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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 4, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION DN ClTY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS N E I G H B 0 R S VOL LIX Associated Iress and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 4 1953 Tliis Paper Consists of Two One No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Of the Same Opinion Still I look time off one day recently to thumb back through the more than 500 commentaries Ive put on the air since this One Mans Opin ion feature was launched on March 21 1943 This was in con nection with what might be called my tenth birthday as a commen tator In browsing through the tall pile of manuscripts averaging about 2000 words in length I was inter ested in two general questions 1 What have been the subjects for that million words of conversa tion the equivalent of about 10 books of ordinary novel length 2 Have I changed my thinking in any material way on the impor tant issues facing mankind Was what I thought 10 years ago what I think today the subjects have ranged Irom the lovelife of the honey bee up to telling how a lasting peace can be achieved Safety especial ly traffic safely lias come in for some 25 quarterhour dissertations and Ive given my attention at least oncc a year to advocating adoption of the World Calendar One Subject Uppermost But the subject which has bobbed up most frequently has beenthat of organizing the world society so that man can live at peace with his brother On this matter Ive had no change ofopinion during the dec ade covered by these oriceaweek commentaries If anything my convictions as to the necessity for this and my con fidence in its possibilities have been slrenglhened and deepened by development on the world scene since that day ten years ago when I launched this unbroken scries of broadcasts with what pur ported to be an answer to the question Shalt We Plan for Peace or War Some of these developments Ive witnessed with myown eyes I saw I heard and Ifell the buzzbombs fall on London I felt and I but I didnt sec because their flight is too fast for V2 rockets explode on that sprawling target Subsequently I pa a mammothconcreteplatform in a valley west of Cherbourg from which projectiles were to have been launched against England pro jectiles which would have made buzzbombs and V2 rockets looV like firecrackers by comparison None was ever launched for one simple American fight ing lads arrived on the scene loo soon Next War UnderEstimated I came home from that tour of duty as a war correspondent fully confident that I had seen a herald if not a blueprint of the next war I was thinking of the guided pro jectiles from that Normandy launching platform with a war head of 25 tons of explosive in con trast with the half ton or so of TNT in those buzzbombs and V2 rockets that fell on London Soon however I was to learn that what I envisioned wasnt even a iifesize hint of tomorrows war My awakening came in the head lines of my own newspaper about two atomic bomb blasts one over Hiroshima one over Nagasaki Still later there were improved Abombs if youll pardon the ex pression and now the talk and the fear is of Hydrogen bombs known as Hbombs For a time 1 tried to persuade myself that the awesome prospects of that next war would of and by itself preclude il Man as a ra tional animal wouldnt let himself be drawn into a program of mass suicide But a look at hislory and a look at contemporary world devel opments have caused me to retrcal from that pleasant but unrealistic assumption Wars arent avertec by the scare psychology Caused by the Few What becomes more unmistak ably clear with the passing of time is that wars are brought about b the lust of a limited few and sometimes even an individua person The peaceloving people and thats 999 out 1000 of us must be given protection agains these perverts in precisely the same way that a community is protected against its gangsters Thats by selling up a system o law and order with an adequate police power There must be a way to roach down into Germany anc nip the future Hitler in the bud there must be a way to reach down Into Russia and deal with mat dogs such as Stalin or Malenkov Thats the crux of the whole mat tcr To argue that man is a fighting animal by instinct and that war are inevitable is to deal in utter Have you ever in your CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 ExPOWs Angry Deny Red Taint APWirephoto KINGDOM THREATENED King Sisavang Vong 68 yearold ruler of Indochinas Kingdom of Laos is virtual ly besieged in his capital city as Communistled A7ietminh invaders press within 10 miles of the city The battle de ciding the fate of the ancient mountain kingdom may be underway in the next few days Attempt to Murder Indias Nehru With Explosion Faik BOMBAY India attempt to