Saturday, May 16, 1953

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 16, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE JHI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I O W A N S N I I G H 10 R S AMOclited Preu and United Preu Full LCSM f 3 VOL LIX Seven Ctnti a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY U Paper ComliU of Two Oatis Back to Liberty Feeling Great m THEY WORKED FOR BILLS was oiTthis portable typewriter in her small apartment that Laura belleOatis composed letter credited with helping1 gain the pardon of her husband William aprison erjn a Prague prison for two years Allies Ask Recess for Three Days in Korea Truce Talks MUNSAN The Korean armistice talks recessed un Saturday after anothei stormy exdharige bveHUN and Communist proposals to end the long prisoner exchange deadlock The Communists angrily accused UN negotiators ofde I Uses Prayers to Defy Red Prison Guard LONDON Salvation Army Commissioner Herbert A Lord told Saturday how he defied with prayers an atheistic North Korean Communist with a won Commissioner Lord one of a group of British civilians recently repatriated by the Cdmmunists told the story in the Salvation Army magazine War Cry Do you believe there is a God demanded the guard Yes replied the commissioner firmly You are an intelligent educated man and yet you really believe there is a God Yes And do you believe that this God answers prayers Yes i Well well prove it I am going to stand behind you and I want you to pray to your God and ask Himto tell which hand I am holding this gtm nftee to offer a pray jrod befleve be answers prayer Yes and I am praying now For what That Hewill give me grace not to lose my temper with you and that if you decide to use your gun I may die like a Christian man Commissioner Lord wound up his The Korean guard was silent and walked slowly away leaving a greatlyrelieved internee stroying the basis of the negotiations and called on them to withdraw this absurc proposal Lt Gen William K Harrison Jr charged the Reds with trying to coerce unwilling prisoners to re turn to unwanted masters Harrison said he asked for the threeday recess for administra live reasons He declined to elab orate Observers pointed out the recess would provide an opportunity for toplevel conferences at a time when criticism of the US position is building up among friendly nations The U S State Department Fri day night took the unusual step of issuing a formal statement de fending the fundamental humani tarian principle of letting prison ers of the Korean war choose whether they will go home There can be no compromise the State Department said in th statement apparently aimed a critics at home and abroad Communist negotiators argued vehemently for their plan to turn over to a fivenation commission for four months the 48500 North Korean and Chinese prisoners whx refuse to go home During this period the Reds would explain mat ters to them The future those who fitiU refuse repatriation be decided at a postarmistice political conference The UN Command propose freeing immediately after an a r mi stice 34000 North Koreans who di not want to return to their forme homes The repatriation commis sion would take custody of 1450C Chinese for two months and those who refuse repatriation after Re explanations would be freed All About The Weather Mason City Showers beginning late Saturday continuing through Sunday Iowa Mostly cloudy south with showers increasing cloudiness north and not so warm Minnesota Sunday cloudy with occasional rain GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Saturday Maximum 77 Minimum 45 At 8 am 54 Precipitation 07 MCarthy Acts to Get More Allied Help Seeks to Cut U S Expenses in Korea WASHINGTON McCar hy RWis fired another blast at Lmericas Allies Saturday with a roposal aimed at making them ake over more of the costs of the Korean war The Wisconsin senator said he as instructed his staff to draft n amendment to the pending state Department appropriations till designed to parethe proposed 0million dollar American share if operating United Nations agen cies Word As explained by McCarthy who s engaged in a transAtlantic word aattle with British leaders the amendment would 1 Reduce U S contribution or UN operating expenses to the Jercentage level of other nations larticipation in Korean war financ ing and 2 induct other who are not in McCarthys view contributing enough to the Koreas war effort to step tip their support of regular UN activitiesas a sort of offset We have been contributing 85 er the money and men for he Korean war McCarthy said in an