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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 17, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBOR S VOL LIX Associated Press anil United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents 2 Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 17 1953 This Paper Consists Two Ono NO m UN Reds Set Meeting on Truce Talks n Delivers Ikes Speech to Commies AMERICAN man identified by gentine government as Esteban Jacyna right of Herki mer N Y is escorted by a policeman in Buenos Aires aft er being arrested for questioning in connection with the explosion of tAvo bombs at a rally for Dictator Juan Peron Another picture on page 2 Ends Housing Program House Committee Cuts Deep Into 1954 Budget WASHINGTON House Appropriations Commit tee Friday ordered a halt to the governments lowrent hous ing program as it cut deeply into the 1954 budget requests of 23 federal agencies Its action if sustained by Congress also would start getting governmeiit out of the mort gage and housing business by or dering it to dispose of home mort gages it now holds and to refund local housing bonds held by the Public Housing Administration 61 Per Cent LoppecfOff By committee arithmetic 61 pci cent or was loppec from original Truman budget esti mates of but some Democrats described much of the cut as phony In the same cate gory was a large part of an addi tional 51945472000 the committee claimed would pour into the Treas ury as a result of its recommen dations In some but not all cases the Truman budget was revisec downward by the new administra tion The actual money cut was the largest ever imposed by the com mittee in the socalled Independent Offices Appropriation Bill Coming as it did on the first of the regular 1053 money bills it started the GOP economy drive off with a bang New Money The bills total in new money for use during the fiscal year starting next July 1 was 493 a reduction of from what the same agencies re ceived for the present fiscal year Inmost cases it will mean deep personnel cuts BULLETIN WASHINGTON cir culated in government quarters Friday that Secretary of Com merce Weeks would reverse his ftand at east temporarily and sk Dr A V Astin to remain for a specified time as director of the Bureau of Standards About The Weather Mason City Occasional light snow possibly mixed with light freez ing rain Iowa Snow west and south por tions Friday night Overspread ing extreme northeast by early Saturday Minnesota Partly cloudy to cloudy and continued cold Saturday GlobeGazette weather data up Io 8 a m Friday Maximum 33 Minimum 20 At 8 a m 23 Supremacy of Whites Voted in S Africa PRETORIA South Africa White South Africans have given Prime Minister Daniel F Malan a strong mandate to maintain white supremacy by means of strict ra cial segregation Under this mandate given him in Wednesdays parliamentary elec tion Malan is expected also to move steadily toward the eventual declaration of a South African re public completely independent of the British Commonwealth Nearly complele returns from the election for a 159seat fiveyear term House of Assembly gave Malans NalionalistParty 87 seats against 61 for the United Party Labor Party coalition Political experts predicted that the final result would be Nation alists 94 combined opposition 65 This would give Malan a majority of 29 compared to the 13 he had in the old house United Party leader J G N Strauss conceded victory to Malan at midnight Thursday long after the result was apparent Violinist Heifitz Attacked in Israel JERUSALEM Israel un identified assailant attacked world famed violinist Jascha Heifetz with an iron bar early Friday and wounded his right hand slightly shortly after the American musici an played a sonata by German composer Richard Strauss Doctors advised Heiflz now touring Israel to cancel his con cert at Rehovoth Friday night but he said he would play on schedule and also at Tel Aviv Saturday Music of German composers is unwelcome in Israel because of the Nazi ban on works by Jews Strauss who died in 1949 at 85 vas president from 1933 to 1935 of Ihe Nazi music chamber under propaganda minister Paul Josef loebbels U S Marshals Services to Publicize Challenge WASHINGTON United States embassy in Mos cow has delivered to the Soviet Foreign Office President Eisenhowers challenge to Russia to end the cold war and join in a great peace program Jacob D Beam ranking U S diplomat to the Kremlin pending completion of formal ities by the MORSE Sen Morse Is Lonely Figure in Washington By W EARL HALL WASHINGTON If Capitol Hill