assassinate Prime Minister Nehru by putting a live bomb on the railway track over which he was traveling was foiled Monday The bomb was placed on the track at Kalyan Railroad hub 35 miles rom Bombay a few Beforethe Amritsar Express carrying Nehru from Jalna thun dered along the section to Bombay A policeman patrolling the track fired on an unidentified man be ieved to have placed the bomb His bullets went wide The police man removed the bomb without recognizing it as such at the mo ment after locating it by thelighls of the train it was supposed to nave wrecked The man who placed the bomb escaped in the early morning dark ness The bomb probably of a type to explode under pressure was ex amined at Ambernalh ordnance actory and later sent to Bombay for analysis Nehru wenton from Bombay to New Delhi by plane arriving late in the day unaware of his escape lie was winding up a 1200mile tour of the Maharash rianfamine areas ending at Jalna Nehru G3 became Indias first prime minister on Aug 15 1947 Mohandas K Gandhi the great In dian spiritual and political leader was assassinated on Jan 30 1948 Nehru fell heir to the spiritual leadership of Gandhi with whom he worked through many years of political unrest and world turmoil to achieve Indias independence Nine Drown in Montana Boat Upset HELENA Mont Wl A little green boat bought only hours be fore with borrowed money for celebration outing Sunday nighi flipped nine of its 10 occupants into watery graves Eight of the bodies were Recovery workers said it was the worst water disaster for Mon tana at least in their memory They recalled five persons drowned in Flathead Lake a fevV years ago The screamsof a molhcr whose Helena family was wiped out brought two boys and a girl on to theremote scene thinking the screams those of a cougarThe trio rowed out into the darkness and rescued the mother Mrs Bii lie Akiris 38 She had clung to the side of the upturned boat more than twohours 1 Her fatherinlaw John Akins 70 had also held on in the frigid muddy waters until shortly before the rescue Pick Pakistan as Neutral Caretaker for War Prisoners UN Tells Reds Time Running Out PANMUNJOM Korea UP The United Nations told the Com munists Monday to accept Pakis an as neutral custodian of Korean ivar prisoners or face another breakoff of truce talks Lt Gen William K Harrison chief UN truce delegate earlier lad offered a major compromise jy nominating Pakistan as care aker country for 46000 Chinese and North Korean prisoners un willing to return to Communism V Acceptable Pakistan was one of four Asian nations which the Communists had defined as acceptableneutrals arid when North Korean Gen Nam II lead Communist negotiator ig nored the offer Harrison became blunt The continued evasion by your side can only be considered as in spired by motives other than those No Objection KARACHI Pakistan Minister Mohammed AM said Monday he sees no objection to Pakistan serving as custodian for Korean of war who wont go home The UN Allies have nominated Pakistan A formal invitation to serve is expected if the Commu nists accept the proposal of reaching an equitable agree ment Harrison told Nam these discussions is fastrunningout Harrison said Are you prepared to accept Pak istan as the neutral nation If not no further issue to dis cuss with you Harrisons offer came as the two sides renewed discussions follow ing an unexplained twoday recess called by the Communists last Sat urday General 49 Grounds Self After 13 Combat Missions SEOUL that his secret is out Lt Gen Glenn 0 Barcus 49yearold commander of the U S 5th Air Force him self after 13 missions over North Korea inhisswift Sabre jet Bar K L cus Carcus The greying general had been flying Sabre strikes with his pilots the past month The last was a smashing 50plahe May Day attack against Radio Pyongyang in the North Korean capital On that one Barcus taunted on a radio circuit theyfrequently monitored This is Gen GlennO Barcus commander of the 5lh Air Forcc I dont like theway you are talk ing about the 5th Air Force How the way we were doing today JWe willbe back We smash anything wewant up This night by American GEN BARCUS War correspondents who were at 5thAir Force headquarters when an1 officer reported Py ongyang strike An Air Force spokesman said Barcus who will leave on routine rotation June 1 had wantcd to fly at least one more mis sion f tBut now that the news is out hehas decided topass it he said T Sincere Effort In nominating Pakistan after the Communists had rejected Switzer land and Sweden as neutrals Har rison said he was acting in a sin cere effort to achieve an agree ment We are prepared to meet you halfway in the matter of a neu tral nation Harrison said We are now prepared to nominate one of the four countries which you have named We now nominate Pakistan an Asian nation both neutral and com petent and one of the four whose suitability