interview If we cut our U1S contributions to the 5 per cent the other nations have been putting up in Korea maybe we can get a ittle more financial cooperation out of them The U S now is putting up 35 per cent of the cost of operating eight UN organizations and also is contributing to 21 related inter national groups The House Appro priations Committee said inlets re port partment bill that commitments iiad been made to cut future U S contributions to 33V4 per cent Will Accept McCarthys new move came as Sen H Alexander Smith RNJ foreign relations committee member predicted the Commu nisls eventually will accept the UN proposals for handling Korean prisoners of war and also prob ably the unification of Korea But Smith said The final price will be admis sion of Red China to the United Nations and a seat on the Security Council That is the real danger Admis sion of Communist China to the UN would mean the eventual dis appearance of all Asia behind the Iron Curtain A statement by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India endors ing the most recent Communis1 proposal for the repatriation o prisoners of war drew caustic dis sent from some senators amonj them Sen Knowland RCalif ant Sen Potter WILLIAM OATIS Forces Flex Muscles on Their Day WASHINGTON UP The na tions men and women in uniform marched down the main streets o America Saturday in a mighty demonstration of the Ar m e d forces power for peace From major cities to small towns he military displayed its growing might in the fourth annual Armte ForcesDay Parade Millions of Americans lined pa rade routes and flocked to military installations to paytribute to the militaryand to gaze at the strange weapons of the jet and atomic age In a special message Presiden Eisenhower paid tribute to mem bers of the Armed Forces through world Thousands of you are in th front line of freedom inKorea he said Others perform the mu tiple defensetasks vital to the se curity of Ahierica and the fre them a salut and ihehomage of a grateful na Defense Secretary Charles E Wilson said the free world ha achieved a posture of defense that allowed reexamination of th arms program light of ec onomiccapabilities And the ad ministrationbelieves he said tha Uncle Sams big old pocketboo bas been open just too wide The militarys observanceo Armed Forces Day this year se on the theme of power fo peace ranged from mammot military parades to open houses and demonstrations at smaller mi itary installations Public inspection In ports around the nation th Navy lowered gangplanks to let th public tour fighting vessels froir the small sleek torpedo boat to th battleship Overhead streaked th latest Air Force jet fighters am intercontinental bombers And 01 the ground the Army displayed iL latest weaponsfrom tanks to th new atomic artillery gunmoorei on a barge at the foot of Manhaj tan Island reat despite two years in a r ague prison The AP jailed in zechoslovakia because he wrote he truth about the Communist re received a pardon f r o m resident Antonin Zapotocky US fficials drove him to West Ger many It was expected he would eturn within a day or two to the Jnited States and a reunion with iis wife It was Mrs Oatis poignant ap peal for her husbands release that ed the Czech president to grant the pardon Zapotocky said in a statement broadcast from Prague Oatis was under a 10year sen ence He was asked at the CzechGer man border how he had been reatedin the hands of the Czech authorities Well they treated me pretty ood but its great to be out Oatis responded The lanky cor espondent was pale From Indiana Oatis an Indianan now 39 years ild was sentenced by a Prague court in 1951 on charges of espion age after a trial the US govern ment quickly labeled as a travesty Complains About Man Who Knocks on Door Curses Then Leaves Mason City police Saturday added a new one to their list of items in the weve heard everything department Officers received a telephone call at a m from a homeowner in the northwest part of the city The complainant said that for the last four nights a man has come to his house at about oclock and knocked on the front door W he n someone answered the knock the man hurls a few curses and thenwalks away The1 complainant added that he did not know the man and had never seen him before the initial incident GASSMAN AND SHELLEY REUNITED Shelley Winters and Vittorio Gassraan her husband hap pily embrace in Los Angeles after Gassmans arrival by air from his native Reds Free American Newsman By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS William N Oatis came back to reedom Saturday and said I feel