in full view of his wife and four other persons Authorities said Graver GOP ivard committeeman and 15th Dis rict representative recently had een voting contrary to the hood lumtainted West Side bloc in the legislature Earlier they said his voting paralleled that of the bloc The Chicago SunTimes said top underworld leaders are pushing their hunt for Graver fearful they will be blamed for his disap pearance IKE GREETED President Ihvightr D Eisenhower is greeted at Sagamore HillN Y by former President Her bert Hoover Ikearrived for the dedication of the home of Theodore Roosevelt as a shrine Soviet Envoy to Yugoslavia McCarthy in Discussion of Book Burning WASHINGTON W Sen Mc Carthy used a senate appropria ions committee hearing Monday 0 discuss book burning which President Eisenhower criticized Sunday as unAmerican The President advised Dart mouth College students in an ad dress Sunday dont join the book burners and he told them Ameri cans must fight Communism with something between not try to con ceal the thinking of our own people Eisenhower mentioned no names but his statement recalled Mc Carthys efforts to remove from U S overseas libraries books by authors who are known Commu nists or fellow travelers McCarthy brought up the sub ject Monday as James B Conant U S high commissioner to Ger many went before the Senate Com mittee to discuss foreignaid ap propriations forthC year beginning July 1 McCarthy told Conant that the investigating subcommittee fie heads had found there were 30000 Communist books in U S information libraries around the world many of them in Ger many He asked if Conant would re Godfrey Plans Return BOSTON Arthur Godfrey hopes to leave the hos pital early next month and return to his television and radio pro grams sometime after the first of August We can broadcast and telecast shows from my farm until Im able to get around Godfrey said in a bedside interview Sunday at the Massachusetts General Hospital Podfrey was operated on May 15 to correct right hip injuries suf fered in an automobile accident 22 years ago Proposed surgery on his left hip has been postponed indefinitely New Mexico Convicts Take 70 Prison Officials Hostage SANTE FE N M with meat cleavers and knives rioting convicts at the New Mexico Penitentiary Monday seized Deputy Warden Ralph Tahash a n d nine guards as hostages Warden Morris Abram said the con 4 lowans Die in Accidents By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Four lowans lost their lives over he weekend two by drowning a bird in an automobile accident nd the fourth by electrocution The dead William Fitzgerald 45 Baldwin vho was killed when his car ap arently went out of control Marion Szydlowski 9yearold on of displaced person parents vho drowned Sunday in a pond 0 miles northeast of Oltumwa Marvin Meader 17 of Delaware vho drowned Saturday while wimming in the Maquoketa liver Gerald Obe 22 who was elec roculed when he crawled under is house trailer to install a water ipe in a note addressed to him demanded that Tahash and six prison guards be fired Gov Edwin L Mechem who ar rived at the prison soon after Ab ram announcedthe riot under way All About The Weather Crfy Partly cloudy and turning cooler with thunder storms late Monday Considerable cloudiness with occasional Minnesota C1 o u d y occasional thunderstorms GlobeGazette weather data o 8 Monday Maximum 82 Minimum 62 At 8 am 68 up about 8 am said he was told Homer Lee Gossett notorious for Houdini escape attempts was a leader of the uprising Another Riot The prison was the scene of a riotless than seven months ago when 14 convicts seized eight guards at knife point in a demand that they be allowed to escape That riot was quelled after 20 hours State Police Chief Joe Roach called on all available slate police officers Monday to reinforce the prison guard force Gossett three months ago was convicted and sentenced to a sec ond life for murder in the slaying of prison guard Filemon J Ortiz in an escape attempt in 1952 Warden Abram said the convict rioters demanded that Tahash and six guards be fired because they are too tough No Harm The convicts promised that none of the hostages would be hurt un lessthe rioters are injured The convicts demanded to talk with Gov Mechem and a spokes man for the press Abram told the convicts they could not expect the governor to talk to them through a barred window He said if they laid down their weapons and talked like men Gov Mechem would see them First Since 1948 Split BELGRADE Yugoslavia Wl Moscow named an ambassador to Yugoslavia Monday for the first time since the Cominform split in 1948 Belgrade agreed to return the favor The Kremlins choice for the diplomatic post here was Vasily Alexeyevic Valkov onelime Sovie ambassador to the Netherlands The name of the Belgrade ap pointee was not immediately made known