ever offered a lonelier figure than Oregon Sen Wayne Morse these days the phenomenon never came to this reporters atlention And this observation is concurred in by the half dozen or so members of the Iowa delegation I was privi leged to chat with during my day in the two Houses of Congress anil at the respec tive office build ings nearby Being a man without a party through his vol untary renunci ation of Eisen hower and the GOP in last yea rs cam paign the volu ble Westerner is lacking in commitlee assignments Hes on the floor of the Senate at all times for the simple reason theres no place else to go Shore Oil The Senate debate most of the day was on the offshore oil ques Lion with New Mexicos Sen Clin ton Anderson former Secretary oi Agriculture consuming most oi Ihe time with an interminable speech Occasionally Sens Price Daniels of Texas and Paul Doug as of Illinois would inleriect ques ions And it goes without saying Wayne Morse couldnt keep out of the act for long At one point Sen Taft one of the remarkably few Republican on the floor barked out an objec ion to the longwinded discus sions which were destined to change nobodys mind on the basic ssues involved in the question of whether the offshore oil is a state or a national resource Sen Doug as was standing by with a 73 page undelivered manuscript at he moment The Senate is a high y deliberative bodyl Accentuated The unhappy loneliness of Sen Morse was accentuated on two oc casions during this single day 1 The Senate roles committee unanimously and adversely re ported a Morse resolution designed o make room for the new commit eeIess Senator on the two major committees from which he had been bumped 2 Poor Senate committees man aged to get permission to meet vhile Senate is in session over VIorses protesl that this violated he rules The action was taken during thebrief time Morse was out of the chamber for or some other personal reasonr The Senators spirited denuncia ion of Senate Republican leaders or pushing him around not tears to the eyes of his colleagues on both sides of he aisle His martyrdom he pre dicted will insure his reelection n 1956 In the normal course of events Morse would have been iigh in seniority on the Armed Services and Labor committees Renews Acquaintance A high spot of a visit to the mormous Department of Com merce Building Wednesday was my renewal of acquaintance with an old Iowa friend Asst Secretary Jraig Sheaffer of Fort Madison It vas our first meeting since a fort night together on the reactivation ruise of the USS Iowa San edro to Pearl Harbor in 1951 The lowan gave up all official with the fountain pen oncern bearing his family name to ccept the subcabinet secretary hip For the past several days he as been kneedeep in the Astin lismissal case But if one can udge from appearances he thrives m a good fight The departments side of the tory Mr Sheaffer insisted has new Ambassador Charles E Bohlen delivered Hm Eisenhower speech He acted under instructions which went from the State Depart ment to U S ambassadors and ministers in 70odd countries By this means and by use of the Voice of America the United States was embarked on a great campaign to build worldwide support for the Presidents peace plan outlined in his address to the American So ciety of Newspaper Editors The State Department an nounced the delivery of the speech text in Moscow along with dis closure of two points which were emphasized in Ihe orders given the envoys abroad Press Officer Lincoln White said these points are I That what the President was doing was setting forth a long range program which the new ad ministration feels can contribute to world peace stability and the welfare of all peoples It was a serious and constructive effort to ward those aims 2 That the United States will accept at face value concrete ac tions which demonstrate the good faith of the USSR in bringing about a relaxation oC tensions now The diplomats wore told to stress also that the speech makes abund antly clear that the United States government will be impressed by acts and not by words The Voice of America radio sys tem was operating under a direc tive to handle the speech fully in 45 languages English broadcasts carried the Presidents own voice to Europe the Middle East and Latin America and rebroadcasts to the Far East Thursday night But there is no real surcncss among officials hero whether the Kremlin will hold to its recent line of soft talk Some authorities would not be too surprised if the Commu nists decline to make any real con cessions on the prisoner of war ex change issue if truce