ish and French civilians who had been seized in Korea at the start of the war there 3 It is now almost tfiree years since MrsOatis saw her husband That was four months after she and the reporter from Marion Ind were married A US official permitted to visit him last October reported him in apparent good health F still cant make myself be lieve it Mrs Oatis said Friday night at her St Paul Minn home Is there any when or how The State Department had made frequent appealsfor Oatis to the Czech government and Mrs Oatis said she is extremely grateful to thosein the State Department and The Associated Press who have been so helpful and understanding during these trying months Oatis father J Ross at Phoenix Ariz I only hope it is true In Washington Sen Taft of Ohio the Senate Republican leader com EveryAmerican will be de lighted to hear of the pardon Id say this action is in accord with the stiffer policyadoptedby Secre tary of State Dulles and no doubt of justice Mrs Oatis at her home in St Paul Minn meanwhile was grateful delighted and ex hausted 6he had been most of the night awaiting further de ails after the first bare announce ment Friday night that Czech au thorities were giving her husband a pardon The appeal she sent last Novem er to Klement Gottwald then president of Czechoslovakia was disclosed Friday night when the news of the pardon became known She put her heart Jinto the 250 word letter There was no explanation why the Prague officials waited exactly assisted vby the Kremlins peace propaganda Mis arrest had been denounced statesmen aA well as tha press invirtually all tho areas of the world wheref r e e speech exists Many organizations in theUnited States in the last two years took action urging the State Department o press forhis release Seeking Facts We s t e r n newsmen made the point t ha t Oatis in the actions which his Czech prosecutors de scribed as spying rwas merely seeking facts which fall within the category of ordinary thorough rep ortprial activity in the United States ST PAUL Minn ti the text of the letter MM William N Oatis latt November to the president of Dear Mr President I have long thought of sending to you directlyan appeal for ffw freedom of my beloved husband William Oatis I have hesitated be es ute others skilled bi the affairs of nations have been active hi hie behalf and I have waited and hoped for his return to me But always i have wondered what I could do that was wHhm my power to end the waiting stop the anguish of our separation So last I have decided to write that surely you must heed a simple plea for mercy and put an end to this bitterly un happy situation in which my husband William andI aria entrapped It is more than It months now since he was arrested and nearly two and a half years since we were separated when he left London for Chechoslovakia that rime we had only faoen fer and I atn euro you can reellxo KM suffering arwJ this contufctinu seaw has already caused married because we wanted to spend our lives together the days go by one after another and so does the time we would be spending together We can never regain what has already been lost during this past two and ahalf years but I continue to hope and pray this difficult time will soon come to an end and we can be re united I am sure William Has Behaved well while in yourcustody Surely there must be some way inwhich you the powerful head of your country can take this good conduct into account and commute hie sentence to expulsion from Chechoslovakia I appeal to you withall my heart for your mercy and I hopeand pray that as an act of humanity you will let my husband come now i Sincerely ryours Signed Laurabelle OatJs Mrs William Oatis Prisonand tlieu triedby a five man court The US State Department la belled thA typical Communist hear ing a sham and a mockery of ele mental justice Oatis a feeble voice and as though he were reciting a memorized he had engaged in espionage The public prosecutor charged he was par icularly dangerous because of his discretion and insistence on obtain accurate correct verified information This statement Drought hitter six months to act onthe letter ba in the meantime Gottwald died arid Antoniri Zapotocfcy became Presi dent of Czechoslovakia In the meantime also Moscow launched a peace offensive and per suaded North Korean authorities to release groups of Americans Brit Shortly beforehe was arrestec April 23 1951 by three Czech agents Oatis tplt American offi cials he he was being fol lowed It was not until April 25 that the arrest wasannounced by the Czechoslovakia government He was held incommunicado