Chilly BttU The two countries never broke off diplomatic relations entirely but maintained them on a formal and chilly basis through charges daffaires The new step contained potentialities for settling the five yearold feud between the two countries President Tito de clared in a speech Sunday The excnange of ambassadors does not mean normalization of relations and does not mean im provement of relations Never again will trust them the Russians 100 per cent He said some had tried to picture he resumption of relations on a full basis as a change in Yugoslav policy toward the West That he declared is wrong Do Not Those who say that hope to solate us orare well intended toward us but do not understand us We do not change as the wind blows An Associated Press dispatch Tom Moscow on May W noted tendency toward a more normal diplomatic relationship between he Soviet Union and Yugoslavia Jut Tito in a speech three days ater angrily declared that rela ions between them were just as bad as ever Valkov recenfJy has been a key department head in the Soviet foreign Office in Moscow with the rank of ambassador From 1942 to L945 he was counsellor in the Soviet embassy in London RADFORD LEAVES TOKLO d m Arthur W Radford chairmandesignate the US Joint Chiefs of Staff leffby plane Monday for his Pacific fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor gard it as book burning if the subcommittee insisted these books be removed from the shelves Conant retiring president of Harvard University said he would agree that the information libraries should not have books by Communist authors But he twice piuuua c incy wciu halted in bloody trench fighting by infantrymen of the US 3rd and South Korean 9th Divisions LUS airmen flying shuttle missions dumped more than 2225000 pounds of bombs on the flaming 40mile front Smoke of battle could 3c seen for CO miles clear that his definition of such author was a member of Communist Party under orders was Ihe greatest Red drive further the Communist the 195L spring offensive and intended to gain the On the specific question of as much ground as books Conant said I regret before the impending ar fact you felt it was necessary do it publicly He said it would have been belter for this countrys foreign relations if McCarthy had taken hfs complaint to raged throughout the day and last reports described it as meaning in full blast anfi executive department and books had been taken from Munsan signs of a quick shelves without increased even as Commu armies smashed south LAST PASSENGER PITTSFIELD Mass only one passenger aboard reasons behind the E Sears of Lenox piloted the hour Red attack left ob Boston Albany railroad mystified these develop ger train between Piltsfield pointed to an imminent North Adams ending a started 107 years Wordleaked out that staff writing the last details of GROCERY armistice have struck no snags SACRAMENTO Calif Allied and Red liaison offi a switch Under a new law met in secret for 19 minutes mins and other food spokesman said only that they are being sold in California to discuss administrative de cery stores instead of only pertaining to the truce ne drug Probers Invite Clark to Be at WASHINGTON MVA house to make public the details of ciary subcommittee voted letter a invite Supreme Court also declined to say Tom Clark to appear before it the committee vote was on a public hearing matter s Clarks name has figured in meeting was attended by committees investigations of Chauncey chair Kansas City vote fraud case of the full Judiciary Commit other which present were Reps Hil while he Jones RIll and attorney al said he voted to send the Keating cad the said he did so after I had mittee to do with its compila has been ing the Willis the other mi Department member of the subcommit a b o u t did not attend the session which TOM CLARK months I ii during the noon recess of an gested the justice come on one into the Justice Depart three dates June 18 19 or handling at tax scandals in He added that the group San Francisco area ROSENBERG CHILDREN AT WHITE Rosenberg 10 son of the condemned atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg poses solemnly with his grandmbth er Mrs Sophie Rosenberg while his Robert p fidgets in front of the White House The children deiiv ered a letter to a White House guard asking that the lives of their parents be spared 30000 in Attacks Reds Punch Through UN Lines in Korea SEOUL thousand Communists ripped into Allied lines Monday breakingthrough as deep as two miles in the mightiest Red offensive in two years divisions on the EastCentral Front buckled under an assault two fresh Chinese about 20000 soldiers A few miles to the west another 10000 Reds pierced Allied lines in Faiths Join in Centennial Benediction HymnSinging Ends Citys Celebration Catholic Jew and Protestant joined in