negotiations in Korea The first Russian reaction to the speech was hardly favorable The Communist party paper Pravda said Eisenhower had blamed Sovi et policies for current world ten sions though no facts were given to prove this The President said truce in Ko rea was the first step on the road io peace and on this point Wash ington and Moscow appear to be in agreement obstructing peace the road to world HOSE LINES COVER STREETHeres what the street looked like in Chicago Thurs day in front of the Jlabor Screw Machine Co as firemen fought a blaze that killed at least 18 persons Factory Toll May Reach 30 23 Known Dead in Fire CHICAGO toll of known dead in a North Side factory ex plosion and fire rose to 23 Friday The body of the 20th victim was removed by firemen Friday am bodies of three others were sightoc in the collapsed shell of the four story brick building destroyed in Thursdays blaze Eleven other persons known to have been in the plant when it exploded in flames were listed as niissing Firemen picking their way through the debris more than 24 hours after the fire broke out believed some of the missing were trapped and burned in the base ment of the factory Police Capl Robert Ryan said the death loll might reach at least 30 A factory spokesman however said some of the missing may have escaped Thirtyseven persons were in jured in the fire which struck the Haber Company manufacturer of electrical appliances and parts Eleven of the 16 identified dead were women and five were men Capt Ryan said two more bodies were sighted in the waterOiled basement but not recovered Firemen and wreckers worked throughout the night at the explo sionripped structure in an indus trial district two miles northwest of the Loop The fire look the heaviest death toll in Chicago in nearly three years COLLAPSES SEEKING RELATlVESeeking aVelatTv at the county morgue where Chicago factory blast victims uutaiiKi maiden Has Mrs Ludy Belcastro finds the sight too much to bear been inadequately reported by and collapses to the floor A Red Cross worker and an un press and radio un to this time ulfnfifivl man rnoVi ir identified man rush to her assistance Spectator Wows Circus NEW YORK aerialists of the circus received unexpected competition Thursday night from a customer at Madison Square Garden Celso R Lorenzo 33 arose from his frontrow second bal cony seat in the midst of the show of the Ringling Brothers and Bar num and Bailey Circus He stepped across the guardrail seized an overhead wire in the rigging for trapezes and other equipment and swung out hand over hand for nearly 40 feet Once clear of the first balcony and main level seats Lorenro clung to the wire with one hand and waved to the audience with the other Then he fell 50 feet to arena floor A stretcher was used tocarry him to the Gardens first aid room but Lorenzo after an examination walked smilingly to an ambulance Doctors said he had suffered onlypossible rib fractures He was taken to the psychiatric ward Bellevue Hospital Police said he evidently had been drinking House Suggests Passing Bill to Hike Gasoline Tax DES MOINES Iowa House has voted by a slim margin to recommend passage of a bill boosting the state gasoline tax by one cent a gallon The House still must take a formal vote on whether to pass the mcasure and the sharp split in sentiment made outcome uncertain The House recommended pas sage late Thursday after battling more than four hours while silling as a committee of the whole Hep Paul Cooksey RSpenccr nearly succeeded in killing the bill when he asked for indefinite post ponement He lost 54 to 51 Rep Carrol Brown ROskaloo sa then moved to recommend pas sage of the measure and the louse backed him up 58 to 47 When Ihc final vote is taken on the bill itself 55 votes will be iceded for passage and it is pos sible some lawmakers will change heir minds The biU as it now stands would the gasoline tax from four 0 five cents a gallon for two years xjginning July 1 Extra revenue from the boost estimated at a year would be used entirely to recon struct widen and straighten pri mary highways now only 18 feet wide Sports Bulletin TEACHERS COLLEGE RELAYS CANCELED CEDAR FALLS UP The 30lh annual Iowa Stale Teachers College Relays scheduled for Sal urday was canceled Friday because of cold weather Relays Director A D Dickinson said previous commitments make it impossible to hold the relays at a later dale It was the first time in history that weather had forced cancellation of the annual event Teams from 52 high schools and 17 colleges including 1086 indi vidual trackmen had entered the relays