yovi obviously implied in your question to us Now we expect you to demonstrate your sincerity by agreeing to have this power serve as neulral Long Huddle Nam who had included Pakis an withIndia Burma and Indo nesia as acceptable neutrals went nto a long huddle with other mem jers of his after Harrison lad finished his statement At the conclusion of the lelea lete Nam began talking to Harri son about movement of all prison ers out of Korea an old argu ment The Reds repeatedly had said they would not agree to any neutral nation until the UN agreed to transport the prisoners to that country to await final dis position After the meeting Harrison said the Communists apparently dont even want to discuss the subject About The Weather City Considerable sun shine and a little warmer through Tuesday Partly cloudy occasional showers southeast portion Tues day Minnesota Partly cloudy with little change in temperature GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 ami Monday Maximum 50 37 At 8am 50 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGp Maximum 90 Minimum 55 FEEL repatriated POWs Cpl Robert H Hickok left 1 cuse N Yand Cpl Richard 0 Morrison 22 of Burlington la wearing hospital slip pers and pajamastell newsmen they feel insulted because Army censorship over their flight home put a red label on their group Says USto Test HBomb lowan Is Bitter on Red Label Official CalV It a Foulup PHOENIXVILLE Pa Tea gaunt lightlipped men stepped into the public spotlight at Valley Forge Military Hospital to deny they hadjbeen tainted by Commu nism while prisoners of war in Korea 1 They were bitter and they made it plain they felt they had reason to be The stage for their tense drama set Sunday at hospital short drive from the Rev olutionary War Memorial Park that gave the Hospital its name it hadits origin in the circum stances surrounding their flight home after release by their Red captors Vtil of Secrecy While the 10t compan en route fromlTokyo by plane last Thursday anAir Force spokesman said the Pentagon had ordered a veil of secrecy thrown On Way Home TOKYO On Two military transport planes left Monday night bearing 3ft repatriated American war prisoners to the United States Original plane called for all the former captives of the Commu nists to fly in a single big C97 itratocrujser but it developed mechanical trouble and two four engine C54 transports were called into W A S HI N G TON WtThe next series of atomic tests in the Pa cific probably will include hydro gen explosions of unprecedented magnitude Using knowledge and materials tried out cautiously in two previ ous series involving thermonu clear most re cent of which reportedly produced Lhc mightiest manmade blast so and military men are setting the scene for what is expected to be a still more awe some test shot or shots The majority of the compara ively minorscale explosive tests of devices and weapons now undei way at the Nevada Proving Groundsapparently represent pre liminary work for forthcoming ex periments in bigscale explosions of nuclear fission and hydrogen fu sion gadgets in the Pacific Apparently convinced in the past two tests at Eniwetok Atoll that a hydrogen explosion can be pro duced the efforts of nuclear physi cists now aredirected at A step ping up theforce of the explosion and B detonating the hydrogen Domb with more economy in the ise of fissionable material To create the heat and pressure Following lowans Slaying Seeking Extradition for New Mexico Cattleman BLOOMFIELD authorities began extradition proceedings Monday against Walter M Mayer 56 promi nent Santa Fe N M cattleman who admitted slaying John Wisdom 51 Des Moines livestock buyer Davis County Great Burden on Governors Ike Declares WASHINGTON Eisenhower Monday told governors of 45 states and five territories gathered here for an extraordinary briefing on security and peace problems they mustshoulder a Irenfendous responsibility1 f o r national welfare Opening the twoday conference Mr Eisenhower said he holds firm belief it will be a long step toward the goal of a united people determined to defend its way of life to prove worthy of the leadership of the free world Candidly he said political wis dom is not concentratedin the While House or in all of Washing ton but instead it comes from the minds and hearts of sincere and devoted men wherever their field action The governors he said have tremendous responsibility for the security and welfare of our peo ple Then he added in times like oursthe dan ger to our country involves the civilian population in the cities and towns and on the farms of our states i The responsibility of all focal governments is1 immense Charles N Pettit said that the proceedings could take time depending oil the circumstances Mayer who surrendered at Kirksville o Sheriff G E Grossnickle a hoursafter the shooting has indicated he would fight extradition