singing the hymns of each others faiths Sunday evening as a benediction for Mason Citys Centennial celebration The benches at the East Park band shell were filled and there was a semicircle of the overflow standing under the trees joining with the 190 voices from more than 20 Mason City Churches who robed choir Join Voices The audience came to listen but under the urging of Director Clay ton Wornson and the spell of the well known hymns they joined their voicesto those of the choir Before the end of the evening al most the entire audience was hum ming with the choir on the first verse of each selection before it was time tojoin on the second The hymn sing was favored by the weatherman as have been most of t h e activities of Centennial Week Saturday evening was balrny but not too hot for theparticipantsin the oldtime paving dance on Fed eral Avenue in downtown Mason City Thousands watched as tho ong skirted women and frock coated men whirled at the call of Lloyd Frazcc of Bassctt and cheered as the costume prizes were awarded Centennial Theme Church services Sunday morn ing also reflected the Centennial theme as members of the Mason City Council of Churches honored the pioneers of their respective congregations Archbishop Henry T Rohlman Dubuque offered the solemn Mass of thanksgiving at Holy Family Catholic Church At the First Con gregational Church the Rev Pe ter J a nscn read a sermon prepared 100 years ago by Henry Ward Beecher and he as weir as mem bersof the choir and congregation appeared in costumes of long ago AIRPORT BUILDING IOWA CITY W1A ad ministration building was dedicated at the Iowa City Municipal Air port Sunday Also Frees Bridges on Technicality Refuses Stay to Atom Spies WASHINGTON Supreme Dourt Mondayrefused to stay the executions of Atom Spies Jullut and Ethel Rosenberg but dramat ically agreed to consider a new legal maneuver by tho defense The highly unusual situation came about after the tribunal had announced in its final orders for the present term In these the court by a 54 vote rejected a pica to postpone the condemned husband and wifes scheduled trip to Sing Sing Pris ons electric chair Thursday night and also refused for a fourth time to review the trial of the con demned husband and wife Free In other significant action tha court lifted a fiveyear prisop sen tence from Hurry Bridges holding the government year too long to indict the stormy W e s t Coast labor leader on charges oC lying when he denied Communist membership The justices were about toleays the bench until Oct 5 after denying a stay for the Rosenbergs when John F Finerty one of the Kos enbergs lawyers jumped to his feet and announced hewanted to flic a writ ofhabeas corpus Such a writ if granted means that an immediate hearing must be held on whether the person in volved is being lawfully detained There is no time to go before thelower Fjaerty fold the s6mewbatsurprise0vhitfh court Justices Unless this court acts and acts promptly on this petition the Ros enbergs will be dead before can get the proper action completed Chief Justice Vinson told Fin erty to file his petition for a writ in the usual manner with clerks of fice and promised It would be con sidered promptly Meet Again A spokesman said the court pre sumably Avould meet during tho late afternoon and decide whether to receive the petition Until Finerty made his dramatic move the Rosenbergs appeared to have exhausted their last hope escaping the electric chair through legal maneuvers f r Their lawyer Emmanuel H Dloch had said in advance that new effort will be made to get last minute executive clemency President Elsenhower last Feb 11 rejected one clemency pica In the decision brii Bridges the court also set aside tho action i California U S District Court n stripping U S citizenship from he Australianborn leader a eft wing longshoremens union In an order also by 43 vote tha ligh court directed the U S Dis trict Court in San Francisco to dismiss a case involving rcyoca ion of Bridges citizenship The lineup of tbo court on votes was the aame The net effect of the decision and order is that Bridges is en irely clear of all the prosecutions and proceedings the government had brought against him New Proceeding If the government should maka any further effort at deportation t would have to be an entirely new proceeding The prison sentence was set solely on a finding that the latute of limitations had expired vlicn a perjuryconspiracy fndlcU neot was returned against Bridges n 1949 This indictment accused the abor leader of lying under oath when he told a 3945 naturalization hearing that he was not a Com munist Ordinarily the statute o alfons Iri perjury cases is three rears That is a charge mtwt rought within three years after the alleged commission of the crime
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