REDUCE EMPLOYES NEWTON WVThe Maytag Co las announced a reduction of be tween 5 and 10 per cent in number of employes as the result of cut jacks in production Red Shipping Slashed Again WASHINGTON W Sen McCar thy RWis announced Friday that operators have pledged to keep 53 more Greekowned ships out of trade with Communists in the Ori ent and behind Ihe Iron Curtain In a prepared statement Mc Carthy said the pledge is similar to an earlier one covering 242 Greek ships which stirred up a controversy Like the first McCarthy said the new agreement calls for the owners and agents to abstain from engaging these ships in trade with Red China the Soviet con trolled ports of the Far East or Soviet intrabloc trade anywhere in the world The agreements leave all 2 ships free however to carry goes from the Western Allies to Communist ports in Europe When he announced Ihe first agreement March 28 McCarthy said it was negotiated by his investigations subcommittee staff In the subsequent dispute Mutual Security Director Harold E Stas sen accused McCarthy of hamper ing cfforls to curb EaslWest trade Secretary of State Dulles said he wished to be informed of such ac tions in the future This time McCarthy said Dul les was told of the pledge before it was announced SAME DATE19521W Allies Tell Conditions for Truce Asks Swiss to Take Balky PWs MUNSAN Korea United Nations and Communists Friday agreed to hold a liaison meeting Sunday to discuss resumption of the longsuspended Korean armis tice talks The agreement came less than 15 hours alter the UN told the Reds it was ready to reopen the talks providing the Reds do no stalling on the overall exchange of prison last big obstacle to an armistice The UN had asked for the liaison meeting Saturday to work out de tails for starting the new talks The Ilcds however suggested 11 am Sunday 8 pm CST Satur The UN agreed Allied spokesmen said the liaison groups probably would do little more than discuss the technical de tails of resuming fullscale armis tice talks Allied agreement to get the truce talks under way came as a Com munist convoy carrying disabled American and British prisoners ncared Kaesong just six miles Ton the Panmunjont neutral area where the exchange of sick and wounded captives begins Monday Proposals in Letter In a letter turned over to Comf munist staff officers at Panmunjom the Allies proposed 1 That Switzerland take custody of prisoners who do not want to return home 2 That he given M to persuade thern to go home and that Switzerland a r r a nge the peaceable disposition of those who still refuse repatriation 3 That staff officers irt Panmunjom possibly Saturday to arrange for resumption of the arm istice talks The UN warned that it would break oft the negotiations again unless the meetings iof full dele gations indicate an acceptable agreement be reached in a reasonable time When the UN Command broke off the talks last October nearly 50000 of 132000 prisoners held by the Allies had said they would re sist repatriation Late last month Red Chinas pre mier Chou Enlai proposed that a neutral state take charge of all prisoners refusing immediate re patriation while the Communists explained matters to them Keep Demands Chou made it clear however that the Communists were not abandoning their demand that all prisoners of war be returned He said the Reds expected all of their captured soldiers eventually would want to return home A few of the 13000 prisoners the Reds have admitted holding were much nearer home Friday A Com munist news correspondent at Pan munjom said a convoy sick and wounded Americans and British prisoners was due in Kaesong Fri day night The first convoy which arrived Thursday night carried only South Korean prisoners Allied reconnaissance planes have spotted the third Red con voy of 34 vehicles 55 miles north iaesong sharp contrast to the past days no Red supply trucks ied southward over the routefof prisoner convoys Friday letter banded to Red staff officerswas from Lt Gen Wil liam K senior Allied armistice delegate was ad dressed to Lt Gen Nam U senior Red delegate The Reds did not reply and the session proceeded with a discus sion of details of the exchange sick and wounded No Allied Troops as Reds Attack SEOUL mFor 30 minutes Chi nese Red infantrymen attacked the Western Front hill with rifles ma chineguns mortar and artillery fire Allied troops watchingfrom oth er hills Thursdaynight said it looked like a major assault The Reds had it all their own way but that wasnt surprising there werent any Allied troopf there
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