Mayer has been charged with First degree murder in Iowa in Bloomfield five miles from Wis doms farm Avherc the shooting occurred The information charged Mayer who said he came to Bloomfield to collect a debt from Wisdom with wilful deliberate and pre meditated murder Wisdom was found shot to death Saturday night on a sectionof the farm he operates with his son John M Wisdom Mayer surrendered to Grossnic kle after he called the Missouri Sheriff and said he shot a man upin Iowa because he threatened to kill me The Missouri sheriff called Sher iff James Yates at Bloomfield and told him of Mayers admission Yatcs said he followed Mayers instruclions and found the body Mayers attorney R E White Ollumwa said Mayer had gone to to collect for some sheep Wisdom had for May er The attorney said that when Mayer asked for the money Wis dombecame angry and threatened to kiil Mayer needed for triggering a hydrogen device something like a standard atomic bomb explosion must be produced Materialwise this is costly And there are reasons lo believe that the present heatpressure require ments for touching off a hydrogen explosion are greater than that which can be produced by a single atomic bomb Dr W F Libby of the Univer sity ofChicago in a report Satur day to the American Physical So city here said there was a big in crease last November in the amount of tritium a possible in gredient of Hbombs He made no mention Hbombs but other scientists noted that the dates he ciled coincided wilh atomic tests it Eniwelok The atmosphere normally con tains only very minute quantities of tritium a form of Libby said thatbetween Oct14 and Nov 17 the amount in theair ripled and then back to normal He said such an ncrease could be caused by a period of drought The Atomic Energy Commission AEC amonth ago1 made plain that Eniwelok Atoll usedfor big scale tests since 3948 is too small for new tests The AEG said il now will begin to use Bikini Atoll ocale for the 194G tests against naval vessels Artie Shaw Denies Being a Red Btut Went to Meetings NEW YORK Art ie Shaw told House investigators VIonday that so far as heknew he neverhad been a allhoughhe had attended meetings conducted by Hollywood Reds Shaw was the first witness be fore the1 House Committee on Un American activities as it launched a new probe into possible Commu nist infiltration Into the entertain ment industry About45 persons many of them prominent in the theatrical and other entertainment fields are re wted under subpoena to testify at the hearings here Under questioning Shaw said hat to the best of my knowledge haVe never been a member of he Communist party the by others that these men mayt have been misled under duress and hardship during the period oftheir captivity And the Pentagon said Valley Forge had been desig nated the best spotfor treatment The 20 reachedthe hospital late Friday night rested for a day and then were asked if they were ready to meet the press Ten said they were anxious for the chance Four refused bitterly The rest were too ill or just didnt want any pub licity The 10 interviewed were brought into a small auditorium two by two The first pair consisted of Cpl Vernon L Warren 22 of St Louis and Pfc Roger Herndon 20 of Jacksonville Fla Warren and Herndon said flatly they felt they hadgotten a dirty deal in being labelled possible Communist sympathizers Cpl Robert H Hickok 23 Syracuse NYwho was serving with the 65th Engineers when cap tured Nov 27 1950 said he con sidered the suggestion he or any other member of the group was Redtainted an insult It didnt make homecoming any better he said Soldier Cpl Richard 0 Morrison 22 of Burlington la said his reaction was the same as added he felt the reason he was chosen by the Reds for re patriation was the fact he had been a victim of pneumonia about the time the Communistsagreed lo a prisonerexchange Herndon whose right arm was amputated by the Chinese because of a machine gun wound received at the time of his capture in No vember 1950 said he found no reason to accept Communist in doctrination They showed us the best they had he said and it was noth ing Aiid Herndon said if his loss of an arm didnt stand in the way he would be ready back loKo rea for another crack at Ihc Reds Cpl James L Ball 21 of Bell burn W Va said This Red la bcl makes us all feel like criminals We are all completely And after a slight pause he add ed I never even heard lhe term brainwash1 before ilVgof bacfc HEADS EDITORS PERRY Burlington HawkEye Gazette Sun day was named If of the owa Associated Press1 Telegraph Editors Association at the closing session its twoday not nmni ing v dromat home Some of the staff officers at the hospital seemed as militantly con fused by the situalibn isthe men dV r lI dont know said one Army doctor but theres one thing were not running a damned Uuni
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