for 69 days in Pragues grim Pankrac protests in the West sinceit tendw to confirm Oatis had been jailed simplyfW performing what woul be a normal job of thorough1 news reportingin free countries It was American Independence Day July 41951 when the Prague court sentenced Oatis to 10 years in prison with the provision he ould cut five years off that by goodbehavior Year After TJS officials were not mitted 6 lee Oatis until a yea after his arrest The U S government made a series of reprisal movesto obtain us release first banning travel to Czechoslovakia for all Amerciari citizens Later1 it cancelled Czectt rade and tariff agreements and introducing economic sanctions against the country Ui S Britainand France banned flights by Czechoslovak over tern Germany Mrs Oatis said her letter to Prague was the only one she bad sent to anIron Curtain country However shemade seven trips to Washington to confer with Department officials She said she had received letters from her husband and the ast dated April 1 was cheerful Allies Down 11 MIGs in Big Victory Ace Downs 14th Troops Stop Reds SEOUL Sabre jet pi lots led by three of Americas crack aces shot down 11 Commu nist MIGs and damaged six Satur day in one of their mightiest tri umphs over the Red jet fighter Thesavage tempo of the aerial war was matched on the ground as UN infantrymen chopped down 1300 of about 4000 Chinese who hit Allied lines in Central Korea Saturdays MIG bag was the big gest since last September when the speedy Sabres destroyed 13 of the Bussianmade planesand dam aged four The record last Joly 4 wbcii 13 MIGs were probably destroyed and seven damaged Capt Manuel Fernandez of Miami Fla downed his 14th MIG Saturday to regain his position as the worlds top rankingjet ace Only a few hours earlier Capt Jo seph McConnell of Apple Valley Calif had destroyed his 13th MIG to tie Fernandez temporarily Maj James Jabara of Wichita Kan the first U S ace of the Koreanwar bagged his first MIG since returning to Korea for his second tour of duty Jabara now has seven MIGs In bitter handtohand fighting Allied troops backed by thunder ous artillery fire cutup a force of some 4000 Chinese Frontline reports said 1300 Reds were killed or wounded most of them in the sector east of Sniper Ridge where South Koreans fought off a regiment of Chinese in dark trenches The Reds attacked shortly after midnight overrunning ROK posi tions But the South Koreans drove the Reds from their trenches with bayonets and grenades in the bit terest fighting of this size in the Eighth Army said AP Wirephoto MISSING STATE deputies in Polk County Saturday were dragging the Des Moinea River for Arthur G Nolta 45 chief auditor for the State Board of Vocational Education who haa been missing since Friday afternoon Authorities found Noltas car with a pool of blood in it A check revealed thatthere were some discrepencies in Noltas accounts Report Labor Dept Has Radical Change for TH WASHINGTON fl A depart ment of labor proposal for sub stantial changes in the TaftHart ley labor law seemed certainSat urday to kick up amajor row ever gets before Congress The proposal reliably said to ask for repeal of the closed shop ban was drawn up by top advisers to Secretary of Labor Durkin for submission to the White House and if approved there to Congress An outline of the lions was made available by au thoritative sources The recommendations drawn up for he may now be modifying or which he may al ready have sent to the White House would these changes in the law among others Repeal the ban on closed shop contracts and let unions and man agement negotiate any form of union security they want Ike Advisers Working Hard on Tax Talk WITH EISENHOWER ON APEAKE BAY UP President Eisenhower called some of his advisors aboard the yacht Wil liamsburg Saturday for some hard worir on his tax speech to the na tion Tuesday night The sleek 243foot luxury ship was due to put in at Norfolk Va this afternoon to pick up the offi cials Just who they were was jot disclosed At the same time the President arranged to confer with Adm Lynde D McCormick commander in chief of US and North Weft ntrjl in hewfeMrten at Hotfoik WHEamalwrg loafed ihe sleepy Chesapeake But President had to wrestle with draft of the address in which be plans to discuss the prospects for ax cuts in view of national securi ty and budget balancing needs BULLETIN WASHINGTON AA IMrrmwrt spokMtnan Satvr day ttM United StatM wmrfd iww consider imposed on Communist fovakia as a rosuH of tno oning of AP Corrospondont WJJ Itam Oatis SAM V

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